- NC: Going to back door after no answer in a knock-and-talk violates Jardines
- OH2: Owner of real property has no power to consent to search of visitor’s or co-tenant’s property
- KY: A court order doesn’t need to be titled “search warrant” to be considered one.
- KY: State’s comment on refusal to consent to DUI test was prejudicial and error
- CA3: Doing drug deals from the car parked behind the house was nexus
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Fourth Amendment cases,
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"If it was easy, everybody would be doing it. It isn't, and they don't."
“I am still learning.”
—Domenico Giuntalodi (but misattributed to Michelangelo Buonarroti (common phrase throughout 1500's)).
"Love work; hate mastery over others; and avoid intimacy with the government."
—Shemaya, in the Thalmud
"A system of law that not only makes certain conduct criminal, but also lays down rules for the conduct of the authorities, often becomes complex in its application to individual cases, and will from time to time produce imperfect results, especially if one's attention is confined to the particular case at bar. Some criminals do go free because of the necessity of keeping government and its servants in their place. That is one of the costs of having and enforcing a Bill of Rights. This country is built on the assumption that the cost is worth paying, and that in the long run we are all both freer and safer if the Constitution is strictly enforced."
—Williams v. Nix, 700 F. 2d 1164, 1173 (8th Cir. 1983) (Richard Sheppard Arnold, J.), rev'd Nix v. Williams, 467 US. 431 (1984).
"The criminal goes free, if he must, but it is the law that sets him free. Nothing can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws, or worse, its disregard of the charter of its own existence."
—Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643, 659 (1961).
"Any costs the exclusionary rule are costs imposed directly by the Fourth Amendment."
—Yale Kamisar, 86 Mich.L.Rev. 1, 36 n. 151 (1987).
"There have been powerful hydraulic pressures throughout our history that bear heavily on the Court to water down constitutional guarantees and give the police the upper hand. That hydraulic pressure has probably never been greater than it is today."
— Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 39 (1968) (Douglas, J., dissenting).
"The great end, for which men entered into society, was to secure their property."
—Entick v. Carrington, 19 How.St.Tr. 1029, 1066, 95 Eng. Rep. 807 (C.P. 1765)
"It is a fair summary of history to say that the safeguards of liberty have frequently been forged in controversies involving not very nice people. And so, while we are concerned here with a shabby defrauder, we must deal with his case in the context of what are really the great themes expressed by the Fourth Amendment."
—United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56, 69 (1950) (Frankfurter, J., dissenting)
"The course of true law pertaining to searches and seizures, as enunciated here, has not–to put it mildly–run smooth."
—Chapman v. United States, 365 U.S. 610, 618 (1961) (Frankfurter, J., concurring).
"A search is a search, even if it happens to disclose nothing but the bottom of a turntable."
—Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.S. 321, 325 (1987)
"For the Fourth Amendment protects people, not places. What a person knowingly exposes to the public, even in his own home or office, is not a subject of Fourth Amendment protection. ... But what he seeks to preserve as private, even in an area accessible to the public, may be constitutionally protected."
—Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347, 351 (1967)
“Experience should teach us to be most on guard to protect liberty when the Government’s purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding.”
—United States v. Olmstead, 277 U.S. 438, 479 (1925) (Brandeis, J., dissenting)
“Liberty—the freedom from unwarranted intrusion by government—is as easily lost through insistent nibbles by government officials who seek to do their jobs too well as by those whose purpose it is to oppress; the piranha can be as deadly as the shark.”
—United States v. $124,570, 873 F.2d 1240, 1246 (9th Cir. 1989)
"You can't always get what you want / But if you try sometimes / You just might find / You get what you need."
—Mick Jagger & Keith Richards
"In Germany, they first came for the communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Catholic. Then they came for me–and by that time there was nobody left to speak up."
—Martin Niemöller (1945) [he served seven years in a concentration camp]
“You know, most men would get discouraged by now. Fortunately for you, I am not most men!”"The point of the Fourth Amendment, which often is not grasped by zealous officers, is not that it denies law enforcement the support of the usual inferences which reasonable men draw from evidence. Its protection consists in requiring that those inferences be drawn by a neutral and detached magistrate instead of being judged by the officer engaged in the often competitive enterprise of ferreting out crime."
---Pepé Le Pew
—Johnson v. United States, 333 U.S. 10, 13-14 (1948)
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Category Archives: Excessive force
News 5 Cleveland: Video shows 2 Cuyahoga Co. Jail officers beat inmate in restraint chair by Ian Cross: CLEVELAND — Newly-released video shows two Cuyahoga County Jail officers brutally beating a restrained inmate back in March of this year; both … Continue reading
N.D.Ala.: Def counsel not ineffective for not raising flash bang device as justifying suppression of the search that followed
Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not filing a motion to suppress that use of a flash bang device was excessive force and justified suppression because it wouldn’t be under Herring. Also, defense counsel’s failure to challenge defendant’s arrest wasn’t ineffective … Continue reading
BuzzFeed.news: “Good Day for a Choke Hold” by Emily Hoerner & Rick Tulsky: A review of the Facebook accounts of thousands of officers around the US — the largest database of its kind — found officers endorsing violence against Muslims, … Continue reading
“After defendants took plaintiff to the ground, he still did not comply with instructions to put his hands behind his back. Plaintiff’s hands were beneath him, and defendants reasonably believed that he may have been reaching for a weapon. It … Continue reading
Obtaining a search warrant with a narrative affidavit, inter alia, is hardly outrageous governmental conduct warranting dismissal. United States v. Ortiz, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 17455 (D. Minn. Feb. 4, 2019).* Plaintiff’s excessive force claim against a probation search which … Continue reading
SCOTUS: In QI in excessive force cases, a “clearly established” right needs to be defined with specificity
In confronting qualified immunity in excessive force cases, a “clearly established” right needs to be defined with specificity. City of Escondido v. Emmons, 17-1660 (U.S. Jan. 7, 2019) (per curiam) [pdf at 27]:
The grant of qualified immunity to the officer shooting defendant during execution of a warrant was not contrary to clearly established law. Comparing cases that show the use of deadly force was reasonable; however, isn’t helpful where excessive force is … Continue reading
Plaintiff filed a 1983 claim against the officers who searched his place while his criminal appeal was pending. The illegal search claim is barred by Heck v. Humphrey because it implies the invalidity of the conviction. His excessive force claim, … Continue reading
NYLJ: NYPD Cop Beaten by Fellow Officers During 911 Call Gains $8M Judgment by Andrew Denney: A federal judge has signed off on an $8 million judgment in favor of a New York City police officer who was brutally beaten … Continue reading
LA Times: Gov. Jerry Brown signs landmark laws that unwind decades of secrecy surrounding police misconduct, use of force
LA Times: Gov. Jerry Brown signs landmark laws that unwind decades of secrecy surrounding police misconduct, use of force by Liam Dillon and Maya Lau: Gov. Jerry Brown ushered in a new era of transparency in California law enforcement on … Continue reading
The excessive force faction of the Fourth Amendment does not apply to property damage claims. Quality Care Daycare Bup, LLC v. Jones, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 166292 (D. Md. Sep. 27, 2018). [Plead unreasonableness] In a scheme involving fraudulently obtaining … Continue reading
Plaintiff’s § 1983 case is a replay of his search issue he lost in state court, so it’s barred by Heck v. Humphrey. Wells v. Martin, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 162564 (W.D. Va. Sep. 24, 2018). Because plaintiff’s decedent was … Continue reading