Category Archives: Admissibility of evidence

S.D.Cal.: Challenge to PC for revo warrant has to be made in the district where the warrant comes from

Challenge to the probable cause for a revocation warrant has to be made in the district issuing it, not this one where defendant currently resides. United States v. Carranza-Cruz, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 31590 (S.D. Cal. Feb. 23, 2024).* The … Continue reading

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OH10: Taking GSR at scene of shooting was with exigent circumstances

Taking GSR samples from defendant at the scene of a potential murder was with exigent circumstances and wasn’t intrusive. “As in Jarrell, the GSR evidence was highly evanescent evidence that was susceptible to destruction from simple activities like wiping one’s … Continue reading

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VA: SW affidavit not admissible in a civil dispute where it contained multiple levels of hearsay

In a civil dispute over a condo, one party sought to use a search warrant affidavit as evidence, and they filed a motion in limine. The trial judge first denied it, then sua sponte granted it as the trial started. … Continue reading

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Cal.4: No REP from images caught by streetlight camera

Defendant had no reasonable expectation of privacy from images taken on a street light camera where he parked his vehicle. Carpenter just doesn’t apply. Moreover, a store surveillance camera had him there, too. People v. Cartwright, 2024 Cal. App. LEXIS … Continue reading

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CA11: Crew of foreign registered ship boarded in international waters has no 4A standing

Defendant had no Fourth Amendment standing when he was a foreign national on a ship of a foreign country that drew the Coast Guard’s attention south of the Cayman Islands. The Coast Guard finally boarded the ship after the country … Continue reading

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KY: State could refer at trial to SW for DNA, but it couldn’t say def refused consent

It was not error to permit the state to inquire that a search warrant was used to get defendant’s DNA, as long as there was no reference to his refusal of consent. Finch v. Commonwealth, 2023 Ky. LEXIS 302 (Oct. … Continue reading

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CA2: CP download 8 mo. before SW at least saved by GFE if no PC

A single download of child pornography eight months before the warrant was sought was at least supported by the good faith exception even if there wasn’t probable cause. United States v. Pratt, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 25977 (2d Cir. Oct. … Continue reading

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WV: Break in the chain of custody of DNA evidence taken after seizure is not a 4A violation

An after seizure alleged break in the chain of custody of DNA evidence taken is not a Fourth Amendment violation. Timothy C. v. Straughn, 2023 W. Va. LEXIS 339 (Sep. 15, 2023). Defendant’s LPN wasn’t visible until after the stop, … Continue reading

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M.D.Ala.: Failure to back up CI made SW lack PC

Relying on a CI without backing him up failed to show probable cause. “With these guiding principles in mind, the undersigned concludes the search warrant affidavit here did not provide a substantial basis for finding probable cause to believe narcotics … Continue reading

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GA: Refusal to consent to taking a DNA swab in a rape investigation is admissible at trial

Defendant’s refusal to consent to taking a DNA swab in a rape investigation is admissible at trial. Post-arrest cheek swabs do not violate the Fourth Amendment because they are accepted police booking and jailing procedures, similar to fingerprinting and photographing. … Continue reading

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W.D.Pa.: Lack of a proper chain of custody is not a ground for a motion to suppress

Alleged lack of a proper chain of custody is not a ground for a motion to suppress. United States v. Pollard, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 88536 (W.D. Pa. May 19, 2023). Defendant’s Fourth Amendment issues on appeal are not the … Continue reading

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D.S.C.: Lack of nexus to def isn’t grounds for motion to suppress; that’s a trial question

Lack of nexus between drugs and the defendant is an evidentiary question for trial, not a motion to suppress. The search is legal in any event. United States v. Cunningham, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 43510 (D.S.C. Mar. 14, 2023). The … Continue reading

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M.D.Ala.: Controlled buy 4 days earlier leading to SW comes in under 404(b)

Defendant’s motion in limine about a controlled buy four days before the warrant is denied. It comes in under 404(b). United States v. Neal, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 37649 (M.D. Ala. Mar. 7, 2023). “As already discussed at the motion … Continue reading

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GA: Police reentry into hotel room after medical emergency required SW

Officers responded to a medical emergency at a hotel room. They left and reentered to seize contraband, and the reentry required a warrant. The exigency had passed. State v. Wood, 2023 Ga. App. LEXIS 101 (Feb. 28, 2023). The suppression … Continue reading

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CA4: GFE applied to SW application without PC but where two state court warrants followed up based on it

The government concedes there was no probable cause for the search warrant here, but two state judges also renewed the warrants based on the first one. That’s good faith. United States v. Jordan, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 2655 (4th Cir. … Continue reading

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IL: Circumstances made SW affidavit admissible at trial

The trial court abused its discretion in not permitting the defense to use the search warrant affidavit at trial that showed the warrant was targeting another person for other things other than what was found. The court cautions this may … Continue reading

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AR: Claim state’s response to motion to suppress was judicial admission has to be presented to trial court

To argue that the state’s admissions in a response to a motion to suppress amount to a judicial admission of fact, the issue has to be argued to the trial court to preserve it. Otherwise, the trial court is free … Continue reading

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S.D.Ill.: Extrinsic evidence is admissible in a Franks challenge

Extrinsic evidence of alleged falsity in a Franks challenge is admissible. United States v. Smith, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 234002 (S.D. Ill. Dec. 20, 2022). Questioning defendant about the presence of a firearm in his vehicle fell within the Quarles … Continue reading

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CA9: Oral amendment to SW to add a place to be searched never incorporated violates 4A, but GFE here because no controlling authority

Officers had a search warrant for plaintiff’s hotel room searching for evidence of a drug operation. They called the issuing judge for permission to search plaintiff’s home under the same affidavit, which was orally granted, but the warrant was not … Continue reading

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S.D.Ga.: Govt’s motion to reopen suppression hearing after R&R is granted

The government didn’t like the R&R so it moved to put on additional evidence before the USMJ. Granted. “Therefore, in light of the Court’s ‘responsibility to make an informed decision’ on Wright’s suppression motion, Khan, 2018 WL 2214813, at *2, … Continue reading

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