Category Archives: Issue preclusion

CA6: Handcuffing too tight overcame QI

Plaintiff stated a claim that overcame qualified immunity that she was handcuffed too tight causing injury. Ouza v. City of Dearborn Heights, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 24679 (6th Cir. Aug. 5, 2020).* 2255 petitioner’s Fourth Amendment claim is barred by … Continue reading

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CA11: Stone bars 2254 on a 4A claim; the question is availability of a trial court remedy and appeal, not whether it was correct

2254 CoA denied under Stone. He had a suppression hearing in the trial court and appealed it. “While Mr. Brantley argued that the 2d DCA’s decision was unreasonable, he does not contend that he was denied the opportunity to argue … Continue reading

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CA9: Nevada JP’s PC determination never finalized has no preclusive effect in § 1983 case

A preliminary determination of probable cause by a justice of the peace that is not appealed is not entitled to preclusive effect under state law. Therefore, plaintiff states a claim for relief for his alleged false arrest despite that. Scafidi … Continue reading

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CA7: Factual mistake in state court opinion doesn’t justify habeas relief

A factual mistake in a state court’s decision on defendant’s Fourth Amendment claim for the inventory of his property still doesn’t merit habeas relief. Marling v. Littlejohn, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 21616 (7th Cir. July 13, 2020). Plaintiff’s claim for … Continue reading

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E.D.Cal.: Question for Stone v. Powell is: does the state provide a mechanism for “full and fair litigation” of a 4A claim, not whether def took advantage of it

The question for Stone v. Powell is: does the state provide a mechanism for “full and fair litigation” of a Fourth Amendment claim, not whether defendant took advantage of it. Barrera v. Sherman, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 118199 (E.D. Cal. … Continue reading

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NY4: Failure to complete inventory report of the search doesn’t void search

“Contrary to defendant’s contention, even assuming, arguendo, that the police officers failed to comply with the inventory provisions of CPL 690.50(5), we conclude that noncompliance with that subdivision ‘does not undermine the validity of the search warrant or the search’” … Continue reading

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CA10: Unappealed suppression order from one district collateral estoppel on reindictment on same facts in a different district

Defendant was indicted for child pornography, and the district court suppressed. The government appealed but dismissed the appeal without filing a brief. In the district court it dismissed the indictment. Later, on the same evidence from the same search warrant, … Continue reading

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CA10: Admission of CSLI evidence requires a witness for confrontation purposes

CSLI information obtained by warrant still requires a witness to explain them for confrontation purposes. State v. Lawson, 2020-Ohio-3004, 2020 Ohio App. LEXIS 1952 (10th Dist. May 19, 2020). Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not moving to suppress CSLI three … Continue reading

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TN: DNA sample was subject to inevitable discovery where def was subjected to another one for a homicide two years later

Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not objecting to a DNA sample where defendant claimed it exceeded his consent. The post-conviction court found that it didn’t. Moreover, discovery was inevitable because another DNA sample was validly taken two years later as … Continue reading

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Law.com: Analysis: Seventh and Ninth Circuits Decide Important ‘Heck’ Issues

Law.com: Analysis: Seventh and Ninth Circuits Decide Important ‘Heck’ Issues by Martin A. Schwartz (“The Supreme Court in ‘Heck’ held that a §1983 constitutional claim that ‘necessarily’ implies the invalidity of the plaintiff’s conviction is not ‘cognizable’ unless the conviction … Continue reading

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CA7: Consenter had apparent authority; no signs she might not have actual authority

Based on all the evidence, the consenter had apparent authority to consent to the search of the house. While she’d supposedly moved out, she had a key and still had stuff there, and the officers had no suggestion that she … Continue reading

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OH5: Trial judge signing SW wasn’t ground to recuse

The trial judge having signed a search warrant wasn’t grounds to recuse at trial. Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not raising it. The validity of the search wasn’t even an issue. State v. Ray, 2020-Ohio-1265, 2020 Ohio App. LEXIS 1197 … Continue reading

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D.Idaho: Faint smell of MJ and “excessive nervousness” not RS

Faint smell of marijuana and nervousness was not reasonable suspicion. The court also doesn’t find the travel plans at all suspicious. United States v. Lee, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 33091 (D. Idaho Feb. 25, 2020). Plaintiff’s nolo plea barred his … Continue reading

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IA: Navigable waters belong to the state, no matter who owns the bottom land; stop was based on RS

Defendant claims his stop for boating under the influence wasn’t valid under the Fourth Amendment and Iowa Constitution because the body of water sat over private lands. Navigable waters belong to the state, and the officer had reasonable suspicion to … Continue reading

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CA7: Trying and losing a 4A claim in state court precludes § 1983 case over same issue

Plaintiff was arrested for drunk driving and convicted in local court after raising his Fourth Amendment claim there. He sued everybody involved in his arrest. The court finds him precluded from relitigating it in federal court under § 1983. Novotny … Continue reading

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