Category Archives: § 1983 / Bivens

CA6: Filing a case report with the DA doesn’t make a malicious prosecution action

“Cases after Skousen have continued to apply its holding that filing a case report, taken alone, is insufficient to support a malicious-prosecution claim. See Miller v. Davis, 653 F. App’x 448, 455-56 (6th Cir. 2016) (holding that a detective’s report … Continue reading

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NM: Stop for mere curiosity to run name was unreasonable stop under Strieff

Stopping defendant for mere curiosity to get his name and then run warrants was an unreasonable stop. When a warrant came up, it wasn’t attenuated under Strieff. “Here, Officer Hernandez testified that it was his practice when working the night … Continue reading

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CA5: Expert opinion on reasonableness in 1983 case improper

“We first find that the district court did not abuse its discretion in excluding portions of testimony from two of Albert’s expert witnesses—Richard Lichten, a police-procedure expert, and Dr. Kris Sperry, the former Chief Medical Examiner for the State of … Continue reading

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CA11: Ptf gets discovery on QI before SJ can be granted

“We hold that the district court abused its discretion by denying the Plaintiff any opportunity to conduct discovery in this case before being made to respond to McFarlane’s motion for summary judgment” on qualified immunity. Defendants are not entitled to … Continue reading

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CA6: Ptf stated claim for unreasonable continued detention after state’s case collapsed when forensic search of computer came up negative

Plaintiff was arrested for child pornography when officers executed a search warrant at his house based on a video uploaded via the IP address and router in the house. There was probable cause for the arrest, but not for the … Continue reading

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CA9: Protective sweep of house after medical emergency at front door unjustified

Officers responded to a medical emergency at the entryway of defendant’s house. They ended up conducting a protective sweep for which there was no justification whatsoever. The firearm found in the protective sweep is suppressed. United States v. Gonzalez-Martin, 2020 … Continue reading

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CA8: Extraditee stated Bell v. Wolfish due process claim from injury and degradation from 8 day transportation that should have taken about 17 hours

Plaintiff was an extraditee transported from Colorado to Mississippi, a 17 hour trip, that took eight days and resulted in real injury and degradation from lack of stops and rest. Plaintiff sued in the Eastern District of California, but it … Continue reading

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AR: Drug dog at scene while warning ticket being written didn’t extend stop

This dog sniff did not extend the stop where the dog arrived while the warning ticket was being written. Mickens v. State, 2020 Ark. App. 280, 2020 Ark. App. LEXIS 307 (Apr. 29, 2020). The blood draw of the unconscious … Continue reading

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Law.com: Analysis: Seventh and Ninth Circuits Decide Important ‘Heck’ Issues

Law.com: Analysis: Seventh and Ninth Circuits Decide Important ‘Heck’ Issues by Martin A. Schwartz (“The Supreme Court in ‘Heck’ held that a §1983 constitutional claim that ‘necessarily’ implies the invalidity of the plaintiff’s conviction is not ‘cognizable’ unless the conviction … Continue reading

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PA: Changing search argument between trial court and appeal is waiver

Changing the nature of the suppression claim between the trial court and appeal is a waiver. There was a fact dispute on the reason for inventory which was resolved against the defendant. Commonwealth v. Peak, 2020 Pa. Super. LEXIS 255 … Continue reading

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CA5: Statute of limitations for malicious prosecution starts at acquittal

“As should be apparent, Winfrey controls. Since Fusilier is challenging ‘an unlawful [detention] pursuant to a warrant’ that the defendants caused to be issued because of ‘misstatements,’ Fusilier’s claim best fits with a malicious prosecution analogy. Winfrey, 901 F.3d at … Continue reading

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OH5: Search was valid as inventory and AE

The vehicle search was valid as an inventory. When a weapon was found in the console, it was valid under the automobile exception. State v. Fawcett, 2020-Ohio-1004, 2020 Ohio App. LEXIS 925 (5th Dist. Mar. 12, 2020). The county’s insurance … Continue reading

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TX4: School search was based on RS from info from known source

There was reasonable suspicion for a school search because the school authorities had information from a known source that provided it. In re J.A.M., 2020 Tex. App. LEXIS 2077 (Tex. App. – San Antonio Mar. 11, 2020). Defendant’s chokehold on … Continue reading

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OH10: Lack of findings of fact and conclusions of law on grant of suppression motion requires remand to make them

The trial court’s grant of suppression is reversed and remanded because of its inadequate findings of fact and conclusions of law for appellate review. State v. Peeks, 2020-Ohio-889, 2020 Ohio App. LEXIS 812 (10th Dist. Mar. 10, 2020). Defendant officers … Continue reading

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OK: Two hours of CSLI in 2012 not excluded

Two hours of CSLI in 2012 to connect defendant to a capital murder was not subject to the exclusionary rule. Carpenter n.3 in 2018 left open this situation. Fuston v. State, 2020 OK CR 4, 2020 Okla. Crim. App. LEXIS … Continue reading

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CO: Officer responding to a just-occurring assault call can stop car pulling out of driveway

An officer responding to a house where an assault was just reported to have occurred could stop a car backing out of the driveway because the occupant might have been involved in it. People v. Jiron, 2020 COA 36, 2020 … Continue reading

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