Category Archives: Dog sniff

CO: In this recreational MJ use state, a dog sniff is a “search,” and a positive alert isn’t PC a crime is occurring

Use of a drug dog on a car is a “search” in marijuana recreational use Colorado, and a dog alert which could be of either legal or illegal substances is not probable cause. People v. McKnight, 2017 COA 93, 2017 … Continue reading

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NJ rejects a RS requirement for all vehicle dog sniffs

New Jersey adopts the Fourth Amendment standard of Rodriguez, and reasonable suspicion is not required for a dog sniff of a car unless the stop is prolonged for the sniff beyond the mission of the stop. State v. Dunbar, 2017 … Continue reading

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MI: Video showed the stop was extended without RS

Defendant’s seizure after a traffic stop was without reasonable suspicion under Rodriguez. “We have reviewed the relevant testimony as well as the complete video/audio recording of the encounter from Daniels’s first observation of defendant’s car through the arrest. On the … Continue reading

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S.D.Ill.: Officer’s intentional delay in ticketing process made stop violate Rodriguez

Officer’s intentionally delaying the ticket writing process until the drug dog was on its way was intentional delay without reasonable suspicion under Rodriguez. United States v. Rodriguez-Escalera, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 95848 (S.D. Ill. June 21, 2017):

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IL: A dog sniff on the third floor apartment doors of an unlocked building violated Jardines

A dog sniff on the third floor apartment doors of an unlocked building violated Jardines. The sniff occurred two years after Jardines. People v. Bonilla, 2017 IL App (3d) 160457, 2017 Ill. App. LEXIS 380 (June 14, 2017):

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S.D.Ohio: Dog sniff during the initial part of stop by another officer was reasonable

Getting one of two occupants out of a car during a stop to separate them was reasonable in any traffic stop. That wasn’t a “detention,” and the dog sniff occurring during that part of the stop was reasonable. United States … Continue reading

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ND: Drug dog arriving before stop completed could sniff before stop ended

Because the drug dog arrived nearly at the same time as the officer making the traffic stop, the dog sniff on the highway did not extend the stop under Rodriguez. State v. Phelps, 2017 ND 141, 2017 N.D. LEXIS 134 … Continue reading

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N.D.Ala.: Nailed down plywood sheet wasn’t subject to removal under protective sweep but other exigency for search shown

Police entered because of a hostage situation. Removal of a nailed down plywood cover wasn’t valid as a protective sweep, but it was under exigent circumstances. United States v. Cooks, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 83992 (N.D.Ala. April 28, 2017), adopted, … Continue reading

Posted in Dog sniff, Emergency / exigency, Protective sweep | Comments Off

N.D.Tex.: Defendant doesn’t show that the officer’s waving his hand near the car was a handler cue to the dog

Defendant doesn’t show that the officer’s waving his hand near the car was a handler cue to the dog. It was part of the dog training. The stop wasn’t unreasonably extended because defendant wasn’t answering questions, and he even produced … Continue reading

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W.D.Mo.: Driveway not curtilage for dog sniff of car

Relying on United States v. Beene, 818 F.3d 157 (5th Cir. 2016) (posted here), defendant’s car parked on the driveway in front of his home was subject to a dog sniff as if it was on the street. Because of … Continue reading

Posted in Automobile exception, Curtilage, Dog sniff, Inventory | Comments Off