Category Archives: Probation / Parole search

W.D.N.Y.: RS for parole search of house justified by failure to report, curfew and travel violations, and tampering with GPS

A parolee’s “fail[ure] to report to the parole office, staying out past curfew, traveling out of his parole-approved area, and tampering with his GPS monitor” justified a parole search of the home. United States v. Jackson, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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M.D.Fla.: Positive UA is RS for a search of a probationer’s home

A positive UA is reasonable suspicion for a search of a probationer’s home. United States v. Walker, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 209507 (M.D. Fla. Oct. 17, 2022). “To prevail on a Fourth Amendment claim for false arrest, Johnson must establish … Continue reading

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E.D.Ark.: “Place of residence” for a parole search of an absconder includes a motel room he’s staying in

The “place of residence” for a parole search of an absconder includes a motel room he’s staying in. He also has no standing to challenge a search of a trash can outside the room. United States v. Nichols, 2022 U.S. … Continue reading

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E.D.Va.: Could have seen for plain view isn’t the same as actually seeing

Defendant did not abandon the vehicle he was driving with permission of the owner. When officers asked for consent he said it wasn’t his and it was his “baby mama’s” vehicle. Her permission gave him standing. The court disagrees with … Continue reading

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IL: Smell of burnt mj alone not RS

The smell of burnt cannabis without seeing more is not reasonable suspicion in Illinois. People v. Redmond, 2022 IL App (3d) 210524, 2022 Ill. App. LEXIS 479 (Nov. 15, 2022). On an Anders brief, the inventory search of defendant’s car … Continue reading

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CA6: Carpenter not retroactive and doesn’t support successor habeas

Carpenter doesn’t suffice for a successor habeas. Besides, he’d lose on the merits. “Taylor cannot meet the statutory criteria for filing a second or successive habeas corpus petition. First, he does not rely on any newly discovered evidence. Second, ‘the … Continue reading

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OH1: No exclusionary rule for this alleged statutory violation for lack of notice of a probation search condition

Defendant’s contention the probation department failed to notify him of his search condition was a statutory violation but there is no exclusionary remedy for that. State v. Hayden, 2022-Ohio-3933, 2022 Ohio App. LEXIS 3721 (1st Dist. Nov. 4, 2022). In … Continue reading

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MO: Def’s arrest violated state law but not the 4A, so it was not unreasonable

“This appeal presents the question of whether a police officer necessarily violates the Fourth Amendment when he makes an arrest that is prohibited by state law. Relying upon Virginia v. Moore, 553 U.S. 164, 128 S. Ct. 1598, 170 L. … Continue reading

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PA: State’s statement of issues for review didn’t include the precise issue argued so it’s waived

The state in its statement of issues below addressed probable cause but did not mention inevitable discovery. That amounted to a waiver. “The inevitable discovery doctrine is not a subsidiary issue to a claim of adequate probable cause to support … Continue reading

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OH: Exclusionary rule does not apply to statutory violations, here a parole search

Defendant signed a consent to parole search form, but the statute says it has to be on reasonable grounds. Here, even if the statute was violated, the exclusionary rule applies to constitutional violations, not statutory ones. State v. Campbell, 2022-Ohio-3626, … Continue reading

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FL1: SW cured alleged defect in probation search where roommate wasn’t on probation

Defendant, not on probation, lived with two probationers. POs showed up for a probation search, and when they saw the extent of what they found and had a nonprobationer, they got a search warrant for the rest of the house. … Continue reading

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DC: Gant search incident for open containers did not permit search of a small plastic box

A Gant search incident of a vehicle authorized for open containers of alcohol didn’t permit a more intense search of a plastic “otter box” finding PCP. Smith v. United States, 2022 D.C. App. LEXIS 326 (Sep. 29, 2022). The state … Continue reading

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N.D.N.Y.: Lack of consent no defense to a probation search

Lack of consent is no defense to a probation search. United States v. Lombardo, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 173618 (N.D.N.Y. Sep. 20, 2022).* Defendant was detained after furtive gestures. He ultimately voluntarily spoke to the officers. There was no constitutional … Continue reading

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D.D.C.: SW for documents permitted search of any place they could be, not just where def said they were

Officers executing a search warrant for evidence of animal abuse in Washington D.C. used a battering ram on the door without waiting for defendant to come to the door. They had a warrant for veterinary documents on the animals and … Continue reading

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S.D.Fla.: Threats against LEOs involved in execution of SW requires affidavit remain sealed

Public threats against FBI agents involved in the search requires leaving the affidavit for the search warrant under seal. In re Warrant, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 150388 (S.D. Fla. Aug. 22, 2022). Defendant’s traffic stop was factually based and not … Continue reading

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OH5: No standing in rental car where contract expired and driver was not authorized on contract

“The evidence demonstrated the vehicle was owned by the rental company, it was leased to someone other than Appellant, the rental agreement had lapsed, and the record does not support Appellant having authorization to use the vehicle. As a result, … Continue reading

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N.D.Cal.: Prolonging traffic stop to inquire of probation or parole status unreasonable

Prolonging the traffic stop for further information on defendant’s parole and probation status was unreasonable. It diverted from the traffic stop. United States v. Gould, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 142915 (N.D. Cal. Aug. 10, 2022). The protective sweep of defendant’s … Continue reading

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D.Minn.: Police delay in responding to 911 call in part belied exigency

There no longer was exigency, in part here from the police delay in responding to 911 call, and what was observed was innocuous. No exigency on the totality. Cotten v. Miller, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 139360 (D. Minn. Aug. 5, … Continue reading

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CA6: Sex offender’s being around children justified parole search of house

A report that a sex offender had been around children is reasonable suspicion for a parole search of his house. United States v. Sharp, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 20291 (6th Cir. July 22, 2022). “Davis contends that the search was … Continue reading

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CA9: While RS for owner evaporated because he wasn’t in car, independent RS developed for driver

The officer had reasonable suspicion that the owner of a vehicle parked at a gas station had a warrant. When he stopped the vehicle, the officer discovered that the owner of the vehicle was not there, but independent reasonable suspicion … Continue reading

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