Category Archives: Seizure

CA1: Collective knowledge isn’t required of all officers, just those involved

Collective knowledge is not required of all the officers involved in the case, just the one with knowledge telling the one making the stop. Here there was reasonable suspicion for the stop. United States v. Cruz-Rivera, 19-1465 & 19-1509 (1st … Continue reading

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AL: Suspicious noises inside from knock-and-talk was exigency

Police knock and talk led to them hearing noises of someone rushing around inside. They could also smell marijuana from outside, and they had information of buys from inside the house. Exigency established. Hall v. State, CR-20-0394 (Ala. Crim. App. … Continue reading

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DC: Grabbing one’s waistband while running from the police signals contraband, despite possible innocent explanations

Grabbing at one’s waistband while running from the police may have innocent explanations, too, but it signals contraband. Newman v. United States, 7-CF-520 (D.C. Sept. 2, 2021). A delay between the traffic stop and an ultimate search is not per … Continue reading

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E.D.N.Y.: Def already lawfully arrested suffered no separate 4A violation by being taken to ATF, too

Defendant already lawfully arrested wasn’t unreasonably seized by also taking him to ATF for further questioning. United States v. Rodriguez, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 158008 (E.D.N.Y. Aug. 20, 2021). The affidavit showed “ample probable cause” and the Franks challenge is … Continue reading

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CA7: Destruction or sale of seized property wasn’t unreasonable or a taking

Property lawfully seized by the city is destroyed or sold after a short while if unclaimed. That doesn’t make it an unreasonable seizure or a taking. Conyers v. City of Chicago, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 24676 (7th Cir. Aug. 18, … Continue reading

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CA8: Handcuffing for two minutes was not an unreasonable seizure when based on furtive movements

Plaintiffs’ handcuffing for two minutes because of furtive movements was reasonable. “Based on the totality of the circumstances, we conclude that the investigative detention did not become an arrest here because Officer Marzolf only used handcuffs briefly (under two minutes) … Continue reading

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CA8: Taking box off FedEx conveyor belt for dog sniff didn’t deprive FedEx of custody

Moving a suspicious looking box from the FedEx conveyor belt to a back room for a dog sniff did not require reasonable suspicion nor did it deprive FedEx of custody of the box. The dog alert provided justification for a … Continue reading

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S.D.Ohio: Affidavit for SW showed home was base of DTO

The collection of information for probable cause for the warrant included a reasonable inference that defendant’s home was a base of operations for a drug trafficking operation, and this was nexus. United States v. Jackson, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 144185 … Continue reading

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CA8: Officer holding DL for a few minutes wasn’t an unreasonable seizure

Where defendant turned over his DL when the officer requested it and it wasn’t returned right away while records were checked, it was [apparently] on defendant to ask for it back. This wasn’t a seizure. United States v. Lillich, 2021 … Continue reading

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TN: Consent in the face of a threat to get a SW is invalid where no PC

Defendant’s consent in the face of the officer’s threat to get a search warrant was involuntary where there was no probable cause for a warrant. State v. Cohen, 2021 Tenn. Crim. App. LEXIS 356 (July 29, 2021). There was reasonable … Continue reading

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WA: Request for proof of payment of a bus fare is not a search

Request for proof of payment of a public transportation fare is not a seizure under the Fourth Amendment or the state constitution. Defendant consented to the terms of ridership by boarding the bus, which included paying the fare and having … Continue reading

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W.D.Wash.: Def’s arrest away from the place of search was justified by PC

There was probable cause for defendant’s arrest away from the place of execution of the search warrant (Summers and Bailey). United States v. Pelayo, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 126671 (W.D. Wash. July 7, 2021). When defendant opened his door, the … Continue reading

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WA: PC and nexus shown for CSLI warrant before Carpenter

Defendant was a suspect in a diamond theft. Police obtained a search warrant for his cell phone location records and that placed him near the burglary at the time it happened, and there was probable cause for it. The search … Continue reading

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CA7: When false arrest is the claim, ptf’s bond conditions are not separate seizures for SoL purposes

Plaintiff’s false evidence claim arises from the arrest or release from detention, and here it is time barred. His release on detention was not a separate Fourth Amendment seizure. Smith v. City of Chi., 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS 19136 (7th … Continue reading

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S.D.W.Va.: Def unaware he was blocked in his car wasn’t “seized”

“Inasmuch as Mr. Mitchem was unaware that his car was blocked given his somnambulant state, the mere blocking of his vehicle is of no Fourth Amendment consequence.” United States v. Mitchem, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 118388 (S.D. W.Va. June 25, … Continue reading

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CA3: GFE saved CP search district court found lacked PC

Officers obtained a search warrant for defendant possessing child pornography based on his interest in unclothed children and taking pictures. The district court suppressed, but the good faith exception applies to save the search. The government appealed on both probable … Continue reading

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M.D.Pa.: ISP’s duty to report CP under 18 U.S.C. § 2258A doesn’t make it still not a private search

Kik’s duty to report child pornography on its platform under 18 U.S.C. § 2258A doesn’t make its search still not a private search. United States v. Hart, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 111166 (M.D. Pa. June 14, 2021). The trial court … Continue reading

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Army: Consent to search was mere acquiescence to a claim of authority

Defendant’s consent to search his apartment was obtained after telling him that it was based on the death of his roommate in the parking lot. He was in “custody,” and this was mere acquiescence to a claim of authority. “In … Continue reading

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E.D.Mo.: Sexual assault allegation by school official states 4A claim

Allegation of a sexual assault by a school official states a Fourth Amendment claim. Hermann v. Kirkwood R-7 Sch. Dist., 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 102574 (E.D. Mo. June 1, 2021). Officers with a search warrant for electronic devices could look … Continue reading

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D.Md.: State’s DoIT owns and controls state computers and can enter computers and offices for access; no REP in state computer

The State of Maryland’s Department of Information Technology owns and controls the computers on its network and has the authority to enter offices to enter computers. Here, child pornography was found. Defendant had no reasonable expectation of privacy in the … Continue reading

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