Category Archives: Stop and frisk

CA5: Exigency is measured objectively, not subjectively

“Borden argues the officers’ actions indicate they did not actually think a medical emergency existed, but their subjective beliefs are irrelevant. See Toussaint, 838 F.3d at 509. Given the totality of the circumstances, a reasonable view of the evidence supports … Continue reading

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E.D.Mo.: Protective sweep permissible even after def removed from premises

A protective sweep is for persons, and it is reasonable to conduct one after defendant was removed from the premises. United States v. Spann, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 105082 (E.D. Mo. Apr. 15, 2024),* adopted, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 104446 … Continue reading

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E.D.Pa.: “Furtive movements can support reasonable suspicion that an individual is armed, justifying a frisk.”

“Furtive movements can support reasonable suspicion that an individual is armed, justifying a frisk. Moorefield, 111 F.3d at 14. An officer ‘need not be absolutely certain’ that movements are an attempt to ‘hide narcotics or a firearm’ for ‘the issue … Continue reading

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E.D.Cal.: Change in facts after SW application emailed to USMJ but before signing wasn’t material or knowing false statement

There was no Franks violation where the government emailed to the USMJ the search warrant request where defendant was arranging to meet an officer in a sting operation before defendant called off the meeting. This change wasn’t material to the … Continue reading

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D.D.C.: Here, RS was thin, and frisking under jacket was unreasonable

The reasonable suspicion here is thin at best, but, even if there was enough for a stop, there wasn’t for a frisk. Going under defendant’s “jacket to feel his waist and groin area” was unreasonable because there wasn’t suspicion he … Continue reading

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CA: Avoiding the police in a high crime area isn’t RS

Defendant’s avoiding the police and not wanting to interact with them did not rise to reasonable suspicion, even in a high crime area. The officers before the trial court didn’t articulate enough to show there was reasonable suspicion here. People … Continue reading

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DC: A backpack left in a house and to be retrieved wasn’t abandoned

Defendant did not abandon his backpack that he left in the house he had a connection to. He intended to come back and get it. His reasonable expectation of privacy was objectively reasonable. United States v. Pope, 2024 D.C. App. … Continue reading

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LA4: Merely having a concealed firearm isn’t RS for a frisk

“The State asserts that the evidence should not be suppressed because the NOPD was entitled to conduct a La. C.Cr.P. art. 215.1, ‘Terry stop’ on Mr. Green, which would have revealed the firearm. See Terry v. Ohio, …. However, the … Continue reading

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CA6: Asking def before a patdown during arrest what he had on him wasn’t barred by Miranda

Asking defendant before a patdown during arrest what he had on him wasn’t barred by Miranda. United States v. Lester, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 9162 (6th Cir. Apr. 16, 2024). The evidence supports the trial court’s conclusion defendant consented to … Continue reading

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WA: No immediate bail for DV arrest violates neither 4A nor due process

A no bail arrest for domestic violence until the first appearance violates neither the Fourth Amendment nor due process. State v. Clare, 2024 Wash. App. LEXIS 462 (Mar. 12, 2024). CoA denied. Petitioner doesn’t show that his state Fourth Amendment … Continue reading

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CA4: Court instructing that the legality of searches were questions for the court wasn’t error

Defense counsel asked a question about something being in plain view which led to discussion of whether those words were an effort to challenge the search before the jury. The court instructed the jury that the legality of searches was … Continue reading

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CA7: Not following state and local laws on strip searches doesn’t make one unreasonable

“Shaw raises three responses, but they are unavailing. First, he contends that the officers did not follow Wisconsin and local laws that instruct officers to obtain written authorization from a supervisor before a strip search. But a violation of state … Continue reading

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S.D.Ohio: Defense of denial of possession in drug case meant no assertion of standing to challenge the search, so no IAC

Since the defense was not my dope, not filing a motion to suppress where standing would have to be pled and shown was not ineffective assistance of counsel. United States v. Robinson, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 52526 (S.D. Ohio Mar. … Continue reading

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PA: With PC, moving a car to a police location for a SW was reasonable

Probable cause was developed on the streets for search of defendant’s car for drug evidence when officers saw him take money, return to the car, get something small, and return to the payor, twice. Removing the car to a different … Continue reading

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D.Minn.: Terry stop with guns drawn was reasonable here

An otherwise lawful Terry stop wasn’t made unreasonable because officers, fearing a weapon, approached with guns drawn. United States v. Thomas, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 234913 (D. Minn. Dec. 13, 2023), adopted 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 21178 (D. Minn. Feb. … Continue reading

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Guam: Seizure of USB found during frisk for officer safety unreasonable; clearly not a weapon

During a stop for stalled car, officer safety dictated the officer conduct a patdown. Seizure of a USB off defendant’s keyring was unreasonable. The stop should have ended there. Instead, the officer asked for consent which the court finds involuntary … Continue reading

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DC: Frisk of jacket in car was without RS

Defendant was a passenger in a rideshare, and the car was stopped for a traffic offense. They were all ordered out, and defendant took off his jacket while “blading,” said the officer, and left it in the car. The officer … Continue reading

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NY: Stop of man on bike without RS was unreasonable

NYPD officers stopped defendant riding a bike in Queens. They asked him whether he was armed, and he admitted he was, so he was frisked and arrested. The stop lacked any reasonable suspicion, and the gun should have been suppressed. … Continue reading

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OH8: Street gambling doesn’t justify frisk for weapons

15-20 men standing around gambling did not justify a frisk for weapons. State v. Parrish, 2023-Ohio-3356, 2023 Ohio App. LEXIS 3266 (8th Dist. Sep. 21, 2023). The search issue raised after trial and waived pretrial does not show manifest injustice. … Continue reading

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D.Alaska: Seizure of syringe during Terry frisk was reasonable

Seizure of a syringe from defendant’s pocket in a Terry frisk was reasonable even though it could have been a pen. Other things, no. United States v. Endsley, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 166997 (D. Alaska Sep. 20, 2023). Plaintiff sued … Continue reading

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