Category Archives: Emergency / exigency

IN: Def’s sitting inside in front of open door visible outside had reduced REP compared to exigency for his arrest

Defendant’s door was wide open, and officers could see him sitting inside directly in front of the door. They had an arrest warrant for him. Based on the “particular facts” here, officers had exigency combined with defendant’s reasonable expectation of … Continue reading

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D.Minn.: Exigency justified entry of a hotel room to freeze it against destruction of evidence

Exigency justified entry of a hotel room to freeze it against destruction of evidence. “Lakedon, the registered occupant of the room, answered the door while engaged in a conversation on her cellphone. The reasonableness of Officer Thul’s concern is apparent. … Continue reading

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W.D.N.Y.: Exigency usually applies in seizure of computer for CP

“Given that the Defendant admitted that he had used the laptop to view child pornography previously, it appears beyond dispute that Couch had such probable cause. … [¶] Defendant instead argues that the Government failed to prove that an exigent … Continue reading

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OH2: Furtive movement during knock-and-talk justified entry

Officers entered an apartment building with the consent of one of the tenants when they were investigating a threat with a firearm by one of the tenants. Their knock-and-talk at defendant’s door was reasonable, as was ordering him to open … Continue reading

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S.D.N.Y.: Strong evidence of ongoing sexual abuse of 13 year old was exigency for warrantless entry

The court finds no consent but probable cause and exigent circumstances from ongoing sexual abuse of a 13 year old girl. “In the analysis that follows, the Court considers the circumstances confronting the officers at the moment they entered Hernandez’s … Continue reading

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NY4: Fire started during police standoff was exigency

Starting a fire during a police standoff is an exigent circumstance permitting a police entry after the fire was put out. “The entry and search occurred immediately after firefighters extinguished the fire that defendant had set during a standoff with … Continue reading

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WV: Domestic disturbance call with injuries justified warrantless entry

Police responded to a domestic disturbance call and found defendant’s wife injured and distraught. They entered the house without an arrest or search warrant to find defendant, and he was in bed. They asked him to show his hands to … Continue reading

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CA2: Police actions showed warrantless entry wasn’t for emergency purposes sufficient to create jury question

Decedent was a mentally ill veteran who accidentally activated an at home alarm and police responded. He was ultimately shot and police came in, not responding to a wounded man but as a criminal. There was a plausible claim that … Continue reading

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N.D.Cal.: SW was issued before entry; even if not, emergency justified the entry

“On this record, Reynolds has not shown that the search of his room was illegal. The officers did not enter it until they had a valid warrant. For the sake of completeness, the Court also finds that entering Reynolds’s room … Continue reading

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E.D.Ky.: It was reasonable for officers to open a car door when the driver was parked and unresponsive

Defendant’s car was parked on a Waffle House parking lot from 2-5 am with the headlights on, and it was reasonable for officers to check on the car. Inside was defendant who didn’t respond to them, and it was reasonable … Continue reading

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MT: Knock-and-talk led to forced entry based on exigency of officers being made

A Montana DTF was tipped off to defendant bringing a cache of heroin to a motel to distribute. Officers set up surveillance and recognized local drug dealers coming and going. They called for uniformed backup and attempted a knock-and-talk which … Continue reading

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VA: Fear of suicide attempt objectively justified warrantless entry as facts developed

Officers had an objectively reasonable basis for an entry and sweep under the emergency aid exception. Defendant was reportedly suicidal, wasn’t communicating at first, and then strange sounds were coming from where he was. “Based on these troubling circumstances, the … Continue reading

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LA: No PC for warrantless entry and security cameras are not exigency

“Here, the trial court made credibility determinations based on the testimony of multiple officers involved in defendant’s arrest and found that officers lacked probable cause to search defendant’s residence. Furthermore, observation that defendant’s home had security cameras failed to amount … Continue reading

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CA9: Protective sweep of house after medical emergency at front door unjustified

Officers responded to a medical emergency at the entryway of defendant’s house. They ended up conducting a protective sweep for which there was no justification whatsoever. The firearm found in the protective sweep is suppressed. United States v. Gonzalez-Martin, 2020 … Continue reading

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E.D.Mich.: Email SW signed on SignNow app valid

An email search warrant signed by the issuing judge on a tablet with the SignNow app was valid. United States v. Lantzy, 2020 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 50057 (E.D. Mich. Mar. 24, 2020). “We conclude that the circumstances here were such … Continue reading

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NM: “Is there anything on your person that I should know about?” is subject to Quarles public safety exception

A question about anything on defendant’s person was subject to Quarles public safety exception. “While Defendant was in custody, but before he was advised of his Miranda rights, an officer asked him, ‘Is there anything on your person that I … Continue reading

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