Category Archives: Admissibility of evidence

CA5: SW affidavit at trial violated confrontation

The government violated the confrontation clause by putting into evidence a search warrant affidavit to seek to give context to the CS’s dealings with defendant. If that’s so important, then the government should call him. United States v. Hamann, 2022 … Continue reading

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IA: Admission of SW affidavit at trial with CI’s version violated confrontation

Admission of the search warrant affidavit here at trial with inadmissible hearsay of the CI was a violation of confrontation. State v. Martinez, 2022 Iowa App. LEXIS 410 (May 11, 2022). These search warrant materials remain sealed for one year. … Continue reading

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CA9: Neighbor’s video of SWAT team arrival for search was properly excluded at trial for confusion of issues

Defendant’s neighbor recorded the SWAT team arrival and participating in the execution of the search warrant from outside the house. Defendant’s offer of the video at trial was rejected. “Permitting the jury to see that the police who were executing … Continue reading

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CA6: There was PC and exigency for search of car even though district court didn’t say “automobile exception”

The smell of marijuana from defendant’s car was probable cause. The district court didn’t say “automobile exception,” but that’s what it meant. United States v. Hall, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 2983 (6th Cir. Feb. 2, 2022).* Defendant’s Franks allegation fails … Continue reading

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OH10: No REP in possession of a stolen laptop that sent its location information

Appellant’s motion to reopen his appeal to reargue his Fourth Amendment claims is denied. Not one thing he proffers can change the outcome of the appeal. There was a basis for a GPS warrant on his vehicle, and there was … Continue reading

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S.D.Ind.: The state used Google satellite images to corroborate officer’s testimony of stop

The government used Google satellite images and distancing to corroborate the officer’s testimony defendant didn’t signal his turn in time. After the stop, the smell of marijuana was apparent. United States v. Miles, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 14860 (S.D.Ind. Jan. … Continue reading

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D.Neb.: Mid-trial Franks motion based on testimony still fails

Defendant filed and lost a Franks motion. He renewed it mid-trial after testimony. This one fares no better. It’s based on a claim defense counsel should have interviewed the witness earlier for the Franks motion, but all this is speculative. … Continue reading

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MT: Lawyer suspended for telling client to refuse to cooperate in execution of a SW

A lawyer telling his girlfriend-client to refuse to cooperate in DUI blood draw by search warrant is suspended for 30 days. Multiple officers were ultimately involved with a restraint chair brought in before she relented. The lawyer was also convicted … Continue reading

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D.Mont.: Def’s SDT to Instagram for material potentially related to suppression motion granted

Defendant sought a subpoena from Instagram to see who was involved in reporting CyberTips to NCMEC. The question of admissibility relates to a potential suppression motion, not trial. Subpoena granted. United States v. Weber, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 229264 (D.Mont. … Continue reading

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SC permits SW issuing judges to testify to PC. But why? It’s a question of law.

Search warrant issuing judges can testify in South Carolina to why they found probable cause. [Why? Probable cause is a question of law everywhere else in the United States.] The omission of some information didn’t change the probable cause analysis, … Continue reading

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MO: Traffic stop not custodial for Miranda

A traffic stop is not a custodial arrest requiring Miranda warnings. Defendant’s admissions he had drugs wasn’t excludable. State v. Ybarra, 2021 Mo. App. LEXIS 1031 (Nov. 23, 2021). Not objecting to the state offering a search warrant application into … Continue reading

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N.D.Ohio: Even suppressed evidence can sometimes be used in rebuttal if the door is opened

The government says that it is not going to use evidence from the search of defendant, but it reserves its ability to attempt to use it in rebuttal, if defendant opens the door. The possibility of a superseding indictment to … Continue reading

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CA10: High speed chase justifies search under automobile exception

A high speed chase justifies an automobile exception search of the car when it’s finally stopped. Here there was a dog alert before. United States v. Chavez, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 29287 (10th Cir. Sept. 28, 2021). The rules of … Continue reading

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D.Conn.: A concealed carry permit is not cause for handcuffing a motorist

A concealed carry permit is not cause for handcuffing a motorist. Soukaneh v. Andrzejewski, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 147750 (D.Conn. Aug. 6, 2021). The lack of an arrest warrant isn’t relevant in an excessive force case where officers came to … Continue reading

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M.D.La.: Evidentiary objection to product of search isn’t addressed in a suppression motion

Defendant’s argument is really an evidentiary objection, not a ground to suppress. Suppression is denied. United States v. Sterling, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 160728 (M.D.La. Aug. 24, 2021). “Here, the credited testimony of all three officers is that Deputy Lowe … Continue reading

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CA7: SW affidavit would have been useful at sentencing on drug quantity but defense didn’t offer it

The search warrant affidavit here could have been relevant to the drug quantity calculation, and defendant should have put it into evidence at sentencing. United States v. Rollerson, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 22622 (7th Cir. July 30, 2021). Defendant was … Continue reading

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NM: Legality of search and seizure not an issue for preliminary hearing

It is not the district court’s statutory function to consider the legality of seizure of evidence at a preliminary hearing. State v. Ayon, 2021 N.M. App. LEXIS 44 (July 27, 2021):

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SD: Failure to put video of stop in record limits review of lack of consent claim

Failure to put the video of defendant’s stop in the record means the court can’t consider it on appeal, and it goes from the trial court’s findings. State v. Slepikas, 2021 SD 43, 2021 S.D. LEXIS 82 (July 21, 2021) … Continue reading

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CO: Use of flashbang in raid because def was probably armed was non-hearsay at trial

A warrant-executing officer explaining at trial why they used a flashbang device in the raid said it was because the CI told them defendant often carried a gun. No limiting instruction was sought. This was not hearsay because it wasn’t … Continue reading

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NY2: Failure to object to SW papers admitted into evidence at trial was waiver

Failure to object to admission of the search warrant papers into evidence at trial was waiver. People v. Mack, 2021 NY Slip Op 04377, 2021 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 4456 (2d Dept. July 14, 2021).* “The Supreme Court reversed our … Continue reading

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