Category Archives: Staleness

D.Ariz.: Following for 30 miles not a seizure

Following defendant for 30 miles is not a seizure. Finally, there was a consensual encounter. The R&R found it not; the USDJ disagrees. United States v. Ramos, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 166913 (D. Ariz. Sep. 14, 2022).* 2½ months isn’t … Continue reading

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Cal.4th: SW papers for cell site simulators remain under seal because CIs are identified in there

EFF sued for access to search warrant materials that led to use of cell site simulators. The court finds that the protection of named CIs in the papers still needs to be protected, and they remain under seal. Electronic Frontier … Continue reading

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M.D.Pa.: Air freshener in a non-smoking rental car factor in RS

“[T]he air freshener in a non-smoking rental car was an early and legitimate basis for suspicion to be aroused. In general, the use of air fresheners is a recognized factor contributing to reasonable suspicion.” United States v. Hawari-Rasulullah, 2022 U.S. … Continue reading

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M.D.Pa.: No QI for violation of knock-and-announce; fact question for trial

Defendant officers’ motion for summary judgment on qualified immunity for violating the knock-and-announce rule is denied. The law is well settled for 25 years and there are no blanket exceptions. The rest is fact bound. Murphy v. Grochowski, 2022 U.S. … Continue reading

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IA: Smell of MJ smoke 6 days earlier wasn’t stale here

“[W]e conclude that although this was an isolated event and the evidence sought was easily removable, the passage of six days was not significant enough to render the warrant stale.” State v. Euchner, 2022 Iowa App. LEXIS 590 (Aug. 3, … Continue reading

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CA11: Absolute prosecutorial immunity doesn’t apply to failure to recall a material witness warrant leading to arrest

Absolute prosecutorial immunity does not apply to failure to recall a material witness warrant that caused a voluntary witness to be arrested later. Kassa v. Fulton Cty., Ga., 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 19762 (11th Cir. July 18, 2022). There was … Continue reading

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S.D.N.Y.: Even illegally seized evidence could be used at sentencing

Defendant’s claim of illegal search is moot for the trial because the government says it’s not using it. It could, however, come up at sentencing. “In United States v. Tejada, the Second Circuit held that ‘[a]bsent a showing that officers … Continue reading

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N.D.Ohio: Received CP rarely gets stale

The offense of receiving child pornography rarely gets stale, and here it didn’t. Here it was images from a young girl the defendant sought. United States v. Brackman, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 118020 (N.D. Ohio July 5, 2022)*:

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NY3: SW two months after shooting was not stale where police were still investigating

The victim was shot in July 2016. In August, the police got a search warrant for his place and found nothing connecting him to it. In September, they got a second search warrant for a second place and found guns, … Continue reading

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N.D.Ill.: Alleged violation of police dept policy on consent didn’t affect 4A claim here

The defense claim the officer somehow violated department policy in obtaining consent doesn’t bear on the constitutional question at all. There was at least reasonable suspicion for his stop and the encounter. United States v. Lopez-Garcia, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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N.D.Cal.: If bumping def on a bike was a seizure, it ended when he ran away

The officer bumped defendant on a bike. It was potentially a seizure, but “Under Hodari D. and Torres, the seizure thus ended when Daniels got up and began running down the driveway.” United States v. Daniels, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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NY3: Pleading guilty after suppression hearing but before decision is waiver

Pleading guilty after the suppression hearing but before it was decided is waiver. People v. Lende, 2022 NY Slip Op 02581, 2022 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 2476 (3d Dept. Apr. 21, 2022). The stop here was with reasonable suspicion. Officers … Continue reading

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D.N.J.: That officers could have investigated more isn’t a Franks violation

“None of these allegations is sufficient to warrant a Franks hearing either. At bottom, Rodriguez is merely criticizing the tactics employed by the police during their investigation. See United States v. Swanson, 210 F.3d 788, 791 (7th Cir. 2000) (explaining … Continue reading

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NY3: SW address for 1013 Pleasant second floor permitted search when it was actually 1015 Pleasant

The address of the place to be searched in the warrant was 1013 Pleasant Street, second floor. The second floor, however, was 1015 Pleasant Street, and it was searched. The warrant is not to be view hypertechnically, and it adequately … Continue reading

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E.D.Tenn.: Def doesn’t show a right to see whether the SW in his case was validly issued; that’s the lawyer’s call; and he pled guilty

“Petitioner alleges that Attorney Greene failed to present critical documents for Petitioner’s review prior to his guilty plea. Petitioner contends that he should have been shown ‘evidence of there being a valid search warrant,’ ‘computer chat logs where the government … Continue reading

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E.D.Pa.: Possession of a known cutting agent is PC for drug paraphernalia

“The Court notes that there is a dearth of caselaw on the issue of whether Xylazine qualifies as ‘drug paraphernalia.’ Regardless, as the weight of the evidence supports that Xylazine is frequently used as a diluent or cutting agent, the … Continue reading

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FL4: Prosr’s argument def refused to give password to phone violated 4A

“The trial court erred in denying Appellant’s motion in limine and allowing the State to present evidence and argument referencing Appellant’s refusal to provide his cellphone PIN and his refusal to consent to a warrantless search of his entire cellphone. … Continue reading

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CA11: Computer searches as condition of supervised release for gun crime not plain error

The district court did not plainly err in allowing supervised release searches of defendant’s computer for a gun crime. U.S.S.G. § 5D1.3(d)(7). Under precedent, a search condition does not have to be specifically related to the crime. United States v. … Continue reading

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D.Mass.: SW for def’s old car and iPhone on two-year-old information they were maybe connected to a murder was stale and probative of little; no GFE either

There was no probable cause for the search of defendant’s house for evidence of a nearly two-year-old murder. Even if what was sought was there, it was highly unlikely it would prove anything. Finally, the probable cause was so lacking … Continue reading

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MS: No REP in contraband cell phone in prison

There is no reasonable expectation of privacy in a contraband cell phone in prison. United States v. Jackson, 866 F.3d 982 (8th Cir. 2017). Walker v. State, 2021 Miss. App. LEXIS 502 (Dec. 7, 2021). Accord: United States v. Basaldua, … Continue reading

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