Author Archives: Hall

S.D.Miss.: Drug SW permitted search of a safe even though not specified

This drug search warrant didn’t mention a safe, but that was a place where they could be found, so the search was proper. Also, the good faith exception applies. United States v. Manning, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 109676 (S.D. Miss. … Continue reading

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CA7: Detention of a package for a day to get SW was reasonable

Detention of a package for a day to get a search warrant was a reasonable time. United States v. Black, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 14944 (7th Cir. June 20, 2024). “‘The Constitution does not guarantee that only the guilty will … Continue reading

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NH: Grounds to sustain a search must be raised before motion to reconsider

Where the state is relying on the “new crime” exception to the exclusionary rule, it needs to raise it before a motion to reconsider or it’s waived. State v. Rousseau, 2024 N.H. LEXIS 125 (June 18, 2024). Defendant’s criminal history … Continue reading

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D.Conn.: Failure to challenge lack of announcement in federal court was futile and not ineffective assistance

“First, Mr. Smith cannot establish prejudice from his attorney failing to raise the alleged violation of the knock-and-announce requirement as ‘the exclusionary rule does not apply to evidence discovered in the ensuing search.’ United States v. Acosta, 502 F.3d 54, … Continue reading

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VA: 4A exclusionary rule does not apply in a civil zoning case

The Fourth Amendment exclusionary rule does not apply in a civil zoning case. Bd. of Supervisors of Fairfax Cty. v. Leach-Lewis, 2024 Va. LEXIS 38 (June 20, 2024). Surveillance of him at a stash house and other information provided probable … Continue reading

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MT: Entry onto def’s rural land past “Posted” and “No Trespassing” signs to issue a traffic citation was unreasonable

Entry onto defendant’s rural land past “Posted” and “No Trespassing” signs to issue a traffic citation was unreasonable. Montanans have a heightened expectation of privacy in their posted rural lands. State v. Lanchantin, 2024 MT 129 (June 18, 2024). Defendant’s … Continue reading

Posted in Curtilage, Informant hearsay, Issue preclusion, State constitution, Trespass | Comments Off on MT: Entry onto def’s rural land past “Posted” and “No Trespassing” signs to issue a traffic citation was unreasonable

WI: Community caretaking stop couldn’t be expanded without RS

Where defendant was stopped under the community caretaking function, expanding the stop without further justification was unreasonable. Here, it was because the officer thought defendant may have been driving while sleepy, but the stop was extended. State v. Wiskowski, 2024 … Continue reading

Posted in Community caretaking function, Custody, Ineffective assistance, Reasonable suspicion | Comments Off on WI: Community caretaking stop couldn’t be expanded without RS

NYLJ: Geofencing and Individualized Suspicion

NYLJ: Geofencing and Individualized Suspicion (June 24, 2024)

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WaPo: Law enforcement is spying on thousands of Americans’ mail, records show

WaPo: Law enforcement is spying on thousands of Americans’ mail, records show by Drew Harwell (“The Postal Service approves thousands of requests every year from police officers and federal agents seeking information from Americans’ letters and packages.”) This is hardly … Continue reading

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CA5: Exigency is measured objectively, not subjectively

“Borden argues the officers’ actions indicate they did not actually think a medical emergency existed, but their subjective beliefs are irrelevant. See Toussaint, 838 F.3d at 509. Given the totality of the circumstances, a reasonable view of the evidence supports … Continue reading

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N.Mar.Isl.: DNA order in probate case complied with 4A

There was sufficient justification for the court to order a DNA test in a probate matter, and the order complied with the Fourth Amendment. In re Est. of Kapileo, 2024 N. Mar. I. LEXIS 4 (Superior Ct. June 18, 2024). … Continue reading

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CO: When IP address is the PC for a building, SW permits search of whole building

“This case concerns whether a search for Internet-related evidence that extended to a previously unknown basement apartment was reasonable, even though the apartment was not specified in the warrant. The supreme court holds that 1) the warrant’s reference to the … Continue reading

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SCOTUS: ““The presence of probable cause for one charge in a criminal proceeding does not categorically defeat a Fourth Amendment malicious-prosecution claim relating to another, baseless charge.”

“The presence of probable cause for one charge in a criminal proceeding does not categorically defeat a Fourth Amendment malicious-prosecution claim relating to another, baseless charge. The parties, and the United States as amicus curiae, all agree with this conclusion, … Continue reading

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D.Utah: An A-C communication seized that was still in the hands of the taint team was not a 4A or 6A violation

An attorney-client letter was obtained by search warrant and it was isolated by the taint team. Because no case was pending at the time, the Sixth Amendment was not violated, and the dismissal or disqualification is an necessary remedy. United … Continue reading

Posted in Arrest or entry on arrest, Consent, Privileges, Qualified immunity | Comments Off on D.Utah: An A-C communication seized that was still in the hands of the taint team was not a 4A or 6A violation

D.P.R.: PR nighttime search rules irrelevant in federal court

Puerto Rico cases on nighttime search aren’t relevant in federal court. United States v. Pastrana-Román, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 238527 (D.P.R. March 9, 2023),* adopted, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 106442 (D.P.R. May 17, 2024).* Defendant didn’t show good cause for … Continue reading

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N.D.Cal.: Defendant succeeds in getting hearing on a Franks challenge

Defendant succeeds in getting hearing on a Franks challenge, making the “substantial preliminary showing.” United States v. Ardis, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 106369 (N.D. Cal. June 14, 2024)*: However, the Court does find that defendant has made a substantial preliminary … Continue reading

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OH2: Home safe could be searched under probation search waiver

The probation search of defendant’s home safe was reasonable under Knights, Griffin, and state law. State v. Apple, 2024-Ohio-2286, 2024 Ohio App. LEXIS 2166 (2d Dist. June 14, 2024). There was reasonable suspicion to stop defendant in a car, and … Continue reading

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CA6: No REP from ATF getting access to def’s Instagram posts with false name

Defendant is a felon who posted to Instagram pictures of him firing guns. The ATF got access to his account, and he had no reasonable expectation of privacy in it, even where the ATF agent used a fake name to … Continue reading

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N.D.Ga.: Dissipation of PC for automobile exception search?

Defendant argues dissipation of probable cause in an automobile exception search, but cites no cases. Probable cause always has to exist at the time of the search. One can imagine that it can go stale, but not generally, and not … Continue reading

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techdirt: Lawsuit Filed Challenging Constitutionality Of Vast Network Of Illinois License Plate Readers

techdirt: Lawsuit Filed Challenging Constitutionality Of Vast Network Of Illinois License Plate Readers by Tim Cushing (“This lawsuit might be a long shot, but it’s not completely a foregone conclusion at this point. The state of Illinois has tougher privacy … Continue reading

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