Category Archives: Knock and announce

CA9: Boat moored near an open waterway is a “vehicle” not subject to the knock-and-announce

A boat moored near an open waterway is a “vehicle” not subject to the knock-and-announce rule. United States v. Jones, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 14481 (9th Cir. June 12, 2024). The government satisfied the independent source doctrine showing that it … Continue reading

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FL1: Violation of state knock-and-announce statute requires suppression; Hudson not followed

Violation of the state knock-and-announce statute required suppression. Officers entered with haste and didn’t give defendant the chance to surrender peaceably to the search. The statute is a century old, and it serves important privacy interests. The state’s claim that … Continue reading

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CA2: District court erred in suppressing a SW executed at 6 am where SW and Rule 41 say 6 am to 10 pm

This search warrant was executed at 6 am, and the district court erred in granting the motion to suppress. “While 6:00 a.m. is the earliest time provided, it cannot be said that executing a warrant in accordance with its text–which … Continue reading

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Marshall Project: I ‘Stood My Ground’ — but It Was the Police Raiding My House

The Marshall Project: I ‘Stood My Ground’ — but It Was the Police Raiding My House (“Diamonds Ford thought she was shooting at an intruder when Florida cops raided her home without knocking. Then she was charged with attempted murder.”)

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Reason: Marvin Guy, Who Shot a Cop During a No-Knock Raid, Is Found Guilty of Murder

Reason: Marvin Guy, Who Shot a Cop During a No-Knock Raid, Is Found Guilty of Murder by Billy Binion (“He is not the first defendant that has struggled to reconcile the controversial raids with self-defense.”)

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FL2: Knock-and-announce not violated by “peaceably” entering through open door

“The record establishes that the doors to Mr. Wallin’s room were ‘completely wide open’ and the officers entered without force to execute a valid arrest warrant. The knock-and-announce requirement in section 901.19(1) did not apply based on the statute’s plain … Continue reading

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NJ: <6 second delay between 5 am announcement and entry violated state constitution

Less than six seconds between announcement and entry at 5 am violated the state constitutional guarantee for announcement before entry. Defendant was not known to ever be violent. State v. Nieves, 2023 N.J. Super. LEXIS 84 (Aug. 9, 2023):

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PA: Officers knocked before entry and defendant acknowledged their presence

Failure to comply with the knock and announce requirement could result in exclusion under state law. Here, however, the trial court’s findings of fact justified dispensing with the knock-and-announce requirement. Officers heard defendant acknowledge their presence, and then they entered … Continue reading

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CA11: Mental health seizures require objective reasonableness of danger

Mental health seizures under Florida’s Baker Act comply with the Fourth Amendment when it’s objectively reasonable to believe that the person is a danger to himself or others. Here the officers had that from defendant’s threats to shoot people. United … Continue reading

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IA: Violation of knock-and-announce statute requires suppression

When the target of an arrest warrant opens the door, state statute requires announcement and not just barging in. Here, defendant was compliant and opened the door. The officers needed to announce their purpose. The alleged plain view inside is … Continue reading

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NY3: No-knock permitted by circumstances at scene

The warrant application and warrant did not mention no-knock, but the facts and circumstances at the scene justified it. People v. Hayward, 2023 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 464, 2023 NY Slip Op 00461 (3d Dept. Feb. 2, 2023). Exigency justified … Continue reading

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GA: Sound of shuffling of feet after announcement of raid justified entry in 3 seconds; no weapons found

Officers entered within about three seconds after announcing and hearing shuffling of feet. Defendant was sitting on the couch, and there were no firearms. The test is whether there is a reasonable possible fear of firearms in the house that … Continue reading

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UNC: The Law and Practice of No-Knock Search Warrants in North Carolina

UNC School of Government: The Law and Practice of No-Knock Search Warrants in North Carolina by Jeffrey B. Welty:

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CA5: No suppression for no-knock violation

There is no suppression remedy for an unjustified no-knock warrant. United States v. Bryant, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 355 (5th Cir. Jan. 6, 2023). Defendant didn’t enter a conditional plea, so his guilty plea waived his Fourth Amendment claim. United … Continue reading

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techdirt: Mississippi Courts Are Helping Cops Keep Search Warrants Out Of The Public’s Hands

techdirt: Mississippi Courts Are Helping Cops Keep Search Warrants Out Of The Public’s Hands by Tim Cushing (“No-knock warrants remain under fire as they continue to needlessly increase the death toll of residents who often have no idea who’s violently … Continue reading

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ProPublica: Mississippi’s Missing Search Warrants Prevent Scrutiny of No-Knock Raids

ProPublica: Mississippi’s Missing Search Warrants Prevent Scrutiny of No-Knock Raids (“No-knock warrants authorize police to burst into someone’s home unannounced. Search warrants are supposed to be filed at the courthouse, but they’re missing from many of Mississippi’s justice courts.”)

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NJ: Arrest warrant executed at home of third-party requires SW

Police entering defendant’s neighbor’s house to arrest him when he was visiting violated the Fourth Amendment. There was no exigency justifying it. State v. Bookman, 2022 N.J. LEXIS 678 (Aug. 24, 2022). Even if the knock-and-announce rule applies to entries … Continue reading

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M.D.Pa.: No QI for violation of knock-and-announce; fact question for trial

Defendant officers’ motion for summary judgment on qualified immunity for violating the knock-and-announce rule is denied. The law is well settled for 25 years and there are no blanket exceptions. The rest is fact bound. Murphy v. Grochowski, 2022 U.S. … Continue reading

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D.Mass.: No suppression remedy for no-knock violation, even if it happened that way

The government had sufficient justification for a no-knock warrant knowing defendant had three guns in the house. And, even if it didn’t, Michigan v. Hudson shows there’s no suppression remedy. United States v. Dexter, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 133497 (D. … Continue reading

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W.D.Va.: Knock-and-announce isn’t required when no one home

Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not challenging execution of the search warrant without knocking and announcing. First, the homeowner wasn’t there; he was in the hospital. Second, Hudson doesn’t permit that challenge under the exclusionary rule. Brown v. Clarke, 2022 … Continue reading

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