Category Archives: Probable cause

MA: SnapChat video of def with a firearm two days before SW was PC

A SnapChat video of defendant with a gun two days earlier was probable cause for a search warrant. Commonwealth v. Watkins, 2020 Mass. App. LEXIS 139 (Sept. 16, 2020). “Plaintiffs’ Amended Complaint asserts a Fourth Amendment claim for unreasonable search … Continue reading

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AL: IAC claim not stated for not challenging failure to deliver copy of SW to def

Defendant didn’t adequately plead an ineffective assistance of counsel claim for defense counsel not arguing that defendant wasn’t given a copy of the search warrant at the time of the search so he could challenge the search. Smith v. State, … Continue reading

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S.D.Ohio: Nexus shown between Facebook account and offense, despite 19 paragraphs of boilerplate

The government showed nexus between defendant’s Facebook account and the crime under investigation to justify the warrant, despite 19 paragraphs of boilerplate. United States v. Mize, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 166759 (S.D. Ohio Sept. 11, 2020):

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CA9: Gerstein applies to immigration arrests

Gerstein applies to immigration arrests in this class action. Plaintiff was a U.S. citizen detained by ICE. Gonzalez v. U.S. Immigration & Customs Enforcement, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 28827 (9th Cir. Sept. 11, 2020). There was probable cause for a … Continue reading

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Cal.2d: New crime during alleged illegal detention won’t be suppressed

Defendant’s new crime during alleged illegal detention will not be suppressed. Here, he doesn’t even plead enough to get a hearing. People v. Chavez, 2020 Cal. App. LEXIS 858 (2d Dist. Sept. 10, 2020). There was a substantial basis for … Continue reading

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CA10: Ptf didn’t have to show officer his ID and that wasn’t PC for arrest

“Mglej’s refusal to provide Deputy Gardner with his driver’s license or some other form of identification, then, as Deputy Gardner demanded, did not create probable cause to arrest Mglej under Utah Code § 76-8-301.5(1). Thus, sufficient to defeat summary judgment, … Continue reading

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CA7: Civil claim for false arrest or detention on fabricated evidence is 4A claim

“A claim for false arrest or pretrial detention based on fabricated evidence sounds in the Fourth Amendment right to be free from seizure without probable cause.” Patrick v. City of Chicago, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 28380 (7th Cir. Sept. 8, … Continue reading

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CA2: Arguable PC to arrest makes it valid

“Because the defendants had at least arguable probable cause to arrest Barnes for an open container violation, the search was also lawful. A search incident to arrest is lawful where the officer reasonably believed he had probable cause, regardless of … Continue reading

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M.D.Pa.: Govt’s justification for protective sweep or exigency based entry were speculative so motion to suppress granted

The government contention a protective sweep or exigent circumstances justified the entry was speculative and lacked foundation. Motion to suppress granted. United States v. Lara-Mejia, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 156946 (M.D. Pa. Aug. 28, 2020). The automobile exception doesn’t apply … Continue reading

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S.D.Ill.: Govt’s affidavits knock-and-announce would be unsafe were unrebutted

Defendant pled in his motion to suppress there was a knock-and-announce violation, and the government responded with affidavits that knocking would be unsafe. Unrebutted, that’s enough to deny a hearing. United States v. Moore, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 155454 (S.D. … Continue reading

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D.Mont.: Articulable suspicion not needed to run a license plate

Articulable suspicion not needed to run a license plate. United States v. Thompson, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 154156 (D. Mont. Aug. 24, 2020). Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not moving to suppress alleged overseizure of a doctor’s patient records where … Continue reading

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OH6: Smell of raw marijuana from house was PC

The officers’ smell of raw marijuana at a house was probable cause. This is different than the case of burnt marijuana not justifying a search of the trunk of a car. In an IAC claim, defendant didn’t plead any evidence … Continue reading

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CA8: While § 922(g)(3) requires an “unlawful user” of drugs in possession of firearms, the question is only PC for seizure; statute is not vague

The government doesn’t need proof beyond a reasonable doubt that defendant was an “unlawful user” of controlled substance to seize firearms around drugs with probable cause. And that doesn’t make the § 922(g)(3) vague. United States v. Figueroa-Serrano, 2020 U.S. … Continue reading

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CA5: IP address accessing bank accounts for alleged fraud was PC as to that address

“Based on these facts, it was not unreasonable for law enforcement to believe there was probable cause that evidence of the scheme would be found at Traore’s residence nearly a year after the bank account was last accessed from his … Continue reading

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Cal.3: In a recreational MJ state, more is required for a car search than just possession of some marijuana

Possession of a legal amount of recreational marijuana isn’t probable cause for search without more. “Therefore, pursuant to Lee, there must be additional evidence, beyond mere possession of a legal amount of marijuana, to support a reasonable belief the defendant … Continue reading

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W.D.La.: Furtive conduct before getting in car justified stop of car

Defendant’s furtive activity before the stop observed on a parking lot and during the stop was reasonable suspicion. United States v. Pierre, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 147127 (W.D. La. July 17, 2020).* Defendant admitted to there being drugs in the … Continue reading

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