Category Archives: Ineffective assistance

E.D.Cal.: Smell of MJ still PC in a California National Park even though not under state law

The smell of marijuana from a car is no longer probable cause under California law, but it is still in a national park. United States v. Tolmosoff, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 83134 (E.D. Cal. May 7, 2024). Defendant wasn’t seized … Continue reading

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WI: Obtaining def’s DNA by ruse wasn’t an illegal search

The state got defendant to lick an envelope and hand it over as part of a ruse. His DNA matched to a cold case. That was not an unreasonable search. State v. Vannieuwenhoven, 2024 Wisc. App. LEXIS 349 (Apr. 30, … Continue reading

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N.D.Ind.: Motion to suppress was near denial of standing by disavowing relationship with premises

The affidavit showed a substantial basis for concluding that drug evidence would be found in the search of the apartment. [The motion to suppress sought to distance defendant from the place. Came close to being a denial of standing, but … Continue reading

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CA9: Asking detainee about parole status is reasonable

Asking a detainee about his parole status reasonably relates to officer safety and imposes a negligible burden on the detainee. United States v. Ramirez, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 9388 (9th Cir. Apr. 18, 2024). Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not … Continue reading

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CA7: Hotel room vacated by tenant could be searched by hotel management

A hotel room search by the hotel manager after defendant’s tenancy expired was reasonable as a private search and under state law. He was also on parole, but the district court didn’t even mention that. United States v. Gay, 2024 … Continue reading

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CA7: No IAC in failure to more aggressively pursue Franks challenge

Defense counsel acted reasonably in how he pursued defendant’s suppression motion founded on Franks in not arguing more stringently for bad faith. Here, defendant was charged in state court with child pornography. His motion to suppress the search was granted. … Continue reading

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OH2: Police responding to report of shot dog who heard an animal had exigency to enter the curtilage

“Based upon the evidence presented, we conclude the trial court did not err in denying the motion to suppress. The search of the home and surrounding premises was reasonable because the officers believed an injured animal was on the premises … Continue reading

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S.D.N.Y.: GJ subpoena for cell phone passcode quashed.

The government’s grand jury subpoena for defendant’s cell phone passcode is quashed because it seeks testimonial information in violation of the Fifth Amendment showing defendant’s knowledge of the contents of the phone. “The Court denies Gray’s Rule 41(g) motion. Even … Continue reading

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CA9: Officer stopping to check on an already stopped motorcycle wasn’t a seizure

Defendant’s motorcycle was already stopped on the side of the road. The officer pulling up to check on him wasn’t a seizure. United States v. Melgoza, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 8384 (9th Cir. Apr. 8, 2024). FISA warrants have a … Continue reading

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CA9: No IAC for not filing a motion to suppress email attachments captured by email provider under ToS

Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not filing a motion to suppress because it was reasonable to conclude defendant had no reasonable expectation of privacy in email attachments with the email provider where the terms of service also said there was … Continue reading

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CA5: PC showing for house in affidavit for SW also supported automobile exception search of car elsewhere

The affidavit for the warrant for defendant’s house also provided nexus to defendant’s car. When it was driven away from the house just before the search, the police decided to stop and search it. That search was valid under the … Continue reading

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D.N.M.: Def’s IAC claim was frivolous

Defendant’s ineffective assistance of counsel claim, including his Fourth Amendment claim, raised at sentencing was essentially frivolous. Defense counsel negotiated a time served disposition that defendants rejected. The minimum punishment after the guilty verdict was life. The Fourth Amendment claims … Continue reading

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CA8: Police placed a hidden camera across from def’s apt door and used information from it in showing PC for SW; there was PC without it

“Darron Mayo appeals the denial of his motion to suppress evidence obtained from a hidden camera police officers placed across from his apartment door. Officers used some of the evidence obtained from the camera in a probable cause affidavit supporting … Continue reading

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S.D.Ohio: Def’s 50% downward departure on USSG sentencing range makes IAC for not arguing 4A at sentencing moot; harmless error at worst

Where defendant got a 50% downward USSG departure for a 360-life offense, he received no ineffective assistance of counsel for failure to argue a firearm should have been suppressed that led only to a 2 point USSG enhancement. United States … Continue reading

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S.D.Ohio: Defense of denial of possession in drug case meant no assertion of standing to challenge the search, so no IAC

Since the defense was not my dope, not filing a motion to suppress where standing would have to be pled and shown was not ineffective assistance of counsel. United States v. Robinson, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 52526 (S.D. Ohio Mar. … Continue reading

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OH4: Off-duty police officer can make a traffic stop

An off-duty police officer has the authority to make a traffic stop. Defendant cites no law that says they can’t. In addition, he had probable to make the stop. State v. Netter, 2024-Ohio-1068, 2024 Ohio App. LEXIS 997 (4th Dist. … Continue reading

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CA11: Even if Carpenter applied to license plate readers, it happened before Carpenter was decided so good faith applies

Even if Carpenter applied to automated license plate readers, it was decided the day after this happened, so the good faith exception would apply in any event. In addition, the officer’s testimony about it was lay testimony under F.R.E. 702. … Continue reading

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CA10: Evidence obtained by state in prosecution later barred by McGirt still with good faith

Defendant was originally prosecuted in Oklahoma state court for murder. After McGirt v. Oklahoma, he moved to set aside the Oklahoma conviction as being obtained without jurisdiction. In federal court, he moved to suppress the evidence obtained by the state … Continue reading

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WV: Police looking at the exterior of defendant’s car was not a search and violated no REP

Police looking at the exterior of defendant’s car was not a search and violated no reasonable expectation of privacy. State v. Estep, 2024 W. Va. LEXIS 92 (Feb. 20, 2024).* The trial court granted a Franks motion, but the state … Continue reading

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FL2: Suppression under Franks reversed; not material to PC

Defendant established that there were false statements in the affidavit for warrant that ran the full spectrum from negligence to likely intentionality. But probable cause remained, even excluding what was challenged. “While the temptation to advance the prophylactic purpose of … Continue reading

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