Category Archives: Reasonable suspicion

E.D.Mich.: Listing inventory on police report and not inventory sheet not unreasonable

“Therefore, the officers’ decision to list the items recovered during the inventory search in the Incident Report and not on the Impound Report does not invalidate the inventory search.” United States v. Morris, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 182946 (E.D.Mich. Sept. … Continue reading

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OR: Dog sniff during traffic stop lacked any RS

“Here, officers deployed a drug-detection dog during a traffic stop for failing to signal continuously for at least 100 feet before turning-without articulating any independent constitutional justification. Moreover, the state has not identified any theory or pointed us to any … Continue reading

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ID: RS as to driver and officer safety extends to passenger, too

When a traffic stop turns into reasonable suspicion for other crime, the reasonable suspicion extends to being able to control the passenger, too, for officer safety. There is no reasoned basis for differentiating between drivers and passengers for officer safety. … Continue reading

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TX5: Consent to a blood draw is also consent to its testing

Consent to a blood draw is also consent to its testing. Schulz v. State, 2021 Tex. App. LEXIS 7748 (Tex. App. – Dallas Sept. 21, 2021). “Citizens have long-cherished constitutional rights which deserve our protection. Law enforcement officers have difficult … Continue reading

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E.D.Mich.: A state DMV database that is 90-95% accurate on insurance records is close enough for RS

“Stone makes much out of the fact that the SOS database is only 90-95% accurate. The database’s high degree of accuracy would seem to work against rather than support Stone’s argument. As a practical matter, ‘probable cause does not require … Continue reading

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NJ: After a patdown, new facts at the scene can support a second one

After a patdown, new facts at the scene can support a second one. State v. Carrillo, 2021 N.J. Super. LEXIS 123 (Sept. 17, 2021). “Here, the totality of the circumstances—Traylor’s regular use of a vehicle that was observed recently at … Continue reading

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NE: Continuing stop past end of mission of stop was without consent

Once the mission of the traffic stop should have ended, the officer continued questioning and sought consent. The consent was not voluntary. State v. Thompson, 30 Neb. App. 135, 2021 Neb. App. LEXIS 223 (Sept. 14, 2021). Touching the hood … Continue reading

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D.Conn.: Handcuffing a concealed carry permit holder was without RS and unreasonable

“In light of the uncontested fact that Plaintiff presented his pistol permit to Defendant before or at the time he disclosed that he was in possession of a pistol and the absence of any other indicia that Plaintiff was otherwise … Continue reading

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CA3: Carpenter just doesn’t apply to jail call recordings

There is no reasonable expectation of privacy in jail calls admitted to prove a conspiracy, and Carpenter doesn’t apply. “While we need not decide how far Carpenter extends to other technologies, it does not apply to prison phone calls. Unlike … Continue reading

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NE: Consent during unreasonable extension of stop not voluntary

The traffic stop was reasonable, but it was unreasonably extended. Defendant’s consent during that period was not attenuated. State v. Thompson, 30 Neb.App. 135 (Sept. 14, 2021):

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DC: Grabbing one’s waistband while running from the police signals contraband, despite possible innocent explanations

Grabbing at one’s waistband while running from the police may have innocent explanations, too, but it signals contraband. Newman v. United States, 7-CF-520 (D.C. Sept. 2, 2021). A delay between the traffic stop and an ultimate search is not per … Continue reading

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TX2: No REP in pawned property

Defendant pawned property that wasn’t his. The police went and picked it up within the period he could have redeemed. There was no reasonable expectation of privacy in bailed property at a pawnshop. Moreover, pawnshops are highly regulated businesses where … Continue reading

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MO: SW for cell phone at def’s house wasn’t properly executed on his phone at police station

This cell phone search warrant was for a black Samsung in a black case at defendant’s address. It was executed at the police department, not defendant’s house. The trial court properly suppressed and properly held the good faith exception did … Continue reading

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W.D.Mo.: RS def was in violation of order of protection justified vehicle stop

Reasonable suspicion defendant was driving a car with a child in it in violation of an order of protection was justification for his stop. When the car was stopped, the smell of marijuana justified its further search. United States v. … Continue reading

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CA11: RS included talking on phone during stop when repeatedly told to hang up

Defendant’s excessive nervousness, denial that some of the contents of the car were even his, and repeatedly talking on the phone with someone the officer suspected was coaching him what to do and say even after being repeatedly told to … Continue reading

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D.Conn.: A concealed carry permit is not cause for handcuffing a motorist

A concealed carry permit is not cause for handcuffing a motorist. Soukaneh v. Andrzejewski, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 147750 (D.Conn. Aug. 6, 2021). The lack of an arrest warrant isn’t relevant in an excessive force case where officers came to … Continue reading

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CA10: Order to get out of car doesn’t unreasonably extend stop

The officer’s order for defendant to get out of the car was reasonable and did not unreasonably prolong the stop. United States v. Malone, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 26136 (10th Cir. Aug. 30, 2021). “While Fisk brings his assignment of … Continue reading

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CA7: Consulting ADA about SW affidavit shows GF where PC question somewhat close

“An objectively reasonable officer, having consulted with the State’s Attorney in the preparation of the complaint and affidavit accompanying the application for the warrant, could have relied in good faith on the search warrant that he obtained from a judge. … Continue reading

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NY4: Smell of PCP alone is PC

“New York is no outlier on this issue. Indeed, as far as we can discern, every single court in the United States to ever consider this precise issue has come to the same conclusion as Darby and Sanchez: a trained … Continue reading

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OH3: No REP in discarded cigarette butt connecting def to cold case

Defendant waived any reasonable expectation of privacy in a cigarette butt he through away where the police found his DNA. It was used to solve a cold case of rape and attempted murder from 1993. State v. Bortree, 2021-Ohio-2873, 2021 … Continue reading

Posted in Cell site location information, DNA, Reasonable suspicion | Comments Off on OH3: No REP in discarded cigarette butt connecting def to cold case