Category Archives: Seizure

N.D.Ga.: PC shown for cell phone and geo-location data

“The Geo-Location Warrant was supported by probable cause because the affidavit established ‘a connection between the defendant and the location to be searched; a link between the location and criminal activity; and the informant’s veracity and basis of knowledge.’” There … Continue reading

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WY: Where the stop exceeds its purpose and becomes unreasonable, the fact it’s de minimus doesn’t make it reasonable

Where the stop exceeded reasonableness, the district court’s finding it was de minimus was error. It was less than the time for the dog sniff, but the dog had time to arrive. Mahaffy v. State, 2021 Wyo. LEXIS 71 (May … Continue reading

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CA2: Failure to promptly return property lawfully seized isn’t separate 4A claim

Where firearms were lawfully seized, there isn’t a separate Fourth Amendment claim for failure to promptly return them. Bello v. Rockland Cty., 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 13281 (2d Cir. May 5, 2021). Probable cause is required for administrative subpoenas under … Continue reading

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CA7: Pre-Carpenter real time CSLI tracking def on streets to locate him before he committed another robbery was not unreasonable

The fact officers had probable cause to arrest is considered in determining good faith. In addition, “To conclude, we hold that Detective Ghiringhelli did not conduct a Fourth Amendment ‘search’ by requesting the real-time CSLI of a suspect for multiple … Continue reading

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NC: Officer waving down a motorist at 3 am was a seizure

“The issue in this case is whether a driver is “seized” within the meaning of the Fourth Amendment when he is tailed by a marked police cruiser down empty streets at 3 a.m., followed into an empty parking lot, and … Continue reading

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CA4: Def had burden on GFE, and he failed

Assuming without deciding the probable cause question, defendant fails to prove that the good faith exception should not be applied. United States v. Parrish, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 10533 (4th Cir. Apr. 13, 2021). The officer had probable cause to … Continue reading

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W.D.Tenn.: CI’s tip def had a gun was corroborated by def discarding it in view of officers

Police received a CI’s tip defendant had a gun. The tip alone lacked reliability until the officer saw defendant discard it. “Notably, the reasonable suspicion standard does not present the most demanding hurdle to overcome. See Kansas v. Glover, 140 … Continue reading

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W.D.Mo.: Pushing down the ptf causing injury was a seizure

The officer pushing down the plaintiff causing injury was a seizure. “A reasonable officer in Sasse’s position would not have thought it appropriate to shove Martinez so forcefully without first at least requesting that Martinez step back or step away … Continue reading

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OH2: SW for BAC executed in 5 hrs was “as soon as possible”

The search warrant for a blood draw said it had to be within 3 hours [a statutory artifact] and as soon as possible, but it took 5. The trial court found it was executed as soon as possible, and that’s … Continue reading

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E.D.N.Y.: Summons to appear is not a 4A seizure

A summons to appear is not a seizure. Jianjun Li v. Village of Saddle Rock, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 60705 (E.D. N.Y. Mar. 30, 2021). New York statute that special prosecutors have to give notice to elected DAs about, inter … Continue reading

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CA6: No interstate commerce nexus needed for a federal search and seizure

There is no interstate commerce predicate to a federal search and seizure. Defendant cites no authority and the court doesn’t find one. United States v. Watson, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 8564 n.3 (6th Cir. Mar. 22, 2021). Remanded a second … Continue reading

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SCOTUS: Shooting at and hitting a person fleeing is a 4A seizure: “The required corporal seizing or touching the defendant’s body … can be as readily accomplished by a bullet as by the end of a finger.”

Shooting at and hitting plaintiff with the intent to stop her flight is an attempted seizure under the Fourth Amendment. She made it 75 miles to a hospital, was airlifted back, and was arrested. (Qualified immunity is not decided here.) … Continue reading

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CA5: 4A generally only applies to pretrial govt activities

The Fourth Amendment only applies to pretrial alleged constitutional deprivations. Trial related constraints are not Fourth Amendment issues. United States v. Emakoji, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 6843 (5th Cir. Mar. 9, 2021):

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Reason: Sotomayor Invokes Scalia on Fourth Amendment Protections

Reason: Sotomayor Invokes Scalia on Fourth Amendment Protections by Damon Root (“Does the Fourth Amendment right to be free from unreasonable seizures include the right to be free from an unreasonable attempted seizure?”)

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OR: “[J]ust keep your hands where I can see them” is a seizure

“[J]ust keep your hands where I can see them” is a seizure under the Oregon Constitution. State v. Soto-Navarro, 309 Ore. App. 218 (Feb. 10, 2021):

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CA9: Passenger also shot in effort to stop vehicle was seized under 4A; SJ denied on reasonableness of force

A vehicle passenger who was not intentionally targeted by the officers had a cognizable Fourth Amendment interest under Brower v. County of Inyo and Brendlin v. California. His freedom of movement was terminated when the officers intentionally shot at the … Continue reading

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E.D.Tenn.: Guilty plea in state court precludes claim that arrest lacked PC

Having pled guilty in state court, plaintiff can’t complain that the arrest leading to the plea lacked probable cause. Moser v. Davis, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 13308 (E.D. Tenn. Jan. 25, 2021). Petitioner had a “full and fair” opportunity to … Continue reading

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DE: “Surveilling” def by following him looking for discarded DNA wasn’t an unreasonable search or seizure

Defendant lived in Pennsylvania and was accused of unlawful sex in Delaware. A search warrant was obtained in Pennsylvania for his house, and there was probable cause for it and it was narrow and specific. His DNA had been obtained … Continue reading

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D.V.I.: Failure to put on proof at suppression hearing leads to show cause order to defense

Defendant filed a motion to suppress a statement and a search. At the hearing, however, the search wasn’t challenged. Defendant has to show cause why that part of the motion should not be denied. United States v. Henry, 2021 U.S. … Continue reading

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CA8: Direction to stay in car during a traffic stop wasn’t a seizure

Direction to defendant to stay in his car during a stop was not a separate seizure. United States v. Warren, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 701 (8th Cir. Jan. 12, 2021). There was probable cause for defendant’s arrest. Officers bought drugs … Continue reading

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