Category Archives: Burden of pleading

CA3: Def’s trespass argument of using key to find door was interesting, but waived

Defendant raises an interesting argument, but it’s raised for the first time on appeal and thus waived: “Wheeler next argues that under the trespass theory of the Fourth Amendment articulated in United States v. Jones, 565 U.S. 400 (2012) and … Continue reading

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W.D.Mo.: Unaccounted for gun and likely presence of another inside was exigency for entry to look for it

Defendant was arrested outside his house, and a firearm expected to be on him was not found during his search incident. There was expected to be another person in the house, and that, coupled with the unaccounted for gun, was … Continue reading

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CA7: “This is a hornbook example of how to waive an argument on appeal.”

“This is a hornbook example of how to waive an argument on appeal.” The search issue presented on appeal was never presented to the trial court. “[P]arties cannot conjure up brand new legal theories on appeal like this. Failing to … Continue reading

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CA9: Claim that SW was defective on face wasn’t preserved in district court

The specific argument the search warrant was defective on its face wasn’t encompassed within the motion to suppress, so it’s waived for appeal. United States v. Robinson, 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 14097 (9th Cir. May 29, 2018). The basis of … Continue reading

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OR: Def adequately pled 4A and argued substance to preserve issue for appeal

Defendant preserved her Fourth Amendment claim by citing it in the motion and by arguing at the hearing the stop was impermissibly extended. “Although the question is close, we agree with defendant that her Fourth Amendment argument is adequately preserved … Continue reading

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CA10: A verbal judicial order to enter a house to take a child into custody is the equivalent of a warrant

A verbal judicial order to enter a house to take a child into custody is the equivalent of a warrant. Duran v. Muse, 2018 U.S. App. LEXIS 11481 (10th Cir. May 3, 2018). Motion to suppress was untimely and denied … Continue reading

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NY4: Def’s actions supported PC for a body SW

Officers executing a search warrant saw defendant acting like he had something hidden in the back of his pants. Defendant’s squirming and clenching his butt strongly suggested to the officer that he had drugs hidden in his rectum. The search … Continue reading

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W.D.N.Y.: “Affidavit of personal knowledge” to show standing isn’t satisfied by the officer’s police reports

The Second Circuit requires an affidavit of personal knowledge to establish standing to contest a search. The officer’s report wasn’t enough just because the officer believed that defendant’s residence was the target of the search. United States v. Lewis, 2018 … Continue reading

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N.D.Ind.: A motion for new trial is too late to raise new grounds to suppress

Defendant litigated a motion to suppress and lost. In a motion for new trial, he raised new grounds, and this is rejected as untimely. United States v. Bishop, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 57353 (N.D. Ind. Apr. 4, 2018). Defendant’s stop … Continue reading

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MS: “Catch all” phrase in SW that permitted seizure of that which was found in plain view was merely a restatement of the plain view doctrine

A “catch all” phrase that permitted seizure of that which was found in the course of a valid search was merely a restatement of the plain view doctrine, and that doesn’t justify suppression. Defendant’s other scope of search claim was … Continue reading

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OK: Plain error review of SW fails for lack of a record

Defendant didn’t challenge the search warrant for his DNA in the trial court, so the issue is addressed on plain error. Since the search warrant and affidavit in support aren’t in the record, defendant fails in bringing up a record … Continue reading

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IA: IAC Franks claim was speculative; def claims no facts at all

Defendant filed an ineffective assistance of counsel claim alleging that if defense counsel had investigated the officer’s allegations he’d have found a Franks challenge. This was purely speculative because not a word was provided about what such an investigation would … Continue reading

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