Category Archives: Burden of pleading

E.D.Ky.: Pleading a constitutional violation without saying how preserves nothing for review

“Cruz next present a series of direct challenges, obviously hoping one will stick. He generally asserts that his ‘conviction and sentence are violative of the First, Second, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Eighth Amendments to the Constitution.’ (DE 32, at 7). … Continue reading

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IA: The facts showing RS can also add up to PC

The facts supporting reasonable suspicion to stop defendant were enough for probable cause, and add to that the fact defendant slowed down and tossed a baggie of marijuana from the car. Mention in a search warrant of a Nevada drug … Continue reading

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OH8: State had to argue plain view to trial court to argue it on appeal

The state’s plain view argument wasn’t pressed in the trial court, so it can’t be a basis for appeal. Even on the merits, the state loses because the stop was invalid, and the detention unreasonable all before the alleged plain … Continue reading

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AR: Argument that SW was required not subpoena for text messages that came day after admission into evidence was waived

The defense argument that text messages were obtained by subpoena not search warrant was not preserved for review when the defense waited until the next day to object. Even if it had been preserved, the argument wasn’t fully developed, and … Continue reading

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LA1: Changing suppression issue on appeal from lack of PC to arrest to an unreasonable search is waiver of the issue

Defendant’s motion changed from probable cause to arrest to whether there was an unreasonable search and seizure between the suppression hearing and the appeal. Thus, the issue for appeal wasn’t presented to the trial court, so it’s not preserved for … Continue reading

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LA1: Not filing a motion and putting on proof on suppression issue gets it denied; but we’ll let you try it again

Making a constitutional argument about the implied consent law in opening statement and closing argument without a motion or briefing it is insufficient. Yet, remanded so he can do it again. [Not in most states; it would be denied and … Continue reading

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GA: An issue briefed but not heard at the suppression hearing was fairly presented and preserved

A newer issue raised in a post-hearing brief on the motion to suppress was a part of the motion when it was decided by the trial court. A padlock on a door and a fan running inside does not support … Continue reading

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CA10: You can’t tell the court it needs to apply the independent source case law a certain way and then complain on appeal that it did what you asked

This case started with hotel housekeeping coming in to clean a room and seeing obvious drug paraphernalia. The police were called, and they were shown. A search warrant was prepared showing probable cause to connect defendants to the room by … Continue reading

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PA: Private university public safety conducted dorm searches for drugs after drug induced fight; it was a private search

Defendant was a student at Villanova University. There was a violent confrontation in a dorm between students who had admitted ingesting likely too much LSD. The University’s Public Safety Department and University officials conducted dorm searches. They had no arrest … Continue reading

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CA4: Pre-Carpenter gathering of CSLI subject to GFE

Pre-Carpenter gathering of CSLI subject to good faith exception. United States v. Christian, 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 25580 (4th Cir. Sep. 10, 2018). Defendant didn’t object to the R&R recommending denial of his search claim, and the R&R is adopted. … Continue reading

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CA11: Hot pursuit of a misdemeanant into a dwelling is permitted by the 4A

Hot pursuit of a misdemeanant into a dwelling is permitted by the Fourth Amendment, and observation of drugs was valid. United States v. Concepcion, 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 25001 (11th Cir. Sep. 4, 2018). Defendant’s claim that his confession was … Continue reading

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W.D.Ky.: Facially valid arrest warrant not undermined by def’s claim he had an alibi for crime

Defendant argues that the execution of the arrest warrant on him in his own house was invalid because he had an alibi for the time of the crime. That’s not up to the executing officers. The warrant was facially valid. … Continue reading

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