Category Archives: Automobile exception

WY: Stop was factually justified even if pretextual

“Despite the stop of the Tacoma being pretextual due to information provided by Agent Ford, Trooper Hobbs based the initial traffic stop upon a personally witnessed violation of the law. Thus, [Mr. Simmons’] rights under both the Wyoming Constitution and … Continue reading

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W.D.N.Y.: Finding a gun during an automobile exception search doesn’t mean the search should end

Having found a gun during an automobile exception search, the officers weren’t obliged to stop the search. United States v. Green, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 180561 (W.D. N.Y. Sept. 30, 2020). A CI’s information was reasonable suspicion for a probation … Continue reading

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S.D.Ga.: Where def lost 4A claim on merits, he can’t relitigate it as an IAC claim

“Petitioner already presented his suppression argument to the Eleventh Circuit, and it was rejected. He now attempts to relitigate the claim by cloaking it in an ineffective assistance claim. However, Petitioner fails to establish Mr. Crowder’s decision not to pursue … Continue reading

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OH11: Def’s admission he was wearing same shoes as the day of the murder was plain view

Defendant’s admission at his police interview that he was wearing the same shoes as the time of the murder justified seizure of the shoes as plain view. State v. Thomas, 2020-Ohio-4635, 2020 Ohio App. LEXIS 3482 (11th Dist. Sept. 28, … Continue reading

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D.N.H.: State liquor agents’ entry into public areas of licensee was reasonable as under administrative authority

NH state liquor agents didn’t violate the Fourth Amendment by entering public space of a regulated establishment to issue verbal warnings. The state supreme court has already held that liquor licensees were highly regulated businesses. E. Coast Serv. Indus. Co. … Continue reading

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TX7: Trial court’s initially misstating burden of proof was on def was corrected in the ultimate findings

The trial court first stated that the burden on consent was on the defendant, but the ultimate findings of fact and conclusions of law concluded that the state proved it by sufficient evidence. This corrected the previous mistake, and the … Continue reading

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CA5: Text messages on state employee’s state-issued cell phone were reasonably searched under Quon

The search of text messages on a state administrative enforcement officer’s state issued cell phone was reasonable under City of Ontario v. Quon. Tingle v. Hebert, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 26057 (5th Cir. Aug. 17, 2020). Defendant’s renting a car … Continue reading

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CA1: Inventory was shown to be investigative; suppression affirmed

“All in all, it seems inescapable that the officers seized Del Rosario’s car so that they could search it for evidence of a crime, and that they later sought to justify the search by invoking the community-caretaking exception. And while … Continue reading

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CA6: Def showed no REP in package with a fake name sent to his house

Defendant showed no reasonable expectation of privacy in a package addressed to a fake name at his address. United States v. James, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 22766 (6th Cir. July 21, 2020). Defendant failed to show that the challenged statements … Continue reading

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W.D.Ky.: Automobile exception search doesn’t have to be done promptly

Where the stop and seizure of the vehicle was with probable cause, its automobile exception search could occur later. United States v. Brown, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 120634 (W.D. Ky. July 9, 2020).* A private person finding defendant’s SD card … Continue reading

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TN: Issue of issuing magistrate’s jurisdiction moot by automobile exception

Defendant’s dispute over whether the judge issuing the search warrant had jurisdiction over the vehicle from which DNA was taken because it was located in a different county is moot. The officers had probable cause in investigating a bloody homicide, … Continue reading

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TN: Without findings of fact, the appellate court can review the dashcam video and draw its own conclusions

The trial court didn’t make findings of fact, so the appellate court can review the dashcam video and draw its own conclusions. “The trial court reviewed the testimony of the only witness and made an implicit finding that his testimony … Continue reading

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E.D.Wis.: Open container in car justified search

An open container violation is an offense justifying a search of a vehicle for more. United States v. Hoskins, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 90256 (E.D. Wis. May 22, 2020).* The stop reached the level of reasonable suspicion before dispatch responded, … Continue reading

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NY3: With PC and automobile exception, any hidden compartment can be searched

A probable cause search of a vehicle includes any hidden compartments. Here, they were apparent to the officers. People v. Kalabakas, 2020 NY Slip Op 02954, 2020 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 3066 (3d Dept. May 21, 2020).

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NE: Def’s purse could be searched under automobile exception even though it had already been removed from car

Defendant’s purse was validly searched under the automobile exception after the backup officer smelled marijuana coming from the car. It didn’t matter that it wasn’t in the car at the time of the search. State v. Lang, 305 Neb. 726 … Continue reading

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D.N.M.: Vehicle already searched under the automobile exception can be searched again at police station

A vehicle already searched under the automobile exception can be searched again after it is removed to the police lot. United States v. Mazon, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 64813 (D. N.M. Apr. 13, 2020). The Texas trial court didn’t err … Continue reading

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