Category Archives: Reasonable suspicion

AR: RS def rented a hotel room was sufficient for search waiver; PC not required

For determining whether the place searched, here a hotel room, is a probationer’s for a search waiver, reasonable suspicion and not probable cause is the standard to be applied. State v. Bailey, 2024 Ark. 87, 2024 Ark. LEXIS 74 (May … Continue reading

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D.Utah: Police slow walked traffic stop without RS

“The court concludes the officers delayed the stop beyond what the traffic-based mission reasonably demanded, both 1) as a result of a mistakes and a lack of reasonable diligence, and 2) to investigate their suspicions about Said and Saul. These … Continue reading

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UT: RS on a prior day was not RS for stop on day in question

Even assuming the officer had reasonable suspicion defendant was involved in a prior incident, he had no reasonable suspicion for stopping defendant this time. State v. Correa, 2024 UT App 69, 2024 Utah App. LEXIS 69 (May 9, 2024). Petitioner … Continue reading

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VA: Consent to look in backpack permitted search of pill bottle

Defendant’s consent to look in his backpack didn’t require separate consent to look in a pill bottle. Lee v. Commonwealth, 2024 Va. App. LEXIS 258 (May 7, 2024). CBP had reasonable suspicion for the stop of a Jeep meeting four … Continue reading

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NY3: Warrantless arrest body cavity search was unreasonable

Defendant’s arrest body cavity search pulling out heroin was unreasonable. People v. Chase, 2024 NY Slip Op 01837, 2024 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 1877 (3d Dist. Apr. 4, 2024). [Sentencing was five years ago, and that should be an embarrassment … Continue reading

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MI: Exclusionary rule doesn’t apply in civil cases; constitutionality of use of drone for zoning enforcement not decided

In the Michigan zoning drone use case, the court finds that the exclusionary rule would not be applied in civil cases, so the constitutionality of use of the drone didn’t need to be decided. Long Lake Twp. v. Maxon, 2024 … Continue reading

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D.Nev.: Exclusionary rule does not apply to IRS violating its operations manual

The exclusionary rule does not apply to the IRS allegedly violating it’s own operations manual. United States v. Pacheco, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 80448 (D. Nev. May 2, 2024). “Neither party cites, nor have we have found, any published cases … Continue reading

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MO: Initial bail setting under Gerstein not adversarial

An initial bail setting is nonadversarial and informal under the Fourth Amendment, so the court follows Gerstein and finds it not a critical stage. State v. Mills, 2024 Mo. LEXIS 140 (Apr. 30, 2024). The information from identified 911 callers … Continue reading

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D.Alaska: Protective sweep after def’s arrest not justified, but there was exigency otherwise

The entry into the house was reasonable because of exigent circumstances because of ongoing drug operations there. Protective sweep is rejected because the defendant had already been arrested by the time the sweep occurred. United States v. Avitia-Enriquez, 2024 U.S. … Continue reading

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CA: Avoiding the police in a high crime area isn’t RS

Defendant’s avoiding the police and not wanting to interact with them did not rise to reasonable suspicion, even in a high crime area. The officers before the trial court didn’t articulate enough to show there was reasonable suspicion here. People … Continue reading

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CA7: Jail officials holding plaintiff under a valid court order aren’t liable for not releasing him sooner after a sentencing error

Jail officials holding plaintiff under a valid court order aren’t liable for not releasing him sooner after a sentencing error. Sabo v. Erickson, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 10503 (7th Cir. Apr. 30, 2024). “The record further reflects that when Officer … Continue reading

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CADC: When searching a cell phone and officers find it belonged to someone else, a new SW isn’t required; SWs are directed at things, places, and people and owner doesn’t matter for PC

Officers seized a cell phone from Thorne, a suspected narcotics and firearms trafficker. In a search under a warrant, the officers found out the phone actually belonged to defendant. Warrants are directed at things, and that didn’t require them to … Continue reading

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E.D.Mo.: PV warrant permitted entry to place where def reasonably suspected to reside

PV warrant permitted entry into suspected residence of violator. “However, the Eighth Circuit has made clear that, provided an administrative warrant is supported by reasonable cause, it carries the same implied limited authority to enter a dwelling to effectuate an … Continue reading

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E.D.Wis.: SW for cell phones allowed seizure of others found on premises

In this cell phone search warrant case, the government could seize multiple cell phones found at defendant’s house, old phones and others not named when they were found. Old phones and other phones could also have evidence on them. United … Continue reading

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DE: Officers approaching men on a stoop at night with a police dog saying “nobody move” was a seizure

Officers approaching men on a stoop at 10 pm with a police dog and saying “nobody move” was a seizure. Here it was with reasonable suspicion based on a CI’s information that was detailed, reliable, and significantly corroborated. State v. … Continue reading

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OH1: A malnourished child isn’t exigency for an infant

“The facts of this case are more akin to the situation in Fisher. While a report of a malnourished infant is certainly cause for concern, no one testified that that the infant would not survive without immediate medical intervention. Rather, … Continue reading

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D.Me.: Looking around house when allegedly “freezing” it was an illegal search

In an apparent attempt to “freeze” defendant’s residence after they took him away, they found marijuana while looking around. Up to that point, they had no inkling there was marijuana in the house. That search was unreasonable, and the motion … Continue reading

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AR: RS shown for boating while intoxicated stop

There was reasonable suspicion for stopping defendant on his jet ski because he was operating it unsafely. Damron v. State, 2024 Ark. App. 274 (Apr. 24, 2024).* Defendant has the initial burden of showing he was subjected to a warrantless … Continue reading

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NY: Failure to show independent source for officer’s observation of def required reversal

“[H]ere, the People presented practically no testimony regarding the undercover officer’s observations of the seller’s appearance to support a determination that he had a sufficient independent basis to identify defendant in court. This error requires reversal. Because the record of … Continue reading

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VA: Outline of a gun in def’s pocket was RS

The outline of a gun in defendant’s pocket was reasonable suspicion. Alvin v. Commonwealth, 2024 Va. App. LEXIS 230 (Apr. 23, 2024). Even if a prior search was unreasonable, there was an independent source for the warranted search of defendant’s … Continue reading

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