Category Archives: Arrest or entry on arrest

CA7: Detention of a package for a day to get SW was reasonable

Detention of a package for a day to get a search warrant was a reasonable time. United States v. Black, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 14944 (7th Cir. June 20, 2024). “‘The Constitution does not guarantee that only the guilty will … Continue reading

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SCOTUS: ““The presence of probable cause for one charge in a criminal proceeding does not categorically defeat a Fourth Amendment malicious-prosecution claim relating to another, baseless charge.”

“The presence of probable cause for one charge in a criminal proceeding does not categorically defeat a Fourth Amendment malicious-prosecution claim relating to another, baseless charge. The parties, and the United States as amicus curiae, all agree with this conclusion, … Continue reading

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D.Utah: An A-C communication seized that was still in the hands of the taint team was not a 4A or 6A violation

An attorney-client letter was obtained by search warrant and it was isolated by the taint team. Because no case was pending at the time, the Sixth Amendment was not violated, and the dismissal or disqualification is an necessary remedy. United … Continue reading

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E.D.Wis.: Cross-gender strip search with transgender guard not “clearly established” for QI purposes

Plaintiff’s claim of a cross-gender jail strip search with a transgender guard was not clearly established at the time it happened, so the claim is barred by qualified immunity. West v. Eckstein, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 104294 (E.D. Wis. June … Continue reading

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D.Nev.: Affidavit accompanying cell phone SW provided particularity

If the affidavit accompanies the warrant it can cure particularity problems. Here it did. United States v. King, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 103299 (D. Nev. June 11, 2024).* Plaintiff stated a claim for arrest without probable cause by the defendant … Continue reading

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CA9: “[T]he Fourth Amendment does not require a warrant to arrest a parole violator.”

“[T]he Fourth Amendment does not require a warrant to arrest a parole violator.” United States v. Carpenter, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 13596 (9th Cir. June 5, 2024). The CI for the warrant is not disclosable under Roviaro. United States v. … Continue reading

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NE: LEO’s statutory jurisdictional authority is not an unreasonable search and seizure question

A law enforcement officer’s statutory power and authority to enforce laws outside of the officer’s primary jurisdiction does not implicate the Fourth Amendment or article I, § 7, of the Nebraska Constitution. State v. Hoehn, 316 Neb. 634 (May 17, … Continue reading

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NY3: Warrantless arrest body cavity search was unreasonable

Defendant’s arrest body cavity search pulling out heroin was unreasonable. People v. Chase, 2024 NY Slip Op 01837, 2024 N.Y. App. Div. LEXIS 1877 (3d Dist. Apr. 4, 2024). [Sentencing was five years ago, and that should be an embarrassment … Continue reading

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D.Kan.: Preliminary hearing moots claim of lack of PC for arrest

If an arrest lacks probable cause, the preliminary hearing can moot that. Taylor v. Szewc, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 57791 (D. Kan. Mar. 29, 2024). Omitted information about the CI doesn’t support this Franks challenge. United States v. Williams, 2024 … Continue reading

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MO: Initial bail setting under Gerstein not adversarial

An initial bail setting is nonadversarial and informal under the Fourth Amendment, so the court follows Gerstein and finds it not a critical stage. State v. Mills, 2024 Mo. LEXIS 140 (Apr. 30, 2024). The information from identified 911 callers … Continue reading

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CA7: Jail officials holding plaintiff under a valid court order aren’t liable for not releasing him sooner after a sentencing error

Jail officials holding plaintiff under a valid court order aren’t liable for not releasing him sooner after a sentencing error. Sabo v. Erickson, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 10503 (7th Cir. Apr. 30, 2024). “The record further reflects that when Officer … Continue reading

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ND: Warrantless entry into garage to investigate driving on a suspended license unreasonable

Officers had probable cause to believe defendant was driving on a suspended DL, and they were parked outside his house and watched him drive into his garage. There was no exigency for the police entry into his garage to arrest … Continue reading

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W.D.Mo.: Wrong address in SW wasn’t fatal where right house was searched

The affidavit had the correct address but the warrant didn’t. The right house was searched, and the warrant was valid. United States v. Gallagher, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 73780 (W.D. Mo. Mar. 28, 2024). Defendant abandoned a gun, hoodie, and … Continue reading

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AZ: Private search and apparent consent don’t support warrantless search of SD card in video voyeurism case

Defendant was convicted of video voyeurism for a camera hidden in the bathroom of his house to record foster children. One of them found it, attempted to read the SD card but failed, and turned it with the SD card … Continue reading

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LA4: Merely having a concealed firearm isn’t RS for a frisk

“The State asserts that the evidence should not be suppressed because the NOPD was entitled to conduct a La. C.Cr.P. art. 215.1, ‘Terry stop’ on Mr. Green, which would have revealed the firearm. See Terry v. Ohio, …. However, the … Continue reading

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NY Queens: PC shown for SW blood drawn at hospital after car wreck

Probable cause was shown for the search warrant for defendant’s blood drawn at a hospital after a car wreck. To the extent there is also a Franks challenge, it fails. People v. Moreno, 2024 NY Slip Op 24116, 2024 NYLJ … Continue reading

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WA: No immediate bail for DV arrest violates neither 4A nor due process

A no bail arrest for domestic violence until the first appearance violates neither the Fourth Amendment nor due process. State v. Clare, 2024 Wash. App. LEXIS 462 (Mar. 12, 2024). CoA denied. Petitioner doesn’t show that his state Fourth Amendment … Continue reading

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S.D.Fla.: SW application redacted for discovery for now

For the time being, the search warrant application is redacted in discovery under Rule 6(e). “First, the Special Counsel opposes the disclosure of a search warrant application for Defendant De Oliveira’s Gmail account …. This includes the search warrant itself, … Continue reading

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CA7: False arrest claims before trial are 4A claims; due process after trial

“Claims for false arrest prior to trial are appropriately considered under the Fourth Amendment, not the Fourteenth Amendment. Manuel v. City of Joliet, Illinois, 580 U.S. 357, 367 (2017) (‘If the complaint is that a form of legal process resulted … Continue reading

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CA3: Not giving ID didn’t give PC to arrest after illegal stop

“The District Court nevertheless determined that there was no constitutional violation because the officers had the right to arrest the Appellants under New Jersey law for failing to provide identification. But that conclusion puts an alleged violation of state law … Continue reading

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