- CA11: Standing required for 41(g) motion to return of property
- Nothing online is anonymous; especially Zoom
- OH7: Defense counsel’s strategic choice to not challenge search was reasonable; he exploited it in cross of the officers
- NJLJ: Commentary: Use of Facial Recognition Following Capitol Siege Highlights Issues Seen in NJ Case
- E.D.Wash.: Where buy money was recorded, SW for it has to itemize it
online since Feb. 24, 2003
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Fourth Amendment cases,
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"If it was easy, everybody would be doing it. It isn't, and they don't."
“I am still learning.”
—Domenico Giuntalodi (but misattributed to Michelangelo Buonarroti (common phrase throughout 1500's)).
"Love work; hate mastery over others; and avoid intimacy with the government."
—Shemaya, in the Thalmud
"A system of law that not only makes certain conduct criminal, but also lays down rules for the conduct of the authorities, often becomes complex in its application to individual cases, and will from time to time produce imperfect results, especially if one's attention is confined to the particular case at bar. Some criminals do go free because of the necessity of keeping government and its servants in their place. That is one of the costs of having and enforcing a Bill of Rights. This country is built on the assumption that the cost is worth paying, and that in the long run we are all both freer and safer if the Constitution is strictly enforced."
—Williams v. Nix, 700 F. 2d 1164, 1173 (8th Cir. 1983) (Richard Sheppard Arnold, J.), rev'd Nix v. Williams, 467 US. 431 (1984).
"The criminal goes free, if he must, but it is the law that sets him free. Nothing can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws, or worse, its disregard of the charter of its own existence."
—Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643, 659 (1961).
"Any costs the exclusionary rule are costs imposed directly by the Fourth Amendment."
—Yale Kamisar, 86 Mich.L.Rev. 1, 36 n. 151 (1987).
"There have been powerful hydraulic pressures throughout our history that bear heavily on the Court to water down constitutional guarantees and give the police the upper hand. That hydraulic pressure has probably never been greater than it is today."
— Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 39 (1968) (Douglas, J., dissenting).
"The great end, for which men entered into society, was to secure their property."
—Entick v. Carrington, 19 How.St.Tr. 1029, 1066, 95 Eng. Rep. 807 (C.P. 1765)
"It is a fair summary of history to say that the safeguards of liberty have frequently been forged in controversies involving not very nice people. And so, while we are concerned here with a shabby defrauder, we must deal with his case in the context of what are really the great themes expressed by the Fourth Amendment."
—United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56, 69 (1950) (Frankfurter, J., dissenting)
"The course of true law pertaining to searches and seizures, as enunciated here, has not–to put it mildly–run smooth."
—Chapman v. United States, 365 U.S. 610, 618 (1961) (Frankfurter, J., concurring).
"A search is a search, even if it happens to disclose nothing but the bottom of a turntable."
—Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.S. 321, 325 (1987)
"For the Fourth Amendment protects people, not places. What a person knowingly exposes to the public, even in his own home or office, is not a subject of Fourth Amendment protection. ... But what he seeks to preserve as private, even in an area accessible to the public, may be constitutionally protected."
—Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347, 351 (1967)
“Experience should teach us to be most on guard to protect liberty when the Government’s purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding.”
—United States v. Olmstead, 277 U.S. 438, 479 (1925) (Brandeis, J., dissenting)
“Liberty—the freedom from unwarranted intrusion by government—is as easily lost through insistent nibbles by government officials who seek to do their jobs too well as by those whose purpose it is to oppress; the piranha can be as deadly as the shark.”
—United States v. $124,570, 873 F.2d 1240, 1246 (9th Cir. 1989)
"You can't always get what you want / But if you try sometimes / You just might find / You get what you need."
—Mick Jagger & Keith Richards
"In Germany, they first came for the communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Catholic. Then they came for me–and by that time there was nobody left to speak up."
—Martin Niemöller (1945) [he served seven years in a concentration camp]
“You know, most men would get discouraged by now. Fortunately for you, I am not most men!”"The point of the Fourth Amendment, which often is not grasped by zealous officers, is not that it denies law enforcement the support of the usual inferences which reasonable men draw from evidence. Its protection consists in requiring that those inferences be drawn by a neutral and detached magistrate instead of being judged by the officer engaged in the often competitive enterprise of ferreting out crime."
---Pepé Le Pew
—Johnson v. United States, 333 U.S. 10, 13-14 (1948)
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Category Archives: Informant hearsay
Defendant filed a motion to suppress a statement and a search. At the hearing, however, the search wasn’t challenged. Defendant has to show cause why that part of the motion should not be denied. United States v. Henry, 2021 U.S. … Continue reading
Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not challenging recording jail calls [actually stated as a 2254(d) failure]. Garcia v. Sec’y, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 314 (11th Cir. Jan. 6, 2021).* The CSLI warrant was particular and not a general warrant, and … Continue reading
The CI’s story was substantially corroborated to provide probable cause. “In this case, Frampton’s affidavit provides substantial information about the CI’s reliability, from which the issuing judge could have inferred probable cause. The affidavit recounted the reliability of the CI’s … Continue reading
“The fact that Chad was an identified informant and that his statements acted as an admission of his own criminal activity bolstered his credibility. This when viewed collectively with the other three instances of drug activity set forth in the … Continue reading
“Here, the corroboration of unique details about where and how Daniels conducted drug transactions buttresses CS #2’s tip. The investigative measures taken by Detective Troutman make it probable that the informant was being truthful and gained his knowledge through access … Continue reading
Defendant’s arrest violated the Fourth Amendment because it was the product of an illegal constructive entry without any exigency that occurred when armed police officers surrounded his trailer and ordered the occupants out. They could not have arrested defendant for … Continue reading
The CI’s track record wasn’t disclosed but the corrobation was. Probable cause was shown. “Here, Detective Shelton’s affidavit established probable cause. Shelton’s affidavit relayed the informant’s statement that Defendant Butts was manufacturing Fentanyl tablets using Drug Mart brand pain medication. … Continue reading
The CI appeared and testified to the probable cause. A separate search warrant for GPS tracking corroborated the CI. People v. Jackson, 2020 NY Slip Op 07251, 2020 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 7450 (3d Dept. Dec. 3, 2020). The CI … Continue reading
D.Md.: Local officer assigned to federal task force is a “federal law enforcement officer” for Rule 41
A local officer assigned to an IRS task force is a “federal law enforcement officer” for Rule 41 to seek warrants. Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not making an unmeritorious argument. United States v. Jackson, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 223799 … Continue reading
N.D.Ohio: Controlled buys leading to a SW doesn’t require open discovery of everything with the buys
Controlled buys leading to a search warrant don’t enable the defense to get discovery on nearly everything underlying the controlled buys. United States v. Arnold, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 213800 (N.D. Ohio Nov. 12, 2020):
N.D.Ohio: Arrest during mayor’s civil unrest proclamation was unreasonable, and vehicle plain view suppressed
Defendant’s arrest under the Cleveland Mayor’s civil unrest proclamation was unreasonable, and the plain view was a result of the illegal arrest. United States v. Long, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 213676 (N.D. Ohio Nov. 16, 2020). Petitioner generally claimed the … Continue reading
D.Mass.: Def accidentally lost his fanny pack in flight; court finds abandonment even though he didn’t intend it
The court finds defendant abandoned his fanny pack which he said was strapped over his chest and fell off during flight from the police. He testified he didn’t intentionally drop the fanny pack, and it must have slipped off while … Continue reading
“R.F. appeals the denial of his motion to suppress physical evidence. Because we conclude appellant was not seized for Fourth Amendment purposes where the deputy used a spotlight and a flashlight to illuminate his approach of appellant, we affirm the … Continue reading
CSLI warrant was particular when it described the phone number and time period and didn’t have to name the phone owner. Commonwealth v. Davis, 2020 Pa. Super. LEXIS 885 (Oct. 23, 2020). The officer spent a week corroborating the CI, … Continue reading
Defendant lacked standing where he purported to be an overnight guest, but the host said no. United States v. Spencer, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 191102 (N.D. Ala. Sept. 4, 2020), adopted, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 190308 (N.D. Ala. Oct. 14, … Continue reading
The Montana Constitution’s more “robust protection from government intrusions” still only protects against state action. A private actor recording a conversation without impetus from the state was not unreasonable. State v. Wolfe, 2020 MT 260, 2020 Mont. LEXIS 2436 (Oct. … Continue reading