Category Archives: Issue preclusion

S.D.N.Y.: Court has no jurisdiction to interfere with a laptop search initiated in another district

“The Court will not interfere with the Government’s review of the laptop pursuant to a search warrant obtained from a different Court — except to require the Government to submit a status update no later than October 28, 2022. As … Continue reading

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CA11: Declaratory judgment suit over search properly dismissed as interfering with criminal process

Plaintiff sought a declaratory judgment about a search issue underlying a criminal investigation. The district court dismissed because there was a remedy in the investigation, if it gets that far. Affirmed. Hawk Innovative Tech, LLC v. United States, 2022 U.S. … Continue reading

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IN: After federal court suppressed search, feds hand case off to state; no preclusive effect from federal suppression

Under dual sovereignty, the federal court’s suppression of evidence in defendant’s federal criminal case had no preclusive effect on a following state court prosecution. The identity of the parties was different. On the merits, the state court concludes there was … Continue reading

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E.D.Pa.: On scene seizure for a show-up was reasonable

Defendant’s seizure hiding behind a motorcycle for a victim’s ID to determine whether he was involved in a car jacking was reasonable. United States v. Dangerfield-Hill, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 168306 (E.D. Pa. Sep. 19, 2022). District court’s injunction against … Continue reading

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MD: Appointment of state trial judges not 4A violation; they have statewide jurisdiction for SWs

Maryland trial judges have statewide jurisdiction for search warrants. Thus, the assignment of judges in Baltimore by the Chief Judge of the state high court violated nothing under the Fourth Amendment. (Without citing Virginia v. Moore. And, even if it … Continue reading

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D.C.Cir.: Question of fact remains on whether PC dissipated before second handcuffing

“We reverse the district court’s grant of summary judgment on the false arrest claims for two reasons. First, there is a genuine dispute of material fact as to whether probable cause for the simple assault charge dissipated before Lin was … Continue reading

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W.D.Wash.: Dog sniff in apt building breezeway violated no REP, and it was moot anyway

On the totality, there was probable cause for cell phone search warrants. One can attempt to explain away the pieces, but the totality shows it. A dog sniff in the breezeway of an apartment complex violated no reasonable expectation of … Continue reading

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CA9: PC determination in underlying criminal case precludes review in later § 1983 case

Plaintiff’s probable cause determination in his underlying criminal case was given preclusive effect in his later § 1983 case. Wilcox v. City of L.A., 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 24350 (9th Cir. Aug. 29, 2022). Plaintiff overcame qualified immunity. “Under Louisiana … Continue reading

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CAAF: Loaning your cell phone to another doesn’t grant common authority to consent to a search

Defendant loaned his phone to another service member who accidentally discovered child pornography on it. The person the phone was loaned to had no common authority to consent to a search it. United States v. Black, 2022 CAAF LEXIS 614 … Continue reading

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CA11: Anonymous tip of bad driving corroborated by seeing it themselves

Anonymous report of bad driving led officers to observe defendant who saw it themselves. The stop was justified. United States v. Menendez, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 18232 (11th Cir. July 1, 2022). Defendant was suspected of building, buying, and selling … Continue reading

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PA: No REP in drug prescription database

There is no reasonable expectation of privacy nor HIPAA privacy in a drug prescription database. Commonwealth v. McFarland, 2022 PA Super 116, 2022 Pa. Super. LEXIS 288 (June 29, 2022). Defendant’s Fourth Amendment claim was litigated before trial and on … Continue reading

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CA9: Inventory of backpack no one would claim was reasonable

The seizure and inventory of a backpack in a car was reasonable where neither of the occupants could say who it belonged to. United States v. Montano, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 17544 (9th Cir. June 24, 2022).* Plaintiff cannot claim … Continue reading

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N.D.N.Y.: Younger doctrine bars suit against state AG investigation’s subpoena

Plaintiffs’ claims that various constitutional rights were infringed by the state Attorney General’s alleged politically motivated investigation are barred by the Younger doctrine. As to the Fourth Amendment claim, it was directed at subpoenas. Trump v. James, 2022 U.S. Dist. … Continue reading

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C.D.Cal. orders state court to unseal SW papers that led to federal prosecution

For some reason, the federal government and defendant do not have the state search warrant in this case after it indicted defendants. So, “The Court ORDERS the Superior Court of California, Los Angeles County to unseal state search warrant No. … Continue reading

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CA3: Younger abstention applies to bar federal litigation of red-flag gun seizure case

Greco v. Bruck, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 13074 (3d Cir. May 13, 2022), prior opinion Greco v. Bruck, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 33660 (3d Cir. Nov. 12, 2021) (posted here) reaffirms that state court proceedings bar federal litigation in a … Continue reading

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N.D.Ga.: Pro forma objection to R&R doesn’t articulate argument, so it’s waived

Defendant didn’t fairly articulate his objections to the R&R, so his objection is waived. United States v. Hill, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 83707 (N.D.Ga. May 9, 2022). There was probable cause for this search authorization, and the good faith exception … Continue reading

Posted in Exclusionary rule, Franks doctrine, Ineffective assistance, Issue preclusion, Military searches, Probation / Parole search, Reasonable suspicion, Waiver | Comments Off on N.D.Ga.: Pro forma objection to R&R doesn’t articulate argument, so it’s waived

N.D.Ala.: Imprecision in the SW affidavit isn’t a Franks violation

Imprecision in the affiant investigator’s words doesn’t equate to recklessness for Franks purposes. United States v. Tubbs, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 73473 (N.D.Ala. Mar. 14, 2022).* Defendant’s alleged Franks violation wasn’t even material based on all the evidence that the … Continue reading

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CA7: Younger and immunity bar ptf’s § 1983 claim against search

Plaintiff’s claims that the parties conspired to falsify evidence of this search against him, aside from being fantastical, was barred by Younger and qualified or absolute immunity for all the parties. Shaw v. Cnty. of Milwaukee, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS … Continue reading

Posted in § 1983 / Bivens, Ineffective assistance, Issue preclusion, Qualified immunity | Comments Off on CA7: Younger and immunity bar ptf’s § 1983 claim against search

TX: Affidavit incorporated in SW had specific description and saves SW from overbreadth argument

“The issue before us is whether the particularity requirement of the Fourth Amendment is satisfied if a warrant describes the place to be searched as a fraternity house as a whole without specifying a suspect’s actual room in the house, … Continue reading

Posted in Ineffective assistance, Issue preclusion, Particularity, Warrant papers | Comments Off on TX: Affidavit incorporated in SW had specific description and saves SW from overbreadth argument

D.Ariz.: To overcome Stone bar, pet’r has to proffer something about being denied “full and fair opportunity” to litigate 4A claim

To overcome Stone in a 2254, the petitioner has to proffer that he was denied a full and fair opportunity to litigate his Fourth Amendment claim. Failure to do so is fatal to claim. Bartels v. Arizona, 2022 U.S. Dist. … Continue reading

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