Category Archives: Seizure

DE: “Being advised of potential lawful authority is not a violation of Fourth Amendment Rights.”

“Advising a person of legitimate consequences [of a BAC test] is not considered coercion. Being advised of potential lawful authority is not a violation of Fourth Amendment Rights.” State v. Street, 2020 Del. Super. LEXIS 2791 (Sept. 17, 2020). When … Continue reading

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S.D.N.Y.: OFAC sanction blocking transaction wasn’t a 4A seizure

The Office of Foreign Asset Control’s sanctions for certain transactions that results in a block of the transaction wasn’t a Fourth Amendment seizure. US VC Partners GP LLC v. United States Dep’t of the Treasury, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 170713 … Continue reading

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CA11: Officers executing a SW at a house can approach an occupied car parked out front

“The district court did not err by denying Turner’s motion to suppress. Delgado was entitled, ‘without any level of suspicion,’ to approach a car in a dangerous locale with an unknown number of occupants parked near a residence where he … Continue reading

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TX4: Illegal stop claim was waived for failure to present to trial court

Defendant’s illegal stop claim for having an open container in San Antonio wasn’t presented in the trial court so it’s waived. Sowers v. State, 2020 Tex. App. LEXIS 7473 (Tex. App. – San Antonio Sept. 16, 2020).* “This Fourth Amendment … Continue reading

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PA: Def who encountered police officer in apt building parking lot as police cars entered with lights and sirens would not feel free to leave

“In viewing the totality of the circumstances surrounding the incident, a reasonable person, innocent of any crime, would not believe that he or she was free to leave. The initial encounter between Officer Smith and Appellant commenced when Officer Smith … Continue reading

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N.D.Cal.: Court doesn’t credit that a person could just walk away from a police encounter; people get shot for that

Defendant was seized by a police car parked face-to-face with his car and spotlights shining in. Defendant couldn’t be expected to drive on the sidewalk to just leave. “The Court concludes that when the uniformed police officer here parked a … Continue reading

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CA11: Telling ptf to move along wasn’t a 4A seizure

“Here, Watkins did not state a plausible claim that Willson violated his Fourth Amendment rights because Willson did not arrest him, detain him, or restrain his movement. Instead, Willson gave Watkins notice to leave the premises, as required by Florida … Continue reading

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The Appeal: Highway Stop-And-Frisk: How Pennsylvania State Troopers Conduct Illegal Traffic Searches

The Appeal: Highway Stop-And-Frisk: How Pennsylvania State Troopers Conduct Illegal Traffic Searches (“A review of five years of cases that arose from traffic stops in the south-central region of the state shows that police used underhand tactics to justify holding … Continue reading

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OK: False name given during execution of SW admissible to impeach credibility

“The State’s questions about Appellant having given a false name to authorities during the execution of a search warrant earlier in the summer of 2015 was relevant as a general matter to impeach Appellant’s credibility.” Knapper v. State, 2020 OK … Continue reading

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CA6: Seizure under a SW is not a 5A taking

The consensus of several other circuits is that seizing property under a search warrant is not subject to the Fifth Amendment’s takings clause. See, e.g., Lech v. Jackson, 791 Fed. Appx. 711, 717 (10th Cir. 2019), cert. denied, No. 19-1123, … Continue reading

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E.D.Wash.: Connecting seized cell phone to internet not a search

Connecting already seized cell phone to the internet was not shown to be a search (citing no law). United States v. Murray, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 136292 (E.D. Wash. July 2, 2020). 2255 claim that defense counsel was ineffective for … Continue reading

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NM: Stop for mere curiosity to run name was unreasonable stop under Strieff

Stopping defendant for mere curiosity to get his name and then run warrants was an unreasonable stop. When a warrant came up, it wasn’t attenuated under Strieff. “Here, Officer Hernandez testified that it was his practice when working the night … Continue reading

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FL1: FDLE’s failure to remove DNA after acquittal in prior case wasn’t a separate 4A violation nor was it subject to the exclusionary rule

FDLE’s failure to remove defendant’s DNA from the state CODIS database after his acquittal in a prior case wasn’t a Fourth Amendment violation nor subject to the exclusionary rule to keep it from being used in this case. The evidence … Continue reading

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OH9: Def’s observed association with wanted fugitive permitted his seizure at time of fugitive’s arrest, too.

Defendant was in a car wash and the USM fugitive task force was tailing a person in another car at the car wash. That person came over to defendant’s car and spoke to him. When the person being surveilled started … Continue reading

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CA11: Detaining an innocent person in handcuffs for two hours at scene of SW doesn’t state a claim

Officers executing a search warrant detained an innocent person in handcuffs for two hours, and that doesn’t state a claim. Also, just being at the warrant execution meeting before the officers went to the scene doesn’t make all those officers … Continue reading

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D.Nev.: Lack of officer reports of facts for PC to arrest goes only to their credibility, but they still were

There was ample probable cause for defendants’ arrest and stopping their car to do it despite the lack of reports. That goes to credibility, and the court finds it wanting. United States v. Davis, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 105973 (D. … Continue reading

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