Category Archives: Attenuation

TX13: Stop was consensual but became unreasonable

“We therefore conclude that, although appellant’s encounter with police may have been consensual initially, it advanced into a ‘seizure’ for Fourth Amendment purposes before appellant made any incriminating statements. Because there was no warrant, reasonable suspicion, or probable cause to … Continue reading

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WY: Flight broke any causal connection between unlawful stop and later search of person

Evidence supporting defendant’s charges was admissible under the attenuation doctrine. His flight and the circumstances surrounding his flight broke the causal connection between the alleged unlawful police conduct and the evidence supporting his charges. Also, where the trial court denied … Continue reading

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E.D.N.Y.: Attenuation doctrine applies to this SEC interview; in dicta, no 4A violation

Even assuming the exclusionary rule applies to the SEC in this case, the attenuation doctrine applies. There is no direct or indirect evidence derived from the SEC’s action. As to the direct, “The Court finds that, even if the exclusionary … Continue reading

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AL adopts new crime exception to exclusionary rule

When being arrested, defendant pulled away from officers in his room and dove for his bed and reached under a pillow. Officers thought he was going for a gun, and a melee ensued. He was charged with assault and resisting … Continue reading

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CA6 explains inevitable discovery and how it was confused here with attenuation

The district court erred by analyzing the search as attenuation when it should have been inevitable discovery, and that’s on the lawyers for not having filed adequate briefs. The court gives a thorough and helpful explanation of both and how … Continue reading

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TX2: Unlawful stop-and-frisk leads to suppression of patdown and search and abandonment during flight

Defendant’s stop was without reasonable suspicion. His alleged consent was not voluntary and his flight and abandonment were not attenuated but were caused by the illegal stop and frisk. Massey v. State, 2021 Tex. App. LEXIS 9820 (Tex. App. – … Continue reading

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N.-M.: Statement attenuated from unlawful cell phone seizure

Defendant was arrested after NCIS forced entry into his barracks room arresting him at gunpoint coming out of the shower for allegations of sexual conversations with an minor. NCIS seized his cell phone without a search authorization. Ultimately, his cell … Continue reading

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WI: Checking traffic detainee’s compliance with prior bond conditions violated Rodriguez

Defendant was stopped for a traffic offense, and defendant was on bond from a pending case. The officer decided to inquire into defendant was in compliance with the bond terms. That exceeded the normal incidents of a traffic stop. State … Continue reading

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D.Maine: Officer’s subjective motivations for crime fighting didn’t make an otherwise reasonable traffic stop unreasonable

The state trooper that stopped defendant for an objective traffic violation apparently had subjective motivation to look for other crimes, but his subjective motives aren’t determinative of anything. United States v. Fagan, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 141949 (D. Maine July … Continue reading

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D.C.: Illegal patdown without RS caused def’s flight; discard of gun in flight excluded

The patdown of defendant was manifestly unreasonable, and defendant’s flight was thereafter. The exclusionary rule should be applied to this. Johnson v. United States, 2021 D.C. App. LEXIS 187 (July 15, 2021):

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Cal.4: Detention without RS led to finding warrant; attenuated under Strieff

Defendant was seen at 4 am apparently casing cars in San Diego in a neighborhood where people were never on the street at that hour. The stop was based on a mere hunch, but it produced an outstanding warrant. “Although … Continue reading

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CA3: Ghostwritten SW affidavit not a Franks violation because there was indisputably PC

A police officer’s admission at trial that the affidavit for search warrant was ghostwritten for him didn’t show a Franks violation because there clearly was probable cause. United States v. Ware, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 16568 (3d Cir. June 3, … Continue reading

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WA: Unverified belief in existence of arrest warrant required suppression

Unverified belief there was an arrest warrant for defendant required that the arrest and search be suppressed. State v. Pines, 2021 Wash. App. LEXIS 1223 (May 17, 2021). “Here, while the record is unclear as to when the outstanding warrant … Continue reading

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NY2: Def’s driving over officer’s legs and ankles was attenuated from his alleged illegal stop

Defendant driving over the officer’s legs and ankles was attenuated from his alleged illegal stop. People v. Contreras, 2021 NY Slip Op 03048, 2021 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 3144 (2d Dept. May 12, 2021). “The County Court properly found that … Continue reading

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OH12: Stop of bicyclist for no light produced arrest warrant; valid under Strieff

Defendant was stopped on his bicycle for no headlight, and that led to finding an arrest warrant for him. Under Strieff, the legality of the stop becomes almost irrelevant to the search incident for the arrest warrant as attenuated. State … Continue reading

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CA8: While the stated reason for the stop was maybe legally erroneous, there was a valid unstated alternative basis

Officers stated an improper lane change as their basis for a stop, but it might not have been illegal under Nebraska law. However, they already had reason to believe the registration on the vehicle was lapsed, and that’s a proper … Continue reading

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CA3: Nexus shown to def’s home for SW for clothing worn in robbery

When the object of a search is clothing worn during a robbery, there is nexus to defendant’s home. United States v. Ross, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 7701 (3d Cir. Mar. 17, 2021). Defendant answered the officer’s knock on the door … Continue reading

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NY: Denial of ownership of a key fob found under def at his arrest is abandonment of the car

Defendant could be detained during the search of his house under a warrant. When he got up off the floor, there was a key fob underneath him, and he denied it was his. The officers used the panic button to … Continue reading

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CA3: Petition to revoke has to be based on a 4A showing of PC on oath or affirmation, and this was

The petition to revoke was based on probable cause and oath or affirmation and complied with the Fourth Amendment. United States v. Petlock, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 3865 (3d Cir. Feb. 11, 2021). Police responded to a suicide in progress … Continue reading

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N.D.Cal.: Misdemeanor arrest in the home reasonable under 4A and common law

Defendant’s misdemeanor vandalism arrest while officers were inside his house was reasonable under the Fourth Amendment. Common law on misdemeanor arrests applies, too. United States v. Barajas, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 21651 (N.D. Cal. Feb. 4, 2021). Defendant was convicted … Continue reading

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