Category Archives: Emergency / exigency

CA9: Mid-trial change in testimony from SW affidavit may entitle def to Franks hearing, but here issue wasn’t timely raised

Without deciding whether to follow the Fourth Circuit (United States v. White, 850 F.3d 667, 673 (4th Cir. 2017)) holding that trial testimony differing from a search warrant affidavit entitles the defendant to a mid-trial Franks hearing, here the issue … Continue reading

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NE: Search of passenger’s purse by consent for passenger compartment was based on reasonable belief it was passenger’s

The driver consented to a search of the car defendant was a passenger in. The passenger’s purse was reasonably believed to be the driver’s for consent purposes, even though it was on her side. When it was opened and her … Continue reading

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KS: Looking in purse of unconscious driver was reasonable

The emergency aid exception applied: “Officer Brown searched Smith’s purse seeking Smith’s identity and any information that would explain the nature of Smith’s condition and the best means of treating it. When the officer made this decision, the paramedics were … Continue reading

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D.Mont.: Warrantless taking of penile swabs from def in custody lacked exigency

Warrantless collection of penile swabs from defendant in custody lacked exigent circumstances and was suppressed. United States v. Birdsbill, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 196612 (D. Mont. Oct. 20, 2020):

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CA1: Gunshot from within while waiting for SW justified entry and sweep

Police froze and surrounded defendant’s home while they sought a search warrant. While they were waiting, a gunshot came from within, so they entered in response. The government satisfied inevitable discovery even though this protective sweep ended up in the … Continue reading

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SCOTUS cert. grant: Does hot pursuit apply to misdemeanant’s flight into own home?

Lange v. California, 20-18 (granted Oct. 19, 2020): Issue: Whether the pursuit of a person whom a police officer has probable cause to believe has committed a misdemeanor categorically qualifies as an exigent circumstance sufficient to allow the officer to … Continue reading

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MA: Def’s arrest in car with others didn’t remove safety factor of search for firearm

Defendant’s arrest didn’t remove the safety factor because there were others in the vehicle who could access a potential weapon. Therefore, the search for the weapon was reasonable. Commonwealth v. Silvelo, 2020 Mass. LEXIS 647 (Oct. 14, 2020). Defendant filed … Continue reading

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CA10: Def’s flight into house to avoid arrest justified police entry because of exigency and hot pursuit

Police initiated arresting defendant outside his home, and he fled into his house to avoid it. The warrantless entry into his home was justified by probable cause for the arrest and exigent circumstances of both destruction of evidence and hot … Continue reading

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S.D.Tex.: Officers’ encounter with def two hours after a shooting wasn’t exigency for home entry

The government failed to prove any exigency for the entry into defendant’s house. He was encountered outside two hours after a shooting, and it was apparent nobody was in any need of assistance, including him. United States v. Curtis, 2020 … Continue reading

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TX14: No justification for warrantless seizure of cell phone for fear of deleting its contents

Officers lacked any justification to believe that defendant was deleting or was going to delete evidence from his cell phone to justify a warrantless seizure of the phone in a robbery case. Igboji v. State, 2020 Tex. App. LEXIS 7647 … Continue reading

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CA9: Neighbor’s 911 call about burglary justified police entry protective sweep

A 911 burglary call by defendant’s neighbor led to police coming to the house, and the police entered to look for suspects. This was a reasonable entry based on exigency. United States v. Booth, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 28377 (9th … Continue reading

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CT: No justification for welfare check entry; and then they waited an hour to enter

The trial court erroneously held that there was an objective basis for finding probable cause to enter defendant’s apartment for a welfare check. There wasn’t. There had been an altercation in the laundry room. The fact his car was parked … Continue reading

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CA6: Alleged false statement to get an arrest warrant overcame QI

Alleged false statement to get an arrest warrant overcame qualified immunity. Tlapanco v. Elges, 2020 U.S. App. LEXIS 25595 (6th Cir. Aug. 12, 2020). The state failed to show exigent circumstances excused obtaining a search warrant for defendant’s BAC. Commonwealth … Continue reading

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D.Me.: No exigent circumstances for BAC blood sample without SW

A Park Ranger in Acadia National Park in Maine followed Maine law to get a blood sample without a search warrant. There were no exigent circumstances, and the blood sample is suppressed. United States v. Manubolu, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS … Continue reading

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MA: Info there might be armed men holding a hostage inside justified entry

“In this case, the police had information that there might be armed men holding a woman in an apartment against her will. In the circumstances presented here, so long as the officers had ‘an objectively reasonable basis to believe’ that … Continue reading

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CA9: Police following a blood trail onto curtilage after recent crime was exigency

The district court concluded defendant had no standing to challenge a tribal police search of the curtilage of his grandmother’s house where he was an overnight guest. Assuming, without deciding, he has standing, there was clear and obvious exigency for … Continue reading

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