Category Archives: Automobile exception

IN: When AE applies, the fact def walked away from the car doesn’t prevent search

Where there was probable cause and the automobile exception applied, the fact defendant walked away from the vehicle didn’t prohibit its search. Cleveland v. State, 2019 Ind. App. LEXIS 316 (July 15, 2019). Defendant was apparently asleep parked in an … Continue reading

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W.D.Ark.: Speaking Spanish isn’t even a factor in RS or PC for a vehicle search

The fact the driver of a car spoke Spanish was not reasonable suspicion or probable cause because at least 10% of the U.S. population speaks Spanish. The search of the car was without probable cause, and the exclusionary would be … Continue reading

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M.D.Fla.: Record supports def abandoned CD-Rom of CP

The record supports the conclusion that defendant abandoned a CD-Rom of child pornography, and defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not pursuing it. Rogers v. Sec’y, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 107788 (M.D. Fla. June 27, 2019).* The trial court’s finding there … Continue reading

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CA9: The smell of marijuana from a car in a recreational use state is still PC

The smell of marijuana from a car in Nevada where recreational use is permitted is still probable cause because state law doesn’t permit smoking in a car. United States v. Gray, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS 19095 (9th Cir. June 26, … Continue reading

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MS: No passenger standing in car despite well-secreted drugs

Defendant argued he had standing in a car because he was more than a mere passenger because of how the drugs were hidden and “because ‘[h]e had access to parts of the car that were not normally accessible to a … Continue reading

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ME: No standing in co-conspirator’s CSLI even when they were tracked together

Defendant lacked standing to contest the CSLI acquisition of his co-conspirator’s cell phone when the police were looking for both. The same rule applies to his Fourth Amendment claim and his claim under Maine’s Electronic Device Location Information Act. State … Continue reading

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NC: Going to back door after no answer in a knock-and-talk violates Jardines

Police went to do a knock-and-talk and nobody answered at the front door. Going to the back door, ostensibly as an extension of the knock-and-talk, violated curtilage under Jardines. What was seen went into a search warrant application, and it … Continue reading

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N.D.Ala.: Protective sweep of nearby shed on def’s arrest in wooded area valid

Defendant was arrested in an open wooded area, and the protective sweep of a shed near him was valid. United States v. Flanagan, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 100047 (N.D. Ala. May 29, 2019), adopted, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 99228 (N.D. … Continue reading

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DE: Def was subjected to a warrantless CSLI search in 2016, and Carpenter came before judgment was entered; CSLI was harmless BRD here

Defendant was the subject of a CSLI order issued without probable cause in 2016 to connect him to a murder. Carpenter was issued before he was sentenced and thus applies to his case. [Without even discussing the good faith exception … Continue reading

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E.D.Mich.: Jones didn’t alter the automobile exception

The automobile exception is intact as it always was, and Jones didn’t do anything to change the calculus. United States v. Lee, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 99900 (E.D. Mich. June 14, 2019). The government proved that it would have otherwise … Continue reading

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OH12: Automobile exception search permits search of locked toolbox

With a dog alert on a car, the search of a locked toolbox under the automobile exception was permissible. State v. Sullivan, 2019-Ohio-2279, 2019 Ohio App. LEXIS 2372 (12th Dist. June 10, 2019). Exigent circumstances could not be used to … Continue reading

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NY3: Officer’s subjective intent to search doesn’t matter where there was PC under automobile exception

The officer’s alleged subjective intent to search didn’t matter because there was justification under the automobile exception anyway. People v. HinesPeople v. HinesPeople v. Hines, 2019 NY Slip Op 03853, 2019 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 3884 (3d Dept. May 16, … Continue reading

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