Category Archives: Automobile exception

IA: Automobile exception search of glove compartment here was unreasonable

Search of the glove compartment is reasonable to look for evidence of ownership of a car already subject to search, but that wasn’t an issue here because there was no reason to. State v. Marcott, 2022 Iowa App. LEXIS 385 … Continue reading

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IN: State const’l arguments have to be raised in trial court first

Defendant’s argument for a change in standing law under the state constitution that he should have the ability to challenge the search of another person’s person and clothing wasn’t raised below, so it’s waived. State v. Allen, 2022 Ind. App. … Continue reading

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CA6: Auto exception applies even where driver is detained

A vehicle is mobile for the automobile exception even though the driver is detained. United States v. Washington, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 11511 (6th Cir. Apr. 28, 2022). A bald tire in the back of a rental truck was so … Continue reading

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CA11: Pressing key fob found during search of home to find car didn’t violate 4A

Pressing the key fob found inside during a search to locate the car outside was reasonable under the automobile exception. United States v. Fortson, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 11176 (11th Cir. Apr. 25, 2022). “Defendant’s constitutional rights were not violated … Continue reading

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M.D.Pa.: Missing dashcam video of stop and search not shown to be material

The missing dashcam video was not shown to be material. Defendant’s drug paraphernalia was in plain view and it was readily apparent what it was. That led to an automobile exception search. United States v. Griffith, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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MT: Magistrate’s jurisdiction for SW is over place it could be found, not crime

The geographic limitation on magistrates issuing search warrants applies to the location of the evidence sought, not the location of the crime. State v. Grussing, 2022 MT 76, 2022 Mont. LEXIS 319 (Apr. 12, 2022). The telecommunication records here could … Continue reading

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D.Colo.: A vehicle search for MJ that might have been legally possessed under CO law was still potentially a violation of federal law, and federal law controls

The probable cause analysis for arrest and search is the same. Defendant’s car was searched under the automobile exception in Colorado, and a quantity of marijuana was found. Federal law controls here (Virginia v. Moore), not state law and whether … Continue reading

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NY3: SW address for 1013 Pleasant second floor permitted search when it was actually 1015 Pleasant

The address of the place to be searched in the warrant was 1013 Pleasant Street, second floor. The second floor, however, was 1015 Pleasant Street, and it was searched. The warrant is not to be view hypertechnically, and it adequately … Continue reading

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OR: Questions unrelated to stop unreasonably extended it

“At the outset of the stop, West asked defendant a series of questions: (1) ‘Do you live in this area?’; (2) ‘What are you doing up here?’; (3) ‘Where are you coming from today?’; and (4) if West could see … Continue reading

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CA8: Def didn’t show REP in hospital room for plain view seizure of clothing

Defendant did not show that he had a reasonable expectation of privacy in his hospital room where police entered and saw his clothes in plain view and seized them. United States v. Mattox, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 5747 (8th Cir. … Continue reading

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CA4: Exclusionary rule does not apply to violations of Posse Comitatus Act

An investigation by the DoD Inspector General is an exception to the Posse Comitatus Act. Besides, a violation of the Posse Comitatus Act is not subject to the exclusionary rule. United States v. Vaxima, Inc., 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 5315 … Continue reading

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TN: Smell of drugs during execution of SW permits detaining occupants

Based on the smell of drugs when executing a search warrant, the officers had the authority to detain the occupants. Linsey v. State, 2022 Tenn. Crim. App. LEXIS 79 (Feb. 25, 2022). Defendant’s stop was reasonable. Shots had been reported … Continue reading

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IA: PC to search a car is not per se PC to search the driver; more is needed

Probable cause to search a car under the automobile exception does not automatically give probable cause to search the person of the driver. It depends on the facts. State v. Stevens, 2022 Iowa Sup. LEXIS 13 (Feb. 18, 2022). Temporarily … Continue reading

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N.D.Ind.: Typo in title of SW of no consequence at all

The fact the search warrant had a typo and was called “search warrant affidavit” is of no moment. It was obviously the warrant. The affidavit also showed plenty of probable cause. Boddie v. Morales, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 29509 (N.D.Ind. … Continue reading

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CA6: There was PC and exigency for search of car even though district court didn’t say “automobile exception”

The smell of marijuana from defendant’s car was probable cause. The district court didn’t say “automobile exception,” but that’s what it meant. United States v. Hall, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 2983 (6th Cir. Feb. 2, 2022).* Defendant’s Franks allegation fails … Continue reading

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Cal.3: Warrantless seizure of car to get a warrant for it was without PC and search suppressed

In this murder case, officers had a search warrant for defendant’s house and any cars on the property. They learned he had another car at a ranch of a friend. They entered the friend’s property and seized the car and … Continue reading

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N.D.Okla.: Where there is a SW for a vehicle, def’s automobile exception argument is moot

Defendant argues that the inventory was pretextual to search for evidence of crime, except that there already was probable cause at that point for an automobile exception search. On a later vehicle search, there also was a warrant. Failing to … Continue reading

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D.Minn.: Automobile exception applied to RV with engine not on blocks; was capable of movement

Whether the engine of a mobile home was running or not doesn’t matter. It was capable of movement so the search was valid under the automobile exception. “The fact that the motor home had a bathroom and kitchen and looked … Continue reading

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E.D.Mich.: Officers’ versions of arrest and search show two valid versions of why it was valid

The two officers involved in defendant’s stop and search of his person and car had somewhat different versions of what happened. Under either, the search of his person and car were both reasonable. Defendant had no DL which was an … Continue reading

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OR: Exigency for automobile exception has to exist at the time of search; telephonic warrant preferred

Oregon Supreme Court holds that the exigency for an automobile exception search under the state constitution must actually exist at the time of the search. The per se rule from 1986’s Brown case is overruled. Technological changes and statute since … Continue reading

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