Category Archives: Issue preclusion

GFE is not an exception to warrant requirement, only the exclusionary rule (dissent)

Per the dissent, the Michigan Court of Appeals erred in holding in an unpublished opinion that the good faith exception is an exception to the warrant requirement, not the exclusionary rule. People v. Mead, 2020 Mich. App. LEXIS 6223 (Sept. … Continue reading

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D.C.: Body cam didn’t support trial court finding of consent to feel a bag; it essentially happened as one move as officer asked for consent

The record doesn’t support the trial court’s finding of consent to a squeeze of a bag that revealed a gun. The officer was reaching for the bag asking for consent. “The government played footage from Denton’s body worn camera (‘BWC’), … Continue reading

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S.D.Ala.: Younger doctrine precludes ptf’s 4A claim over pending state criminal case

Plaintiff’s false arrest claim claiming, inter alia, a Fourth Amendment violation, two years into his pending state criminal case was barred by the Younger doctrine. Sweeting v. Garrett, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 66705 (S.D. Ala. Apr. 6, 2021). Under Washington’s … Continue reading

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W.D.Mo.: Pushing down the ptf causing injury was a seizure

The officer pushing down the plaintiff causing injury was a seizure. “A reasonable officer in Sasse’s position would not have thought it appropriate to shove Martinez so forcefully without first at least requesting that Martinez step back or step away … Continue reading

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CA5: Ptf’s § 1983 case over his search implies invalidity of the conviction, and it’s barred by Heck

Plaintiff’s § 1983 case against his search and seizure implies invalidity of the conviction, and it’s barred by Heck. VanBuren v. Walker, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 9115 (5th Cir. Mar. 29, 2021). “As to Hoffert’s remaining claim for violation of … Continue reading

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DE: Defense counsel’s letter to client why 4A claim would fail shows def would never prevail

“Turning to Stokes’ claim that trial counsel was ineffective for failing to investigate his case and make various arguments on his behalf, the record refutes this claim. First, it is clear that trial counsel carefully considered filing a motion to … Continue reading

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DE: Trash container at street was not on curtilage

Defendant’s trash container at the foot of his driveway awaiting pickup was not on the curtilage. Moreover, he had no reasonable expectation of privacy in it sitting there. State v. Peart, 2021 Del. Super. LEXIS 243 (Mar. 25, 2021). Rooker-Feldman … Continue reading

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W.D.La.: Govt showed justification for protective sweep of person then car

“The firearms and drugs were found during the protective sweep of the passenger area of the vehicle. The initial stop and pat-down of Defendant were justified under Terry, and the subsequent protective sweep of the car for weapons was a … Continue reading

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E.D.Wis.: Ptf’s civil case over his criminal case might run afoul of Heck so it’s ordered stayed

It appears that plaintiff’s complaint over his criminal case would likely be barred under Heck if he’s convicted. Therefore, it is administratively closed and stayed. McClain v. Morales, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 53173 (E.D. Wis. Mar. 22, 2021). Defendant’s motion … Continue reading

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MI: Inventory policy doesn’t have to be written if it’s standardized

A written search inventory policy isn’t constitutionally required. “We hold that, in order to establish that an inventory search is reasonable, the prosecution must establish that an inventory-search policy existed, all police officers were required to follow the policy, the … Continue reading

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D.Me.: Even a perjury claim about state court search testimony doesn’t get over Stone bar

2254 petitioner’s claim that the search and seizure testimony in state court was based on perjury still doesn’t get him over Stone v. Powell. Wilson v. Maine, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 44260 (D. Me. Mar. 10, 2021). A § 1983 … Continue reading

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CA5: Police accidentally shooting a hostage isn’t an intentional seizure

“Here, the only plausible reading of the allegations is that Doe accidentally shot Ulises while trying to help him by ending the hostage situation. Such accidental conduct does not result in a Fourth Amendment seizure. See Brower, 489 U.S. at … Continue reading

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CA10: Successor habeas denied on claim state judges denied 4A claims because they were racist

2254 petitioner’s claim the state courts failed to adequately consider his Fourth Amendment claim because they were racist was still barred as a successive habeas. White v. Crow, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 6769 (10th Cir. Mar. 9, 2021):

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E.D.Tex.: 4A arrest claim also subject to Stone bar

Defendant’s 2254 claim that his arrest was without probable cause on mistaken identity is foreclosed by Stone v. Powell the same as Fourth Amendment search claims. “The opportunity, regardless of whether it is acted upon at the state level, is … Continue reading

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E.D.N.Y.: Def gets access to SW materials, but govt can redact informant’s info

The target of a search warrant long ago served is entitled to unsealing the affidavit, but the government can redact the affiant’s name and identifying information. United States v. Storage Room Numbers, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 35977 (E.D. N.Y. Feb. … Continue reading

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CA4: Suit by convict over arrest without PC doesn’t mention conviction and isn’t barred by Heck

Plaintiff’s complaint that his arrest was without probable cause doesn’t necessarily implicate his guilt or innocence, and it isn’t barred by Heck. He doesn’t even mention the conviction. Dizzley v. Garrett, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 4314 (4th Cir. Feb. 16, … Continue reading

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D.D.C.: Failure to timely make return of papers under Rule 41 not a 4A violation

Failure to make the return of the warrant to the clerk along with the inventory in violation of Rule 41 requires more than just negligence in failing to do it on time. Where’s the prejudice? The court will not speculate … Continue reading

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M.D.Fla.: State court’s findings on PC [not appealed] not binding on federal court

A state court’s findings of lack of probable cause to proceed with some charges against the defendant isn’t binding on federal courts. “Based on the evidence presented at the hearing, including the 911 calls, bodycam footage, and the credible and … Continue reading

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CA2: Later search of bag was inevitable discovery overcoming objection to first search

Even if the search of defendant’s bag was invalid, he was taken to the police station and his bag was validly searched again an inventory. United States v. Ruffin, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 3351 (2d Cir. Feb. 8, 2021). Defendant’s … Continue reading

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E.D.Tenn.: Guilty plea in state court precludes claim that arrest lacked PC

Having pled guilty in state court, plaintiff can’t complain that the arrest leading to the plea lacked probable cause. Moser v. Davis, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 13308 (E.D. Tenn. Jan. 25, 2021). Petitioner had a “full and fair” opportunity to … Continue reading

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