Category Archives: Probable cause

NY2: SW for def’s cell phone browser history lacked PC, but here it was harmless error

“The defendant correctly contends that the police search of his browsing history and URLs of his Blackberry cell phone was not authorized by the search warrant obtained by the police. ‘To establish probable cause, a search warrant must provide sufficient … Continue reading

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D.S.C.: Speeding stop justified even if dashcam video is inconclusive

The stop was justified: “In this case, although the dash cam footage is inconclusive of Officer Dudley’s visual estimate of speed, no evidence was put forth that cast doubt on Officer Dudley’s ability to estimate speed. Further, additional indicia of … Continue reading

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CA5: Burden on def to show smell of MJ in car was from lawful use

If one is claiming that prior use of marijuana in the car is lawful, thus defeating probable cause, the burden is on him or her. United States v. Goldsmith, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 4405 (5th Cir. Feb. 26, 2024).* [Except … Continue reading

Posted in Plain view, feel, smell, Probable cause, Reasonable suspicion | Comments Off on CA5: Burden on def to show smell of MJ in car was from lawful use

CA6: DEA SW for tableting machine lacked PC, but GFE exception saves search

“The facts of this case are undisputed. On October 20, 2021, Brett Dauphinais ordered a tableting machine, a device that retails for thousands of dollars and allows the user to make food or drug tablets. Tableting machines can be used … Continue reading

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E.D.N.Y.: Under Bruen, possibility def is licensed to carry in NYS defeats PC

Even under NYS’s firearm licensing scheme, mere possession of a firearm isn’t probable cause the person in possession is committing crime because he might be licensed. “The question before the court in this case is whether, after the Supreme Court’s … Continue reading

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OH4: Officer saying he had PC to search when he didn’t made search without consent

“We find that the detective did have reasonable suspicion to make an investigative stop of Stephenson’s vehicle based on the information provided by an informant. However, the detective lacked probable cause to search the vehicle and the purported ‘consent’ that … Continue reading

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CA7: Rodriguez time argument waived by failure to specifically plead it below

“At the outset, we note that Johnson did not challenge the length or validity of the dog sniff in the district court. The record therefore does not contain information crucial to the Rodriguez inquiry, such as whether Deputy Haber acted … Continue reading

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NY Queens: Even a stop for an apparent trivial traffic offense requires full constitutional analysis

When the police make what appears to be a trivial traffic stop, the court still has to make a proper analysis lest the court become a rubber stamp for the police. People v. Davis, 2024 NY Slip Op 24041, 2024 … Continue reading

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N.D.Ohio: Drug lab results from controlled buy not required for PC

The government had probable cause for the search warrant for defendant’s house despite the fact that the drugs previously bought from him hadn’t come back from testing at the crime lab. United States v. Clark, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 24651 … Continue reading

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D.Minn.: Neither PC nor RS required to look into a stopped vehicle’s windows

Neither probable cause nor reasonable suspicion required to look into a stopped vehicle’s windows. United States v. Walker, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 22075 (D. Minn. Feb. 8, 2024). Defendant’s social media account with pictures of him holding guns and recorded … Continue reading

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FL2: Suppression under Franks reversed; not material to PC

Defendant established that there were false statements in the affidavit for warrant that ran the full spectrum from negligence to likely intentionality. But probable cause remained, even excluding what was challenged. “While the temptation to advance the prophylactic purpose of … Continue reading

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S.D.Ill.: Odor of marijuana coming from a car is PC in this federal circuit even if it’s maybe not in state court anymore because of recreational use

The odor of marijuana coming from a car is probable cause in this circuit even if it’s maybe not be in state court anymore. United States v. Toney, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 20838 (S.D. Ill. Feb. 6, 2024). Qualified immunity … Continue reading

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CA2: A temporal limitation on the SW would have been better, but it’s still cured by GFE

It would have been better for the search warrant to have included a temporal limitation, but that doesn’t have to be decided because the good faith exception is found to apply in any event. United States v. Saint Clair, 2024 … Continue reading

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E.D.Cal.: Affidavit for SW for def being a prohibited person for firearms possession doesn’t have to allege interstate commerce nexus

A warrant was issued for defendant’s home in California for proof of travel to the Jan. 6 riot at the Capitol. Officers found firearms and defendant was a prohibited person because of domestic violence orders. On the firearms warrant, it … Continue reading

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N.D.Ind.: SW for wrong house was completely lacking in PC, so no GFE

The court previously held there was no probable cause for the search warrant for the address searched, and this opinion is about the good faith exception. The court finds that no reasonably trained officer would have seen probable cause here … Continue reading

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D.Minn.: DNA on firearm was a reasonable inference justifying SW for def’s DNA

It was reasonable to infer that defendant’s DNA would be found on a firearm in a car, so the warrant to take his was reasonable. United States v. Tyus, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 234639 (D. Minn. Dec. 8, 2023), adopted, … Continue reading

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CA2: Where PC and GFE found by District Court, both have to be argued on appeal or waiver occurs

The district court found probable cause and the good faith exception applied. On appeal, he argued only probable cause. The alternative ground of good faith was thus waived and the court can affirm. United States v. McGregor, 2024 U.S. App. … Continue reading

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D.Nev.: No standing where alleged Turo car rental couldn’t be shown by driver

The court finds defendant lacked standing in a car he claims to have rented through Turo from the owner. The innocent driver of car stolen by someone else could have standing, but he doesn’t even get there. The rental couldn’t … Continue reading

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CA8: Failure to mention CI’s convictions or payments for information wasn’t material

The warrant affiant’s failure to mention the CI was paid or had convictions wasn’t material to change the outcome of the probable cause determination. With CIs, things like that can be assumed. United States v. Riaski, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS … Continue reading

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KS: Search of def’s purse when she was passed out likely from ODing was reasonable

The emergency aid exception justified the search of defendant’s purse. She was passed out on a convenience store bathroom floor with drug paraphernalia around her. It was reasonable to look in her purse to see what drug it might have … Continue reading

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