Category Archives: Burden of proof

WA: Breath for BAC is not subject to search incident doctrine

Defendant was arrested for another reason, and police did a search incident of his breath for DUI. That’s not a proper purpose. City of Vancouver v. Kaufman, 2019 Wash. App. LEXIS 2616 (Oct. 15, 2019). The search warrant appears based … Continue reading

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OH4: Heien good faith mistake of fact doesn’t apply to a stop under a completely inapplicable ordinance

Defendant’s stop was unreasonable, and Heien’s good faith mistake of fact doesn’t apply. The city code provision dealt with turning at intersections, and the officer stopped defendant for turning into a driveway which is not an “intersection.” State v. Ware, … Continue reading

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AK: Inadequate briefing and failure to get ruling on 4A issue below is waiver

“To the extent Kuller is attempting to raise a Fourth Amendment challenge to his probation conditions, this claim is waived due to inadequate briefing. … We also note that Kuller never directly raised a Fourth Amendment claim below and the … Continue reading

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SD: Def’s search issue on appeal wasn’t presented to the trial court, so it’s waived

Defendant’s claim that evidence discovering during a traffic stop had to be suppressed because the duration of the stop was unlawful was waived because he failed to advance that argument before the trial court. State v. Willingham, 2019 SD 55, … Continue reading

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OR: Appeal of order of mother in juvenile case to provide UAs affirmed for an insufficient appellate record

The mother of a juvenile was ordered to give observed UAs as a part of a dependency-neglect proceeding. She didn’t provide a sufficient appellate record to decide whether the trial court’s order violated the state constitution, so it’s affirmed. Dep’t … Continue reading

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LA5: Failure to raise scope of search issue below was waiver on appeal

The officer affiant adequately corroborated the CI to show probable cause. Defendant’s argument that the search of his house under the warrant couldn’t include the back yard was not preserved below [but it usually would be valid anyway]. State v. … Continue reading

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OH5: Failure to put SW affidavit into evidence denies review of PC determination

Appellant failed to put the affidavit for search warrant into evidence at the suppression hearing, so it is unavailable for review on whether it showed probable cause. State v. Hill, 2019-Ohio-3432, 2019 Ohio App. LEXIS 3524 (5th Dist. Aug. 27, … Continue reading

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FL1: No REP in cell phone video made by victim he knew was being recorded

Defendant had no reasonable expectation of privacy in a cell phone video he saw being recorded on his victim’s cell phone while he talked to her under the state wiretap law. Smiley v. State, 2019 Fla. App. LEXIS 12628 (Fla. … Continue reading

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IN: Failure to prove dept’l inventory policy fatal to inventory search; officer calling search one thing but DA not arguing it is waiver

The state didn’t support the departmental inventory policy at trial, and that was error. Also, what the officer calls a search (here “search incident”) the prosecutor didn’t, and that argument was waived for appeal. Smith v. State, 2019 Ind. App. … Continue reading

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D.D.C.: Post-trial suppression motion denied for lack of showing of merit

An attempt at a post-trial suppression motion in a motion for new trial was denied where the defense couldn’t show any merit to the motion in the first place. United States v. Baylor, 2019 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 129708 (D.D.C. Aug. … Continue reading

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CA1: Standing can’t be based on an untranslated document to put into evidence; even in D.P.R.

Defendant’s claim of standing in the home of another depends upon a Spanish language document [in PR federal court where everyone is bilingual] that was untranslated for the judge [and apparently not for appeal]. Therefore, his standing argument fails. But … Continue reading

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D.N.J.: Presentation of fake driver’s license to get car from impound after alleged unlawful seizure was new crime and attenuated

Defendant’s presentation of a fake driver’s licenses to recover his car would not be suppressed. The argument that it is connected to defendant’s alleged unlawful seizure of the car fails because it was attenuated. United States v. Minaya, 2019 U.S. … Continue reading

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