Category Archives: Inventory

D.N.M.: Inventory was reasonable on the totality, so officers’ actual intent doesn’t matter

Defendant was arrested at someone else’s home, and he had a bag. The homeowner wouldn’t take responsibility for the bag, so it went with defendant, and its inventory was reasonable on the totality. “Thus, whether or not the Officers’ testimony … Continue reading

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D.S.D.: General description of a handyman’s tools as “miscellaneous tools” did not make the inventory “defective”

General description of a handyman’s tools as “miscellaneous tools” did not make the inventory “defective.” United States v. Bruce, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 7387 (D.S.D. Jan 17, 2018). “Although the affidavit in the instant case could have provided more information … Continue reading

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D.Neb.: Minor mistakes on inventory paperwork don’t make the inventory unreasonable

The officer’s minor errors on the paperwork for the inventory don’t show that was pretextual for a criminal search or otherwise unreasonable. United States v. Lillard, 2018 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 6613 (D. Neb. Jan. 16, 2018) (wrong vehicle model, failing … Continue reading

Posted in Consent, Inventory | Comments Off

OR: The fact there is some officer discretion in conducting an inventory doesn’t make it violate 4A

The Salem inventory policy requires inventory of closed containers that might have something valuable in them. In defendant’s backpack was a nylon case which the officer believed might contain a computer harddrive or a computer gaming device. The inventory was … Continue reading

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IA: Inventory was still valid despite its mixed motive to search

Defendant refused to consent to a search so the officers made the choice to impound his car. It was a reasonable choice, although with a mixed motive to search and not just inventory. Nevertheless, it’s valid. State v. Gray, 2017 … Continue reading

Posted in Consent, Inventory, Pretext, Probable cause | Comments Off

IN: Officer didn’t follow inventory policy and made this a criminal search; suppressed

The inventory in this case “deviated greatly” from the impoundment policy. When a gun was found, it turned into a criminal investigation and the officer ignored the inventory. No inventory was made. Sansbury v. State, 2017 Ind. App. LEXIS 804 … Continue reading

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D.N.M.: Govt’s rationale for impoundment failed: car was in a safe residential neighborhood in front of a friend’s house who said he’d watch it

Defendant was buying the car searched from his sister, although it was still in her name and registered to her. He had standing to challenge its search. The government’s rationale for impoundment was community caretaking, but the car was parked … Continue reading

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D.Colo.: Officer’s near complete failure to follow inventory policy showed it was an investigative search

The inventory of defendant’s car was clearly an investigative search, and the lack of any paper inventory and the body camera video prove it. Defendant’s cell phone wasn’t logged in, the officer said, because it was taken into the station … Continue reading

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Cal.6th: Inventory wouldn’t permit removal of dashboard, but finding drugs during inventory turned into probable cause for a search

Defendant’s car had cocaine hidden in a compartment behind the dashboard. Normally, an inventory search would not permit removal of car parts to conduct it. Here, however, the officer found cocaine under the seat during the inventory, and that was … Continue reading

Posted in Automobile exception, Consent, Inventory | Comments Off

NM: Backpack on def when he was arrested was subject to inventory even though he was separated from it when searched

Defendant’s backpack was on him when arrested, and it was still subject to police inventory for all the policies of inventory. State v. Davis, 2017 N.M. LEXIS 86 (Nov. 9, 2017), revg, 2016-NMCA-073, 387 P.3d 274 (posted here):

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OH3: Search incident under Gant isn’t automatic in a DUI arrest; more indicators required

OVI (DUI) is not an offense where there is per se evidence to be found in the vehicle by search incident under Gant (or the automobile exception). Something more than just the offense is required to use the stop to … Continue reading

Posted in Automobile exception, Inventory, Search incident | Comments Off

D.Nev.: PC for automobile exception continues into impoundment

Probable cause for a vehicle search under the automobile exception continues into impoundment for later inventory even though the vehicle is immobilized by where it is. Also, permission from the owner gives the driver of a car standing. United States … Continue reading

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