Category Archives: Seizure

W.D.Ky.: “The Sixth Circuit has long held that a police officer does not violate the Fourth Amendment by asking a driver questions after the initial traffic stop has ended.”

“The Sixth Circuit has long held that a police officer does not violate the Fourth Amendment by asking a driver questions after the initial traffic stop has ended. United States v. Erwin, 155 F.3d 818, 823 (6th Cir. 1998) (en … Continue reading

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E.D.Pa.: Each factor of RS alone might not be enough but totality was

“While Mr. Muldrow rightly points out the tip, his evasive behavior, and the neighborhood each standing alone, would not create reasonable suspicion, all of these factors together with Sergeant Stephan’s observation Mr. Muldrow appeared to have a gun and hid … Continue reading

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D.C.Cir.: Alleged seizure of open fields not a 4A claim, but it is a 5A claim

The North American Butterfly Association sued the federal government over a part of the Mexican border wall on their butterfly preserve being Fourth and Fifth Amendment claims. Their Fourth Amendment claim is dismissed because it involves alleged seizure of open … Continue reading

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SCOTUS: Torres v. Madrid argued today

Torres v. Madrid, 19-292: Issue: Whether an unsuccessful attempt to detain a suspect by use of physical force is a “seizure” within the meaning of the Fourth Amendment, as the U.S. Courts of Appeals for the 8th, 9th and 11th … Continue reading

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S.D.Miss.: Def was seized when his car was blocked by a police car and officer approached; there was no RS

Defendant’s car was practically blocked in a parking lot by a police car, and the officer got out and approached him. A reasonable person would not feel free to leave, and he was seized without reasonable suspicion. United States v. … Continue reading

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CA5: Vehicle in hit-and-run could be seized as “instrumentality of crime”

Plaintiff’s car could be seized on an apartment building parking lot as an “instrumentality of crime” when it had been involved in a hit-and-run. (Neither party cites what the court thinks is a case in point, which it follows.) Rountree … Continue reading

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CA11: A move-on order isn’t usually a 4A violation

In terminating a consent decree involving how the City of Miami deals with homeless people, the Eleventh Circuit notes that a move-on order isn’t usually a Fourth Amendment violation. Peery v. City of Miami, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 31175 (11th … Continue reading

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MN: Driver’s potential violation of a pretrial release condition justified extending stop

The driver’s potential violation of a pretrial release condition observed by the officer was sufficient justification for extending a traffic stop first based on failure to signal. Violation of a condition of release could be a criminal violation. State v. … Continue reading

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TN: Parole search is a question of standing

Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not challenge defendant’s parole search. In fact, “Because the search was a condition of his parole, the petitioner does not have standing to contest the search. Oody, 823 S.W.2d at 560; Turner, 297 S.W.3d at … Continue reading

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DE: “Being advised of potential lawful authority is not a violation of Fourth Amendment Rights.”

“Advising a person of legitimate consequences [of a BAC test] is not considered coercion. Being advised of potential lawful authority is not a violation of Fourth Amendment Rights.” State v. Street, 2020 Del. Super. LEXIS 2791 (Sept. 17, 2020). When … Continue reading

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S.D.N.Y.: OFAC sanction blocking transaction wasn’t a 4A seizure

The Office of Foreign Asset Control’s sanctions for certain transactions that results in a block of the transaction wasn’t a Fourth Amendment seizure. US VC Partners GP LLC v. United States Dep’t of the Treasury, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 170713 … Continue reading

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CA11: Officers executing a SW at a house can approach an occupied car parked out front

“The district court did not err by denying Turner’s motion to suppress. Delgado was entitled, ‘without any level of suspicion,’ to approach a car in a dangerous locale with an unknown number of occupants parked near a residence where he … Continue reading

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TX4: Illegal stop claim was waived for failure to present to trial court

Defendant’s illegal stop claim for having an open container in San Antonio wasn’t presented in the trial court so it’s waived. Sowers v. State, 2020 Tex. App. LEXIS 7473 (Tex. App. – San Antonio Sept. 16, 2020).* “This Fourth Amendment … Continue reading

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PA: Def who encountered police officer in apt building parking lot as police cars entered with lights and sirens would not feel free to leave

“In viewing the totality of the circumstances surrounding the incident, a reasonable person, innocent of any crime, would not believe that he or she was free to leave. The initial encounter between Officer Smith and Appellant commenced when Officer Smith … Continue reading

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N.D.Cal.: Court doesn’t credit that a person could just walk away from a police encounter; people get shot for that

Defendant was seized by a police car parked face-to-face with his car and spotlights shining in. Defendant couldn’t be expected to drive on the sidewalk to just leave. “The Court concludes that when the uniformed police officer here parked a … Continue reading

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CA11: Telling ptf to move along wasn’t a 4A seizure

“Here, Watkins did not state a plausible claim that Willson violated his Fourth Amendment rights because Willson did not arrest him, detain him, or restrain his movement. Instead, Willson gave Watkins notice to leave the premises, as required by Florida … Continue reading

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