Category Archives: Protective sweep

NV: Protective sweep doesn’t require a prior arrest and state didn’t articulate the RS of potential danger for it

“While we hold that a protective sweep does not require a prior arrest, we conclude that the district court correctly concluded that the search performed here was not a lawful protective sweep because it was not based on articulable facts … Continue reading

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D.Idaho: This protective sweep was based on speculation and was unreasonable

Here, the protective sweep claim of the government was factually based on speculation, and was unreasonable. United States v. Iverson, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 156914 (D. Idaho Aug. 29, 2022). Defendant’s stop for suspieion of criminal activity was reasonable. United … Continue reading

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W.D.Tex.: Protective sweep justified despite hearing no one inside

A protective sweep of defendant’s apartment was reasonable on the totality despite the officers not hearing anyone inside. United States v. Turner, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 144215 (W.D. Tex. Aug. 12, 2022). “At no point did Veney voluntarily submit to … Continue reading

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W.D.Mo.: 26 day delay in getting cell phone SW wasn’t unreasonable

A 26 day delay between seizure of a cell phone and issuance of a search warrant for it was not constitutionally unreasonable. Defendant’s motion for return of the phone is deferred until the trial is over. United States v. Brown, … Continue reading

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N.D.Cal.: Prolonging traffic stop to inquire of probation or parole status unreasonable

Prolonging the traffic stop for further information on defendant’s parole and probation status was unreasonable. It diverted from the traffic stop. United States v. Gould, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 142915 (N.D. Cal. Aug. 10, 2022). The protective sweep of defendant’s … Continue reading

Posted in Emergency / exigency, Plain view, feel, smell, Probation / Parole search, Protective sweep, Reasonableness | Comments Off on N.D.Cal.: Prolonging traffic stop to inquire of probation or parole status unreasonable

IA: Smell of MJ smoke 6 days earlier wasn’t stale here

“[W]e conclude that although this was an isolated event and the evidence sought was easily removable, the passage of six days was not significant enough to render the warrant stale.” State v. Euchner, 2022 Iowa App. LEXIS 590 (Aug. 3, … Continue reading

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CA8: Protective sweep of vehicle on RS reasonable even if def standing outside

When there is reasonable suspicion a driver is armed, a protective sweep of his vehicle is permitted even though he’s outside of it. United States v. Dabney, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 21400 (8th Cir. Aug. 3, 2022). Family member was … Continue reading

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M.D.Ala.: Court decides geofence warrant on GFE without getting to 4A merits

Defendant was a suspect in a series of 35 carjackings where the car was shortly thereafter used in an armed robbery. A geofence warrant was used to track defendant at the scenes of the robberies. After discussing the case law … Continue reading

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CA5: Being handcuffed during traffic stop for officer safety wasn’t “custody” for Miranda purposes

Defendant was handcuffed during a traffic stop for officer safety, and the officer’s on the street questions were not custodial for Miranda purposes. United States v. Coulter, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 19751 (5th Cir. July 18, 2022). This protective sweep … Continue reading

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CA8: Independent source justified search despite illegal protective sweep

“Herbert Green previously appealed the denial of his motion to suppress drugs and firearms discovered in his apartment during a law enforcement search outside the scope of the police’s warrant. See United States v. Green, 9 F.4th 682, 691-93 (8th … Continue reading

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E.D.Va.: No RS for protective sweep of car for weapon

The officers lacked reasonable suspicion for a protective sweep of defendant’s car. His actions did not support any suggestion he might be armed. United States v. Trice, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 115463 (E.D. Va. June 29, 2022).* Defendant’s refusal to … Continue reading

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NY Richmond Co.: PC without including protective sweep

“These facts alone, without taking the protective sweep into consideration, would have provided a magistrate with probable cause to issue a search warrant. A sworn statement of an identified member of the community attesting to facts directly and personally observed … Continue reading

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D.Ariz.: Nighttime search rule doesn’t bar nighttime arrest warrant execution

As to arrest warrants, Rule 41 and 21 U.S.C. § 879 aren’t clear on whether a nighttime entry is barred for execution of an arrest warrant. (Tie goes to the government on reasonableness.) A violation of knock-and-announce doesn’t invoke the … Continue reading

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N.D.Cal.: If bumping def on a bike was a seizure, it ended when he ran away

The officer bumped defendant on a bike. It was potentially a seizure, but “Under Hodari D. and Torres, the seizure thus ended when Daniels got up and began running down the driveway.” United States v. Daniels, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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CA11: Pressing key fob found during search of home to find car didn’t violate 4A

Pressing the key fob found inside during a search to locate the car outside was reasonable under the automobile exception. United States v. Fortson, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 11176 (11th Cir. Apr. 25, 2022). “Defendant’s constitutional rights were not violated … Continue reading

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CA7: Def’s detention during protective sweep looking for another was unreasonable

Defendant’s detention in an apartment building during a protective sweep for a fugitive that clearly wasn’t him was unreasonable. The district court’s denial of the motion to suppress is reversed. United States v. Segoviano, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 8771 (7th … Continue reading

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D.Utah: Travel at night, nervousness, travel plans, cash on person here not RS

The government “points to four circumstances as the basis for an independent reasonable, articulable suspicion to extend the stop for the K-9 deployment: (1) the time of night and location of Mr. Melendez’s vehicle; (2) Mr. Melendez’s nervousness; (3) Mr. … Continue reading

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NY Co.: Failure to execute SW in ten days voids it

The search warrant wasn’t executed within 10 days as required by statute where it had to be returned to the court if not. Suppressed. People v. Tonner, 2022 NY Slip Op 50175(U), 2022 N.Y. Misc. LEXIS 833 (N.Y. Co. Feb. … Continue reading

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N.D.Ga.: Officers can enter a bathroom for a protective sweep

The protective sweep of the bathroom was justified and defendant’s claim the officers didn’t need to enter the bathroom to look is rejected. United States v. Perez, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 26275 (N.D.Ga. Feb. 15, 2022). Plaintiff inmate’s claim that … Continue reading

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CA3: Def’s not showing himself for 5-6 minutes when police entered on an arrest warrant justified protective sweep

Police executed an arrest warrant at defendant’s house. It took him 5-6 minutes to show himself, coming from the basement. A protective sweep of the basement was reasonable, and firearms were found in plain view down there. A search warrant … Continue reading

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