Category Archives: Inventory

IN: Inventory not sufficiently regulated to be valid; also, officer’s deviation from inventory showed pretext

The search of defendant’s truck was not sufficiently regulated by standardized police procedures and therefore was pretextual, as the vague, conflicting inventory regime of the police department was not capable of sufficiently regulating the search. Even if it was, the … Continue reading

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D.Neb.: Govt proved inventory valid and not pretext; there was also PC for the search

Defendants were arrested for robbery, and they objected to the R&R as failing to consider that the inventory of the vehicle was a pretext for an investigative search. The court finds that the policy on inventory was followed and that … Continue reading

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D.Nev.: No actual or apparent authority to consent shown; presence of gun in motel room not exigency per se

Actual authority to consent and apparent authority in a motel room are two different things. Here, the government can’t show either on this record. The possibility of a gun in the room is not an exigent circumstance. United States v. … Continue reading

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WA: While impoundment was permissible, state law required reasonable alternatives be considered first

While impoundment was statutorily permitted, state law requires alternatives be explored before impoundment. Here it wasn’t, so the impoundment is suppressed. State v. Froehlich, 2017 Wash. App. LEXIS 366 (Feb. 14, 2017):

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IA: Two finding defective inventory due to police investigative motive

“In any event, it is clear that Officer Carter failed to remove the license plates and registration receipt before impounding the car. Because the officer overlooked the legislatively imposed requirements for the impoundment, it appears he was motivated solely by … Continue reading

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E.D.Mich.: Mixed motive for otherwise valid inventory doesn’t make it unreasonable

A mixed motive for an inventory search doesn’t make it unreasonable as long as the inventory was reasonable. United States v. Dowl, 2017 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 7184 (E.D. Mich. Jan. 19, 2017):

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E.D.Okla.: Search of vehicle on roadside not unreasonable because it started as a proper inventory

Defendant was stopped for his tag light being out, and it resulted in finding that his DL was suspended. That meant that his vehicle would be towed. The inventory by all appearances was starting, because a video showed the inventory … Continue reading

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W.D.Mo.: RS still required for a Long protective weapons search of a car

There was no reasonable suspicion for a protective weapons search. Without reasonable suspicion, all cars are subject to search without cause, thereby nullifying the Fourth Amendment. Defendant was stopped in his driveway, and there was also an effort to call … Continue reading

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W.D.Pa.: After gun was found in car, search incident and automobile exception didn’t apply, but inventory was inevitable [right result, wrong reasoning]

After defendant’s car was stopped, the officers conducted a Michigan v. Long protective weapons search of the car while gaining control of the defendant, and a gun was located. There was a search incident: “Furthermore, he was standing at the … Continue reading

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TX2: “the impoundment of the vehicle was a task tied to the traffic infraction” and didn’t extend it

Defendant was stopped for a brake light infraction, and neither he nor the passenger had a valid DL or insurance. Thus, impoundment is in order. “Similarly, the impoundment of the vehicle was a task tied to the traffic infraction, and … Continue reading

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