Category Archives: Plain view, feel, smell

D.D.C.: No REP in apt building laundry room when officer saw def in possession; take down when he resisted was reasonable

“In short, and as explained below, the Court finds that Leake’s stance in the corner of the laundry room was suspicious, and that upon approaching him, Officer Pantaleon observed Leake holding a small clear plastic baggie containing a powder-like substance. … Continue reading

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CA4: Stopping only car in neighborhood after report of robbery was reasonable

“Approximately twenty minutes after Jacobs fled on foot, the police noticed Gilmore driving away from the neighborhood where the robbery occurred. At the time of the stop, Gilmore’s car was the only car on the road. Once the stop lawfully … Continue reading

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CA2: Second Tasing of nonresisting detainee was unreasonable

On this record, the second Tasing of plaintiff could be found unreasonable for lack of resistance, which the jury did. Jones v. Treubig, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 19883 (2d Cir. June 26, 2020). The search under defendant’s consent for “firearms/evidence” … Continue reading

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OH9: Def’s observed association with wanted fugitive permitted his seizure at time of fugitive’s arrest, too.

Defendant was in a car wash and the USM fugitive task force was tailing a person in another car at the car wash. That person came over to defendant’s car and spoke to him. When the person being surveilled started … Continue reading

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Cal.3: Odor coming from a car and a baggie of MJ isn’t PC of a crime in a recreational MJ state

Because of legalization of recreational marijuana in California: “In summary, the facts in this case comprised of a parked car missing a registration tag and having an expired registration, the odor of marijuana emanating from the car, the observation of … Continue reading

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D.Ariz.: Alleged Brady material found two years after SW wouldn’t change SW outcome

Alleged Brady material found two years after the search warrant in this case would not have changed the outcome of the search issue. United States v. Vandyck, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 101842 (D. Ariz. June 10, 2020). The officer was … Continue reading

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CA6: Officer in SW affidavit doesn’t have to state he was trained in recognizing odor of MJ

The officer did not have to specify in the affidavit for search warrant that he had specialized training in detecting the smell of marijuana for there to be probable cause. The government showed by a preponderance of the evidence the … Continue reading

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CA9: In California, the smell of marijuana alone coming from a car no longer provides PC

In California, the smell of marijuana alone coming from a car no longer provides probable cause for search of the car. United States v. Martinez, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 12536 (9th Cir. Apr. 20, 2020):

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CA3: Police in pursuit of a shooting suspect crossed into def’s backyard; plain view of drugs sustained

Police were in pursuit of a shooting suspect and went into defendant’s back yard. Drugs in plain view could be seized. Levys v. Shamlin, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 13267 (3d Cir. Apr. 24, 2020). An open container stop permits a … Continue reading

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OH12: Bloody clothes on ER floor were subject to plain view

Seizure of defendant’s bloody clothing from the floor of the emergency room was valid as a plain view despite his possessory interest. He was perceived at the time as the victim, but it later developed he wasn’t. State v. Jackson, … Continue reading

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E.D.Tenn.: Pill bottle in bedroom is not subject to plain view because incriminating nature not immediately apparent

A pill bottle on top of a dresser wasn’t subject to plain view because its incriminating nature wasn’t immediately apparent. United States v. Crawford, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 74440 (E.D. Tenn. Apr. 6, 2020), adopted, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 73477 … Continue reading

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CA8: Police looking at undercarriage of stopped car doesn’t require PC

The officer here had reasonable suspicion on the totality to extend the stop aside from the fact the two adults in the vehicle had no drivers licenses and the insurance card didn’t match them. The officer’s looking at the undercarriage … Continue reading

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CA6: Trash pulls not unreasonable despite local ordinance that only trash collectors permitted in trash

Trash pulls by police are not unreasonable under the Fourth Amendment, notwithstanding a local ordinance that limits trash collectors to rummaging in trash. United States v. Mathis, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 10275 (6th Cir. Mar. 30, 2020). Defendant’s probation search … Continue reading

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OH9: Medical records allegedly unlawfully seized weren’t in appellate record, so prejudice couldn’t be determined; held waived

Defendant claimed his medical records were unlawfully seized and admitted at evidence as an admission at this DUI trial. Without them in the appellate record, the appellate court can’t determine prejudice. Thus, this is waived. State v. Miller, 2020-Ohio-1209, 2020 … Continue reading

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LA2: Officer’s leaning in open window wasn’t a plain view; def’s demands to know why he’s detained can’t be RS when he has a right to know

Officer’s leaning into the open window of defendant’s car with a flashlight to get a better view was not a plain view. Statute “commands police officers, upon detaining a citizen in connection with the investigation or commission of any offense, … Continue reading

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PA: Syringes in plain view on floorboard was PC

Officer’s seeing syringes on the floor of defendant’s car just by looking was plain view and probable cause for search. Commonwealth v. Bumbarger, 2020 Pa. Super. LEXIS 206 (Mar. 16, 2020).* “Mr. Sealey’s motion to suppress, the court did not … Continue reading

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