Category Archives: Probable cause

NJ: SDT for S&W records on use of its products in NJ was enforced; 1A and other claims preserved

Subpoenas for documents under the state Consumer Fraud Act about the ability of average consumers to use plaintiff’s firearms for personal or home defense were enforceable under the Fourth Amendment. Plaintiff’s claims under other amendments are preserved for later. Platkin … Continue reading

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IL: Even with recreational MJ, smell in a car can provide PC; pre-rec precedent adhered to

Even with recreational marijuana, it has to be transported in odor proof containers, and that means the smell of marijuana remains probable cause in Illinois. People v. Hall, 2023 IL App (4th) 220209, 2023 Ill. App. LEXIS 12 (Jan. 25, … Continue reading

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N.D.Iowa: Car transporter has common authority to consent

A car being hauled west was searched on the car hauler’s truck by consent of the hauler. He had common authority to do that. Moreover, defendant’s standing as to the vehicle was tenuous at best. Registration had expired before the … Continue reading

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E.D.Tenn.: Backyard firepit was part of curtilage

A firepit in defendant’s yard (an “outdoor living area”) was part of the curtilage. The officer, however, was lawfully on the curtilage for a knock-and-talk. United States v. Thurman, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 9358 (E.D. Tenn. Jan. 19, 2023).* Sometimes … Continue reading

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CA2: Arrested at gunpoint, handcuffed, and unMirandized, def still consented

Defendant had been arrested and handcuffed and officers had weapons drawn, and he hadn’t yet been Mirandized. Still, on the totality, he consented to the search. United States v. Collins, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 1257 (2d Cir. Jan. 19, 2023). … Continue reading

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CA6: Potential defenses don’t undermine PC for arrest

Potential defenses to a case plaintiff was arrested for do not nullify the probable cause. Chiaverini v. City of Napoleon, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 865 (6th Cir. Jan. 11, 2023):

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CA8: An attempted arrest isn’t a seizure, even without PC

“However, an attempted arrest alone, even if unsupported by probable cause, is insufficient to invoke Fourth Amendment protections against unreasonable seizures. See Hodari D., 499 U.S. at 626 (‘The word “seizure” … does not remotely apply … to the prospect … Continue reading

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Army: Remotely wiping seized cell phone and watch tampered with search

The prosecution established defendant interfered with a search by remotely wiping her cell phone and watch when she knew they were in the possession of CID and to be searched in a manslaughter investigation. United States v. Strong, 2023 CCA … Continue reading

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GA: Generalizations and experience do not support no-knock warrant

The no-knock provision in this search warrant was not based on a showing of necessity based on this case. It was based on experience and generalities. [In addition, defendant was supposedly standing in the front yard, so what about the … Continue reading

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OR: Computer hard drive with contraband could be destroyed with guilty plea

By defendant’s plea to a sex and child porn offense, the state could destroy the computer hard drives where the contraband was found. The seizure was in 2003, and the trial was 2017. State v. Forker, 323 Or. App. 323 … Continue reading

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N.D.Okla.: NCIS SW in Japan as violation of Posse Comitatus Act was waived by guilty plea

Defendant was the subject of an NCIS search warrant while stationed in Japan. That led to his prosecution in the Northern District of Oklahoma. His guilty plea waived his claim the Posse Comitatus Act was somehow violated. United States v. … Continue reading

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TN: SW for cell phone images of drugs supported accidental finding of CP

Officers had a search warrant for defendant’s phone to look for images and messages about drug transactions. That led them to stumble upon child pornography as well. The warrant and search were valid. State v. Greenman, 2022 Tenn. Crim. App. … Continue reading

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NY1: When state doesn’t challenge standing, it’s taken as conceded

When the state doesn’t challenge standing, it’s taken as conceded. The trial court thus erred in deciding standing. People v. Bonilla, 2022 NY Slip Op 07304, 2022 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 7136 (1st Dept. Dec. 22, 2022). Defendant had his … Continue reading

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OH: The fact a cell phone was found at the scene of a car crash gives no PC to search it for evidence of distracted driving merely by its presence

The fact a cell phone was found at the scene of a car crash gives no probable cause to search it for evidence of distracted driving merely by its presence. “[*P1] In this appeal, we are asked to decide whether … Continue reading

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D.Ariz.: No REP in CP; AOL did a private search sending to NCMEC

AOL reported potential child porn to NCMEC, and that was within its terms of service. That was a private search. Moreover, “[t]his Court concludes that society has decided the interest in ‘privately’ possessing child pornography is illegitimate. Opening the image … Continue reading

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D.S.C.: “The victim’s lack of cooperation alone does not vitiate probable cause.”

Once probable cause arose, “The victim’s lack of cooperation alone does not vitiate probable cause.” Ebersole v. Lex Co Pub. Defs. Office, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 224874 (D.S.C. Nov. 22, 2022). The leaseholder was a co-resident and she had the … Continue reading

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AK: Exclusionary rule doesn’t apply to DV civil proceeding

The exclusionary rule does not apply in Domestic Violence Protective Order proceeding. Green v. State, 2022 Alas. LEXIS 140 (Dec. 14, 2022) (due process claim). Multiple calls between the CI and defendant arranging a fentanyl deal and defendant showing up … Continue reading

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OH4: Once dog alerts, automobile exception arises, and vehicle can be moved for search

Once a drug dog alerted on defendant’s car, the automobile exception arose, and the search did not have to occur right away. The vehicle could be removed to another location for the search. State v. Harper, 2022-Ohio-4357, 2022 Ohio App. … Continue reading

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S.D.Cal.: Release condition with firearm restriction and search waiver did not violate 2A or 4A

Defendant’s release condition of a firearm restriction and Fourth Amendment waiver because of a prior misdemeanor firearms conviction doesn’t violate the Second Amendment under New York State Rifle & Pistol Association, Inc. v. Bruen (2022). Heller supports the court’s conclusion. … Continue reading

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TX14: PC for a cell phone requires more than a bare conclusion one was present or involved; no PC here

“A probable cause affidavit supporting a cell phone search must contain evidence of the requisite nexus with more than mere conclusory allegations. For example, the Court of Criminal Appeals recently held that generic, boilerplate language about cell phone use among … Continue reading

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