- Ars Technica: Feds reap data from 1,500 phones in largest reported reverse-location warrant
- D.Neb.: Def was being tailed on a DEA tip; a traffic stop ripened to RS
- Cal.1: Refusing entry to home for police to investigate gunshots outside wasn’t exigency
- E.D.Tex.: Officer who knew def’s LPN was expired didn’t have to look again before calling it in the next time he saw the car
- W.D.Pa.: Four prior controlled buys and def’s arrival at location for another was PC
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"If it was easy, everybody would be doing it. It isn't, and they don't."
“I am still learning.”
—Domenico Giuntalodi (but misattributed to Michelangelo Buonarroti (common phrase throughout 1500's)).
"Love work; hate mastery over others; and avoid intimacy with the government."
—Shemaya, in the Thalmud
"A system of law that not only makes certain conduct criminal, but also lays down rules for the conduct of the authorities, often becomes complex in its application to individual cases, and will from time to time produce imperfect results, especially if one's attention is confined to the particular case at bar. Some criminals do go free because of the necessity of keeping government and its servants in their place. That is one of the costs of having and enforcing a Bill of Rights. This country is built on the assumption that the cost is worth paying, and that in the long run we are all both freer and safer if the Constitution is strictly enforced."
—Williams v. Nix, 700 F. 2d 1164, 1173 (8th Cir. 1983) (Richard Sheppard Arnold, J.), rev'd Nix v. Williams, 467 US. 431 (1984).
"The criminal goes free, if he must, but it is the law that sets him free. Nothing can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws, or worse, its disregard of the charter of its own existence."
—Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643, 659 (1961).
"Any costs the exclusionary rule are costs imposed directly by the Fourth Amendment."
—Yale Kamisar, 86 Mich.L.Rev. 1, 36 n. 151 (1987).
"There have been powerful hydraulic pressures throughout our history that bear heavily on the Court to water down constitutional guarantees and give the police the upper hand. That hydraulic pressure has probably never been greater than it is today."
— Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 39 (1968) (Douglas, J., dissenting).
"The great end, for which men entered into society, was to secure their property."
—Entick v. Carrington, 19 How.St.Tr. 1029, 1066, 95 Eng. Rep. 807 (C.P. 1765)
"It is a fair summary of history to say that the safeguards of liberty have frequently been forged in controversies involving not very nice people. And so, while we are concerned here with a shabby defrauder, we must deal with his case in the context of what are really the great themes expressed by the Fourth Amendment."
—United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56, 69 (1950) (Frankfurter, J., dissenting)
"The course of true law pertaining to searches and seizures, as enunciated here, has not–to put it mildly–run smooth."
—Chapman v. United States, 365 U.S. 610, 618 (1961) (Frankfurter, J., concurring).
"A search is a search, even if it happens to disclose nothing but the bottom of a turntable."
—Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.S. 321, 325 (1987)
"For the Fourth Amendment protects people, not places. What a person knowingly exposes to the public, even in his own home or office, is not a subject of Fourth Amendment protection. ... But what he seeks to preserve as private, even in an area accessible to the public, may be constitutionally protected."
—Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347, 351 (1967)
“Experience should teach us to be most on guard to protect liberty when the Government’s purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding.”
—United States v. Olmstead, 277 U.S. 438, 479 (1925) (Brandeis, J., dissenting)
“Liberty—the freedom from unwarranted intrusion by government—is as easily lost through insistent nibbles by government officials who seek to do their jobs too well as by those whose purpose it is to oppress; the piranha can be as deadly as the shark.”
—United States v. $124,570, 873 F.2d 1240, 1246 (9th Cir. 1989)
"You can't always get what you want / But if you try sometimes / You just might find / You get what you need."
—Mick Jagger & Keith Richards
"In Germany, they first came for the communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Catholic. Then they came for me–and by that time there was nobody left to speak up."
—Martin Niemöller (1945) [he served seven years in a concentration camp]
“You know, most men would get discouraged by now. Fortunately for you, I am not most men!”"The point of the Fourth Amendment, which often is not grasped by zealous officers, is not that it denies law enforcement the support of the usual inferences which reasonable men draw from evidence. Its protection consists in requiring that those inferences be drawn by a neutral and detached magistrate instead of being judged by the officer engaged in the often competitive enterprise of ferreting out crime."
---Pepé Le Pew
—Johnson v. United States, 333 U.S. 10, 13-14 (1948)
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Category Archives: Consent
Officers had four controlled buys and defendants were arriving at a predetermined location for another one. That was probable cause. United States v. Boxley, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 214715 (W.D. Pa. Dec. 13, 2019).* Consent to search the premises was … Continue reading →
The stop was based on a traffic violation, and reasonable suspicion developed for a dog sniff. In addition, defendant was asked to consent to a dog sniff and did: “When initially asked for consent, Defendant responded, ‘I guess so, I … Continue reading →
The bodycam video supports the trial court’s conclusion that the consent to search was voluntarily given. Blue v. State, 2019 Tex. App. LEXIS 10658 (Tex. App. – Houston (14th Dist.) Dec. 10, 2019) (with a dissent). “Kelley’s only claim–a Fourth … Continue reading →
The search warrant for the contents of defendant’s cell phone was overbroad because there was no justification for the breadth of search. This was a sex abuse case, but there was never any indication defendant possessed child pornography on the … Continue reading →
CA1: Mere fact friend had possession of def’s bags didn’t show actual or apparent authority to consent
Defendant stored bags with a friend, and he ended up in jail. There was no actual or apparent authority shown for her to consent to search of the bags. The government carries the burden on both, and it fails. The … Continue reading →
Appellant appeals the denial of his suppression motion, but a bunch of the exhibits are missing. The state relies on precedent that it’s the appellant’s obligation to bring up a record. The state, however, somehow got Exhibits 1-23 back and … Continue reading →
Standing to contest a search and seizure issue is not jurisdictional, so the court doesn’t have to decide standing. Going to the merits, there was probable cause for the search warrant for the package arriving by mail, and the delay … Continue reading →
“The totality of the circumstances here indicate consent, not mere acquiescence by Defendant. Regarding Defendant’s relevant characteristics, he is an adult, and there is no reason to think this was his first encounter with law enforcement, given that he is … Continue reading →
Being ordered from your vehicle doesn’t require a Miranda warning. Mimms, of course, permits the occupants to be ordered out. Over time, this ripened to reasonable suspicion. United States v. Lugo, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 200612 (D. Mont. Nov. 19, … Continue reading →
The officer was called to a convenience store for a welfare check of a woman inside who apparently was sick. When she finally came out, she was fine and appeared fine, but the officer, for no apparent reason, escalated the … Continue reading →
E.D.Mo.: Def consented to four undercover officers who first met him at post office to search house for a wanted man
Four undercover officers followed defendant to the Post Office, and they approached him about Jordan being at his house. He said they could come to the house, and he consented to an entry into the house and the look for … Continue reading →
During a traffic stop, defendant consented to a search of her car. She was out of the car and her purse was inside. The consent was open-ended, and it thus would include closed containers, like her purse in the front … Continue reading →