Category Archives: § 1983 / Bivens

CA2: In a § 1983 case alleging lack of PC from omission of information to issuing magistrate, it’s ptf’s burden

In this § 1983 case there was probable cause for issuance of an animal abuse warrant. To argue the probable cause was tainted by omission of information, plaintiff carries the burden, and here she failed. Kanciper v. Lato, 2017 U.S. … Continue reading

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CA4: Officer who obtained court order for minor ptf to be detained and to get an erection so police could photograph it gets no QI; this isn’t remotely reasonable

Plaintiff was a 17 year old that allegedly sent a picture of his erection to his 15 year old girlfriend. Defendant obtained a court order for plaintiff to be transported to a juvenile detention center to masturbate to get an … Continue reading

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E.D.Mich.: Police officer’s presence at repossession doesn’t make it state action

A police officer’s presence at the scene of a vehicle repossession doesn’t turn an otherwise private action into a Fourth Amendment seizure. King v. Blackhawk Recovery & Investigations, LLC, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 198373 (E.D. Mich. Dec. 3, 2017). “As … Continue reading

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CA7: Nolo plea after losing suppression hearing is collateral estoppel

A state multiday suppression hearing was denied, and that led to defendant’s nolo plea to the charges. Then he sued in federal court. When collateral estoppel was invoked, he argued that the plea vitiated collateral estoppel. It didn’t. Derrick v. … Continue reading

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NY1: Suppression of firearm in criminal case wasn’t collateral estoppel in civil case where ptf didn’t offer any evidence

Suppression of a firearm in the criminal court was not collateral estoppel to a civil case for false arrest, particularly where plaintiff offered no evidence at all. Davidson v. City of New York, 2017 NY Slip Op 08313, 2017 N.Y. … Continue reading

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CA6: Litigating and losing a search issue in state court estops a federal claim over same issue

Collateral estoppel applied where defendant lost on his search issue in state court so he could not litigate it in federal court. Also, he claimed a Franks violation that the officers misled the issuing magistrate, but that was not factually … Continue reading

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CA3: Entry onto ptfs’ rural land to serve a small claims complaint was over open fields

Defendant is a deputy sheriff who had a summons and complaint for a small claims case. He came by plaintiffs’ rural property three prior times to serve it. They lived on 75 acres and the house and a law office … Continue reading

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D.Minn.: PO knowing def’s history saw a bulge in def’s pocket, and this was justification for a search

Defendant was on supervised release. The officer “then saw a bulge in Becerra’s pocket that he suspected could be a weapon. [He thus] had probable cause at the time he arrested Becerra to believe that Becerra was violating his supervised … Continue reading

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E.D.Mich.: Def was alleged to be involved in a pill mill, but SW was for his home; affidavit showed nexus to home for instrumentalities of crime

Police got a search warrant for defendant’s home in a pill mill case. “This affidavit did not attempt to establish probable cause to believe Knight was conducting prescription drug deals at his home. Instead, it attempted to establish probable cause … Continue reading

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WaPo: Body searches of 900 Georgia students by sheriff’s office leads to $3 million settlement

WaPo: Body searches of 900 Georgia students by sheriff’s office leads to $3 million settlement by Susan Hogan:

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D.Neb.: Consent didn’t extend to removing pickup’s bedliner, but officer had PC by then

The officer had probable cause for this traffic stop, and defendant was found to have consented to a search of his pickup truck. He observed it happening and never objected. [I hate that rationale.] By the time the bedliner was … Continue reading

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KS: Stop-and-frisk was a factually justified “discretionary function” and the officer couldn’t be sued

With a due comparison to Det. Martin McFadden’s actions in observing John W. Terry and Richard D. Chilton in Terry v. Ohio, the officer on the totality was justified in inquiring of defendant what he was doing. Plaintiff wasn’t arrested, … Continue reading

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