Most Recent SCOTUS Cases

2016-17 Term: This Term’s decided case names in bold.
Hernández v. Mesa (cert. granted Oct. 11, 2016; argument Feb 21, 2017). (1. Whether a formalist or functionalist analysis governs the extraterritorial application of the Fourth Amendment’s prohibition on unjustified deadly force, as applied to a cross-border shooting of an unarmed Mexican citizen in an enclosed area controlled by the United States; 2. whether qualified immunity may be granted or denied based on facts – such as the victim’s legal status – unknown to the officer at the time of the incident; and 3. whether the claim in this case may be asserted under Bivens v. Six Unknown Federal Narcotics Agents.)
Manuel v. City of Joliet, 14-9496 (cert. granted Jan. 15, 2016, argued Oct. 5, 2016) (Whether an individual’s Fourth Amendment right to be free from unreasonable seizure continues beyond legal process so as to allow a malicious prosecution claim based upon the Fourth Amendment?)
County of Los Angeles v. Mendez, 16-639 (cert. granted Dec. 2, 2016) (1. Whether the Ninth Circuit’s “provocation” rule should be barred as it conflicts with Graham v. Connor regarding the manner in which a claim of excessive force against a police officer should be determined in an action brought under 42 U.S.C. § 1983 for a violation of a plaintiffs Fourth Amendment rights, and has been rejected by other Courts of Appeals? [no 2] 3. Whether, in an action brought under 42 U.S.C. § 1983, an incident giving rise to a reasonable use of force is an intervening, superseding event which breaks the chain of causation from a prior, unlawful entry in violation of the Fourth Amendment?)
White v. Pauly, 2017 U.S. LEXIS 5 (Jan. 9, 2017) (per curiam) (it does not violate clearly established law under the Fourth Amendment to shoot without warning when the shooting is otherwise justified) (ScotusBlog)
District of Columbia v. Wesby, 15-1485 (granted Jan. 19, 2017) (1. Whether police officers who found late-night partiers inside a vacant home belonging to someone else had probable cause to arrest the partiers for trespassing under the Fourth Amendment, and in particular whether, when the owner of a vacant home informs police that he has not authorized entry, an officer assessing probable cause to arrest those inside for trespassing may discredit the suspects’ questionable claims of an innocent mental state; and 2. whether, even if there was no probable cause to arrest the apparent trespassers, the officers were entitled to qualified immunity because the law was not clearly established in this regard.)

2015-16 Term:
Utah v. Strieff, 136 S.Ct. 2056, 195 L. Ed. 2d 400 (June 20, 2016) (Should evidence seized incident to a lawful arrest on an outstanding warrant be suppressed because the warrant was discovered during an investigatory stop later found to be unlawful? No.) (ScotusBlog)
Birchfield v. North Dakota, 136 S.Ct. 2160, 195 L. Ed. 2d 560 (June 23, 2016) (Whether, in the absence of a warrant, a state may make it a crime for a person to refuse to take a chemical test to detect the presence of alcohol in the person’s blood? No. A breath test does not require a warrant, but a blood test does.) (ScotusBlog)
Mullenix v. Luna, 136 S. Ct. 305, 193 L. Ed. 2d 255 (Nov. 9, 2015) (per curiam) (Qualified immunity applied for use of deadly force on fleeing motorist who threatened to shoot officers.) (ScotusBlog)

2014-15 Term:
City and San Francisco v. Sheehan, 135 S. Ct. 1765, 192 L. Ed. 2d 856 (May 18, 2015) (ScotusBlog)
Grady v. North Carolina, 135 S. Ct. 1368, 191 L. Ed. 2d 459 (March 30, 2015) (per curiam)
Heien v. North Carolina, 135 S. Ct. 530, 190 L. Ed. 2d 475 (Dec. 15, 2014) (ScotusBlog)
Rodriguez v. United States, 135 S. Ct. 1609, 191 L. Ed. 2d 492 (April 21, 2015) (ScotusBlog)
City of Los Angeles v. Patel, 135 S.Ct. 2443, 192 L. Ed. 2d 435 (June 22, 2015) (ScotusBlog)
Carroll v. Garman, 135 S.Ct. 348, 190 L. Ed. 2d 311 (Nov. 10, 2014) (per curiam)

2013-14 Term:
Riley v. California, 134 S.Ct. 2473, 189 L. Ed. 2d 430 (June 25, 2014) (ScotusBlog Riley & Wurie)
Plumhoff v. Rickard, 134 S.Ct. 2012, 188 L. Ed. 2d 1056 (May 27, 2014) (ScotusBlog)
Stanton v. Sims, 134 S.Ct. 3, 187 L. Ed. 2d 341 (Nov. 4, 2013) (per curiam)
Navarette v. California, 134 S. Ct. 1683, 188 L. Ed. 2d 680 (Apr. 22, 2014) (ScotusBlog)
Fernandez v. California, 134 S.Ct. 1126, 188 L. Ed. 2d 25 (Feb. 25, 2014) (ScotusBlog)

2012-13 Term:
Maryland v. King, 563 U.S. 452, 133 S.Ct. 1958, 186 L.Ed.2d 1 (2013) (ScotusBlog)
Missouri v. McNeely, 133 S.Ct. 1552, 185 L.Ed.2d 696 (2013) (ScotusBlog)
Bailey v. United States, 133 S.Ct. 1031, 185 L.Ed.2d 19 (2013) (ScotusBlog)
Florida v. Harris, 133 S.Ct. 1050, 185 L.Ed.2d 61 (2013) (ScotusBlog)
Florida v. Jardines, 133 S.Ct. 1409, 185 L.Ed.2d 495 (2013) (ScotusBlog)
Clapper v. Amnesty International USA, 133 S.Ct. 1138, 185 L.Ed.2d 264 (2013) (ScotusBlog)

2011-12 Term:
Ryburn v. Huff, 132 S.Ct. 987, 181 L.Ed.2d 966 (2012) (other blog)
Florence v. Board of Chosen Freeholders, 132 S.Ct. 1510, 182 L.Ed.2d 566 (2012) (ScotusBlog)
United States v. Jones, 132 S.Ct. 945, 181 L.Ed.2d 911 (2012) (ScotusBlog)
Messerschmidt v. Millender, 132 S.Ct. 1235, 182 L.Ed.2d 47 (2012) (ScotusBlog)

2010-11 Term:
Kentucky v. King, 131 S.Ct. 1849, 179 L.Ed.2d 865 (2011) (ScotusBlog)
Camreta v. Greene, 563 U.S. 692, 131 S.Ct. 2020, 179 L.Ed.2d 1118 (2011) (ScotusBlog)
Ashcroft v. al-Kidd, 563 U.S. 731, 131 S.Ct. 2074, 179 L.Ed.2d 1149 (2011) (ScotusBlog)
Davis v. United States, 564 U.S. 229, 131 S.Ct. 2419, 180 L.Ed.2d 285 (2011) (ScotusBlog)

2009-10 Term:
Michiganv v. Fisher, 558 U.S. 45, 130 S.Ct. 546, 175 L.Ed.2d 410 (2009) (per curiam) (ScotusBlog)
City of Ontario v. Quon, 560 U.S. 746, 130 S.Ct. 2619, 177 L.Ed.2d 216 (2010) (ScotusBlog)

2008-09 Term:
Herring v. United States, 555 U.S. 135, 129 S.Ct. 695, 172 L.Ed.2d 496 (2009) (ScotusBlog)
Pearson v. Callahan, 555 U.S. 223, 129 S.Ct. 808, 172 L.Ed.2d 565 (2009) (ScotusBlog)
Arizona v. Johnson, 555 U.S. 323, 129 S.Ct. 781, 172 L.Ed.2d 694 (2009) (ScotusBlog)
Arizona v. Gant, 556 U.S. 332, 129 S.Ct. 1710, 173 L.Ed.2d 485 (2009) (ScotusBlog)
Safford Unified School District #1 v. Redding, 557 U.S. 364, 129 S.Ct. 2633, 174 L.Ed.2d 354 (2009) (ScotusBlog)

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