Category Archives: Drug or alcohol testing

TX: SW to draw blood in DUI case allows testing for BAC

A search warrant to draw defendant driver’s blood included the ability to test it for BAC. But not anything else, such as genetic information, but that’s not the issue. Crider v. State, 2020 Tex. Crim. App. LEXIS 612 (Sept. 16, … Continue reading

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Argus Leader: Federal judge awards thousands to those forcibly catheterized for urine samples

Argus Leader: Federal judge awards thousands to those forcibly catheterized for urine samples by Danielle Ferguson (“A federal judge has approved a settlement to individuals who were unconstitutionally made to provide urine samples for suspected drug use through forced catheterizations. … Continue reading

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PA: Def gets benefit of Birchfield by adequately raising issue before it was even decided; but he loses on merits

Defendant would get the benefit of Birchfield because he developed and preserved the same argument below. He loses on the merits, however, because he voluntarily consented before the officer told him of the criminal penalties for refusal, so his consent … Continue reading

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HI: Local police dept’s implied consent form was accurate

On the totality, defendant’s consent to BAC testing was voluntary. The police department’s implied consent form was accurate. State v. Hosaka, 2020 Haw. LEXIS 256 (Aug. 28, 2020)*:

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D.P.R.: Def retained REP in backpack he stored in a car he wasn’t riding in

Defendant retained a reasonable expectation of privacy in a backpack that he placed in a car that he wasn’t in when it was searched. “The following circumstances established that the defendant possessed a reasonable expectation of privacy in the briefcase: … Continue reading

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CA6: Alleged false statement to get an arrest warrant overcame QI

Alleged false statement to get an arrest warrant overcame qualified immunity. Tlapanco v. Elges, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 25595 (6th Cir. Aug. 12, 2020). The state failed to show exigent circumstances excused obtaining a search warrant for defendant’s BAC. Commonwealth … Continue reading

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D.Me.: No exigent circumstances for BAC blood sample without SW

A Park Ranger in Acadia National Park in Maine followed Maine law to get a blood sample without a search warrant. There were no exigent circumstances, and the blood sample is suppressed. United States v. Manubolu, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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TX1: SW to seize blood sample implicitly means it can be tested, too

A search warrant for a blood sample implicitly includes testing it. Davis v. State, 2020 Tex. App. LEXIS 5990 (Tex. App. – Houston (1st Dist.) July 30, 2020). Probable cause existed for seizure of five years of defendant’s Gmail account. … Continue reading

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WI: Officer didn’t have PC for BAC warrant until def was in hospital, and that was exigency

The officer didn’t have justification for a DWI blood warrant when he first arrived on the scene. That came later, and defendant was about to be administered painkillers in the hospital that would have degraded the BAC. There was exigency. … Continue reading

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CA9 applies QI standard to “egregious violations” of 4A for ICE entries

ICE entry onto appellant’s curtilage to arrest him was not an egregious violation of the Fourth Amendment, the court applying qualified immunity language to show it wasn’t. “At the time of the entry, no binding authority held that an officer’s … Continue reading

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LA: Failure to argue Schmerber in trial court was waiver

Defendant’s failure to argue Schmerber in the trial court was [essentially] waiver, and defendant didn’t show the trial court erred. State v. Michael, 2020 La. LEXIS 1347 (July 9, 2020):

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CA9: UA in prison is reasonable

“It is undisputed that urinalysis testing is a search under the Fourth Amendment and that drug testing in the prison context is generally constitutional unless it is conducted in an unreasonable manner. See Thompson v. Souza, 111 F.3d 694, 701 … Continue reading

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MT: Field test of seized drugs is a reasonable search

A field test of drugs seized off defendant’s person finding them presumptively methamphetamine is reasonable under the Fourth Amendment and the state constitution. There is no enlarged reasonable expectation of privacy as to them when seized. State v. Funkhouser, 2020 … Continue reading

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WA: Private party returning property to def’s house per request was private searcher

The observations of a private person returning something to defendant’s dwelling for him were a private search. The police had nothing to do with it. State v. Lake, 2020 Wash. App. LEXIS 1925 (June 30, 2020).* Reasonable jurists would not … Continue reading

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OH2: Furtive movement during knock-and-talk justified entry

Officers entered an apartment building with the consent of one of the tenants when they were investigating a threat with a firearm by one of the tenants. Their knock-and-talk at defendant’s door was reasonable, as was ordering him to open … Continue reading

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MN: McNeely retroactive under Birchfield

“The rule announced in Missouri v. McNeely, 569 U.S. 141, 133 S. Ct. 1552 (2013), that the dissipation of alcohol in the bloodstream is not a per se exigency justifying the warrantless search of a suspected impaired driver-applies retroactively when … Continue reading

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