- CA6: SW with wrong address and color of building was still particular enough in location
- CA9: Changing allegedly offending officer in Franks challenge on appeal was waiver
- CA6: State court’s failure to remand for more factfinding was still a “full and fair opportunity to litigate” his 4A claim
- TX: Totality of affidavit justified on totality SW for surveillance videos even though affidavit didn’t explicitly say so
- E.D.Tenn.: Def doesn’t even attempt a Franks offer of proof and it fails
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"If it was easy, everybody would be doing it. It isn't, and they don't."
“I am still learning.”
—Domenico Giuntalodi (but misattributed to Michelangelo Buonarroti (common phrase throughout 1500's)).
"Love work; hate mastery over others; and avoid intimacy with the government."
—Shemaya, in the Thalmud
"A system of law that not only makes certain conduct criminal, but also lays down rules for the conduct of the authorities, often becomes complex in its application to individual cases, and will from time to time produce imperfect results, especially if one's attention is confined to the particular case at bar. Some criminals do go free because of the necessity of keeping government and its servants in their place. That is one of the costs of having and enforcing a Bill of Rights. This country is built on the assumption that the cost is worth paying, and that in the long run we are all both freer and safer if the Constitution is strictly enforced."
—Williams v. Nix, 700 F. 2d 1164, 1173 (8th Cir. 1983) (Richard Sheppard Arnold, J.), rev'd Nix v. Williams, 467 US. 431 (1984).
"The criminal goes free, if he must, but it is the law that sets him free. Nothing can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws, or worse, its disregard of the charter of its own existence."
—Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643, 659 (1961).
"Any costs the exclusionary rule are costs imposed directly by the Fourth Amendment."
—Yale Kamisar, 86 Mich.L.Rev. 1, 36 n. 151 (1987).
"There have been powerful hydraulic pressures throughout our history that bear heavily on the Court to water down constitutional guarantees and give the police the upper hand. That hydraulic pressure has probably never been greater than it is today."
— Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 39 (1968) (Douglas, J., dissenting).
"The great end, for which men entered into society, was to secure their property."
—Entick v. Carrington, 19 How.St.Tr. 1029, 1066, 95 Eng. Rep. 807 (C.P. 1765)
"It is a fair summary of history to say that the safeguards of liberty have frequently been forged in controversies involving not very nice people. And so, while we are concerned here with a shabby defrauder, we must deal with his case in the context of what are really the great themes expressed by the Fourth Amendment."
—United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56, 69 (1950) (Frankfurter, J., dissenting)
"The course of true law pertaining to searches and seizures, as enunciated here, has not–to put it mildly–run smooth."
—Chapman v. United States, 365 U.S. 610, 618 (1961) (Frankfurter, J., concurring).
"A search is a search, even if it happens to disclose nothing but the bottom of a turntable."
—Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.S. 321, 325 (1987)
"For the Fourth Amendment protects people, not places. What a person knowingly exposes to the public, even in his own home or office, is not a subject of Fourth Amendment protection. ... But what he seeks to preserve as private, even in an area accessible to the public, may be constitutionally protected."
—Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347, 351 (1967)
“Experience should teach us to be most on guard to protect liberty when the Government’s purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding.”
—United States v. Olmstead, 277 U.S. 438, 479 (1925) (Brandeis, J., dissenting)
“Liberty—the freedom from unwarranted intrusion by government—is as easily lost through insistent nibbles by government officials who seek to do their jobs too well as by those whose purpose it is to oppress; the piranha can be as deadly as the shark.”
—United States v. $124,570, 873 F.2d 1240, 1246 (9th Cir. 1989)
"You can't always get what you want / But if you try sometimes / You just might find / You get what you need."
—Mick Jagger & Keith Richards
"In Germany, they first came for the communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Catholic. Then they came for me–and by that time there was nobody left to speak up."
—Martin Niemöller (1945) [he served seven years in a concentration camp]
“You know, most men would get discouraged by now. Fortunately for you, I am not most men!”"The point of the Fourth Amendment, which often is not grasped by zealous officers, is not that it denies law enforcement the support of the usual inferences which reasonable men draw from evidence. Its protection consists in requiring that those inferences be drawn by a neutral and detached magistrate instead of being judged by the officer engaged in the often competitive enterprise of ferreting out crime."
---Pepé Le Pew
—Johnson v. United States, 333 U.S. 10, 13-14 (1948)
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Category Archives: Consent
W.D.Ky.: How def answered other questions during his stop was pertinent to the voluntariness of his later consent
How defendant answered other questions about his paperwork and where he was going was important to show that he understood when asked for consent on the totality of circumstances. United States v. Reyes-Martinez, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 217510 (W.D. Ky. … Continue reading →
“Applying State v. Perkins, 310 Kan. 764, 449 P.3d 756 (2019), to the circumstances of this case, the good-faith exception to the exclusionary rule applies and allowed the district court to consider the results of a blood test for blood … Continue reading →
W.D.Ky.: “The Sixth Circuit has long held that a police officer does not violate the Fourth Amendment by asking a driver questions after the initial traffic stop has ended.”
“The Sixth Circuit has long held that a police officer does not violate the Fourth Amendment by asking a driver questions after the initial traffic stop has ended. United States v. Erwin, 155 F.3d 818, 823 (6th Cir. 1998) (en … Continue reading →
E.D.Tenn.: Issue preclusion applies in criminal cases but state’s dismissal of criminal case after motion to suppress doesn’t preclude feds
Issue preclusion applies in criminal cases, too, and the state’s dismissal of a case in the face of a successful motion to suppress doesn’t preclude the federal government from prosecuting afterward. This is a recognition of dual sovereignty. United States … Continue reading →
Nonverbal conduct can show consent. Here, defendant swept his arm in front of him suggesting only “come in.” State v. Daino, 2020 Kan. LEXIS 256 (Nov. 13, 2020). Defendant’s limited association with drug premises under surveillance wasn’t enough to make … Continue reading →
Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not making sure defendant had a conditional plea to preserve his search issue because the appeal would fail. State v. Smith, 2020-Ohio-5241, 2020 Ohio App. LEXIS 4117 (5th Dist. Nov. 6, 2020). “Here, it is … Continue reading →
The legibility of the signature of the issuing magistrate for a search warrant is an issue subject to the good faith exception. This court first held the illegibility was reason to suppress, but the Court of Criminal Appeals reversed. State … Continue reading →
A pair of shoes in plain view in defendant’s room in somebody else’s house were validly seized. The householder had sufficient common authority to at least consent to enter the room. It was not defendant’s primary residence. The officer’s reliance … Continue reading →
W.D.Ky.: When there is PC and the automobile exception applies, the 4A doesn’t require a drug dog be used
The officer had probable cause on the totality for a vehicle search under the automobile exception. It wasn’t required that the drug dog that was there be used, too. United States v. Moralez, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 206109 (W.D. Ky. … Continue reading →
Defendant complained that the officers “lingered” during the protective sweep. Even if they did, nothing else was found as a result. United States v. Crutchfield, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 34446 (8th Cir. Nov. 2, 2020). The driver of the car … Continue reading →
N.D.Ill.: Def had standing to challenge search of a garage of another he was using and had exclusive control over at the time
“Perez has provided enough evidence to show that, at the time of the search, he had control over the Dakin garage and the ability to exclude others from it. He was storing materials there, there was no one else on … Continue reading →
Police had a search warrant for defendant’s property with marijuana grow operation, but the warrant didn’t cover outbuildings [usually they don’t even have to to cover them]. Here, defendant consented to the breadth of the search, and it was voluntary … Continue reading →
D.S.C.: Renter of hotel room had authority to consent to search of room but not her partner’s safe he brought to room
The renter of a hotel room has apparent authority to consent to its search. She did not, however, have either actual or apparent authority to consent to his safe in the room. United States v. Jaqu, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading →
Defendant’s going from and back to his house after drug deals showed nexus to the house for a search warrant. United States v. Jaqu, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 183603 (D.S.C. Oct. 5, 2020). Plaintiff’s claim that he should have been … Continue reading →
Plaintiff’s car could be seized on an apartment building parking lot as an “instrumentality of crime” when it had been involved in a hit-and-run. (Neither party cites what the court thinks is a case in point, which it follows.) Rountree … Continue reading →
Defendant’s admission at his police interview that he was wearing the same shoes as the time of the murder justified seizure of the shoes as plain view. State v. Thomas, 2020-Ohio-4635, 2020 Ohio App. LEXIS 3482 (11th Dist. Sept. 28, … Continue reading →