Category Archives: Probation / Parole search

CA11: RS existed on the totality of the stop even though the officer did not intend to issue a traffic ticket

Reasonable suspicion developed to continue the stop even though the officer didn’t intend to issue a traffic ticket. United States v. Martinez, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 17675 (11th Cir. July 18, 2024). 2255 petitioner’s ineffective assistance of counsel claim that … Continue reading

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CA2: Failure to object at sentencing to a suspicionless search condition was waiver

Failure to object at sentencing to a suspicionless search condition was waiver. United States v. Nash, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 16547 (2d Cir. July 8, 2024). Defendant had a hearing on a motion to suppress that went undecided when he … Continue reading

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CA3 en banc: Driving to controlled buys from house gave PC for house

Controlled buys that defendant drove to still gave probable cause for search of his house. The probable cause bar isn’t that high. United States v. Sanders, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 15832 (6th Cir. June 28, 2024) (en banc) (an unnecessarily … Continue reading

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CA11: Cotenant’s knowledge of their cotenant being on probation enough to search them, too

“The Supreme Court has said that a warrantless search of a probationer’s home, supported by reasonable suspicion of criminal activity and authorized by a probation condition, is reasonable under the Fourth Amendment. See United States v. Knights, 534 U.S. 112, … Continue reading

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S.D.Miss.: Drug SW permitted search of a safe even though not specified

This drug search warrant didn’t mention a safe, but that was a place where they could be found, so the search was proper. Also, the good faith exception applies. United States v. Manning, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 109676 (S.D. Miss. … Continue reading

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CO: When IP address is the PC for a building, SW permits search of whole building

“This case concerns whether a search for Internet-related evidence that extended to a previously unknown basement apartment was reasonable, even though the apartment was not specified in the warrant. The supreme court holds that 1) the warrant’s reference to the … Continue reading

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OH2: Home safe could be searched under probation search waiver

The probation search of defendant’s home safe was reasonable under Knights, Griffin, and state law. State v. Apple, 2024-Ohio-2286, 2024 Ohio App. LEXIS 2166 (2d Dist. June 14, 2024). There was reasonable suspicion to stop defendant in a car, and … Continue reading

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CA3: Failure to provide a complete list of all that was seized under a warrant wasn’t justification for suppression

Failure to provide a complete list of all that was seized under a warrant wasn’t justification for suppression. United States v. Jackson, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 13913 (3d Cir. June 7, 2024). The dashcam video supported the claim defendant was … Continue reading

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D.Minn.: Parole cell phone search under MN law was reasonable under 4A

Defendant’s parole cell phone search under Minnesota law was reasonable under the Fourth Amendment. United States v. Guevara, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 100403 (D. Minn. June 6, 2024). Driving one’s car to controlled buys gives probable cause for the vehicle. … Continue reading

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CA9: “[T]he Fourth Amendment does not require a warrant to arrest a parole violator.”

“[T]he Fourth Amendment does not require a warrant to arrest a parole violator.” United States v. Carpenter, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 13596 (9th Cir. June 5, 2024). The CI for the warrant is not disclosable under Roviaro. United States v. … Continue reading

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CA9: Passenger parolee’s area of car was subject to search under his waiver

Defendant parolee was a passenger in a car, and the area of the car he was sitting in was subject to search. United States v. Pullen, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 13604 (9th Cir. June 5, 2024). “The blood draw was … Continue reading

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S.D.Ind.: GFE of law at the time of the search meant no IAC

“Counsel did not perform deficiently when they raised the Fourth Amendment argument [under applicable law at the time], even though this Court and the Seventh Circuit found that the good faith applied.” Castro-Aguirre v. United States, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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MT: Nervousness and failure to immediately produce DL not RS

There was no reasonable suspicion to extend defendant’s traffic stop by tribal police based on nervousness. “It is not uncommon for individuals to appear nervous when confronted by law enforcement, especially when considering Panasuk’s prior interactions with law enforcement, the … Continue reading

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Cal.1: GFE applied to probation search term

The good faith exception applied to defendant’s probation search. The officer checked and reasonably concluded that defendant was still on searchable probation at the time. People v. Pritchett, 2024 Cal. App. LEXIS 348 (1st Dist. May 8, 2024), certified for … Continue reading

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AR: RS def rented a hotel room was sufficient for search waiver; PC not required

For determining whether the place searched, here a hotel room, is a probationer’s for a search waiver, reasonable suspicion and not probable cause is the standard to be applied. State v. Bailey, 2024 Ark. 87, 2024 Ark. LEXIS 74 (May … Continue reading

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VA: Consent to look in backpack permitted search of pill bottle

Defendant’s consent to look in his backpack didn’t require separate consent to look in a pill bottle. Lee v. Commonwealth, 2024 Va. App. LEXIS 258 (May 7, 2024). CBP had reasonable suspicion for the stop of a Jeep meeting four … Continue reading

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Cal.1st: Minor in possession of MJ is PC for search of car

Lawful possession of marijuana in a car is not probable cause for a search. A minor in possession is unlawful, so it is. In re Randy C., 2024 Cal. App. LEXIS 292 (1st Dist. May 3, 2024). There was a … Continue reading

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Conflict of laws: CA parole search waiver effective in AR

Defendant was arrested in Arkansas on a California extradition warrant, and he had a California parole search waiver. The California search waiver parallels the Arkansas statute, and Arkansas officials could search his clothing under that. In addition, the search incident … Continue reading

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E.D.Mo.: PV warrant permitted entry to place where def reasonably suspected to reside

PV warrant permitted entry into suspected residence of violator. “However, the Eighth Circuit has made clear that, provided an administrative warrant is supported by reasonable cause, it carries the same implied limited authority to enter a dwelling to effectuate an … Continue reading

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W.D.Ark.: Parole search waiver moots lack of PC argument

Defendant was subject to a state warrantless parole search waiver, so the existence of probable cause to support the warrant is moot. United States v. Strickland, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 73938 (W.D. Ark. Apr. 23, 2024).* “Camara argues that the … Continue reading

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