Category Archives: Staleness

WY: In felony domestic battery case, state showed nexus that evidence could likely be found in def’s journal

Defendant was convicted of strangulation of a family member. The family member reported to the police that he had been in counseling and was keeping a detailed journal trying to break the cycle of domestic abuse. The affidavit for the … Continue reading

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CA6: Affidavit circumstantially supported nexus

There was nexus to defendant’s home as a base of operations for drug sales based on circumstantial evidence in the affidavit for warrant. United States v. Pointer, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 35506 (6th Cir. Dec. 20, 2022).* The search warrant … Continue reading

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N.D.Ill.: PC for admin. warrant became stale before it was sought

This administrative search warrant under OSHA became stale by the government’s delay in seeking it and litigation delays. Also, USMJs have jurisdiction to issue administrative inspection warrants. F.R.C.P. 72 objections do not apply to administrative warrants because they frustrate enforcement … Continue reading

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CA6: 4A generally doesn’t apply to sentencing enhancements

“The Fourth Amendment does not apply to sentencing enhancements. … We have recognized a possible exception to this rule—when officers illegally seized the evidence for the very purpose of enhancing the defendant’s sentence—but Wyse makes no such allegation.” United States … Continue reading

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TX14: PC for a cell phone requires more than a bare conclusion one was present or involved; no PC here

“A probable cause affidavit supporting a cell phone search must contain evidence of the requisite nexus with more than mere conclusory allegations. For example, the Court of Criminal Appeals recently held that generic, boilerplate language about cell phone use among … Continue reading

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D.S.D.: Totality of circumstances showed def likely resided in dwelling for entry on arrest warrant

Based on the totality of circumstances, officers finally had good reason to believe defendant resided in the dwelling he was found in, and the arrest warrant alone was enough to justify entry. United States v. Ulrich, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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ID: Not telling arrestee reason for arrest in violation of statute not a 4A violation

Failure to notify an arrestee of the reason for his arrest in violation of the statute does not make the arrest violate the Fourth Amendment or state constitution. State v. Lancaster, 2022 Ida. LEXIS 133 (Nov. 1, 2022). There were … Continue reading

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N.D.Ind.: Question is not actual reliability of police database, it is reasonableness of reliance on it

“As soon as [the officer] accessed [the database from the police car], he saw an alert suggesting that Defendant was armed. Defendant argues that Davis could not be sure of the accuracy of this information, but that hardly matters. Reasonable … Continue reading

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E.D.Mich.: Single telephone call 6 weeks before drug SW was stale

A single telephone call 6 weeks before the search warrant was sought was stale. Nothing in between. “In the context of drug crimes, ‘information goes stale very quickly “because drugs are usually sold and consumed in a prompt fashion.”’” And, … Continue reading

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W.D.N.C.: Facebook post of def with backpack full of cash a year earlier wasn’t stale

Reference in a search warrant application to a Facebook post showing defendant buying expensive jewelry with a backpack full of cash at a time when he claimed no taxable income since 2017 was not stale. United States v. Grandy, 2022 … Continue reading

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D.S.D.: Time waiting for someone to come to remove car, tow truck or friend, was part of incidents of stop

When the vehicle will be removed because of no licensed person to take control, the time between the calling of the tow truck or a friend or family member to take it away and their arrival is part of the … Continue reading

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FL1: SW cured alleged defect in probation search where roommate wasn’t on probation

Defendant, not on probation, lived with two probationers. POs showed up for a probation search, and when they saw the extent of what they found and had a nonprobationer, they got a search warrant for the rest of the house. … Continue reading

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OH3: An expert witness is not required on the staleness of CP

There is no requirement of an expert in child pornography investigation to be an affiant to provide information about lack of staleness. Also, this was raised for the first time on appeal. State v. Benedict, 2022-Ohio-3600, 2022 Ohio App. LEXIS … Continue reading

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N.D.Cal.: Running passengers’ IDs was outside mission of traffic stop

Running the IDs of the passengers and checking on the probation or parole status was beyond the mission of the traffic stop. Motion to suppress granted. United States v. Taylor, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 182023 (N.D. Cal. Oct. 4, 2022). … Continue reading

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D.Ariz.: Following for 30 miles not a seizure

Following defendant for 30 miles is not a seizure. Finally, there was a consensual encounter. The R&R found it not; the USDJ disagrees. United States v. Ramos, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 166913 (D. Ariz. Sep. 14, 2022).* 2½ months isn’t … Continue reading

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Cal.4th: SW papers for cell site simulators remain under seal because CIs are identified in there

EFF sued for access to search warrant materials that led to use of cell site simulators. The court finds that the protection of named CIs in the papers still needs to be protected, and they remain under seal. Electronic Frontier … Continue reading

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M.D.Pa.: Air freshener in a non-smoking rental car factor in RS

“[T]he air freshener in a non-smoking rental car was an early and legitimate basis for suspicion to be aroused. In general, the use of air fresheners is a recognized factor contributing to reasonable suspicion.” United States v. Hawari-Rasulullah, 2022 U.S. … Continue reading

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M.D.Pa.: No QI for violation of knock-and-announce; fact question for trial

Defendant officers’ motion for summary judgment on qualified immunity for violating the knock-and-announce rule is denied. The law is well settled for 25 years and there are no blanket exceptions. The rest is fact bound. Murphy v. Grochowski, 2022 U.S. … Continue reading

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IA: Smell of MJ smoke 6 days earlier wasn’t stale here

“[W]e conclude that although this was an isolated event and the evidence sought was easily removable, the passage of six days was not significant enough to render the warrant stale.” State v. Euchner, 2022 Iowa App. LEXIS 590 (Aug. 3, … Continue reading

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CA11: Absolute prosecutorial immunity doesn’t apply to failure to recall a material witness warrant leading to arrest

Absolute prosecutorial immunity does not apply to failure to recall a material witness warrant that caused a voluntary witness to be arrested later. Kassa v. Fulton Cty., Ga., 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 19762 (11th Cir. July 18, 2022). There was … Continue reading

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