Category Archives: Seizure

CA6: State sanctioned blood draws of newborns and keeping the samples stated 4A claim

Plaintiffs stated a Fourth Amendment claim that the state took blood samples from children to check for diseases and then retained them in the Michigan Neonatal Biorepository. Remanded for further consideration. Kanuszewski v. Michigan Dept. of Health and Human Services, … Continue reading

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MA: Pinging a cell phone is a search, but here it was with exigent circumstances

Pinging a cell phone to find its location was a search under the Massachusetts Constitution and Fourth Amendment, but it was reasonable because the state showed true exigent circumstances. Commonwealth v. Almonor, 482 Mass. 35 (Apr. 23, 2019). Washington declines … Continue reading

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CA5: QI granted officer who detained business owner for 4 hrs for civil violation

Detaining a business owner for four hours for civil violations and pulling a gun wasn’t clearly established as a Fourth Amendment violation, so the officer gets [away with it by getting] qualified immunity. Okorie v. Crawford, 2019 U.S. App. LEXIS … Continue reading

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ScotusBlog: Argument preview: Searching for an accrual rule when the government fabricates evidence in a criminal proceeding

ScotusBlog: Argument preview: Searching for an accrual rule when the government fabricates evidence in a criminal proceeding by Howard M. Wasserman: McDonough v. Smith, to be argued on April 17, offers the Supreme Court another opportunity to clarify when civil-rights … Continue reading

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N.D.W.Va.: Factual mistakes in the affidavit for SW didn’t undermine the factual showing; the GFE also applies

There were factual mistakes in the affidavit for search warrant, but it doesn’t undermine the probable cause showing. In any event, the mistakes are in good faith and the good faith exception applies. United States v. Naum, 2019 U.S. Dist. … Continue reading

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PA: “The Fourth Amendment does not have a time limit; it protects individuals from unreasonable seizures, no matter how brief.”

“The Fourth Amendment does not have a time limit; it protects individuals from unreasonable seizures, no matter how brief.” The brief detention here wasn’t based on reasonable suspicion and implicated the Fourth Amendment. Commonwealth v. Adams, 2019 Pa. LEXIS 1734 … Continue reading

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WA: It’s defendant’s burden to show a seizure occurred

“An appellant making an unconstitutional seizure claim has the burden of proving that a seizure occurred. … [¶] Here, Yang consented to Koster’s entry. Throughout their time in the house, Lucas and Koster told Ho what they were doing. They … Continue reading

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S.D.Ga.: Rule 41(g) doesn’t enable return of property the govt doesn’t have

Property not in the hands of the federal government cannot be ordered returned under Rule 41(g). Administratively forfeited case can’t be returned; there was a remedy. United States v. Morris, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 45071 (S.D.Ga. Mar. 19, 2019). Defendant’s … Continue reading

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Reason: Volokh Conspiracy: New Cert Petition: Does the Fourth Amendment Allow “Information Seeking” Stops of Suspects?

Reason: Volokh Conspiracy: New Cert Petition: Does the Fourth Amendment Allow “Information Seeking” Stops of Suspects? by Orin Kerr:

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S.D.N.Y.: A prison cell search doesn’t need justification

“‘[P]rison officials are presumed to do their best to evaluate and monitor objectively the security needs of the institution and the inmates in their custody, and then to determine whether and when such concerns necessitate a search of a prison … Continue reading

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D.Ariz.: Driving below “normal speed of traffic” is undefined and couldn’t form basis for stop

There is no statutory definition of ‘normal speed of traffic.’ And, Officer Anderson did not testify that the SUV was driving less than the ‘normal speed of traffic’ as required by the statute. Rather, he stated that the SUV was … Continue reading

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CA4: 31 day delay in getting SW for cell phone was unreasonable

The government’s 31 day delay in getting a search warrant for defendant’s cell phone after its seizure was unreasonable and required suppression of the alleged child pornography on the phone. Because defendant was sentenced to life, the error was not … Continue reading

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