Category Archives: Plain view, feel, smell

CA11: Questions about travel plans were not an unreasonable extension of a traffic stop

The officer’s questions about travel plans were not an unreasonable extension of a traffic stop. United States v. Turner, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 27280 (11th Cir. Sep. 29, 2022). Officers approaching defendant’s car where he was asleep was not a … Continue reading

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ID: Def’s claim he needed an ambulance during a stop extended it, not the officer

Defendant was lawfully stopped for a traffic offense. He claimed he needed an ambulance and one was called for him. While the EMTs were attending to him the officer started on his report of the stop. He asked defendant for … Continue reading

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IL: Smell of burnt MJ in a car in a recreational use state not PC

“We hold that the smell of the burnt cannabis, without any corroborating factors, is not enough to establish probable cause to search the vehicle, and the court did not err in granting the motion to suppress. This finding comports with … Continue reading

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E.D.Va.: Drug paraphernalia was in plain view before flashlight put through window

Drug paraphernalia seen from outside the vehicle before sticking a flashlight in the window was a valid plain view. United States v. Johnson, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 149401 (E.D. Va. Aug. 19, 2022).* There was probable cause for plaintiff’s prosecution, … Continue reading

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TX1: Consent to handling cell phone led to plain view of CP

Defendant consented to the officer handling his secondary cell phone that wasn’t able to make calls. The officer accidentally saw child pornography on the phone in plain view, and it was all reasonable. Thomson v. State, 2022 Tex. App. LEXIS … Continue reading

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N.D.Cal.: Prolonging traffic stop to inquire of probation or parole status unreasonable

Prolonging the traffic stop for further information on defendant’s parole and probation status was unreasonable. It diverted from the traffic stop. United States v. Gould, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 142915 (N.D. Cal. Aug. 10, 2022). The protective sweep of defendant’s … Continue reading

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M.D.Pa.: No QI for violation of knock-and-announce; fact question for trial

Defendant officers’ motion for summary judgment on qualified immunity for violating the knock-and-announce rule is denied. The law is well settled for 25 years and there are no blanket exceptions. The rest is fact bound. Murphy v. Grochowski, 2022 U.S. … Continue reading

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CA4: It was “immediately apparent” glass pipe was drug paraphernalia

A glass pipe almost certainly for ingesting drugs was “immediately apparent” for plain view, citing United States v. Van Zee, 380 F.3d 342 (8th Cir. 2004). United States v. Runner, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 21854 (4th Cir. Aug. 8, 2022). … Continue reading

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D.V.I.: Boat without lights at night is subject to stop

A boat operating at night without lights in U.S. Customs waters violates federal law and it is subject to stop. United States v. Romero-Amaro, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 140477 (D.V.I. Aug. 8, 2022). In the tire chalking case, nominal damages … Continue reading

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E.D.Cal.: 4A does not require medical personnel participate in a prison strip search

The Fourth Amendment does not require medical personnel participate in a prison strip search. Graham v. Wright, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 136026 (E.D. Cal. Aug. 1, 2022). Defendant’s stop for late night knocking on the door of a house where … Continue reading

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W.D.Pa. shows you can win a MJ smell as PC argument

“Based on the record developed at the suppression hearing, the Court finds that Detective McGee did not have reasonable suspicion to seize Defendant for the following reasons: (1) the Court does not credit Detective McGee’s testimony regarding the odor of … Continue reading

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E.D.Ark.: Probation officer conducting home visit can smell around the door for drug use

A probation officer at defendant’s house for a home visit could smell around the door, and, here, the smell of marijuana being used inside was evident. That was not unreasonable. United States v. Toney, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 120895 (E.D. … Continue reading

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CA6 & FL1: Fact hemp is legal doesn’t make smell of MJ lack PC

The fact that hemp was legal doesn’t make the smell like marijuana a lack of probable cause. United States v. McCallister, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 18642 (6th Cir. July 7, 2022) (people in a park); Hatcher v. State, 2022 Fla. … Continue reading

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OH: Plastic baggie caught in bookbag zipper wasn’t “immediately apparent” for plain view

“While executing an arrest warrant, police discovered a closed bookbag with a plastic baggie stuck in its zipper. Without obtaining a search warrant, they opened the bookbag and discovered illegal drugs. The question for us is whether the warrantless search … Continue reading

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D.Ariz.: PC so lacking, “this is a no-brainer”

“The Court finds that the search warrant affidavit comes nowhere near to establishing probable cause for the search of the cell phone. Simply put, this is a no-brainer. In fact, the government’s conclusory argument noted above demonstrates the futility of … Continue reading

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CA8: Shoplifting arrest supported search incident of backpack; inevitable anyway

The search of defendant’s backpack incident to a shoplifting arrest produced a firearm. Even if the search incident wasn’t proper, it was inevitable the backpack would be inventoried at the jail.United States v. Trogdon, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 15860 (8th … Continue reading

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D.Ore.: Officer can be cross-examined at trial on his SW affidavit

The government’s motion in limine against crossing the IRS agent on his search warrant affidavit is denied. The search has already been litigated, and defendant can’t use this as a “mini-Franks hearing.” The government can object if it goes far … Continue reading

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CA8: “[T]asing … constituted a warrantless arrest”

“Anderson’s tasing of Nyah constituted a warrantless arrest.” “Here, Anderson had probable cause to arrest Nyah.” United States v. Nyah, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 14609 (8th Cir. May 27, 2022). There was reasonable suspicion for the stop and defendant validly … Continue reading

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E.D.Cal.: Inmate has no standing in a contraband cell phone

A person in prison has no standing to contest a wiretap on a contraband cell phone. United States v. Yandell, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 91166 (E.D.Cal. May 20, 2022). “The facts of this case indicate that [Officer] Leitzen, while conducting … Continue reading

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TX13: Stop was consensual but became unreasonable

“We therefore conclude that, although appellant’s encounter with police may have been consensual initially, it advanced into a ‘seizure’ for Fourth Amendment purposes before appellant made any incriminating statements. Because there was no warrant, reasonable suspicion, or probable cause to … Continue reading

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