- NJLJ: Editorial: Parking Space ‘Chalking’ Case Raises Questions on Fourth Amendment Jurisprudence
- NE: Expansive SW for cell phone in a shooting case with multiple participants was reasonable
- N.D.Ga.: No REP in a pole camera’s view in a public place
- CA11: Def’s attempt to limit the scope of his consent search shows voluntariness
- OK: State blood draw statute was suspect, but GFE applies
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"If it was easy, everybody would be doing it. It isn't, and they don't."
“I am still learning.”
—Domenico Giuntalodi (but misattributed to Michelangelo Buonarroti (common phrase throughout 1500's)).
"Love work; hate mastery over others; and avoid intimacy with the government."
—Shemaya, in the Thalmud
"A system of law that not only makes certain conduct criminal, but also lays down rules for the conduct of the authorities, often becomes complex in its application to individual cases, and will from time to time produce imperfect results, especially if one's attention is confined to the particular case at bar. Some criminals do go free because of the necessity of keeping government and its servants in their place. That is one of the costs of having and enforcing a Bill of Rights. This country is built on the assumption that the cost is worth paying, and that in the long run we are all both freer and safer if the Constitution is strictly enforced."
—Williams v. Nix, 700 F. 2d 1164, 1173 (8th Cir. 1983) (Richard Sheppard Arnold, J.), rev'd Nix v. Williams, 467 US. 431 (1984).
"The criminal goes free, if he must, but it is the law that sets him free. Nothing can destroy a government more quickly than its failure to observe its own laws, or worse, its disregard of the charter of its own existence."
—Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643, 659 (1961).
"Any costs the exclusionary rule are costs imposed directly by the Fourth Amendment."
—Yale Kamisar, 86 Mich.L.Rev. 1, 36 n. 151 (1987).
"There have been powerful hydraulic pressures throughout our history that bear heavily on the Court to water down constitutional guarantees and give the police the upper hand. That hydraulic pressure has probably never been greater than it is today."
— Terry v. Ohio, 392 U.S. 1, 39 (1968) (Douglas, J., dissenting).
"The great end, for which men entered into society, was to secure their property."
—Entick v. Carrington, 19 How.St.Tr. 1029, 1066, 95 Eng. Rep. 807 (C.P. 1765)
"It is a fair summary of history to say that the safeguards of liberty have frequently been forged in controversies involving not very nice people. And so, while we are concerned here with a shabby defrauder, we must deal with his case in the context of what are really the great themes expressed by the Fourth Amendment."
—United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56, 69 (1950) (Frankfurter, J., dissenting)
"The course of true law pertaining to searches and seizures, as enunciated here, has not–to put it mildly–run smooth."
—Chapman v. United States, 365 U.S. 610, 618 (1961) (Frankfurter, J., concurring).
"A search is a search, even if it happens to disclose nothing but the bottom of a turntable."
—Arizona v. Hicks, 480 U.S. 321, 325 (1987)
"For the Fourth Amendment protects people, not places. What a person knowingly exposes to the public, even in his own home or office, is not a subject of Fourth Amendment protection. ... But what he seeks to preserve as private, even in an area accessible to the public, may be constitutionally protected."
—Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347, 351 (1967)
“Experience should teach us to be most on guard to protect liberty when the Government’s purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding.”
—United States v. Olmstead, 277 U.S. 438, 479 (1925) (Brandeis, J., dissenting)
“Liberty—the freedom from unwarranted intrusion by government—is as easily lost through insistent nibbles by government officials who seek to do their jobs too well as by those whose purpose it is to oppress; the piranha can be as deadly as the shark.”
—United States v. $124,570, 873 F.2d 1240, 1246 (9th Cir. 1989)
"You can't always get what you want / But if you try sometimes / You just might find / You get what you need."
—Mick Jagger & Keith Richards
"In Germany, they first came for the communists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a communist. Then they came for the Jews, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Jew. Then they came for the trade unionists, and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a trade unionist. Then they came for the Catholics and I didn't speak up because I wasn't a Catholic. Then they came for me–and by that time there was nobody left to speak up."
—Martin Niemöller (1945) [he served seven years in a concentration camp]
“You know, most men would get discouraged by now. Fortunately for you, I am not most men!”"The point of the Fourth Amendment, which often is not grasped by zealous officers, is not that it denies law enforcement the support of the usual inferences which reasonable men draw from evidence. Its protection consists in requiring that those inferences be drawn by a neutral and detached magistrate instead of being judged by the officer engaged in the often competitive enterprise of ferreting out crime."
---Pepé Le Pew
—Johnson v. United States, 333 U.S. 10, 13-14 (1948)
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Category Archives: Standing
Stationary video surveillance outside an apartment building of common areas is not at all analogous to Carpenter. “The defendant urges the court to compare his facts to those in Whitaker. Dkt. No. 223 at 9. The defendant argues that a … Continue reading
The judge issuing the Facebook warrant in this case was within her discretion in recusing from determining the merits. Besides, there was probable cause, and the search warrant was particular. People v. Grose, 2019 NY Slip Op 03808, 2019 N.Y. … Continue reading
Defendant was retired military working as a contractor in Afghanistan. Child pornography was traced to him by his email address. That gave the magistrate issuing the search warrant reason to believe that child pornography would be found on his digital … Continue reading
S.D.Ohio: Def who left property in sister’s house without plan to ever return lacked standing, and she had apparent authority to consent
Defendant stored property with his sister in her house for extended periods of time. Here, he lacked standing to challenge the search of his stuff in her house, and she had apparent authority to consent to the search. United States … Continue reading
E.D.Cal.: § 1983 4A prison claim is an attack against his disciplinary proceeding and barred by Heck
Plaintiff’s § 1983 Fourth Amendment prison claim is an attack against his disciplinary proceeding and barred by Heck. Lout v. Sidhu, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 74550 (E.D. Cal. May 3, 2019).* Claimant has no standing to challenge the seizure before … Continue reading
NY2: “Defense counsel’s equivocal, vague and conclusory statements that defendant had standing to challenge the searches” has no offer of proof or facts
“The court correctly denied, on the ground of lack of standing as well as on the merits, defendant’s motion to controvert two search warrants. Defense counsel’s equivocal, vague and conclusory statements that defendant had standing to challenge the searches of … Continue reading
Assuming the search of defendant’s stuff in the house of another was not valid as a parole search, defendant doesn’t even really attempt to show guest standing under Olson. United States v. Shelton, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 71028 (M.D. Tenn. … Continue reading
Defendant had standing to challenge CSLI used to track his car when he was a passenger and the driver was using his cell phone. Commonwealth v. Fredericq, 482 Mass. 70 (Apr. 24, 2019). Defendant did not have standing for a … Continue reading
While a passenger in a car normally doesn’t have standing in the contents of a car, he does in his own backpack that he was carrying when he got into the car. The driver couldn’t consent to a search of … Continue reading
Defendant had standing as a bailee in a backpack. He disclaimed ownership of it, but he attempted to assert control over it and he refused consent to search. He also did not abandon the backpack, either. United States v. Hannold, … Continue reading
D.Wis.: Property renter didn’t yet have standing to challenge ordinance for renter information under 4A
Suit over a county ordinance that short term rental properties have to allow government access to their guest registries as a violation of the Fourth Amendment was moot. Plaintiff hadn’t filed the paperwork under the ordinance so he doesn’t yet … Continue reading
D.Minn.: Proffer on standing requires evidence; def can’t rely on govt’s litigation position without outright admission or waiver of standing
Defendant lacked standing in the house of another. He can’t rely for standing on the government’s litigation positions — he has to point to evidence. United States v. Valdez, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 57478 (D. Minn. Feb. 7, 2019), adopted, … Continue reading