Category Archives: Private search

CA7: In the private search doctrine and QI, it’s not clearly established that the actors knowing each other isn’t enough

“But for purposes of official immunity, the question is whether existing law clearly establishes that a private search is treated as a governmental search when the public and private actors are friends and potential future coworkers.” It does not. There … Continue reading

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Gizmodo: FBI’s Use of Paid Best Buy Informants Goes Deeper Than We Knew

Gizmodo: FBI’s Use of Paid Best Buy Informants Goes Deeper Than We Knew by Dell Cameron:

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NC: Remanded for findings on whether officer exceeded private search in searching flash drive

Defendant’s longtime girlfriend looked in his briefcase for information about a prior housekeeper, and she looked at a flash drive and scrolled through folders. She stumbled upon a photograph of her daughter sleeping shirtless. She turned the drive over to … Continue reading

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D.Nev.: UPS employee conducted private search and allowing police to photograph contents did exceed private search

A UPS employee suspected contraband in a package shipped from Las Vegas to Florida, and a supervisor then opened. While it was open, police came and photographed it, and this did not exceed the private search. United States v. Washington, … Continue reading

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D.Nev.: Def was handcuffed and in police car, so search incident didn’t apply; it was inevitable, however, inventory would happen

Defendant’s arrest led to a search incident of luggage, but he was handcuffed and in a police car. So, the search incident doctrine can’t apply, but an inventory would have inevitably occurred, so that provides an independent basis for the … Continue reading

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MI: Electric company’s use of smart meters is not state action for 4A purposes

The electric company’s decision to install smart meters is not a Fourth Amendment issue because the company is a private actor. In re Consumers Energy Co., 2017 Mich. App. LEXIS 2161 (Oct. 10, 2017, published Dec. 28, 2017). The state … Continue reading

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IL: ER dr. ordered forced catheterization from combative female for urine sample; wasn’t state action because two police officers helped hold her down

Defendant was involved in a vehicle accident and hospitalized. The ER doctor needed to know whether she was on drugs, and he ordered forced catheterization to get urine since defendant was combative. Two officers who also wanted to know whether … Continue reading

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PA: Telling computer repair person to move files to a new hard drive was a waiver of REP

Defendant essentially waived his reasonable expectation of privacy in his computer hard drive when he took it in for repair, was told that the hard drive was failing and he needed a new one, and then directed them to move … Continue reading

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FL5: Peeing in a parking lot is RS of “public nudity” justifying a stop

Peeing in a parking lot is reasonable suspicion of “public nudity” justifying a stop. State v. Harris, 2017 Fla. App. LEXIS 18994 (Fla. 5th DCA Dec. 15, 2017). Defendant’s rental company maintenance man was acting as a private citizen when … Continue reading

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ID: Court-approved receiver acting on behalf of a creditor is not a state actor for 4A purposes

A court-approved receiver acting on behalf of a creditor is not a state actor for Fourth Amendment purposes. Wechsler v. Wechsler, 2017 Ida. LEXIS 332 (Dec. 6, 2017):

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MassPrivateI: Police in two states use hospitals to take motorists blood without a warrant

MassPrivateI: Police in two states use hospitals to take motorists blood without a warrant:

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IL: ER blood draw was private search for diagnostic purposes

“The mere filing of a motion [to suppress] is not proof that a search occurred.” Defendant first failed to prove that he was the subject of the search. Second, even if it was assumed, the hospital took the blood draw … Continue reading

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