Category Archives: Private search

N.D.W.Va.: No REP in readily visible interior of car

There is no reasonable expectation of privacy in the interior of a car visible through the window. United States v. Swartz, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 248194 (N.D. W.Va. Dec. 11, 2020),* adopted, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 10918 (N.D. W.Va. Jan. … Continue reading

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E.D.Tenn.: Facebook is not a government actor

Facebook is not a government actor, even if NCMEC is under the Tenth Ciruit’s Ackerman. United States v. Sykes, 2021 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 9580 (E.D. Tenn. Jan. 19, 2021). 46 days from a child pornography download by the government to … Continue reading

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Lawfare: Online Service Providers and the Fight Against Child Exploitation: The Fourth Amendment Agency Dilemma

Lawfare: Online Service Providers and the Fight Against Child Exploitation: The Fourth Amendment Agency Dilemma by Jeff Kosseff:

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CA8: Creighton U. security officers are private actors

Creighton University security officers are private actors in seizing and searching defendant. They did not act in concert with any law enforcement agency, and they called the police to take defendant away. United States v. Avalos, 2021 U.S. App. LEXIS … Continue reading

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D.Del.: Videotaping an otherwise valid prison strip search isn’t a per se 4A violation

“Plaintiff does not allege that the search itself violated his rights but, rather, it is the recording of the search that he finds objectionable.” “[U]sing a camera to record a strip search in a prison does not, by itself, amount … Continue reading

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CA8: Remodeler found video voyeur camera and conducted a private search then turned it over to police

A man remodeling defendant’s house found a USB port in the bathroom, and he gathered that the USB could be used to hook up a camera in the bathroom to record children visiting there. He took the device he found … Continue reading

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CA6: Looking at hash values on images of CP didn’t expand the private search

Officers looking at the hash information on child pornography images sent from NCMEC who got them from gmail wasn’t expansion of the private search under Jacobsen and Walter. United States v. Miller, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 37787 (6th Cir. Dec. … Continue reading

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CA6: Motel keeper searching room with police on standby watching was still private search

A motel manager called the police to help evict room renters because a room occupant in a no-smoking hotel was smoking marijuana in a room. She searched the room while the police were there watching. They didn’t encourage her. She … Continue reading

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Cal.4th: Google turning over CP to NCMEC was private search

Google found child pornography in emails and submitted them to NCMEC. This was a private search (which is explained in detail). It is no different than the search in Jacobsen. People v. Wilson, 2020 Cal. App. LEXIS 976 (4th Dist. … Continue reading

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MT: Private actor recording conversation on own didn’t violate state constitution

The Montana Constitution’s more “robust protection from government intrusions” still only protects against state action. A private actor recording a conversation without impetus from the state was not unreasonable. State v. Wolfe, 2020 MT 260, 2020 Mont. LEXIS 2436 (Oct. … Continue reading

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D.Kan.: USMJ there properly issued SW for Dropbox account in California

Jurisdiction for search warrants in federal court is over the offense. Thus, a USMJ could sign a search warrant for a Dropbox account in California under the SCA. United States v. Hopkins, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 173418 (D. Kan. Sept. … Continue reading

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CA7: CHA security guard not state action

A security guard employed by the Chicago Housing Authority was not a state actor. There is already precedent in this circuit. United States v. Green, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 29421 (7th Cir. Sept. 16, 2020). The SDNY searched defendant’s emails … Continue reading

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TN: A security guard’s state license is not “state action” for 4A

A state licensed private security guard was not a state actor under the Fourth Amendment when he searched defendant’s cell phone trying to determine the owner. State v. Simpson, 2020 Tenn. Crim. App. LEXIS 594 (Sept. 1, 2020). “Additionally, we … Continue reading

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S.D.Ohio: Child abuse allegation isn’t stale because it’s of “continuing concern”

The information for the search warrant was not stale: “In this light, the information about child abuse was not stale. Indeed, the character of the alleged crime—abuse of a child—was grounds for continuing concern.” As to continuing a traffic stop: … Continue reading

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D.P.R.: Def retained REP in backpack he stored in a car he wasn’t riding in

Defendant retained a reasonable expectation of privacy in a backpack that he placed in a car that he wasn’t in when it was searched. “The following circumstances established that the defendant possessed a reasonable expectation of privacy in the briefcase: … Continue reading

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E.D.N.Y.: Lack of a DL doesn’t deny standing in a borrowed car

Defendant had standing to challenge the stop and search of a car he’d borrowed with permission of the owner despite the lack of a driver’s license, but he loses on the merits. United States v. Zimmerman, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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