Category Archives: Reasonable suspicion

W.D.Wis.: Officers had a reasonable belief under Payton def was on the premises for execution of an arrest warrant

Based on surveillance, officers had a reasonable belief, even probable cause, to believe that defendant was in the house when they came with an arrest warrant. United States v. Burgess, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 157755 (W.D. Wis. Aug. 12, 2019),* … Continue reading

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CA2: Initially stopping for a police signal, arguing with officers, and then fleeing in a high speed chase wasn’t a “seizure” until he was arrested after the chase

Defendant wasn’t seized when he stopped as a result of a police signal, became argumentative, and fled the scene without submitting to authority. After that, he was seized after a high speed chase that gave the officers probable cause for … Continue reading

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FL5: Def made prima facie case that counsel’s abandoned search claim could have won; reversed

Defendant made a prima facie case at his post-conviction hearing. The evidence presented at the evidentiary hearing showed there was a reasonable probability that the motion to suppress would have been granted if pursued, and the evidence the State needed … Continue reading

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OR: Appeal of order of mother in juvenile case to provide UAs affirmed for an insufficient appellate record

The mother of a juvenile was ordered to give observed UAs as a part of a dependency-neglect proceeding. She didn’t provide a sufficient appellate record to decide whether the trial court’s order violated the state constitution, so it’s affirmed. Dep’t … Continue reading

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E.D.Wis.: The affidavit lacked PC and didn’t connect def’s van to the crime, but the GFE applies anyway

The affidavit lacked probable cause and didn’t connect defendant’s van to the crime. Yet, it wasn’t so bad that the good faith exception couldn’t apply. [Seems like it should not have applied.] United States v. Burgess, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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N.D.Ohio: Almost immediate dog sniff during stop didn’t prolong it

The officer had an objective basis for the stop, so defendant’s pretext claim fails. The dog sniff occurred almost immediately during the stop and the stop wasn’t prolonged for it. United States v. Martinez, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 155124 (N.D. … Continue reading

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Iowa this week

A traffic stop can be based on probable cause or reasonable suspicion of a traffic violation. The trial court credited that the officer believed a headlight was out, and the evidence supports that conclusion. State v. White, 2019 Iowa App. … Continue reading

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GA: Findings and conclusions aren’t always required, and record would be looked to for support

The trial court didn’t make specific findings that defendant consented to the taking of blood for a BAC test. So, the appellate court looks to the record and finds that the evidence supports a finding of consent and denial of … Continue reading

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D.N.M.: Controlled buys that led to SW come in through 404(b) or res gestae

Under 404(b), the officers will be permitted to testify at trial to controlled buys that led to the search warrant. United States v. Martinez, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 154066 (D. N.M. Sept. 10, 2019). Defendants were stopped for speeding, and … Continue reading

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C.D.Ill.: RS based in part on officer’s knowledge of diversionary insuring after purchase of car

The stop was for a traffic offense with probable cause. After a few questions, reasonable suspicion developed; United States v. Cole, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 154134 (C.D. Ill. Sept. 10, 2019); and it’s detailed and based in part on the … Continue reading

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IL: Mere presence in a high crime area isn’t RS; action required, too

Mere presence in a Chicago high crime neighborhood is not reasonable suspicion. Otherwise, every resident of the neighborhood would be stopped. It requires some suspicious action as well. People v. Salgado, 2019 IL App (1st) 171377, 2019 Ill. App. LEXIS … Continue reading

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D.Nev.: Criminal history didn’t justify extending stop

Officers exceeded the bounds of the traffic stop because they heard defendant’s criminal history and then ordered him out of the car to seek consent to search without any reasonable suspicion. United States v. Coleman, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 152832 … Continue reading

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