Category Archives: § 1983 / Bivens

SCOTUS: ““The presence of probable cause for one charge in a criminal proceeding does not categorically defeat a Fourth Amendment malicious-prosecution claim relating to another, baseless charge.”

“The presence of probable cause for one charge in a criminal proceeding does not categorically defeat a Fourth Amendment malicious-prosecution claim relating to another, baseless charge. The parties, and the United States as amicus curiae, all agree with this conclusion, … Continue reading

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CA11: Officers participating in violation of 4A can be sued, too

“Marglli Gallego brought this 42 U.S.C. § 1983 action against four police officers. She alleged that two of those officers—whom we’ll call the ‘off-duty officers’—unreasonably seized her in violation of the Fourth Amendment. And she alleged that the other two … Continue reading

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E.D.Wis.: Cross-gender strip search with transgender guard not “clearly established” for QI purposes

Plaintiff’s claim of a cross-gender jail strip search with a transgender guard was not clearly established at the time it happened, so the claim is barred by qualified immunity. West v. Eckstein, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 104294 (E.D. Wis. June … Continue reading

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E.D.Ky.: Mere school employee conduct search of coworker’s purse not “state actors” for § 1983

A couple of school employees who suspected another of being under the influence of prescription medications searched her purse. They were not “state actors” for § 1983. As school employees, they had a heightened duty to protect the children. Lawson … Continue reading

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CA5: Psychological injuries can support a 4A claim; unintended shooting victim has claim

If the facts were resolved against the police here, they violated clearly-established Fourth Amendment law by unjustifiably shooting into an occupied house and hitting an intended victim. Also, psychological injuries may sustain a Fourth Amendment claim. No qualified immunity. Singleton … Continue reading

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E.D.N.Y.: There was RS for def’s border cell phone search for drug importation

While the law isn’t completely clear on the justification for a cell phone search at the border, the justification for either standard is satisfied. There was clearly reasonable suspicion of drug importing at JFK for search of his cell phone. … Continue reading

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CA11: Shooting ptf’s dog gets no QI here

Alleged unnecessary shooting of plaintiff’s dog stated claim with no qualified immunity. Plowright v. Miami Dade Cty., 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 13613 (11th Cir. June 5, 2024):

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CA11: Excessive force claim against HSI barred by Bivens/Egbert

Federal regulations permit FTCA actions for excessive force claims, so Bivens/Egbert bar this claim. Wimberly v. Selent, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 13557 (11th Cir. June 5, 2024). Defendant provided nothing to show he had a reasonable expectation of privacy in … Continue reading

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W.D.Ark.: 4A § 1983 case stayed under Younger for ptf to litigate in state court

“Here, Plaintiff seeks compensatory and punitive damages for his improper search, seizure, and entrapment claims. Plaintiff has not alleged he is prevented from bringing his ‘entrapment,” search and seizure claims in state court. Accordingly, it is appropriate, pursuant to the … Continue reading

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CA11: Excessive force claim against USMS Fugitive Task Force barred by Egbert and Bivens

USMS Fugitive Task Force shot and killed a person they were arresting. Under Egbert, there’s no Bivens claim here. Robinson v. Sauls, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 13432 (11th Cir. June 4, 2024) (another death knell for Bivens). Defendant abandoned his … Continue reading

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E.D.Cal.: The fact mj is legal in CA doesn’t make it so in a national park; plain smell was PC

Defendant’s stop was based on a radio report of an older Lexus driving erratically. When the officer saw the car, the LPN was expired. The stop led to the officer smelling marijuana. The smell was enough to invoke the automobile … Continue reading

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LA5: No standing to challenge search of shooting victim’s cell phone in def’s possession

Defendant lacked standing to challenge the search of his shooting victim’s cell phone. Also, by statute the search of the phone more than 10 days after seizure was reasonable. State v. Lowry, 2024 La. App. LEXIS 804 (La. App. 5 … Continue reading

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CA2: Ptf alleged invasion of privacy for 4A violation, and that’s enough

Plaintiff adequately alleged personal injury for his Fourth Amendment. Invasion of privacy is enough. Dismissal reversed. Amigon v. Luzon, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 11415 (2d Cir. May 10, 2024):

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D.Mont.: 30-day delay in getting SW for seized storage building not unreasonable

In a kidnapping case, the 30-day delay in seeking a search warrant for defendant’s storage unit after its seizure was not unreasonable. “The Court next considers the degree to which the seizure and retention of Lepe’s storage unit and its … Continue reading

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CA10 dissent: Bivens on its last legs

CA10, Tymkovich, Circuit Judge, dissenting: Bivens is a relic of the 20th Century and it’s just a matter of time until it’s gone. Mohamed v. Jones, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 11089 (10th Cir. May 7, 2024). The affidavit for the … Continue reading

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D.Kan.: Preliminary hearing moots claim of lack of PC for arrest

If an arrest lacks probable cause, the preliminary hearing can moot that. Taylor v. Szewc, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 57791 (D. Kan. Mar. 29, 2024). Omitted information about the CI doesn’t support this Franks challenge. United States v. Williams, 2024 … Continue reading

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W.D.Ky.: Illegal stop that was suppressed not excluded in § 1983 case

“Although the marijuana in Codrington’s car was discovered through an unreasonable search, that is immaterial to the Court’s analysis because the Fourth Amendment’s exclusionary rule does not apply to § 1983 proceedings. As long as the marijuana found in Codrington’s … Continue reading

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CA6 disagrees with CA7 on de minimis injuries under § 1983 force cases

“We end with two disclaimers. As for the first disclaimer, courts have suggested that § 1983 does not provide a cause of action for ‘trifling’ injuries—whether a plaintiff alleges a violation of the First Amendment, the Fourth Amendment, or any … Continue reading

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CA9: Inventory of backpack before handing it to released defendant was reasonable and within policy

Defendant’s backpack was lawfully inventory searched by the police before returning it to him after he’d been released. They substantially complied with policy. United States v. Sapalasan, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 7580 (9th Cir. Apr. 1, 2024) (2-1). A motion … Continue reading

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CA3: Not giving ID didn’t give PC to arrest after illegal stop

“The District Court nevertheless determined that there was no constitutional violation because the officers had the right to arrest the Appellants under New Jersey law for failing to provide identification. But that conclusion puts an alleged violation of state law … Continue reading

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