Category Archives: Curtilage

CA4: Trash container in open at curb was not on curtilage under Dunn factors

Trash at the curb for pickup was not on the curtilage under Dunn. The area was wide open. United States v. Lipford, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 12697 (4th Cir. Apr. 28, 2021). Factual disputes aside, this much is undisputed: “The … Continue reading

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DE: Trash container at street was not on curtilage

Defendant’s trash container at the foot of his driveway awaiting pickup was not on the curtilage. Moreover, he had no reasonable expectation of privacy in it sitting there. State v. Peart, 2021 Del. Super. LEXIS 243 (Mar. 25, 2021). Rooker-Feldman … Continue reading

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C.D.Cal.: The ledge outside an apartment window is not part of the curtilage

Defendant’s apartment had a box placed out on the ledge below a window visible to passersby. This was not part of the curtilage because it was visible and accessible to others. (Moreover, officers got a search warrant for it. ) … Continue reading

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OR: Entry onto curtilage to closely examine car for evidence of hit-and-run exceed implied consent of entry

After a hit-and-run accident, police took a bumper part left at the scene. They ultimately located the probable car at defendant’s house. The police, as any other visitor, had implied authority to enter the curtilage but not to look at … Continue reading

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CA5 declines to extend Bivens to 4A claims outside the home

Court declines to extend Bivens to a search in parking lot because it thinks SCOTUS would agree. Bivens was a search of the home. Byrd v. Lamb, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 6844 (5th Cir. Mar. 9, 2021). “Henriquez-Perez has not … Continue reading

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M.D.Pa.: Tent in an open field might have had REP, but it was open to view inside and plain view applied

Assuming defendant’s tent in an “open field” area had a reasonable expectation of privacy (as the Ninth Circuit would hold), the tent was open and the officer could see in. There was no curtilage to the tent in an open … Continue reading

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OH12: Officer responding to a mistreated dog call could walk to fence and look through then seize dog on exigency

An officer responded to an animal abuse complaint of a maltreated dog in defendant’s backyard. He parked in the driveway and walked to the door to inquire. No answer. He could see a fence with a missing board from the … Continue reading

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TX14: No REP in a driveway def pulled into apparently hoping to ditch following police

Defendant’s red Ford Expedition was seen leaving an armed robbery, and the police were looking for it, finding it driving on the street. They followed, and it pulled into a driveway. Defendant shows no reasonable expectation of privacy in the … Continue reading

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CA8: QI denied for entering the wrong house at 3 am looking for taxi fare skipper

Police looking for a taxicab fare skipper at 3 am found a door to a garage ajar and entered plaintiffs’ home with guns drawn. They encountered plaintiffs outside their bedroom but never found the fare skipper. Plaintiffs sued. The court … Continue reading

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E.D.N.Y.: 6 am knock-and-talk was not unreasonable

A 6 am knock-and-talk was not shown to be unreasonable [on the totality] under Jardines. Defendant doesn’t claim that he was too sleepy to respond to them. United States v. Ofsink, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 24933 (E.D. N.Y. Feb. 8, … Continue reading

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E.D.Mich.: PC a close call, so GFE applies

“Ultimately, the Court need not decide which side of the Ramirez-Merriweather line [of probable cause] this case falls. It suffices to say that, especially because the search warrant affidavit makes no mention of any communications involving Jackson’s cell phone, it … Continue reading

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M.D.La.: Driveway here was not Curtilage “intimately tied to the home”

Defendant’s driveway was not Curtilage “intimately tied to the home.” United States v. Martinez-Velazquez, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 15723 (M.D. La. Jan. 28, 2021):

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CA10: Code enforcement officer coming to ptf’s door to talk to him didn’t violate curtilage

A city code enforcement officer who came to plaintiff’s door for a couple of minutes to attempt to talk to him about a sign code violation did not violate the curtilage. Clark v. City of Williamsburg, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS … Continue reading

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OH7: Police going to def’s back window and video recording him in house violated curtilage

A police officer coming to the back of defendant’s house to look in the window and video him with a cell phone violated curtilage and his reasonable expectation of privacy. State v. Desarro, 2020-Ohio-6815, 2020 Ohio App. LEXIS 4661 (7th … Continue reading

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CA10: There was no violation of curtilage for def’s home on grounds of 24/7 storage company

Defendant lived on the grounds of a 24/7 storage building company. At 2:30 am, officers investigating saw cars coming and going from the residence. They approached his building, and the approach way wasn’t curtilage under Dunn. United States v. Powell, … Continue reading

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CA5: Temporary guest on property had no standing on the curtilage

A temporary guest on the property had no standing in the curtilage. Even so, the officer’s merely looking in his vehicle and seeing Sudafed in plain view wasn’t a Fourth Amendment violation. “It is undisputed that Carr had been inside … Continue reading

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NY4: No REP in a handgun placed under car bumper in driveway at sidewalk visible from off the property

When defendant saw the police car at night, he crouched down behind the rear bumper of his minivan and stood up. The officers could see a gun there, and it was approximately at where the sidewalk and the driveway met. … Continue reading

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MA: Apt building hallway near apt was neither a constitutionally protected area nor curtilage

The hallway near defendant’s apartment in a multi-unit apartment building was not a constitutionally protected area nor within the apartment’s curtilage. Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not moving to suppress his arrest and search in the common area. Commonwealth v. … Continue reading

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N.D.W.Va.: A pipe in a car that could have legitimate uses still was incriminating enough for plain view

A pipe logically and usually used for smoking pot was seized in plain view because its incriminating nature was immediately apparent. The fact it could be used for legal substances doesn’t detract from that. United States v. Runner, 2020 U.S. … Continue reading

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S.D.Fla.: While one’s roof is on the curtilage, it lacks a REP

Defendant’s roof was not a place with a reasonable expectation of privacy despite the fact it was on the curtilage (decided in the context of an ineffective assistance of counsel claim). Davis v. United States, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 201562 … Continue reading

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