Category Archives: Ineffective assistance

E.D.Mich.: Listing inventory on police report and not inventory sheet not unreasonable

“Therefore, the officers’ decision to list the items recovered during the inventory search in the Incident Report and not on the Impound Report does not invalidate the inventory search.” United States v. Morris, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 182946 (E.D.Mich. Sept. … Continue reading

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D.Conn.: Handcuffing a concealed carry permit holder was without RS and unreasonable

“In light of the uncontested fact that Plaintiff presented his pistol permit to Defendant before or at the time he disclosed that he was in possession of a pistol and the absence of any other indicia that Plaintiff was otherwise … Continue reading

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CA10: Order to get out of car doesn’t unreasonably extend stop

The officer’s order for defendant to get out of the car was reasonable and did not unreasonably prolong the stop. United States v. Malone, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 26136 (10th Cir. Aug. 30, 2021). “While Fisk brings his assignment of … Continue reading

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CA8: Some evidence of nexus saves SW under GFE

Under the good faith exception, executing officers are entitled to rely on the magistrate judge’s nexus finding with some actual basis they can reasonably rely on, even if it technically might have been wrong. United States v. Barnes, 2021 U.S. … Continue reading

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DC: PO’s turning over supervisee’s GPS tracking to police not unreasonable

Defendant on probation in D.C. was supervised by the Court Supervision and Offender Services Agency. After he violated terms of probation, he was placed on GPS monitoring. It was not unreasonable for CSOSA to share that information with D.C. Metro … Continue reading

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W.D.N.Y.: Govt’s failure to raise GFE before USMJ is waiver

Government waived the good faith exception by not raising it before the USMJ. United States v. Stearns, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 154919 (W.D.N.Y. Aug. 17, 2021). The trial court didn’t make sufficient findings on whether a handgun in plain view … Continue reading

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NE: No REP in cell in pretrial detention for evidence of witness tampering; also, SW obtained

The state got a search warrant for a pretrial detainee’s county jail cell for evidence of witness tampering. The search was not institutional security. The trial court suppressed, but the court of appeals reversed: there is no reasonable expectation of … Continue reading

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CA8: Three controlled buys via cell phone was PC for wiretap

Nexus and probable cause for a cell phone wiretap is the same standard as under the Fourth Amendment. “The CS performed three controlled buys by communicating with the cellphone number that was wiretapped. Further, the CS identified the number as … Continue reading

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N.D.N.Y.: Stone also bars arrest claims

Lack of probable cause for an arrest is also not cognizable in habeas under Stone v. Powell. Shortell v. Kickbush, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 146938 (N.D.N.Y. Aug. 5, 2021). Defendant’s 2255 search and seizure IAC claim is really just an … Continue reading

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S.D.Fla.: PC for constructive possession shown; def doesn’t have to handle firearm in video

There was probable cause for defendant’s constructive possession of a firearm. The government didn’t have to show he was in actual possession for probable cause. He also presumably knew he had a prior conviction to support his being a felon … Continue reading

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E.D.Mo.: Flight is part of the RS calculus

Defendant fled from a police stop, and he wasn’t seized until the police laid hands on him. The hunch he was carrying a gun was correct. “First, as Officer Nash was attempting to exit his marked police car to engage … Continue reading

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E.D.Wis.: Citing forfeiture seizure statute in SW application and warrant doesn’t require forfeiture, too

The government sought a search warrant under Rule 41 and also cited the forfeiture seizure statute, 18 U.S.C. § 983. Failure to seek forfeiture doesn’t void the search. United States v. Palma, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 137870 (E.D.Wis. May 27, … Continue reading

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CA6: DEA can get state SWs and assist in state investigations, then go federal

DEA officers can get search warrants in federal investigations from state judges for state law violations aiding state officers. That doesn’t violate the Fourth Amendment or Rule 41. And, there is also the good faith exception. United States v. Williams, … Continue reading

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NY2: Collective knowledge requires proof of the knowledge

The state relied on the fellow officer rule. “Although there were references to eavesdropping warrants that had been obtained for the defendant’s and her codefendant’s phones, the People inexplicably failed to offer any evidence at the hearing to establish that … Continue reading

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CA5: Motion for return of property erroneously dismissed; pet’r may have no other remedy

The district court erred in dismissing appellant’s petition for return of documents under Rule 41(g) seized under a warrant with alleged attorney-client privileged materials. If no charges are brought, there will be no motion to suppress. Harbor Healthcare Sys., L.P. … Continue reading

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D.Ariz.: 4A IAC claim fails for failing to show how outcome would change and because 4A wasn’t violated

“Movant argues that the warrantless search and seizure of the victim’s blood-stained clothing violated his Fourth Amendment rights and that his trial counsel’s failure to challenge the search and seizure was ineffective assistance because ‘there exists more than a reasonable … Continue reading

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AK: Checking IDs of passengers in traffic stop requires RS under AK Constitution

In a traffic stop, obtaining the passenger’s ID to check for warrants without reasonable suspicion violates the state constitution. Perozzo v. State, 2021 Alas. App. LEXIS 87 (July 9, 2021). Defendant’s ineffective assistance of counsel claim for failure to object … Continue reading

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S.D.W.Va.: Def unaware he was blocked in his car wasn’t “seized”

“Inasmuch as Mr. Mitchem was unaware that his car was blocked given his somnambulant state, the mere blocking of his vehicle is of no Fourth Amendment consequence.” United States v. Mitchem, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 118388 (S.D. W.Va. June 25, … Continue reading

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CA2: DL address is “reason to believe” where def lives for entry on arrest warrant

Defendant’s DL had the address where the police entered on an arrest warrant, and it led to a plain view. The DL address was “reason to believe” it was his address. United States v. Johnson, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 18491 … Continue reading

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OH10: Not challenging SW was strategic choice in self-defense case

Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not objecting to the search warrant because it would contradict his claim of self-defense. State v. Messenger, 2021-Ohio-2044, 2021 Ohio App. LEXIS 2017 (10th Dist. June 17, 2021) (see § 60.19) The issue here is … Continue reading

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