Category Archives: Arrest or entry on arrest

ID: Violation of citizen’s arrest statute not a const’l violation; no suppression

The officer arrested defendant for a completed misdemeanor of stealing a cell phone not occurring in his presence. The manager of the place where it happened wanted defendant arrested. The officer and the manager never informed defendant this was a … Continue reading

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E.D.Pa.: Warrantless arrest with PC in public place is reasonable

Defendant’s Fourth Amendment rights were not violated when he was arrested without a warrant with probable cause in a public place. Reaching in defendant’s sweat shirt pocket to retrieve a gun was reasonable. United States v. Kelly-Sizer, 2021 U.S. Dist. … Continue reading

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ID: Hot pursuit to execute an arrest warrant with entry is reasonable

Hot or “fresh pursuit” to execute an arrest warrant with entry is reasonable. State v. Clark, 2021 Ida. LEXIS 55 (Mar. 30, 2021):

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CA5: Ptf’s § 1983 case over his search implies invalidity of the conviction, and it’s barred by Heck

Plaintiff’s § 1983 case against his search and seizure implies invalidity of the conviction, and it’s barred by Heck. VanBuren v. Walker, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 9115 (5th Cir. Mar. 29, 2021). “As to Hoffert’s remaining claim for violation of … Continue reading

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CA3: Nexus shown to def’s home for SW for clothing worn in robbery

When the object of a search is clothing worn during a robbery, there is nexus to defendant’s home. United States v. Ross, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 7701 (3d Cir. Mar. 17, 2021). Defendant answered the officer’s knock on the door … Continue reading

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N.D.Okla.: Failure to pay arrest warrant doesn’t violate 4A

A failure to pay arrest warrant issued on probable cause doesn’t violate the Fourth Amendment because that’s only to start the process, not end it. Graff v. Aberdeen II, Inc., 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 46760 (N.D. Okla. Mar. 12, 2021):

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M.D.Ala.: Some force inheres in any arrest; de minimus force is reasonable

Some amount of force occurs in any arrest. The question is unreasonableness. “Garrett’s conclusory allegation regarding Williams’s specific actions establishes no more than the use of de minimis force by Williams, which does not constitute a Fourth Amendment violation.” Garrett … Continue reading

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CA6: Def doesn’t show arrest was delayed to facilitate better protective sweep

The protective sweep finding defendant’s guns on execution of his arrest warrant was reasonable. Defendant does not show that the officers intentionally delayed his arrest with the purpose of exploiting a protective sweep. United States v. Cammon, 2021 U.S. App. … Continue reading

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CA7: Claim of lack of PC for arrest not insulated from later review by a judicial finding of PC for trial

Plaintiffs’ Fourth Amendment claim they were arrested without probable cause survives the state trial court finding enough to hold them for trial. “The Supreme Court held that a Fourth Amendment theory based on lack of probable cause survives a judicial … Continue reading

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SD: Def’s assault on police officer can’t be suppressed because the arrest was illegal

Defendant’s assault on a police officer attempting to arrest her can’t be suppressed because the arrest might be unreasonable. State v. Schumacher, 2021 SD 16, 2021 S.D. LEXIS 28 (Mar. 3, 2021). The stop was valid based on a registration … Continue reading

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CA2: A mere hunch there was an arrest warrant made stop unreasonable

It was clearly established law in January 2015 that an officer’s unconfirmed hunch that an arrest warrant might possibly exist, coupled with nothing more than the officer’s recognition of a suspect from prior arrests, did not constitute reasonable suspicion justifying … Continue reading

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CA11: Arrest at the threshold that continued inside where def tried to enter was reasonable

Officers on patrol saw defendant in an apartment building’s parking lot. They saw the bulge they reasonably believed was a gun, and they knew he was a convicted felon. They sought an encounter with him, but defendant refused to stop … Continue reading

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E.D.Tex.: 4A arrest claim also subject to Stone bar

Defendant’s 2254 claim that his arrest was without probable cause on mistaken identity is foreclosed by Stone v. Powell the same as Fourth Amendment search claims. “The opportunity, regardless of whether it is acted upon at the state level, is … Continue reading

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D.N.M.: A vehicle could be stopped just because there was a warrant on the passenger

A vehicle could be stopped just because there was a warrant on the passenger. Here, ICE made the stop, and it was reasonably related to its justification. United States v. Murillo-Gonzalez, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 38494 (D. N.M. Mar. 1, … Continue reading

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SD: Local officers called tribal officers and respected tribal authority before arresting def

Defendant was wanted for assault and found at an Indian casino hotel on a reservation. They took him into custody and towed his vehicle. The search of his hotel room and vehicle by search warrants was reasonable and respected tribal … Continue reading

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DC: Putting one’s hand over officer’s to stop a patdown is withdrawal of consent

“The trial court erred as a matter of law in ruling that Mr. Ford’s actions did not revoke consent. An objectively reasonable officer would have understood Mr. Ford’s act of placing his hand on the outside of his pocket exactly … Continue reading

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WY: No hot pursuit into home for traffic violation that wasn’t “hot”

Hot pursuit for a traffic violation did not permit an entry into the home. Here, the pursuit just wasn’t “hot” or exigent because the officer called for backup. Fuller v. State, 2021 WY 36, 2021 Wyo. LEXIS 41 (Feb. 24, … Continue reading

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LA1: Automobile exception search is just as broad as permitted by SW

“Police officers who have legitimately stopped an automobile and who have probable cause to believe that contraband is concealed somewhere within it, may conduct a warrantless search of the vehicle as thoroughly as a magistrate could authorize. The scope of … Continue reading

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CA4: Suit by convict over arrest without PC doesn’t mention conviction and isn’t barred by Heck

Plaintiff’s complaint that his arrest was without probable cause doesn’t necessarily implicate his guilt or innocence, and it isn’t barred by Heck. He doesn’t even mention the conviction. Dizzley v. Garrett, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 4314 (4th Cir. Feb. 16, … Continue reading

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CA3: Warrant for roving wiretap didn’t have to call device a “cell site simulator” when it fully described it

The government obtained a roving wiretap for defendant’s cell phone with a cell site simulator. In the warrant application, they described in detail what a cell site simulator was, but it never said the words “cell site simulator.” It doesn’t … Continue reading

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