Category Archives: Stop and frisk

D.Minn.: Terry stop with guns drawn was reasonable here

An otherwise lawful Terry stop wasn’t made unreasonable because officers, fearing a weapon, approached with guns drawn. United States v. Thomas, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 234913 (D. Minn. Dec. 13, 2023), adopted 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 21178 (D. Minn. Feb. … Continue reading

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Guam: Seizure of USB found during frisk for officer safety unreasonable; clearly not a weapon

During a stop for stalled car, officer safety dictated the officer conduct a patdown. Seizure of a USB off defendant’s keyring was unreasonable. The stop should have ended there. Instead, the officer asked for consent which the court finds involuntary … Continue reading

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DC: Frisk of jacket in car was without RS

Defendant was a passenger in a rideshare, and the car was stopped for a traffic offense. They were all ordered out, and defendant took off his jacket while “blading,” said the officer, and left it in the car. The officer … Continue reading

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NY: Stop of man on bike without RS was unreasonable

NYPD officers stopped defendant riding a bike in Queens. They asked him whether he was armed, and he admitted he was, so he was frisked and arrested. The stop lacked any reasonable suspicion, and the gun should have been suppressed. … Continue reading

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OH8: Street gambling doesn’t justify frisk for weapons

15-20 men standing around gambling did not justify a frisk for weapons. State v. Parrish, 2023-Ohio-3356, 2023 Ohio App. LEXIS 3266 (8th Dist. Sep. 21, 2023). The search issue raised after trial and waived pretrial does not show manifest injustice. … Continue reading

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D.Alaska: Seizure of syringe during Terry frisk was reasonable

Seizure of a syringe from defendant’s pocket in a Terry frisk was reasonable even though it could have been a pen. Other things, no. United States v. Endsley, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 166997 (D. Alaska Sep. 20, 2023). Plaintiff sued … Continue reading

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S.D.W.Va.: Failure to update a prior SW affidavit was careless but not intentionally misleading

The failure to update the original search warrant affidavit with information from an intervening search showed “multiple careless errors, [and the court] could not say that these errors establish recklessness or materiality. There is simply no evidence upon which the … Continue reading

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TN: Collective knowledge also applies to RS

Collective knowledge also applies to reasonable suspicion. State v. Hodge, 2023 Tenn. Crim. App. LEXIS 317 (Aug. 24, 2023). Defendant’s “certified question” for appeal was overbroad. State v. Beech, 2023 Tenn. Crim. App. LEXIS 313 (Aug. 24, 2023).* Defendant was … Continue reading

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CA5: Riley does not apply to border searches of cell phones

The search of defendant’s cell phone at the border was reasonable. The court will not apply Riley to border searches. Malik v. United States Dep’t of Homeland Sec., 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 21307 (5th Cir. Aug. 15, 2023). “The undersigned … Continue reading

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D.Mass.: No standing shown for anticipatory warrant

Defendant showed no standing to contest this anticipatory warrant for mailed drugs. United States v. Fontanez, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 141256 (D.Mass. Aug. 11, 2023).* Plaintiff’s pro se case against the police department that searched and arrested was four years … Continue reading

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MI: Terry justified this search and seizure, not plain feel

The court of appeals erred in not applying Terry to this frisk inside defendant’s coat, instead relying on plain feel. Remanded. People v. Turner, 2023 Mich. LEXIS 937 (June 21, 2023). “Here, the warrant specifically identified the offenses for which … Continue reading

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CA10: Govt has to be shown to have property to be ordered to return it under Rule 41(g)

The district court lacked jurisdiction to order return of property under Rule 41(g) because it could not be shown that the government was in possession of the hard drive defendant sought return of. United States v. Toombs, 2023 U.S. App. … Continue reading

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MA: Crack pipe seen in plain view of passenger compartment justifies search of whole car

“The question presented by this appeal is whether a State trooper’s plain view observation of a used crack pipe in a motor vehicle provides probable cause for a warrantless search of the entire vehicle for contraband drugs. Concluding that it … Continue reading

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S.D.Miss.: Acting “shifty” during a stop justified patdown for officer safety

The patdown here was reasonable for officer safety because defendant was known to associate with firearms, wore baggy clothing that could have concealed a firearm, and he was acting “shifty” and “favoring his pockets.” United States v. Gillin, 2023 U.S. … Continue reading

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CA11: Inventory applied even if automobile exception not satisfied

The search of defendant’s car would have happened as a result of an inventory search whether or not the automobile exception applied. Therefore, inevitable discovery was satisfied. United States v. Russell, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 3820 (11th Cir. Feb. 17, … Continue reading

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CA9: 4A requires no less intrusive measures for inventory

The officers impounding defendant’s vehicle weren’t constitutionally required to allow him to contact others to take possession of the vehicle for him. United States v. Anderson, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 35865 (9th Cir. Dec. 29, 2022). See Metropolitan News-Enterprise Three … Continue reading

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M.D.Fla.: 14 years of emails in a complicated tax fraud scheme wasn’t overbroad

Fourteen years worth of emails wasn’t overbroad here. “The case involves a complex tax evasion scheme taking place over many years and across international borders. A wide variety of documents would be relevant to prove this scheme. The warrant in … Continue reading

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W.D.Wash.: Dog sniff in apt building breezeway violated no REP, and it was moot anyway

On the totality, there was probable cause for cell phone search warrants. One can attempt to explain away the pieces, but the totality shows it. A dog sniff in the breezeway of an apartment complex violated no reasonable expectation of … Continue reading

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MI: No RS for getting def out of car for a frisk

Defendant’s stop was justified, but getting him out of the vehicle for a frisk was not. Suppressed. People v. Turner, 2022 Mich. App. LEXIS 4943 (Aug. 18, 2022) (2-1). On the totality, defendant consented to an interview in his own … Continue reading

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NY2: Search of wallet during a frisk unreasonable

Officers violated the Fourth Amendment during defendant’s frisk when they removed his wallet from his pocket and searched it. People v. Lewis, 2022 NY Slip Op 04920, 2022 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 4797 (2d Dept. Aug. 10, 2022). The officer … Continue reading

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