Category Archives: Reasonable suspicion

VA: Running the serial number of a seized firearm isn’t a “search”

When defendant got out of the car, the officer could see the butt of a gun sticking from his coat pocket, so a frisk was reasonable for officer safety. Looking at the serial number and then running it to see … Continue reading

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W.D.Ky.: Asking questions while writing out a warning ticket do not measurably extend a stop

Asking questions while writing out a warning ticket do not measurably extend a stop. United States v. Green, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 4421 (W.D. Ky. Jan. 10, 2020). Defendant’s arrest was valid, so his statement wasn’t fruit of the poisonous … Continue reading

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DE: Question about “Anything illegal in the car: Human beings, guns, drugs, dead bodies in the trunk” wasn’t unreasonable and didn’t measurably extend the stop.

Officer’s routine question about “Anything illegal in the car: Human beings, guns, drugs, dead bodies in the trunk” wasn’t unreasonable and didn’t measurably extend the stop. State v. Medina, 2020 Del. Super. LEXIS 18 (Jan. 7, 2020):

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E.D.Pa.: Furtive movements and excessive nervousness when stopped was RS

Defendant’s furtive movements while driving and nervousness after the stop justified extending the stop for fear there might be a weapon. United States v. Miller, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 224424 (E.D. Mo. Dec. 4, 2019).* The odor of alcohol, fumbling … Continue reading

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KS: Def’s actions after the police entry and signing the consent form clearly show voluntariness

“We note, however, that Daino’s acts after the officers entered his residence confirm, instead of refute, his intent to consent to their entry. Daino never protested the officers’ presence. Instead, he later opened a safe for the officers, agreed officers … Continue reading

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D.N.M.: Govt fails in burden of showing consent. Was “yes” acknowledgement of statement to def or assent to search?

The government fails in its burden to show consent to a patdown of defendant’s person. There was a language barrier, and previous questions and statements were translated, but this one wasn’t. “Even though that defendant said ‘yes’ in response to … Continue reading

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S.D.Ohio: Lack of factual basis for stop deprives state of Heien mistake of law argument

The video from the patrol car doesn’t support the officer’s claim that defendant didn’t properly stop at a stop sign that that was the basis for the stop. The court doesn’t find Heien applies because this isn’t a mistake of … Continue reading

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CO: After first SW for cell phone was suppressed for Franks violation, second was valid with independent source

Defendant was subjected to two search warrants for his cell phones in possession of the police. A motion to suppress the first search was granted because the officer recklessly included false information that deprived it of probable cause. The police … Continue reading

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E.D.Cal.: Using drug dog in the patrol car didn’t prolong the stop

There was a factual basis for the stop, and the drug dog at hand did not prolong the stop. After the alert, defendant then consented to the search of the vehicle. United States v. Navarro, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 3062 … Continue reading

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C.D.Ill.: Seemingly idle questions during a traffic stop didn’t unreasonably extend it in any “measurable way”

Seemingly idle questions during a traffic stop didn’t unreasonably extend it in any “measurable way.” United States v. Goodwill, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1831 (C.D. Ill. Jan. 3, 2020):

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S.D.Ga.: Stopping writing traffic ticket to ask about drugs without RS violated Rodriguez

The officer’s intentional delaying issuance of a traffic ticket was to ask about transporting drugs, even though only 100 seconds, was unreasonable under Rodriguez because it was an intentional deviation from the mission of the stop. United States v. Brinson, … Continue reading

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GA: Smell of alcohol on person maybe a minor walking in a high crime area wasn’t RS

“Further, the other facts identified by the State do not support a reasonable suspicion of illegal activity. None of C.B.’s described activities—walking on the side of the road at night, being present in a high-crime area, wearing a backpack, and … Continue reading

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