Category Archives: Qualified immunity

E.D.Ark.: Landlord and tenant refused rental property inspection and SW was validly issued and protected privacy interests

The renter of property has a Fourth Amendment right in the property under the city rental inspection code but not if a warrant is issued. Here, the owner and tenant refused inspection and entry, and the city obtained an administrative … Continue reading

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UT: RS on a prior day was not RS for stop on day in question

Even assuming the officer had reasonable suspicion defendant was involved in a prior incident, he had no reasonable suspicion for stopping defendant this time. State v. Correa, 2024 UT App 69, 2024 Utah App. LEXIS 69 (May 9, 2024). Petitioner … Continue reading

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CA5: Franks civil case pleads enough to overcome QI

Plaintiff showed sufficient facts to support a § 1983 Franks claim for false statements supporting probable cause for arrest. Franks is clearly established law. Hughes v. Garcia, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 10922 (5th Cir. May 3, 2024). “Based upon our … Continue reading

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CA6: No QI for shooting a man obviously surrendering

Officers responded to an armed potentially suicidal man they found in his house. When commanded to show his hands he started to get down to the floor when he was shot. “A jury could find these actions would indicate to … Continue reading

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E.D.N.Y.: To get CSLI, there must be some showing the phone was involved in the crime

Just saying that criminals usually have their cell phones on them is not sufficient for probable cause. Something tying the phone to the crime, however, is enough. Here it was text messages.United States v. Rutledge, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 76534 … Continue reading

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D.Me.: Alleged statutory violation doesn’t warrant exclusionary rule

In a search of medical records, records were seized in excess of the scope of a prior Patient Records Order for information other than patient drug abuse, but that did not warrant suppression here because the Fourth Amendment was not … Continue reading

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N.D.Ind.: Motion to suppress was near denial of standing by disavowing relationship with premises

The affidavit showed a substantial basis for concluding that drug evidence would be found in the search of the apartment. [The motion to suppress sought to distance defendant from the place. Came close to being a denial of standing, but … Continue reading

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CA11: QI in suicide by cop case

Suicide by cop: Decedent attempted suicide cutting her wrists in the bathtub. Her husband found her and called 911. Police showed and decedent had gotten out of the tub and advanced on the officers, knife in hand, getting shot and … Continue reading

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CA10: Concealing one’s identity to the police without there being an underlying offense doesn’t create PC

Concealing one’s identity to the police without there being an underlying offense doesn’t create probable cause. No qualified immunity: “Our cases are clear: law enforcement needs reasonable suspicion of a ‘predicate, underlying crime,’ not a generalized suspicion a person is … Continue reading

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CA6 disagrees with CA7 on de minimis injuries under § 1983 force cases

“We end with two disclaimers. As for the first disclaimer, courts have suggested that § 1983 does not provide a cause of action for ‘trifling’ injuries—whether a plaintiff alleges a violation of the First Amendment, the Fourth Amendment, or any … Continue reading

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CA8: Motel operator could consent to search for drugs he found cleaning room, and defendant didn’t even know

Defendant rented a hotel room for two nights. He was warned no illegal conduct. After the first night, the motel operator entered to clean the room. The mattress had been moved, so the operator lifted it to move it back … Continue reading

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CA8: Alleged degrading strip search of transgender inmate stated claim

An allegedly retaliatory prison strip search alleged to be degrading and too intrusive stated a claim and survived qualified immunity on the Fourth Amendment but not the First Amendment retaliation claim. The inmate was transgender transitioning to female. Beard v. … Continue reading

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CA6: It’s clearly established that RS or PC required for a traffic stop

It was clearly established at the time that reasonable suspicion or probable cause was required for a traffic stop. Fact issues remain, so no qualified immunity. King v. City of Rockford, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 7327 (6th Cir. Mar. 28, … Continue reading

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OH4: Off-duty police officer can make a traffic stop

An off-duty police officer has the authority to make a traffic stop. Defendant cites no law that says they can’t. In addition, he had probable to make the stop. State v. Netter, 2024-Ohio-1068, 2024 Ohio App. LEXIS 997 (4th Dist. … Continue reading

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Two more on “clearly established”

“The Supreme Court has repeatedly admonished courts ‘not to define clearly established law at a high level of generality.’ Kisela v. Hughes, 138 S. Ct. 1148, 1152 (2018) (citation omitted). ‘The dispositive question is “whether the violative nature of particular … Continue reading

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CA9: Even if 5th and 6th shots into decedent’s body were unreasonable, the officer gets QI

Even if the jury could conclude that the fifth and sixth shots into decedent’s body were unreasonable, the officer was entitled to qualified immunity because decedent was trying to get up and there’s no clearly established law. Est. of Hernandez … Continue reading

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WA: Brief detention on no bail FTA warrant wasn’t unreasonable where there was a PC determination within 48 hours

A no bail bench warrant for FTA wasn’t unreasonable because a probable cause determination was made within 48 hours. State v. Clare, 2024 Wash. App. LEXIS 462 (Mar. 12, 2024). Defendant’s search incident occurred before the arrest. To be lawful, … Continue reading

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C.D.Cal.: Police missing target and shooting innocent bystander is a 4A seizure, but with QI

Shooting at a suspect and hitting an innocent bystander is a Fourth Amendment seizure under Brower and Torres, but it gets qualified immunity. Larocca v. City of L.A., 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 45650 (C.D. Cal. Mar. 14, 2024):

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E.D.Mo.: Strip search of civilly committed patient refusing pat search was reasonable and with QI

Plaintiff was strip searched when civilly committed when she refused to permit a pat search. “Considering all the circumstances described in Plaintiff’s Complaint, the search Plaintiff underwent, though surely unpleasant, was not unreasonable. “But even if the Court concluded the … Continue reading

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E.D.Pa.: In a cell phone search, cached data was within the “electronic data or memory features” of the phone as provided by the SW

Cached data on defendant’s cell phone is included in “[a]ll documents, including in electronic form, and stored communications including … photographs, videos, and any other electronic data or other memory features contained in the devices and SIM cards[.]” The search … Continue reading

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