Category Archives: Burden of pleading

MA: Def not prejudiced by third party’s response to SW

A third party in possession of Medicaid records was served with a search warrant, and appellant complains of the procedural nature of the third party’s response. [Aside from no standing,] Appellant doesn’t even attempt to show that the exclusionary rule … Continue reading

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TN: No IAC: strategic choice to distance def from premises

Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not challenging the search of the premises. The defense at trial was that defendant was merely a guest who didn’t have control of the stuff found there. To link defendant more to the premises was … Continue reading

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D.C.Cir.: Bivens not extended to immigration detention

Bivens should not be extended to an immigration detention. K.O. v. Sessions, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 20984 (D.C. Cir. July 29, 2022). Plaintiff filed a § 1983 case against his prosecution which fails on Younger grounds. As to an illegal … Continue reading

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CA7: The question is only whether the officer reasonably believed def violated the law, not whether def did

“‘[T]he question … is whether [the officer] reasonably believed that he saw a traffic violation, not whether [the defendant] actually violated the [law].’ Cole, 21 F.4th at 428.” United States v. Yang, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 19125 (7th Cir. July … Continue reading

Posted in Burden of pleading, Foreign searches, Reasonable suspicion | Comments Off on CA7: The question is only whether the officer reasonably believed def violated the law, not whether def did

NY Bronx: REP in one’s apartment building mailbox

Defendant had a reasonable expectation of privacy in his mailbox in an apartment building from unreasonable searches. A search warrant was sought through the Bronx DA, but they were short staffed and recommended the officers get landlord consent. That was … Continue reading

Posted in Arrest or entry on arrest, Burden of pleading, Good faith exception, Ineffective assistance, Mail and packages, Reasonable expectation of privacy | Comments Off on NY Bronx: REP in one’s apartment building mailbox

PA: State bears initial burden of showing lack of REP that def must meet

In Pennsylvania, the state has to attempt to show a lack of reasonable expectation of privacy before it can argue a lack of standing. Here, it acquiesced in standing until after it lost the suppression argument, and that’s too late. … Continue reading

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D.Minn.: Alleged alibi wasn’t enough for Franks challenge here

Defendant wasn’t entitled to a Franks hearing by attempting to show that he had an alibi for only one controlled buy at issue, which wasn’t quite good enough anyway for probable cause. United States v. Washington, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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D.Idaho: Broad conclusory motions to suppress should be summarily denied

Broad conclusory motions to suppress should be summarily denied. “The Government and the Court had no warning that Munguia-Lopez was going to challenge his own stop at the hearing. This Court does not look favorably on counsel filing motions with … Continue reading

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UT: IAC shown for not challenging dog alert

The initial dog alert here did not provide probable cause for search of defendant’s vehicle. Thus, defense counsel was ineffective for not pursuing a Fourth Amendment challenge. “In summary, based on the record before us, a motion to suppress the … Continue reading

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TX: Boilerplate in cell phone SW affidavit not unreasonable, but facts of PC must be shown too

Boilerplate language in a search warrant application for a cell phone isn’t inappropriate, but there must still be a factual showing of probable cause for search of the phone. State v. Baldwin, 2022 Tex. Crim. App. LEXIS 321 (May 11, … Continue reading

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IN: State const’l arguments have to be raised in trial court first

Defendant’s argument for a change in standing law under the state constitution that he should have the ability to challenge the search of another person’s person and clothing wasn’t raised below, so it’s waived. State v. Allen, 2022 Ind. App. … Continue reading

Posted in Automobile exception, Burden of pleading, Overbreadth, Reasonableness, State constitution, Waiver | Comments Off on IN: State const’l arguments have to be raised in trial court first

AR: SW for evidence linking to a homicide in another county found clothes worn seen in video

In a homicide investigation, officers showed probable cause for defendant’s house for evidence of the murder where the victim was abducted, driven 75 miles, and her body dumped in another county. Defendant was on video surveillance where the abduction occurred, … Continue reading

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CA9: Private searcher mimicking her computer search for police was reasonable

Defendant’s former girlfriend found child pornography on his computer. She took the computer to the Reno sheriff’s office, and the police there had her show them what she did and go no farther. This was admitted by the government to … Continue reading

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N.D.Ga.: RS still existed on I-85 after apparent hand-to-hand transaction in front of stash house

Defendant’s doing a hand-to-hand transaction from a car in front of a stash house was still reasonable suspicion when the officers caught up with him on I-85 after a license plate reader found the car after they lost sight of … Continue reading

Posted in Burden of pleading, Emergency / exigency, Reasonable suspicion, Standing | Comments Off on N.D.Ga.: RS still existed on I-85 after apparent hand-to-hand transaction in front of stash house

TX4: No REP in totaled car at the wrecker yard

Defendant totaled his car in an accident. The black box evidence was sought by warrant, but the court holds that defendant effectively abandoned the car to the wrecking yard. Vitela v. State, 2022 Tex. App. LEXIS 2759 (Tex. App. – … Continue reading

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E.D.Mo.: Empty sandwich bag in car not subject to plain view; incriminating nature not immediately apparent

The government failed to establish reasonable suspicion for defendant’s stop on an anonymous tip where nothing of substance was furnished contrary to Navarette. Moreover, it wasn’t immediately apparent an empty sandwich bag in the car was incriminating for plain view. … Continue reading

Posted in Burden of pleading, Inevitable discovery, Inventory, Plain view, feel, smell, Reasonable suspicion | Comments Off on E.D.Mo.: Empty sandwich bag in car not subject to plain view; incriminating nature not immediately apparent

NM: Motion to suppress checkpoint stop too general to put state on notice

“We conclude Defendant’s motion was insufficiently particular to alert the metropolitan court or State that the grounds for suppressing evidence related to the checkpoint’s illegality.” “Defendant’s motion, rather, was based upon the State lacking reasonable suspicion to detain Defendant. The … Continue reading

Posted in Burden of pleading, Chekpoints, Private search, Probable cause, Standing | Comments Off on NM: Motion to suppress checkpoint stop too general to put state on notice

D.C.Cir.: Admin. law: 4A claims must be brought at agency level first

In an action before the Board for Correction of Naval Records, the service member had to raise his Fourth Amendment claim before the agency or it is waived, which is what happened here. McPherson v. Del Toro, Sec’y of the … Continue reading

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S.D.N.Y.: Video of def and cell phone at scene of crime is PC for phone

Defendant with his cell phone in hand was at the scene of a shooting as shown by surveillance video. That’s probable cause for the phone. United States v. King, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 53647 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 24, 2022). When the … Continue reading

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Not being candid about the SW or affidavit in the motion to suppress isn’t good for the defense

“Moreover, even if Defendant is correct that SAPD lacked probable cause to search his vehicle, a motion to suppress is unlikely to succeed. Defendant focuses on one paragraph of the search warrant affidavits and ignores the other four paragraphs detailing … Continue reading

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