Category Archives: Automobile exception

SD: There was reason for def’s stop, but no PC for search of the car

There was reason for defendant’s stop and reasonable suspicion developed from excessive nervousness and a masking agent, but there was no probable cause and exigency for a search of defendant’s car. State v. Terry, 2019 Del. Super. LEXIS 431 (Sept. … Continue reading

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W.D.Tenn.: Driving one’s car to ER and going in isn’t abandonment; dead battery doesn’t remove exigency for automobile exception

Having been shot, defendant did not abandon his car when he drove to the ER and went in, leaving his keys in the car at the entrance. The fact the battery was dead in the car didn’t remove the exigency. … Continue reading

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E.D.Tenn.: Automobile exception permits search of locked box inside vehicle

With probable cause to believe that a vehicle has evidence in it, the automobile exception allows entry into a locked container (here a locked box) inside the vehicle. Also, a police officer following a car is not a seizure. United … Continue reading

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CA4: Def’s admission she had cocaine in her hair permitted search incident of her car where arrested

“After finding a bag of white powder in Harrison’s hair — which she admitted to the arresting officer was cocaine — and observing a suspicious baggie and a large amount of cash in plain view, the officers had a ‘reasonable … Continue reading

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N.D.Ga.: A parked car is still subject to automobile exception

The automobile exception applied to an already parked car because it’s still “mobile” for exigency purposes. United States v. Mizell, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 138171 (N.D. Ga. July 29, 2019), adopted, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 137988 (N.D. Ga. Aug. 15, … Continue reading

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TX3: Finding drugs on the driver is PC to search the car

Finding drugs on the person during a lawful stop and search of the person provides probable cause to search the car. State v. Pena, 2019 Tex. App. LEXIS 7015 (Tex. App. – Austin Aug. 13, 2019). The search warrant legitimately … Continue reading

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M.D.Fla.: When the automobile exception applies and def is in custody, a SW still isn’t required

There was probable cause by a plain view so the automobile exception applies. The fact defendant as in custody doesn’t require a search warrant. United States v. Lightsey, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 121669 (M.D. Fla. July 3, 2019). There was … Continue reading

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IN: When AE applies, the fact def walked away from the car doesn’t prevent search

Where there was probable cause and the automobile exception applied, the fact defendant walked away from the vehicle didn’t prohibit its search. Cleveland v. State, 2019 Ind. App. LEXIS 316 (July 15, 2019). Defendant was apparently asleep parked in an … Continue reading

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W.D.Ark.: Speaking Spanish isn’t even a factor in RS or PC for a vehicle search

The fact the driver of a car spoke Spanish was not reasonable suspicion or probable cause because at least 10% of the U.S. population speaks Spanish. The search of the car was without probable cause, and the exclusionary would be … Continue reading

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M.D.Fla.: Record supports def abandoned CD-Rom of CP

The record supports the conclusion that defendant abandoned a CD-Rom of child pornography, and defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not pursuing it. Rogers v. Sec’y, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 107788 (M.D. Fla. June 27, 2019).* The trial court’s finding there … Continue reading

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CA9: The smell of marijuana from a car in a recreational use state is still PC

The smell of marijuana from a car in Nevada where recreational use is permitted is still probable cause because state law doesn’t permit smoking in a car. United States v. Gray, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 19095 (9th Cir. June 26, … Continue reading

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MS: No passenger standing in car despite well-secreted drugs

Defendant argued he had standing in a car because he was more than a mere passenger because of how the drugs were hidden and “because ‘[h]e had access to parts of the car that were not normally accessible to a … Continue reading

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