Category Archives: Burden of proof

D.S.C.: Def can’t get discovery of all SW affidavits from officer for 2 1/2 years

Defendant does not get discovery of every search warrant affidavit over the last 2½ years prepared by the detective in this case. “Defendant has offered no justification for the request of all affidavits prepared by Detective Jackson over the last … Continue reading

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ID: Def has burden of proving standing and can’t rely on state seeking to prove he didn’t have standing

Defendant had the burden of showing standing, and he couldn’t rely on the state not proving he didn’t have standing. Wilson v. State, 2021 Ind. App. LEXIS 264 (Aug. 24, 2021). Finding that defendant was on federal supervised release was … Continue reading

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FL2: State’s failure to prove policy for inventory was failure of proof on warrantless search

Inventory is an exception to the warrant requirement, so the state carries the burden of proof. Here, the state failed to prove the policy, a General Order, that permitted the inventory to show that it was not a subterfuge for … Continue reading

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OH10: Not challenging SW was strategic choice in self-defense case

Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not objecting to the search warrant because it would contradict his claim of self-defense. State v. Messenger, 2021-Ohio-2044, 2021 Ohio App. LEXIS 2017 (10th Dist. June 17, 2021) (see § 60.19) The issue here is … Continue reading

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CA9: Defendant had standing in his hotel room despite having no REP in a stolen laptop in the room

Defendant had standing to challenge the search of his hotel room, but he did not have any reasonable expectation of privacy in a stolen laptop he possessed. If the entry into the hotel room is unreasonable, the seizure of the … Continue reading

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N.D.W.Va.: Def has burden (at least) on standing

At least for standing, “the burden of proof for a motion to suppress is on the party seeking to suppress the evidence. United States v. Dickerson, 655 F.2d 559, 561 (4th Cir. 1981).” United States v. Anderson, 2021 U.S. Dist. … Continue reading

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E.D.Tenn.: Omissions in Franks claims carry a higher burden

“Because defendant’s [Franks] claim relates to an alleged omission, he bears a heavy burden, as a Franks hearing is rarely merited in the case of an omission of exculpatory information. See Graham, 275 F.3d at 506. The Court does not … Continue reading

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NC: State has burden of proof BRD on 4A harmless error

The state carries the burden of proving harmless error for a Fourth Amendment beyond a reasonable doubt. State v. Scott, 2021-NCSC-41, 2021 N.C. LEXIS 321 (Apr. 16, 2021). The evidence supports that the person consenting had apparent and actual authority … Continue reading

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CA4: Def had burden on GFE, and he failed

Assuming without deciding the probable cause question, defendant fails to prove that the good faith exception should not be applied. United States v. Parrish, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 10533 (4th Cir. Apr. 13, 2021). The officer had probable cause to … Continue reading

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W.D.Pa.: Def can show standing from govt’s papers, including affidavit for SW, and its case at suppression hearing

The defendant has the burden of showing standing, if raised, but he doesn’t have to testify to do it. The affidavit for the warrant here said the place to be searched was defendant’s and that’s enough. Other cases in this … Continue reading

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KY: State failed to call witnesses to show RS for extending stop for drug dog

The state failed to prove its reasonable suspicion for extending the stop. The officer alone detaining at the scene for the drug dog didn’t have the evidence. Giles v. Commonwealth, 2021 Ky. App. LEXIS 45 (Mar. 26, 2021):

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WY: Mere citation to state constitution without cogent argument for different treatment is waiver

Citation alone to the state constitution’s search and seizure without cogent argument for differentiating Fourth Amendment cases is waiver. The totality of information before the officer in the traffic stop justified it. Elmore v. State, 2021 Wyo. LEXIS 48 (Mar. … Continue reading

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D.Conn.: When govt raises an exception to warrant requirement, def must rebut in briefing, but cell phone seizure shown unjustified

In response to defendant’s motion to suppress, the government argued search incident, which the defense didn’t rebut in the papers. Motion denied in part. Defendant’s cell phone seizure is suppressed, however, because the government didn’t show justification for its seizure. … Continue reading

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CA5: District court’s failure to credit def’s claim of possessory interest in car is affirmed

Defendant was a passenger in a car in which he claimed he had a possessory interest because it belonged to his domestic partner and he claimed to have paid $2000 toward the car. The district court didn’t credit that testimony … Continue reading

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AR: Reasonableness of a probation search has to be presented to revocation court first

Defendant didn’t argue in the revocation court that the probation search was unreasonable, so it can’t be argued on appeal. Mathis v. State, 2021 Ark. App. 49, 2021 Ark. App. LEXIS 57 (Feb. 3, 2021). Defendant was on release and … Continue reading

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N.D.Ill.: Arrest warrant doesn’t permit a search on entry

Defendant’s arrest warrant permitted entry to arrest him but not to search. A protective sweep was still permitted, if justified. Here no. But the search warrant for the cell phone was not tainted by the initial illegality, and the exclusionary … Continue reading

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D.V.I.: Failure to put on proof at suppression hearing leads to show cause order to defense

Defendant filed a motion to suppress a statement and a search. At the hearing, however, the search wasn’t challenged. Defendant has to show cause why that part of the motion should not be denied. United States v. Henry, 2021 U.S. … Continue reading

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NE: State failed in its burden of proof on inventory; the defense has no duty to clear up confusion in the proof

The state carried the burden, and it failed to prove that the inventory of defendant’s vehicle followed standardized procedure or was reasonable. The defense had no burden to clear up any evidentiary confusion because the state had the burden. State … Continue reading

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D.Colo.: Failure to call the officers with enough information to show collective knowledge as witnesses made govt fail in its burden of proof

The government failed to prove collective knowledge at the hearing on the motion to suppress. A critical witness to collective knowledge wasn’t called. United States v. De La Rosa-Calderon, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3378 (D. Colo. Jan. 7, 2021):

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CA6: Def waived Franks argument on appeal by only arguing PC below

Defendant’s Franks argument on appeal fails because the motion to suppress was based on a lack of probable cause and didn’t direct the court to any alleged false statement under Franks. United States v. Baker, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 113 … Continue reading

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