Category Archives: Inventory

KY: 21-month delay for SW for cell phone not unreasonable where def in custody

Officers had probable cause and nexus and showed particularity to defendant’s cell phone. He’d previously been accused of recording undressed women and was involved in an upskirting. Here he’d been accused of sex with drugged women and recording some of … Continue reading

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ND: Trial court’s finding of investigatory purpose for inventory search supported by record

The district court found that the purported inventory search was really for investigatory purposes, and the evidence supports that conclusion. The inevitable discovery exception also does not apply here. State v. Krall, 2023 ND 8, 2023 N.D. LEXIS 9 (Jan. … Continue reading

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CA7: Pro se letter to court to preserve search claim wasn’t conditional plea

Defendant pled to the indictment, having written a letter to the court that he wanted to preserve his search claim. His pro se letter did not satisfy the conditional plea rule. United States v. Turner, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 35476 … Continue reading

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CA10: Traffic stop to flirt with a motorist violates clearly established law

A traffic stop to flirt with a motorist violates clearly established law. But this is a more complicated. “Ultimately, Plaintiff’s appeal rises and falls on the question of whether Defendant’s conduct violated clearly established law. To the degree that Defendant acted … Continue reading

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CA9: Private search of CSLI made it admissible in admin proceeding

The Washington State Department of Labor and Industries received information from whistleblowers of cell site location information the defendant business collected to show alleged violations of state law. This was a private search, and Carpenter is not implicated. Kleiser v. … Continue reading

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IL: Smell of burnt mj alone not RS

The smell of burnt cannabis without seeing more is not reasonable suspicion in Illinois. People v. Redmond, 2022 IL App (3d) 210524, 2022 Ill. App. LEXIS 479 (Nov. 15, 2022). On an Anders brief, the inventory search of defendant’s car … Continue reading

Posted in Consent, Inventory, Particularity, Plain view, feel, smell, Probation / Parole search, Reasonable suspicion | Comments Off on IL: Smell of burnt mj alone not RS

OH6: Consent to search cell phone obtained by telling def it would get his phone back sooner was involuntary

Defendant’s consent to search his phone was merely acquiescing to a claim of lawful authority because it was told if he consented he could get it back faster. State v. Seem, 2022-Ohio-3507, 2022 Ohio App. LEXIS 3314 (6th Dist. Sep. … Continue reading

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OH10: Window tint violation justified impoundment and inventory, even though discretionary

Under the inventory policy, the police had the discretion to impound vehicles with excessive window tint, even though they did not apply impoundment uniformly. State v. Hall-Johnson, 2022-Ohio-3512, 2022 Ohio App. LEXIS 3308 (10th Dist. Sep. 30, 2022). An investigation … Continue reading

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CA5: Car could be towed and inventoried rather than left at gas pumps

Officers observed two traffic violations and stopped him at gas pumps. An old arrest warrant surfaced. Leaving the car at the gas pump was not reasonable–it could be towed and inventoried. United States v. Walker, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 26405 … Continue reading

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W.D.Mich.: PC shown vehicle was involved in string of robberies for GPS tracking

Probable cause supported the warrant to install a GPS tracking device on defendant’s vehicle. The government showed probable cause to believe it and he were involved in a series of cash store robberies. United States v. Rolling, 2022 U.S. Dist. … Continue reading

Posted in Consent, GPS / Tracking Data, Inventory, Reasonable suspicion, Tracking warrant | Comments Off on W.D.Mich.: PC shown vehicle was involved in string of robberies for GPS tracking

CA8: Inventory was reasonable despite officer expecting to find drugs

There was reasonable suspicion for defendants’ stop. The subsequent inventory was facially valid because it followed departmental policy. “That Detective Parks happened upon contraband in the course of this search does not transform an otherwise valid inventory search into a … Continue reading

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OH12: No const’l requirement to call owner before vehicle impoundment

Neither the federal nor state constitution require an officer to call the owner of a car to come and get it off a parking lot rather than it be towed when the driver is arrested. State v. Edwards, 2022-Ohio-2384, 2022 … Continue reading

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S.D.N.Y.: Even illegally seized evidence could be used at sentencing

Defendant’s claim of illegal search is moot for the trial because the government says it’s not using it. It could, however, come up at sentencing. “In United States v. Tejada, the Second Circuit held that ‘[a]bsent a showing that officers … Continue reading

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CA1: Voluntary act after unreasonable stop made evidence admissible

There was no reasonable suspicion for defendant’s seizure on the totality. But, “Sierra-Ayala’s intervening volitional act, in the absence of exploitative behavior by López-Maysonet, renders the discovery of the drugs sufficiently attenuated so as to dissipate the taint of the … Continue reading

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CA8: Independent source justified search despite illegal protective sweep

“Herbert Green previously appealed the denial of his motion to suppress drugs and firearms discovered in his apartment during a law enforcement search outside the scope of the police’s warrant. See United States v. Green, 9 F.4th 682, 691-93 (8th … Continue reading

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CA9: Inventory of backpack no one would claim was reasonable

The seizure and inventory of a backpack in a car was reasonable where neither of the occupants could say who it belonged to. United States v. Montano, 2022 U.S. App. LEXIS 17544 (9th Cir. June 24, 2022).* Plaintiff cannot claim … Continue reading

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MO: Inventory followed policy without putting it into evidence

The officer testified his inventory followed policy, but no written policy was admitted into evidence. It was up to the trial court to believe the officer on policy or not, and it did. State v. Teel, 2022 Mo. App. LEXIS … Continue reading

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MT: Welfare check of car was reasonable, but extending it was without RS

The officer was justified in a welfare check of defendant sleeping in his car, but it never developed into reasonable suspicion. The stop was unreasonably extended. State v. Zeimer, 2022 MT 96, 2022 Mont. LEXIS 479 (May 24, 2022). A … Continue reading

Posted in Administrative search, Community caretaking function, Informant hearsay, Inventory, Reasonable suspicion | Comments Off on MT: Welfare check of car was reasonable, but extending it was without RS

ID: Not unreasonable to check wants and warrants on passenger during a traffic stop

“This appeal arises out of a traffic stop where a single officer, without having reasonable suspicion that a crime involving the passenger was afoot, checked the passenger for outstanding warrants. The officer used her patrol vehicle’s computer and received a … Continue reading

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E.D.Wis.: Admitted investigatory motive for inventory made it unreasonable

Officers had an admitted investigatory motive for stopping and searching defendant’s car. They found a reason to impound it and conduct an inventory, and that was unreasonable here. United States v. Clayton, 2022 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 80076 (E.D.Wis. May 3, … Continue reading

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