Category Archives: Franks doctrine

D.Minn.: Tracking warrant issued without PC, but GFE still applied

There was no probable cause for the tracking warrant for defendant. But, it was not so lacking in probable cause that the good faith exception does not apply. United States v. Escudero, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 89120 (D.Minn. May 18, … Continue reading

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CA7: Despite govt’s not raising abandonment, the court finds it anyway

The government conceded no abandonment and sought other exceptions to the warrant requirement. The court of appeals finds abandonment anyway because the record is clear. In addition, an allegation of a Franks violation fails without alleging that probable cause does … Continue reading

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W.D.Va.: Knock-and-announce isn’t required when no one home

Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not challenging execution of the search warrant without knocking and announcing. First, the homeowner wasn’t there; he was in the hospital. Second, Hudson doesn’t permit that challenge under the exclusionary rule. Brown v. Clarke, 2022 … Continue reading

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N.D.Ga.: Pro forma objection to R&R doesn’t articulate argument, so it’s waived

Defendant didn’t fairly articulate his objections to the R&R, so his objection is waived. United States v. Hill, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 83707 (N.D.Ga. May 9, 2022). There was probable cause for this search authorization, and the good faith exception … Continue reading

Posted in Exclusionary rule, Franks doctrine, Ineffective assistance, Issue preclusion, Military searches, Probation / Parole search, Reasonable suspicion, Waiver | Comments Off on N.D.Ga.: Pro forma objection to R&R doesn’t articulate argument, so it’s waived

CA10: “[N]o exclusionary rule for evidence gained through … entrapment”

“[T]here is no exclusionary rule for evidence gained through conduct later deemed to be entrapment.” United States v. Christian, 754 Fed. Appx. 747, 750 (10th Cir. 2018). United States v. Christian, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 12255 (10th Cir. May 6, … Continue reading

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D.Md.: Def gets a hearing on a Franks challenge to a red-flag SW that produced 42 firearms

Maryland provides for “Extreme Risk Protective Orders” (“ERPO”) to seize firearms from unstable persons. [These are know as red-flag laws in some other states.] “The ERPO law establishes a framework by which persons found to pose an immediate danger to … Continue reading

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CA9: Police participation in a probation search didn’t make it unreasonable

Homeland Security Investigations participating in a probation search did not make it unreasonable. United States v. Johnson, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 11999 (9th Cir. May 3, 2022). Defendant claims a Franks violation from a single misstatement in the affidavit for … Continue reading

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MO: Telling def to “stay right there” and “sit down” was a seizure

Telling defendant to “stay right there” and “sit down” was a seizure, and here it was with reasonable suspicion. State v. Higgs, 2022 Mo. App. LEXIS 274 (May 3, 2022).* Probable cause was shown: “A reasonable judge could, and did, … Continue reading

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S.D.Cal.: 4A violations are for suppression, not dismissal

“Searches and seizures in violation of the Fourth Amendment do not require dismissing an indictment; instead, the remedy is suppressing the evidence at trial.” United States v. Ramirez-Aleman, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 77436 (S.D.Cal. Apr. 26, 2022). Defendant officers have … Continue reading

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CA6: Auto exception applies even where driver is detained

A vehicle is mobile for the automobile exception even though the driver is detained. United States v. Washington, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 11511 (6th Cir. Apr. 28, 2022). A bald tire in the back of a rental truck was so … Continue reading

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Cal.: Exclusionary rule does not apply in child dependency litigation

The exclusionary rule does not apply in child dependency litigation. In re Christopher L., 2022 Cal. LEXIS 2313 (Apr. 25, 2022) (recognizing rule). “Hecke is correct that Detective Compton did not provide details of BSC’s criminal history or a description … Continue reading

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N.D.Ala.: Imprecision in the SW affidavit isn’t a Franks violation

Imprecision in the affiant investigator’s words doesn’t equate to recklessness for Franks purposes. United States v. Tubbs, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 73473 (N.D.Ala. Mar. 14, 2022).* Defendant’s alleged Franks violation wasn’t even material based on all the evidence that the … Continue reading

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CA8: Court can consider GFE rather than decide PC

“‘[T]his Court ‘may consider the applicability of the good-faith exception to the exclusionary rule,’ without addressing whether probable cause exists.” Here, there was enough to likely show probable cause so the officer reasonably believed in the validity of the warrant. … Continue reading

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Three on Franks

This Franks argument fails. “Here, there is no indication that any false statement was intentionally, or with reckless disregard for the truth, included in the affidavit. Even assuming the information provided by the CI was false or misleading, there is … Continue reading

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CA6: All family members have common authority over common areas of the house

All family members have common authority over common areas of the house. United States v. Campany, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 9518 (6th Cir. Apr. 8, 2022). Defendant’s Franks claim for ineffective assistance of counsel fails for failing to show what … Continue reading

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D.N.J.: That officers could have investigated more isn’t a Franks violation

“None of these allegations is sufficient to warrant a Franks hearing either. At bottom, Rodriguez is merely criticizing the tactics employed by the police during their investigation. See United States v. Swanson, 210 F.3d 788, 791 (7th Cir. 2000) (explaining … Continue reading

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N.D.Okla.: Officer’s testimony of traffic offense wasn’t believed based on his words on video

“Considering the totality of the circumstances, the Court finds that Phillips’ testimony that he observed a lane violation prior to initiating a traffic stop is not credible. The only evidence tending to support the commission of a traffic violation is … Continue reading

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VA: Firefighters could call ME and police for dead body

When firefighters entered defendant’s property in response to a fire call, they found a body. It was within the scope of the fire entry to call the police and medical examiner. “Thus, all that the firefighters observed was no longer … Continue reading

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CA8: Car seizure for overtinting and inventory were reasonable

Defendant’s car was permissibly seized for overtinting, and the subsequent search was reasonable as inventory. United States v. Perez, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 8697 (8th Cir. Apr. 1, 2022).* “Even assuming arguendo that Thrasher could make a substantial preliminary showing … Continue reading

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CA7: Def’s detention during protective sweep looking for another was unreasonable

Defendant’s detention in an apartment building during a protective sweep for a fugitive that clearly wasn’t him was unreasonable. The district court’s denial of the motion to suppress is reversed. United States v. Segoviano, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 8771 (7th … Continue reading

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