Category Archives: Automobile exception

OH2: Old arrest for weapons charge made patdown after jaywalking stop in high crime area reasonable

Jaywalking stop in a high crime drug area led to officers finding about years’ old prior arrest for weapons. It was not unreasonable to pat defendant down. There admittedly was no other suggestion of criminality. State v. Allen, 2021-Ohio-3047 (2d … Continue reading

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W.D.Tex.: Need for Spanish speaking officer contributed to reasonable extension of stop

Defendant’s traffic stop was reasonable to begin with, and the fact it took 50 minutes before the dog alert was justified under all the circumstances, including getting a Spanish speaking officer to the scene. United States v. Hernandez, 2021 U.S. … Continue reading

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CA4: Where the vehicle was seized with PC, the fact it took 13 days to search it in the impound lot wasn’t a 4A violation

“Additionally, when a warrantless search of a vehicle could have been conducted on the scene pursuant to the automobile exception, a warrantless search is also justified after the vehicle has been impounded and immobilized as long as probable cause still … Continue reading

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S.D.N.Y.: Lev Parnas can’t get discovery of Rudy Giuliani search for his own emails

Lev Parnas seeks discovery of Rudy Giuliani’s later search warrant return for his own emails. Denied as cumulative. He already has them. United States v. Parnas, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 131253 (S.D. N.Y. July 14, 2021).* Officers conducting the stop … Continue reading

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N.D.Cal.: “Hot watch” order for real time travel information isn’t disclosable yet; matter still under investigation

The government made an “Application request[ing] an order compelling Sabre, a travel technology firm, ‘to provide representatives of the FBI complete and contemporaneous ‘real time’ account activity’ for an individual subject to an arrest warrant—what the government refers to as … Continue reading

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CA8: A car with a flat tire is still inherently mobile for automobile exception

“The officers indisputably had probable cause to search Short’s vehicle, and an easily repairable flat tire did not cause the vehicle to lose its inherent mobility.” United States v. Short, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 19242 (8th Cir. June 29, 2021). … Continue reading

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ID: Automobile exception doesn’t apply to purse that used to be in car before PC developed

Defendant’s purse was not in the car at the time probable cause arose for the automobile exception to apply. Therefore, it did not apply to her purse. State v. Maloney, 2021 Ida. LEXIS 117 (June 28, 2021). “It is unnecessary … Continue reading

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N.D.Iowa: There is a REP in a wheelchair as an “effect”

Defendant had a reasonable expectation of privacy in his wheelchair where he’d hidden a gun. The automobile exception doesn’t apply to wheelchairs, and neither does Chadwick on the locked footlocker. The gun was seen by Walmart employees who called the … Continue reading

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OH10: Not challenging SW was strategic choice in self-defense case

Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not objecting to the search warrant because it would contradict his claim of self-defense. State v. Messenger, 2021-Ohio-2044, 2021 Ohio App. LEXIS 2017 (10th Dist. June 17, 2021) (see § 60.19) The issue here is … Continue reading

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D.D.C.: Videos referred to in criminal complaints in Capitol Riot Cases presumptively public records

The videos referred to in criminal complaints in the Capitol Riot Cases are presumptively public records. In Re: Press and Public Access to Video Exhibits in the Capitol Riot Cases, Misc. Action No. 21-46 (BAH) (D.D.C. May 14, 2021). A … Continue reading

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E.D.N.C.: Officer’s reach into car was search, but justified by automobile exception

The reach into defendant’s car was a search, but it was justified by the automobile exception. United States v. Joyner, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 68324 (E.D. N.C. Mar. 15, 2021). Defendant’s stop wasn’t unreasonably extended. “Although Officer Hambrock walked back … Continue reading

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S.D.N.Y.: Franks applies to court orders to remove children from home

In a child in need of services case, a well pled Franks violation can state a claim, but this one wasn’t. Grullon v. Administrator for Children’s Services, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 49614 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 16, 2021) (recognizing rule; citing Estiverne … Continue reading

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M.D.Tenn.: Def failed to show parole search was unreasonble

This parole search wasn’t shown to be unreasonable. “As discussed in the above cited case law, there is a significant government interest in combating recidivism and thwarting illegal drug activity by parolees. Defendant has failed to point to any direct … Continue reading

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CA7: Showing up for a controlled buy justifies automobile exception search

A prior controlled buy with defendant showing up for another one justifies a vehicle search under the automobile exception. United States v. Smith, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 6166 (7th Cir. Mar. 3, 2021). The trial court credited the officer’s testimony … Continue reading

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LA1: Automobile exception search is just as broad as permitted by SW

“Police officers who have legitimately stopped an automobile and who have probable cause to believe that contraband is concealed somewhere within it, may conduct a warrantless search of the vehicle as thoroughly as a magistrate could authorize. The scope of … Continue reading

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CA3: Warrant for roving wiretap didn’t have to call device a “cell site simulator” when it fully described it

The government obtained a roving wiretap for defendant’s cell phone with a cell site simulator. In the warrant application, they described in detail what a cell site simulator was, but it never said the words “cell site simulator.” It doesn’t … Continue reading

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AR: Reasonableness of a probation search has to be presented to revocation court first

Defendant didn’t argue in the revocation court that the probation search was unreasonable, so it can’t be argued on appeal. Mathis v. State, 2021 Ark. App. 49, 2021 Ark. App. LEXIS 57 (Feb. 3, 2021). Defendant was on release and … Continue reading

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D.Mass.: No REP in an apt wrongfully entered by def

Defendant had no objective reasonable expectation of privacy in an apartment he wrongfully entered and assaulted the occupant. A black case he kept there had a subjective expectation of privacy but not an objective one. United States v. John, 2021 … Continue reading

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CA6: With PC, car can be searched on impound lot

Officers had probable cause to search defendant’s car for a hidden gun while it was on the impound lot. The automobile exception or inventory applied, so no warrant was required. United States v. Nuyen, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 1608 (6th … Continue reading

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OH5: Def’s inordinate delay in finding car insurance card enabled reasonable dog sniff

The stop was delayed by defendant being unable to produce his proof of insurance, so the officer did not extend the stop to run a dog around the car during the wait. State v. Newman, 2021-Ohio-119, 2021 Ohio App. LEXIS … Continue reading

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