Category Archives: Probation / Parole search

CA9: Unjustified emergency entry didn’t become justified by learning of a supervised release search waiver

The officers’ warrantless entry into defendant’s home thinking he needed emergency assistance wasn’t justified. They took him out. They found he had a supervised release search waiver on file which they didn’t know about before. They reentered and searched under … Continue reading

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MT: Renter of person on probation isn’t subject to landlord’s probation search

Defendant rented an outbuilding as a residence from a person on probation. His separate room was not subject to the landlord’s probation search waiver. In addition, one doesn’t have to lock his residence to have a reasonable expectation of privacy … Continue reading

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D.N.M.: POs with PV warrant authorized to enter hotel room def was visiting under Payton

Parole officers had a warrant for defendant’s arrest for absconding from supervision. His location at the motel room of another was given to the PO and an apprehension team went to get him. As they approached, the door was opened … Continue reading

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OH2: Officer may ask motorist if he’s armed

A police officer may ask a stopped motorist in a traffic stop whether he is armed without violating the Fourth Amendment. State v. Ferguson, 2020-Ohio-4153, 2020 Ohio App. LEXIS 3051 (2d Dist. Aug. 21, 2020). Defendant’s traffic stop evolved into … Continue reading

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E.D.Mo.: No REP against photographing tattoo on chest at time of arrest

Defendant had no reasonable expectation of privacy not to have a tattoo on his chest under his shirt photographed on his arrest. Therefore, defense counsel wasn’t ineffective for not raising it. Shumpert v. United States, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 149584 … Continue reading

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D.Nev.: Ptf’s claim he was held past his sentence expiring stated a 4A claim

Plaintiff’s claim he was held in jail past his sentence expiration date survives summary judgment as a Fourth Amendment claim. Barrese v. Las Vegas Metro. Police Dep’t, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 143360 (D. Nev. Aug. 10, 2020). The trial court … Continue reading

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D.Mont.: Officer had something at least close to RS to investigate def as a probation violator and there was no bad faith or flagrantly unreasonable action

If the officer didn’t have reasonable suspicion defendant was a probation violator, he had something really close to it. Also, nothing about the officer’s investigation was flagrant or in bad faith. United States v. Galliher, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 140901 … Continue reading

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CA10: Parolee’s § 1983 claim he was wrongfully arrested on parole doesn’t state a claim because he’s always “in custody”

Plaintiff’s claim that he was unreasonably arrested for a parole violation before actually getting on parole is rejected because a parolee is still in custody no matter what. “Similarly, there is no authority to support Mr. Neilsen’s argument that an … Continue reading

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CA4: That Bivens shouldn’t recognize this claim wasn’t raised below and it’s waived

“Here, the officers argue that their case – notwithstanding its similarities to Bivens, which likewise involved a Fourth Amendment claim against federal law enforcement officers – presents a ‘new Bivens context,’ and that allowing it to proceed runs afoul of … Continue reading

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MI: Unlawfully extended probation can’t be used to justify a probation search

Where the trial court lacked the power to extend probation, a probation search during the unlawfully extended term was unreasonable. People v. Vanderpool, 2020 Mich. LEXIS 1207 (July 13, 2020). A probation search doesn’t violate the state constitution. State v. … Continue reading

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D.Del.: Mere denials of the facts doesn’t make a Franks claim

Just saying in a motion to suppress the defendant “‘denies telling law enforcement that additional drugs could be found within his apartment’ and ‘disputes the accuracy’ of the statement that officers detected the odor of burnt marijuana in the apartment” … Continue reading

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N.D.Cal.: Search before knowing of probation search condition unreasonable

Standing outside the door to a recently parked vehicle with expired tags and holding the keys was reasonable suspicion the holder is the driver. Asking about probation or parole status and a search waiver is outside the mission of the … Continue reading

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AZ: Cell phones “property” subject to probation searches

“Cell phones provide access to an immense array of private information, much of which is stored in the Cloud or on sites controlled by third parties. As such, the United States Supreme Court concluded in Riley v. California that people … Continue reading

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Cal.2: Mistake of fact def was on probation made probation search unreasonable

Officers thought defendant was on probation and searched him, but he wasn’t at the time. The state put on no evidence of good faith, so the search fails for lack of a factual or legal basis for the search. People … Continue reading

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ND: Parole search of cell phone after def incarcerated reasonable

The parole search of defendant’s cell phone after he was incarcerated was valid. Here, the officers had reasonable suspicion. (The court saves for another day whether such a search without reasonable suspicion would be valid.) State v. Powley, 2020 ND … Continue reading

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E.D.Pa.: FIPF is continuing offense and reasonable inference is firearm would be kept at home

Felon in possession of a firearm is a continuing offense, and it’s reasonable to infer defendant would keep the firearm he was suspected of having in his home. That’s sufficient for nexus. United States v. Golden, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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