Category Archives: Arrest or entry on arrest

CT: IAC in cell phone search decided on lack of prejudice, not the merits

Defendant was convicted of accessory to murder. He claimed trial counsel was ineffective for not moving to suppress the 2013 search of his cell phone. Police sought a warrant for the phone, and the DA prepared it. While the papers … Continue reading

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NC: Officer who made illegal entry was not discharging “official duty” when he was assaulted

“As a warrant was required for the officers to lawfully enter the home, and no warrant had been issued when the officers entered the home and encountered Defendant, the officers’ entry into the home was unlawful. Thus, the State failed … Continue reading

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WV: SW for items that are also common to any home doesn’t make warrant general; it’s specific enough

Officers had two search warrants for Gray’s place, and defendant complained that the warrant described things common to any home. There was probable cause for that stuff, and there’s no requirement of a more specific description. State v. Knotts, 2023 … Continue reading

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S.D.Cal.: A pending forfeiture action in another district justifies dismissal of Rule 41(g) motion because there is another remedy

This is a Rule 41(g) action for return of property, a superyacht owned by a Russian oligarch seized allegedly in violation of Russian sanctions. The next day, a forfeiture action was filed in the S.D.N.Y., and that provided an adequate … Continue reading

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M.D.Fla.: “[T]here is no constitutional right to be free from arrest on the basis of illegally obtained evidence.”

“[T]here is no constitutional right to be free from arrest on the basis of illegally obtained evidence.” Santiago v. Swain, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 194607 (M.D. Fla. Oct. 31, 2023).* Plaintiff’s civil Franks claim fails because there was probable cause … Continue reading

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C.D.Cal.: That state arrest warrant was unsigned is not a 4A violation

A violation of state law on arrest warrant papers doesn’t per se make a Fourth Amendment violation. “There is no Fourth Amendment requirement that a state criminal complaint for an arrest warrant be signed, or even that the warrant itself … Continue reading

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E.D.Pa.: Officer’s question about firearms in car made def unreasonably nervous

During a traffic stop, the officer’s question about weapons in the car resulted in defendant’s getting unusually nervous, his breathing completely changing where his chest rose and fell, and he refused to look the officer in the eye. That was … Continue reading

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TX5: Even with legalized hemp, smell of MJ from car is still PC

The smell of marijuana from a vehicle is probable cause even if legal hemp can be mistaken for it. State v. Gonzales, 2023 Tex. App. LEXIS 7827 (Tex. App. – Dallas Oct. 12, 2023). Plaintiff’s claim for false arrest for … Continue reading

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CA8: Continuation of arrest after the officer learned it was unjustified denied the officer QI

Continuation of plaintiff’s arrest after the officer learned it was unjustified denied the officer qualified immunity. “Even if we concluded Officer Holtan made a reasonable mistake about probable cause when he first tackled Nieters to the ground, Nieters immediately informed … Continue reading

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CA6: Incriminating nature of gun was reasonably immediately apparent to officers

The incriminating nature of an AR-15 was immediately apparent to the officers. They don’t have to know that it’s contraband, just that it’s reasonably likely. On this record, that was shown. United States v. Grier, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 26077 … Continue reading

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W.D.Tenn.: Home of a drug dealer does not create nexus without more evidence of a connection

The home of a drug dealer does not create nexus without more evidence of a connection. United States v. Edwards, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 176766 (W.D. Tenn. Sep. 29, 2023). Plaintiff’s arrest for unlawful fishing in Manhattan’s Morningside Park was … Continue reading

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CA9: Mixed motive for admin search doesn’t make it unreasonable

“The presence of an impermissible motive does not, by itself, establish that the administrative search was pretextual, Orozco, 858 F.3d at 1213, and here, the record shows the presence of a valid motive: the city inspector obtained the administrative search … Continue reading

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OH12: Gerstein violation doesn’t warrant new trial

“Assuming for the sake of argument that Akladyous was in fact improperly detained for more than 48 hours before a probable cause finding was made, such argument would not invalidate his subsequent conviction pursuant to Gerstein.” State v. Akladyous, 2023-Ohio-3105, … Continue reading

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CA11: One acquitted at trial but arrested with PC has no claim

A person acquitted at trial but arrested with probable cause has no claim. Probable cause for arrest survives an acquittal. Davis v. City of Apopka, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 22680 (11th Cir. Aug. 28, 2023):

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CA5: Retaliatory arrest under 1A also requires no PC under 4A

“But this court concluded that ‘Plaintiff-Appellees’ claims against Officer Currie … fall under the Fourth Amendment.’ [Mayfield, 976 F.3d at 486 n.1.] As that opinion explained, ‘in order to bring a First Amendment claim for retaliatory arrest, a plaintiff generally … Continue reading

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CA9: Franks challenge has to include showing lack of PC

On a Franks challenge, “Defendant failed to establish that, if additional information about the informant’s credibility had been included, the affidavit would have been insufficient to establish probable cause.” United States v. Carter, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 22478 (9th Cir. … Continue reading

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TN: Collective knowledge also applies to RS

Collective knowledge also applies to reasonable suspicion. State v. Hodge, 2023 Tenn. Crim. App. LEXIS 317 (Aug. 24, 2023). Defendant’s “certified question” for appeal was overbroad. State v. Beech, 2023 Tenn. Crim. App. LEXIS 313 (Aug. 24, 2023).* Defendant was … Continue reading

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CA5: Arrest on curtilage was subject to questions of fact

Plaintiff raised questions of fact and law as to the officer’s authority to arrest him in his front yard on the curtilage. Summary judgment denied on the merits, but remanded for further qualified immunity analysis. Sauceda v. City of San … Continue reading

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MO: Failure to allow DUI suspect to contact lawyer before BAC test doesn’t require suppression

The state’s statutory failure to allow defendant to contact a lawyer before a BAC test doesn’t require suppression of the BAC test. Dunbar v. Dir. of Revenue, 2023 Mo. App. LEXIS 582 (Aug. 15, 2023). “Movant provides no facts or … Continue reading

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CA5: No police wrongdoing here to support “police created exigency”

Defendant came in to the police for an interview about sex assault in the Army. As it developed, exigency for seizure of defendant’s cell phone arose. This was not a police created exigency which requires some wrongdoing on the part … Continue reading

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