Category Archives: Automobile exception

ND: Citizen informants are presumed reliable

Citizen informants are presumed reliable. Coupled with trash pulls and the informants’ reports of repeated short term stays at defendant’s house, there was probable cause. State v. Laverdure, 2019 ND 72, 2019 N.D. LEXIS 59 (Mar. 15, 2019). Officers had … Continue reading

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D.Conn.: No REP in airplane and contents by absent co-conspirator who claimed ownership

There was a “ramp check” authorized by FAA regulation of a private plane at an airport in Connecticut, essentially a traffic stop. It was admitted that a small quantity of marijuana was on the plane. The automobile exception applies to … Continue reading

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IN: Exigency permitted real time pinging of def’s cell phone

(1) There were exigent circumstances for pinging defendant’s cell phone based on exigent circumstances as recognized by state statute, and this is implicitly recognized by Carpenter. (2) Failure to file the search warrant papers within 72 hours as required by … Continue reading

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IA: PC for car search includes purse found in it

Probable cause for search of a car includes a woman’s purse found in the car. State v. Swenson, 2019 Iowa App. LEXIS 36 (Jan. 9, 2019). A dog sniff of a car doesn’t require reasonable suspicion or probable cause something … Continue reading

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D.Ariz.: A dog sniff of the person at the border is not “non-routine”

Defendant crossed into the U.S. at a pedestrian border crossing. A dog sniff of the person was conducted. “The Court finds that the intrusiveness of the canine search did not rise to the level of a non-routine search, which would … Continue reading

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W.D.Tex.: Def’s warrantless arrest in a casino by tribal officers was without PC; warrantless search of his car in parking lot suppressed

Tribal officers at a casino near El Paso watched on surveillance video defendant touch a rifle in his car but not pull it out when he was being harassed on the parking lot. They had reasonable suspicion to encounter him … Continue reading

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D.Mass.: Coded language on wiretap supported issuance of SW for house; inference of drug dealing was apparent

Evidence from the wiretap in coded language strongly supported the inference that defendant had drugs in his house. United States v. Flynn, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 209546 (D.Mass. Dec. 12, 2018).* Defendant was outside of his car walking away when … Continue reading

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D.Ariz.: Search of car on curtilage fails under Collins

The search of defendant’s car ostensibly under the automobile exception fails under Collins v. Virginia. It was clearly on the curtilage, and the exclusionary rule is applied. United States v. Bautista, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 197792 (D. Ariz. Nov. 20, … Continue reading

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NH: Def who borrowed car not prejudiced by five day delay in getting SW for it

Because defendant didn’t own the car he borrowed, he wasn’t prejudiced by the five day delay in getting a search warrant for it. State v. Stacey, 2018 N.H. LEXIS 208 (Nov. 2, 2018). State law requires automobile exception apply to … Continue reading

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FL1: Def’s car search outside his chain link fence was outside the curtilage

Defendant was stopped for a traffic offense, but he made it to his mobile home and parked outside the chain link fence. The court finds the car was outside the curtilage under Dunn when the stop and dog sniff occurred. … Continue reading

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N.D.Ind.: Mixed motive for traffic stop isn’t 4A violation as long as there is objective basis for RS

Defendant’s argument that the police must show only that they had a motive to investigate a traffic offense and not any criminal offenses that they already know about is foreclosed by Whren. A mixed motive is not unconstitutional. United States … Continue reading

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E.D.Mich.: Drugs don’t have to be forensically tested after a controlled buy for there to be PC

The CI was corroborated and the totality gives probable cause. The fact that the drugs were not tested prior to the search warrant doesn’t undermine the probable cause or good faith because the officer could tell what it probably was. … Continue reading

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