Category Archives: Inevitable discovery

CA5: The fact the officer was in an interstate highway drug interdiction team was unavailing because there was a lawful basis for the stop

“Rocha Nevarez’s argument that the stop was unlawful from the start because the trooper was part of a roving drug interdiction team is unavailing. The state trooper witnessed Rocha Nevarez drift over the fog line on eastbound Interstate 20 on … Continue reading

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D.N.M.: Summary judgment for defs denied in Torres v. Madrid on remand

On remand in Torres v. Madrid, 141 S. Ct. 989, 209 L.Ed.2d 190 (Mar. 25, 2021), the defendant’s summary judgment motion is denied. Torres v. Madrid, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 117079 (D.N.M. July 2, 2024).* An out-of-state temporary plate where … Continue reading

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D.N.M.: Conflict of laws: Does the law of the circuit of the search apply or where the court sits?

Conflict of laws: The search was in the Ninth Circuit but the court sits in the Tenth. Which version of the independent source doctrine applies? As interesting as that question is, despite differences, it doesn’t actually matter here, because it … Continue reading

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MO: Search incident can happen at mobile booking center without going to jail

A search incident can occur even where defendant is at a mobile booking place without being transported to jail. State v. Boehmer, 2024 Mo. App. LEXIS 314 (May 14, 2024). Defendant’s concession in the trial court that the stop and … Continue reading

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NM: New crime after alleged illegal seizure not suppressed

Defendant’s new crimes after his alleged illegal seizure are not suppressed. State v. Morgan, 2024 N.M. App. LEXIS 23 (May 13, 2024). Tossing a backpack in flight from the police is abandonment. United States v. Anderson, 2024 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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NC: Lack of findings for denial of motion to suppress precludes review; remanded

After a suppression hearing, the trial court orally denied the motion to suppress after hearing conflicting evidence. The state was to prepare findings and didn’t. After defendant was convicted on that evidence, there was nothing for the appeal. Remanded for … Continue reading

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CA10: AOL scanned emails for CP, found some, and forwarded to NCMEC; what NCMEC did did not matter and that’s inevitable discovery

“We conclude that the inevitable discovery exception to exclusion applies, and therefore we need not address whether NCMEC violated the Fourth Amendment by opening Tolbert’s emails and attachments or whether the good faith exception to exclusion would apply. The evidence … Continue reading

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E.D.Mich.: The SW failed particularity, but the govt proved inevitable discovery

“Defendant seeks to suppress all evidence seized from the subsequent 2018 search in this case because he argues the 2018 warrant was unconstitutionally overbroad. Although this Court concludes the 2018 search warrant violated the Fourth Amendment’s particularity requirement because it … Continue reading

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D.Ariz.: Federal wildlife officer can make speeding stop in national wildlife refuge

A federal wildlife officer has the authority to make a stop for speeding in a national wildlife refuge under 50 C.F.R. § 27.31(a), (d). [Virginia v. Moore goes unmentioned: The stop would not violate the Fourth Amendment in any event.] … Continue reading

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E.D.Wis: Faced with motion to suppress DNA evidence, govt can seek it again

The government obtained DNA and defendant moved to suppress. Then the government sought DNA by warrant again with a new warrant. It is permitted to do so. United States v. Watson, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 185148 (E.D. Wis. Oct. 16, … Continue reading

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CA10: Inevitable discovery applies despite lack of PC in first SW

Even though the initial search warrant was issued without probable cause, inevitable discovery can still apply. United States v. Streett, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 26423 (10th Cir. Oct. 5, 2023):

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S.D.Ind. Warrant for video surveillance required under Title III

A warrant for CCTV surveillance of the defendant came under the wiretap statute, Title III, and necessity and probable cause was shown. United States v. Jones, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 178457 (S.D. Ind. Oct. 4, 2023). The totality of information … Continue reading

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CA2: CP download 8 mo. before SW at least saved by GFE if no PC

A single download of child pornography eight months before the warrant was sought was at least supported by the good faith exception even if there wasn’t probable cause. United States v. Pratt, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 25977 (2d Cir. Oct. … Continue reading

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W.D.N.C.: Alleged distinction between smell of MJ and hemp not material here

The distinction between the smell of legal hemp and illegal marijuana wasn’t material where the officer testified he smelled marijuana. United States v. Harris, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 164723 (W.D.N.C. Sep. 14, 2023).* Defendant was speeding. The stop produced a … Continue reading

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CA8: Citizen informant’s reports of def having gun in a wheelchair were reliable and provided PC

Citizen informants’ reports of defendant having a firearm in his wheelchair justified the stop and search on probable cause and exigency. United States v. Cunningham, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 14638 (8th Cir. June 13, 2023).* Defendant had standing in another … Continue reading

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LA4: State carries burden on inevitable discovery and it failed here

Here there was a warrantless entry into the house for a gun. Defendant was in custody outside. The state had the burden on inevitable discovery and failed. “In the instant case, the state failed to point to any alternative lawful … Continue reading

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D.V.I.: Flyover of curtilage from navigable airspace was reasonable

Officers did a flyover of defendant’s home from navigable airspace and saw a marijuana grow. While he had a subjective reasonable expectation of privacy in the curtilage, not from 2000′. United States v. Flavius, 2023 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 92974 (D.V.I. … Continue reading

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CA9: Mere typo in SW affidavit doesn’t support Franks challenge

Defendant’s Franks challenge was conclusory and based on mere typographical errors. United States v. Howard, 2023 U.S. App. LEXIS 9069 (9th Cir. Apr. 17, 2023). Habeas petitioner’s admission of procedural default of his Fourth Amendment claim was an admission there … Continue reading

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CA10: Five seconds is de minimus under Rodriguez

In a short per curiam, the Tenth Circuit upholds a dog sniff under Rodriguez without explanation. The concurrence, however, tells us that the stop was extended five seconds past the “Rodriguez moment” as still reasonable. United States v. Hayes, 2023 … Continue reading

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CA10: Where someone was summoned to take def’s car from scene of stop, inventory of backpack was unreasonable

The search incident of defendant’s backpack was unreasonable. The government relies instead on inevitable discovery that the backpack would have been inventoried. Here, however, a friend of defendant summoned to the scene could have taken the backpack, so the government … Continue reading

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