Category Archives: Arrest or entry on arrest

TX5: lack of a prompt determination of PC to detain def is moot by the time the trial starts

The lack of a prompt determination of probable cause to detain defendant is moot by the time the trial starts. Moses v. State, 2024 Tex. App. LEXIS 950 (Tex. App. – Dallas Feb. 6, 2024). “Taking as true that Agent … Continue reading

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C.D.Cal.: Gang tattoo, baggy clothing, high crime area was RS

“Here, Officer Wardle considered an amalgam of factors: Ortiz was stopped in a high-crime area; he had a clearly visible gang tattoo; and he was wearing baggy clothing capable of concealing a weapon. While the Officers in this case did … Continue reading

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VA: Capias for detention of person not functional equivalent of arrest warrant; no PC finding

A Virginia capias for detention of a person is not the functional equivalent of an arrest warrant founded on sworn probable cause. The police view of the inside of defendant’s home that led to a search warrant is suppressed. Commonwealth … Continue reading

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IL: A detention hearing right after arrest is not the place for a suppression hearing

A detention hearing right after arrest is not the place for a suppression hearing. Thus, the detention hearing court did not err in not considering Fourth Amendment issues. People v. Parker, 2024 IL App (1st) 232164, 2024 Ill. App. LEXIS … Continue reading

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CA5 (en banc): Arrest of “citizen journalist” under a statute never declared unconstitutional was with QI

“Villarreal fails to satisfy her burden on either [qualified immunity] prong. This is not a case about a ‘citizen journalist just asking questions.’ That clever but misleading phrase cannot relieve this court of our obligation to evaluate Villarreal’s conduct against … Continue reading

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CA2: Reason to believe ptf was inside justified entry with arrest warrant under Payton

Officers had an arrest warrant for plaintiff, and that gave them the ability to enter his home to look for him under Payton when they had a reasonable belief he was inside. Engelmayer v. Engelmayer, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 1617 … Continue reading

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CA3: Cuffing and taking def in on RS for a show-up was not a de facto arrest

Removing defendant on reasonable suspicion from a high crime area to the police station for a show-up and further identification was not unreasonable. It did not become a de facto arrest. United States v. Carter, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 1155 … Continue reading

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N.D.Ohio: Arrest of County Commissioner for speaking at public meeting shown 1A retaliation and without PC

Plaintiff is a County Commissioner arrested by police at a Commission meeting for being disruptive. The arrest was shown to be First Amendment retaliation and without Fourth Amendment probable cause. Plaintiff was never ruled “out of order” by the chair; … Continue reading

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TX1: Arrest on PC when standing next to vehicle justified its search incident

Defendant’s arrest for a parole violation while he was standing next to his vehicle resulted in a search of the person finding drugs, and that justified a search incident of the vehicle, too. Badyrka v. State, 2024 Tex. App. LEXIS … Continue reading

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Reason: Study Estimates Roadside Drug Tests Result in 30,000 Wrongful Arrests Every Year

Reason: Study Estimates Roadside Drug Tests Result in 30,000 Wrongful Arrests Every Year by C.J. Ciaramella (“Roughly 30,000 people every year may be getting wrongfully arrested and jailed because of police departments’ widespread use of unreliable roadside field tests for … Continue reading

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CA9: Questions about supervised release status and request for consent during traffic stop are reasonable

This traffic stop was not unreasonably extended. “Officers were permitted to ask Contreras about his supervisory release status as an ordinary inquiry incident to a traffic stop. … Officers were also allowed to conduct a criminal records search. … Likewise, … Continue reading

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LA4: Lack of PC finding at first appearance required OR bond

Defendant was arrested on a warrant. At the first appearance there was no determination of probable cause for the arrest, so state law required that he be ORed. The $10,000 bond is set aside. State v. Nelson, 2023 La. App. … Continue reading

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Kansas City Star: Kansas police searched their car without a warrant, and they lost custody of their son

Kansas City Star: Kansas police searched their car without a warrant, and they lost custody of their son by Katie Moore & Katie Bernard (“It’s been more than two years since Claudia Astudillo Aguirre lost custody of her child. [¶] … Continue reading

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W.D.Wis.: No habeas relief for unlawful arrest

That 2254 petitioner’s state arrest was unreasonable doesn’t state grounds for relief from a conviction. Haring v. Prosise, 462 U.S. 306, 321 (1983). Ramirez v. Meisner, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 218142 (W.D. Wis. Dec. 6, 2023). Defendant had no standing … Continue reading

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WA: Def’s first appearance where bail was set under Gerstein not critical stage requiring counsel because bail could be revisited

Defendant’s first appearance where bail was set under Gerstein was not a critical stage requiring counsel because bail could be revisited. State v. Heng, 2023 Wash. LEXIS 603 (Dec. 7, 2023). “The government contends that [the search] was justified both … Continue reading

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CT: IAC in cell phone search decided on lack of prejudice, not the merits

Defendant was convicted of accessory to murder. He claimed trial counsel was ineffective for not moving to suppress the 2013 search of his cell phone. Police sought a warrant for the phone, and the DA prepared it. While the papers … Continue reading

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NC: Officer who made illegal entry was not discharging “official duty” when he was assaulted

“As a warrant was required for the officers to lawfully enter the home, and no warrant had been issued when the officers entered the home and encountered Defendant, the officers’ entry into the home was unlawful. Thus, the State failed … Continue reading

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WV: SW for items that are also common to any home doesn’t make warrant general; it’s specific enough

Officers had two search warrants for Gray’s place, and defendant complained that the warrant described things common to any home. There was probable cause for that stuff, and there’s no requirement of a more specific description. State v. Knotts, 2023 … Continue reading

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S.D.Cal.: A pending forfeiture action in another district justifies dismissal of Rule 41(g) motion because there is another remedy

This is a Rule 41(g) action for return of property, a superyacht owned by a Russian oligarch seized allegedly in violation of Russian sanctions. The next day, a forfeiture action was filed in the S.D.N.Y., and that provided an adequate … Continue reading

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M.D.Fla.: “[T]here is no constitutional right to be free from arrest on the basis of illegally obtained evidence.”

“[T]here is no constitutional right to be free from arrest on the basis of illegally obtained evidence.” Santiago v. Swain, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 194607 (M.D. Fla. Oct. 31, 2023).* Plaintiff’s civil Franks claim fails because there was probable cause … Continue reading

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