Category Archives: Probation / Parole search

AR: RS def rented a hotel room was sufficient for search waiver; PC not required

For determining whether the place searched, here a hotel room, is a probationer’s for a search waiver, reasonable suspicion and not probable cause is the standard to be applied. State v. Bailey, 2024 Ark. 87, 2024 Ark. LEXIS 74 (May … Continue reading

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VA: Consent to look in backpack permitted search of pill bottle

Defendant’s consent to look in his backpack didn’t require separate consent to look in a pill bottle. Lee v. Commonwealth, 2024 Va. App. LEXIS 258 (May 7, 2024). CBP had reasonable suspicion for the stop of a Jeep meeting four … Continue reading

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Cal.1st: Minor in possession of MJ is PC for search of car

Lawful possession of marijuana in a car is not probable cause for a search. A minor in possession is unlawful, so it is. In re Randy C., 2024 Cal. App. LEXIS 292 (1st Dist. May 3, 2024). There was a … Continue reading

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Conflict of laws: CA parole search waiver effective in AR

Defendant was arrested in Arkansas on a California extradition warrant, and he had a California parole search waiver. The California search waiver parallels the Arkansas statute, and Arkansas officials could search his clothing under that. In addition, the search incident … Continue reading

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E.D.Mo.: PV warrant permitted entry to place where def reasonably suspected to reside

PV warrant permitted entry into suspected residence of violator. “However, the Eighth Circuit has made clear that, provided an administrative warrant is supported by reasonable cause, it carries the same implied limited authority to enter a dwelling to effectuate an … Continue reading

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W.D.Ark.: Parole search waiver moots lack of PC argument

Defendant was subject to a state warrantless parole search waiver, so the existence of probable cause to support the warrant is moot. United States v. Strickland, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 73938 (W.D. Ark. Apr. 23, 2024).* “Camara argues that the … Continue reading

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VA: Outline of a gun in def’s pocket was RS

The outline of a gun in defendant’s pocket was reasonable suspicion. Alvin v. Commonwealth, 2024 Va. App. LEXIS 230 (Apr. 23, 2024). Even if a prior search was unreasonable, there was an independent source for the warranted search of defendant’s … Continue reading

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W.D.N.Y.: Def had no standing in a place he wasn’t allowed to be on parole

As a parolee, defendant didn’t show standing in his girlfriend’s apartment when he wasn’t supposed to even be there in violation of parole. United States v. Melvin, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 73044 (W.D.N.Y. Apr. 22, 2024). The officer showed probable … Continue reading

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CA9: Asking detainee about parole status is reasonable

Asking a detainee about his parole status reasonably relates to officer safety and imposes a negligible burden on the detainee. United States v. Ramirez, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 9388 (9th Cir. Apr. 18, 2024). Defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not … Continue reading

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CA5: PC showing for house in affidavit for SW also supported automobile exception search of car elsewhere

The affidavit for the warrant for defendant’s house also provided nexus to defendant’s car. When it was driven away from the house just before the search, the police decided to stop and search it. That search was valid under the … Continue reading

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NY3: SW for person doesn’t include body cavity search unless reason for such search was shown

“Even where a search warrant has been previously obtained, it is axiomatic that such ‘warrant exists and is required not simply to permit, but to circumscribe police intrusions’ …. Here, the search warrant that had been previously obtained authorized the … Continue reading

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CA9: Supervised release condition of financial disclosure permitted under 18 U.S.C. § 3553(a) and didn’t violate 4A

“Second, the financial disclosure condition does not clearly violate the Fourth Amendment’s requirement that release conditions be reasonably necessary and narrowly tailored. See United States v. Sales, 476 F.3d 732, 737 (9th Cir. 2007). We have upheld a substantially similar … Continue reading

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WA: Parole search of cell phone was reasonable

Defendant was on supervision for a sex offense. He was required to disclose all his dating relationships. A parole search of his cell phone was reasonable, and it revealed other violations. In re Pers. Restraint of Allgoewer, 2024 Wash. App. … Continue reading

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PA: PO could send parolee’s GPS tracking to CID

Defendant was on parole for armed robbery, wearing a GPS tracker. It was reasonable for parole to send his tracking information to a detective investigating him for another robbery. Commonwealth v. Rosendary, 2024 PA Super 51, 2024 Pa. Super. LEXIS … Continue reading

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CA5: Even if parole search was to aid criminal investigation, it was still reasonable

Even if defendant’s parole search was in aid of a criminal investigation, it was still reasonable. United States v. Barron, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 6336 (5th Cir. Mar. 15, 2024). A warrant after a shooting showed no probable cause for … Continue reading

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CA2: Supervised release search condition not adequately addressed on the record

“We conclude that the ‘special needs’ doctrine of the Fourth Amendment permits, when sufficiently supported by the record, the imposition of a special condition of supervised release that allows the probation officer to conduct a suspicionless search of the defendant’s … Continue reading

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MO: Collective knowledge for RS doesn’t require that every witness be called at the suppression hearing

Collective knowledge for reasonable suspicion doesn’t require that every witness be called at the suppression hearing. “While Appellant seemingly takes issue with the fact that the officer who took Victim’s report did not also testify, the Hensley test only requires … Continue reading

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OH3: Parole search authority is statutory, not coerced consent

The parole search statute governs parole searches. It is not a matter of coerced consent. State v. Harrison, 2024-Ohio-884, 2024 Ohio App. LEXIS 816 (3d Dist. Mar. 11, 2024). Civil Franks violation: “The omission of the full timeline is material … Continue reading

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LA2: Search of nonparole roommate’s room required PC and SW

There is risk of a nonparolee roommate to parole searches of their common area. Once a search can occur, however, the rights of the roommate not on parole have to be respected. A search of the roommate’s room requires probable … Continue reading

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CA9: Questioning motorist about probation status for 10 seconds and safety reasons was reasonable

Questioning defendant about his probation or parole status, albeit for about 10 seconds and clearly for safety reasons, did not unreasonably extend the stop. United States v. Beltran, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 2003 (9th Cir. Jan. 30, 2024). There was … Continue reading

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