Category Archives: Stop and frisk

OH12: Search of wallet in patdown unreasonable

Defendant’s patdown produced a wallet, and search of the ID inside exceeded its proper scope. State v. Maffey, 2021-Ohio-2460, 2021 Ohio App. LEXIS 2423 (12th Dist. July 19, 2021) This excessive force case for use of force during an arrest … Continue reading

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CA7: Confrontation clause doesn’t apply in suppression hearings

The confrontation clause does not apply in suppression hearings. United States v. Bebris, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 20974 (7th Cir. July 15, 2021). The apartment’s search warrant was for evidence of drug sales from it. Those found there at the … Continue reading

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N.D.Ind.: Search incident of unconscious man unreasonable without arrest or justification

A search incident of the unconscious defendant was unreasonable because it lacked any justification. He wasn’t arrested to be searched incident to it. United States v. Johnson, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 125188 (N.D. Ind. July 6, 2021). Defendant abandoned his … Continue reading

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CA3: GFE saved CP search district court found lacked PC

Officers obtained a search warrant for defendant possessing child pornography based on his interest in unclothed children and taking pictures. The district court suppressed, but the good faith exception applies to save the search. The government appealed on both probable … Continue reading

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PA: Reasonable inference for stop that owner with suspended DL was driving vehicle

The officer had reasonable suspicion to stop defendant’s vehicle on the inference that the driver was the owner who had an outstanding warrant. The court declines to adopt a higher standard for reasonable suspicion under the state constitution. Commonwealth v. … Continue reading

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CA9: Suspicionless search of unconscious person in hospital bed violated clearly established law

“Thus, under binding precedent from this court and the Supreme Court, any reasonable officer would have known that Defendants’ suspicionless and warrantless search of Katzenjammer’s body, while she lay unconscious in a hospital bed, violated the Fourth Amendment.” Young v. … Continue reading

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PA: DUI with agg. assault was sufficiently exigent to dispense with SW for BAC

Defendant was accused of DUI and aggravated assault, and the officer decided that the additional complexity of investigating the assault charge made a warrantless blood draw exigent. It didn’t matter that the state charged him with the assault two months … Continue reading

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The Crime Report: Continued Use of “Terry Stops” Raise Concerns of Racial Profiling and Trauma

The Crime Report: Continued Use of “Terry Stops” Raise Concerns of Racial Profiling and Trauma (“The frequently used stopping practice has garnered attention from reform advocates who insist it relies on racial profiling.”).

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CA9: Going directly into pockets exceeded frisk power

Where the officer stood defendant up and turned him around, defendant was seized. Going directly into defendant’s pockets to search exceeded the power of a frisk. United States v. Brown, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 14015 (9th Cir. May 12, 2021). … Continue reading

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OH10: Citizen informant’s complaint of def flashing gun from car justifies frisk of person and car

A citizen informant’s complaint defendant flashed a gun was justification for both a patdown and a protective weapons search of his car. State v. Shalash, 2021-Ohio-1034, 2021 Ohio App. LEXIS 1043 (10th Dist. Mar. 30, 2021). Calling for a drug … Continue reading

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CA2: A mere hunch there was an arrest warrant made stop unreasonable

It was clearly established law in January 2015 that an officer’s unconfirmed hunch that an arrest warrant might possibly exist, coupled with nothing more than the officer’s recognition of a suspect from prior arrests, did not constitute reasonable suspicion justifying … Continue reading

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VA: RS for a frisk of def just gotten out of car also justified frisk of his car, too, when frisk of person came up empty

Brandishing a gun at another was reasonable suspicion for a stop and frisk of a defendant and then the car. “After the officers found no firearm as a result of their pat down of the appellant’s person, this fact served … Continue reading

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IA: Terry stop questioning doesn’t require a Miranda warning until it gets confrontational

Terry stop questioning doesn’t require a Miranda warning until it gets confrontational and adversarial and the detainee isn’t free to leave. State v. Decanini-Hernandez, 2021 Iowa App. LEXIS 172 (Feb. 17, 2021). Defense counsel wasn’t shown to be ineffective for … Continue reading

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CA2: The officer’s perceptions were reasonable that entry into defendant’s backyard was necessary

“Nor can we say that Galligan’s enforcement action was clearly unlawful. The undisputed facts of this case demonstrate that Plaintiffs kept a variety of unusual objects in their backyard, causing it to resemble a junkyard. The question is not whether … Continue reading

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IL: A stop and a frisk require independent factual bases

Stop and frisk are separate questions in their justification and scope, citing Terry. People v. Baker, 2020 IL App (2d) 180300, 2020 Ill. App. LEXIS 880 (Dec. 22, 2020). Police came for a wellness check on defendant’s mother. The search … Continue reading

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CA9: 911 call about man waving a gun justified stop at gunpoint and handcuffing

Officers’ display of firearms and handcuffing defendant in a detention after a 911 call of a man waving a gun was reasonable under Terry. United States v. Hearns, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 37363 (9th Cir. Nov. 27, 2020). Defendant was … Continue reading

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N.D.Ill.: Anticipatory seatbelt violation stop was reasonable and led to valid admission of gun

Stopping car at the scene of a shooting 90 minutes earlier because more people piled in than there were seatbelts for was reasonable. [An anticipatory stop on reasonable suspicion a traffic offense was about to happen. The stop was clearly … Continue reading

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CA5: Remanding on other grounds, stop lacked RS and should be reconsidered after a hearing

While reversing on other grounds, the Fifth Circuit directs reconsideration of the stop and frisk as lacking reasonable suspicion on the record it had for lack of a hearing. United States v. McKinney, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 36333 (5th Cir. … Continue reading

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D.Nev.: Walking into a Walmart in NV 5½ months after the El Paso Walmart shooting potentially armed with a shotgun was RS

A 911 call that defendant was potentially armed with a shotgun coming into a Walmart in Sparks NV, 5½ months after the El Paso Walmart shooting that killed 23 and injured 23 led to defendant’s stop and frisk. This was … Continue reading

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CA5: RS for stop and frisk was lacking based on clothing and location

Defendant’s patdown on the street in San Antonio lacked reasonable suspicion that his clothing suggested gang activity or the place was high crime. The firearm found on him is suppressed. The body camera evidence was used by the defense. The … Continue reading

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