Category Archives: Franks doctrine

OH2: Allegation that search occurred before SW issued is not a Franks issue

“A second problem is that the foregoing scenario does not raise a Franks issue. If Detective Saunders did prematurely enter the house without a warrant, he may have violated the Fourth Amendment. But that act would not establish any falseness … Continue reading

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WV: Police looking at the exterior of defendant’s car was not a search and violated no REP

Police looking at the exterior of defendant’s car was not a search and violated no reasonable expectation of privacy. State v. Estep, 2024 W. Va. LEXIS 92 (Feb. 20, 2024).* The trial court granted a Franks motion, but the state … Continue reading

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KY: Misstatements of law not subject to Franks challenge

A misstatement of law is not subject to a Franks challenge. Search warrant affidavits are usually drafted in a hurry by nonlawyers, and it’s up to the issuing magistrate to decide whether there is a substantial basis for believing a … Continue reading

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DE: Def can’t show vindictive prosecution to get names of those who allegedly provided false information to police for SW of public records

In a case involving a public official accused of misappropriating funds, there was a search warrant for office records. She claimed she was entitled to the names of those who might have provided false information to investigators for the warrant … Continue reading

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FL2: Suppression under Franks reversed; not material to PC

Defendant established that there were false statements in the affidavit for warrant that ran the full spectrum from negligence to likely intentionality. But probable cause remained, even excluding what was challenged. “While the temptation to advance the prophylactic purpose of … Continue reading

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E.D.Cal.: Affidavit for SW for def being a prohibited person for firearms possession doesn’t have to allege interstate commerce nexus

A warrant was issued for defendant’s home in California for proof of travel to the Jan. 6 riot at the Capitol. Officers found firearms and defendant was a prohibited person because of domestic violence orders. On the firearms warrant, it … Continue reading

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CA8: Failure to mention CI’s convictions or payments for information wasn’t material

The warrant affiant’s failure to mention the CI was paid or had convictions wasn’t material to change the outcome of the probable cause determination. With CIs, things like that can be assumed. United States v. Riaski, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS … Continue reading

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N.D.Cal.: Failure to pursue alleged traffic violation made stop unreasonable

Defendant was stopped ostensibly for a traffic violation, and he was handcuffed and the officers literally did nothing to investigate that–they didn’t even ask for his license and registration. Despite the fact Whren says pretext doesn’t matter, that lack of … Continue reading

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IA: RS: “cries of ‘please help me, don’t hurt me’ could lead an officer to infer that an assault is taking place”

Caller’s “cries of ‘please help me, don’t hurt me’ could lead an officer to infer that an assault is taking place.” That was reasonable suspicion. State v. Sinclair, 2024 Iowa App. LEXIS 74 (Ct. App. Jan. 24, 2024). “Cordova argues … Continue reading

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SD: Failure to put SW materials in record means trial court presumed correct

There were two search warrants for location data and defendant’s cell phone. Without the search warrant materials in the appellate record, there’s nothing to review and the trial court is assumed to be correct. State v. Horse, 2024 S.D. 4, … Continue reading

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D.Me.: SW affidavit mentioned a licensing complaint against defendant doctor, but omission that the complaint was resolved favorably gets a Franks hearing

Defendant is a D.O. accused of over prescribing. She made her substantial preliminary showing to get a Franks hearing because the affiant omitted from the affidavit for warrant that the licensing authority considered the same claims and found she acted … Continue reading

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CA7: SW affidavit omitted things but it wasn’t intentionally or recklessly misleading

The affidavit was lacking some important information, but it was not intentionally or recklessly misleading to the issuing magistrate. Thus, defendant’s Franks challenge fails. United States v. Hueston, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 832 (7th Cir. Jan. 12, 2024):

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LA2: Anonymous report of man with a gun without some other possible crime is not RS

An anonymous tip that a man had a gun wasn’t reasonable suspicion. There was no report of any crime being committed at the time. State v. McCall, 2024 La. App. LEXIS 27 (La. App. 2 Cir. Jan. 10, 2024). Defendant … Continue reading

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CA11: Austrian SW executed in Austria couldn’t be questioned here under “act of state” doctrine

Plaintiff, apparently while in the United States, had his property in Austria searched by Austrian authorities with an Austrian search warrant. [Aside from what jurisdiction is there here?,] The “act of state” doctrine prohibits a U.S. court from questioning the … Continue reading

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TX1: Arrest on PC when standing next to vehicle justified its search incident

Defendant’s arrest for a parole violation while he was standing next to his vehicle resulted in a search of the person finding drugs, and that justified a search incident of the vehicle, too. Badyrka v. State, 2024 Tex. App. LEXIS … Continue reading

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N.D.Iowa: Police car pulling up with activated blue and red lights wasn’t necessarily a seizure; here, it is not

“I conclude that a law enforcement officer’s activation of red and blue emergency does not, by itself, establish a seizure for Fourth Amendment purposes. However, it is a factor that weighs in favor of finding a seizure. Certain other facts … Continue reading

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CA10: City driveway shared with house next door not curtilage

A driveway shared with the house next door was not curtilage. A driveway in a city usually isn’t anyway. United States v. Vasquez, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 75 (10th Cir. Jan. 3, 2024). Defendant’s objection to the R&R that the … Continue reading

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D.N.M.: Squatter in building labeled “unsafe” had no standing

Defendant was a squatter in a building with posted sign warning it was substandard and unsafe. He had no reasonable expectation of privacy in the premises. United States v. Guzman, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 550 (D.N.M. Jan. 2, 2024). Michael … Continue reading

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LA5: Omission wasn’t material for Franks and it was only negligent, if anything

“There is no evidence to demonstrate that any omission of Mr. Daleo’s prior statement in the probable cause affidavits was intentional. Further, we find the applications demonstrate that the attesting officers had reasonable grounds to believe that defendant’s residence and … Continue reading

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E.D.Mich.: Typo in affidavit for SW doesn’t support Franks challenge

Defendant’s Franks challenge fails. “At the hearing, Hill presented nothing to establish that this inconsistency was anything other than a negligent typographical error. While he maintained that the affidavits were riddled with falsehoods, he was unable—despite repeated questioning—to pinpoint any … Continue reading

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