Category Archives: § 1983 / Bivens

CA10: Successful suppression of evidence is not a “favorable outcome” for malicious prosecution purposes against the prosecutor; QI granted

Successful suppression of evidence is not a “favorable outcome” for malicious prosecution purposes against the prosecutor. It doesn’t show actual innocence. Margheim v. Buljko, 2017 U.S. App. LEXIS 7421 (10th Cir. April 27, 2017):

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CA5: Arrest w/o PC can be retaliatory for refusing to answer questions at stop w/o RS

Plaintiff claimed he was arrested, handcuffed, and shackled simply for refusing to give his name and answer questions when he was stopped in a hotel parking lot apparently solely because of the officer’s curiosity. [At least plaintiff so plead because … Continue reading

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CA7: Officer did not violate 4A in reasonably handcuffing road rage suspect until RS dissipated

The district court erred in not granting summary judgment to the officer in this § 1983 case for his use of handcuffs on the plaintiff in his mid-60’s. There was reasonable suspicion for his stop as a suspect in a … Continue reading

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D.Mass.: Evidence that officer condoned CI planting evidence survives MSJ

Plaintiff had enough evidence of CI misconduct in planting evidence and police turning a blind eye toward it to survive summary judgment. Santiago v. Lafferty, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 49177 (D. Mass. March 31, 2017):

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D.Ariz.: State criminal case remedy doesn’t preclude injunctive relief against unlawful arrests

In an injunctive relief action against former Sheriff Arpaio over state enforcement of federal immigration laws, the court considers the factors for injunctive relief, and concludes that having state Fourth Amendment remedies doesn’t undo irreparable harm. Puente Arizona v. Arpaio, … Continue reading

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CA6: Allegation of falsely creating PC is different than absolute immunity for GJ testimony

An allegation of falsely creating a case against the plaintiff is independent from the absolutely immune conduct of grand jury testimony. The district court erred in granting summary judgment to the defendants. Supplement jurisdiction claims dismissed also reversed. King v. … Continue reading

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D.Ariz.: Immigration checkpoint stop can be enlarged because of smell of marijuana

During an immigration checkpoint on a state highway in Arizona, the smell of marijuana coming from the car allowed the stop to go longer under Rodriguez. “Ruiz-Hernandez has not pointed to any authority, in any context, where law enforcement is … Continue reading

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CA10: QI isn’t determined by violation of state law; has to be violation of federal law

In a fractured panel decision, the Tenth Circuit holds that federal law governs qualified immunity, not state law. Here, defendant violated clearly established state law, but the district court didn’t decide whether it violated clearly established federal law. Remanded. Stanley … Continue reading

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CA11: Ptf stated enough to get over Heck bar; DC erred in dismissing with insufficient findings

Plaintiff filed a Bivens action against a U.S. Postal Inspector for having him locked out of his storage unit on a telephone call that required follow-up to seize then search. It was never forthcoming. A relative tried to access his … Continue reading

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C.D.Cal.: That building inspector’s entry was governed by 4A is clearly established

A municipal building inspector’s entry into plaintiff’s building is governed by the Fourth Amendment and the law is well established. “Red-Tagging” the property for defects facially states a claim for relief and the motion to dismiss is denied. VNT Prop. … Continue reading

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