Category Archives: Automobile exception

E.D.N.C.: Officer’s reach into car was search, but justified by automobile exception

The reach into defendant’s car was a search, but it was justified by the automobile exception. United States v. Joyner, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 68324 (E.D. N.C. Mar. 15, 2021). Defendant’s stop wasn’t unreasonably extended. “Although Officer Hambrock walked back … Continue reading

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S.D.N.Y.: Franks applies to court orders to remove children from home

In a child in need of services case, a well pled Franks violation can state a claim, but this one wasn’t. Grullon v. Administrator for Children’s Services, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 49614 (S.D.N.Y. Mar. 16, 2021) (recognizing rule; citing Estiverne … Continue reading

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M.D.Tenn.: Def failed to show parole search was unreasonble

This parole search wasn’t shown to be unreasonable. “As discussed in the above cited case law, there is a significant government interest in combating recidivism and thwarting illegal drug activity by parolees. Defendant has failed to point to any direct … Continue reading

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CA7: Showing up for a controlled buy justifies automobile exception search

A prior controlled buy with defendant showing up for another one justifies a vehicle search under the automobile exception. United States v. Smith, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 6166 (7th Cir. Mar. 3, 2021). The trial court credited the officer’s testimony … Continue reading

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LA1: Automobile exception search is just as broad as permitted by SW

“Police officers who have legitimately stopped an automobile and who have probable cause to believe that contraband is concealed somewhere within it, may conduct a warrantless search of the vehicle as thoroughly as a magistrate could authorize. The scope of … Continue reading

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CA3: Warrant for roving wiretap didn’t have to call device a “cell site simulator” when it fully described it

The government obtained a roving wiretap for defendant’s cell phone with a cell site simulator. In the warrant application, they described in detail what a cell site simulator was, but it never said the words “cell site simulator.” It doesn’t … Continue reading

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AR: Reasonableness of a probation search has to be presented to revocation court first

Defendant didn’t argue in the revocation court that the probation search was unreasonable, so it can’t be argued on appeal. Mathis v. State, 2021 Ark. App. 49, 2021 Ark. App. LEXIS 57 (Feb. 3, 2021). Defendant was on release and … Continue reading

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D.Mass.: No REP in an apt wrongfully entered by def

Defendant had no objective reasonable expectation of privacy in an apartment he wrongfully entered and assaulted the occupant. A black case he kept there had a subjective expectation of privacy but not an objective one. United States v. John, 2021 … Continue reading

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CA6: With PC, car can be searched on impound lot

Officers had probable cause to search defendant’s car for a hidden gun while it was on the impound lot. The automobile exception or inventory applied, so no warrant was required. United States v. Nuyen, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 1608 (6th … Continue reading

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OH5: Def’s inordinate delay in finding car insurance card enabled reasonable dog sniff

The stop was delayed by defendant being unable to produce his proof of insurance, so the officer did not extend the stop to run a dog around the car during the wait. State v. Newman, 2021-Ohio-119, 2021 Ohio App. LEXIS … Continue reading

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N.D.Ohio: Regular borrowing of a vehicle gave def standing when he had it; affidavit “bare bones” so no GFE

Defendant’s regular borrowing of a vehicle gave him standing in the vehicle when he was driving it. “In sum, the affidavit in support of the December 8, 2017 search warrant fails to provide the requisite ‘“nexus between the place to … Continue reading

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Cal.4: Drunk in public with a vehicle justifies a vehicle search under the automobile exception

Drunk in public with a vehicle justifies a vehicle search under the automobile exception. People v. Sims, 2021 Cal. App. LEXIS 33 (4th Dist. Jan. 12, 2021). A search warrant that resulted in a search where three buildings were on … Continue reading

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S.D.N.Y.: Littering from a livery cab justified stop and search of the cab

A littering offense from a livery cab in NYC justified a stop of the cab and entering it for further evidence of the crime. That resulted in a plain view. United States v. Abreu, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 1945 (S.D. … Continue reading

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PA state const. requires actual exigency for automobile exception

Resolving tension in its cases, Pennsylvania holds that its state automobile exception requires both probable cause and an actual exigency. Commonwealth v. Alexander, 2020 Pa. LEXIS 6439 (Dec. 22, 2020):

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OR: The fact some people lie is not RS

The officer had no subjective or objective reasonable suspicion that the vehicle defendant was driving, his mother’s, was without her permission, just become some people lie. State v. Smith, 308 Ore. App. 84 (Dec. 16, 2020). Defendant was claimed to … Continue reading

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OH5: 911 hang-up call is treated as presumptively an emergency until shown otherwise

In Ohio, a 911 hang-up call is treated as presumptively an emergency until shown otherwise. State v. Walter, 2020-Ohio-6772, 2020 Ohio App. LEXIS 4622 (5th Dist. Dec. 17, 2020). A police officer’s property was searched under a warrant. The warrant … Continue reading

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S.D.Ga.: A vehicle search doesn’t have to happen as soon as PC develops; prudent to wait for backup

“Defendant retorts that, if in fact Sgt. Concepcion discovered the marijuana odor early in the traffic stop, he should have begun the search immediately rather than waiting for the arrival of Investigator Gould, citing no caselaw in support. The Court … Continue reading

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IL: PC for open container in car permitted search of locked glove compartment

Probable cause that a vehicle had open containers in it permitted a search of the locked glove compartment because it was a place where an open container could be. People v. McGhee, 2020 IL App (3d) 180349, 2020 Ill. App. … Continue reading

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N.D.Ohio: Transporting package in anticipatory warrant from apt complex office to own apt doesn’t give PC for the car

In a controlled delivery case, the package was left at an apartment building office, and then defendant moved it to his apartment by his car. Still, there was no probable cause for search of his car. United States v. Reid, … Continue reading

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KS: GFE applies to blood draw before court held it unconstitutional

“Applying State v. Perkins, 310 Kan. 764, 449 P.3d 756 (2019), to the circumstances of this case, the good-faith exception to the exclusionary rule applies and allowed the district court to consider the results of a blood test for blood … Continue reading

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