Category Archives: Nexus

D.Md.: Review of PC isn’t as skeptical as def requests

“Here, the affidavit easily meets the standard of probable cause. Defendants would require a level of skepticism that is not appropriate to the oversight at this juncture. The scheme to defraud was amply established by the affiant and so was … Continue reading

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CA5: The fact the officer was in an interstate highway drug interdiction team was unavailing because there was a lawful basis for the stop

“Rocha Nevarez’s argument that the stop was unlawful from the start because the trooper was part of a roving drug interdiction team is unavailing. The state trooper witnessed Rocha Nevarez drift over the fog line on eastbound Interstate 20 on … Continue reading

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CA6: Minimally sufficient nexus was GF for relying on SW

Relying on Sanders, decided June 28, the court concludes that a drug dealer’s home along with the slightest facts provides a good faith basis for searching with a warrant. United States v. Neal, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 15997 (6th Cir. … Continue reading

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E.D.Ky.: This knock-and-talk didn’t turn into a “constructive entry”

“Considering the totality of the circumstances, and for whatever reason the officers had for going to Defendant’s residence, the Court concludes that the knock and talk procedure used here did not give rise to a constructive entry. As discussed above, … Continue reading

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CA3 en banc: Driving to controlled buys from house gave PC for house

Controlled buys that defendant drove to still gave probable cause for search of his house. The probable cause bar isn’t that high. United States v. Sanders, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 15832 (6th Cir. June 28, 2024) (en banc) (an unnecessarily … Continue reading

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GA: SW for a physical nonperishable item wasn’t stale

In a child sex abuse case, the trial court erred in finding the warrant stale that a massaging tool used on the victim wouldn’t likely be there. It was a physical object and nonperishable. It was not stale. State v. … Continue reading

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D.Nev.: A website’s cookies linked def’s personal email address for nexus

In a criminal copyright case, cookies on website led to defendant’s business and personal email accounts, and that gave nexus to them for the warrant. “Under the totality of the circumstances, the Court finds that the search warrant reveals a … Continue reading

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CA10 dissent: Bivens on its last legs

CA10, Tymkovich, Circuit Judge, dissenting: Bivens is a relic of the 20th Century and it’s just a matter of time until it’s gone. Mohamed v. Jones, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 11089 (10th Cir. May 7, 2024). The affidavit for the … Continue reading

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CA7: No standing in a stolen car; PC anyway for automobile exception

Defendant was driving a stolen car. He had no standing in it. Besides, the search was good under the automobile exception with probable cause. United States v. Ostrum, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 10076 (7th Cir. Apr. 25, 2024). The Labor … Continue reading

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NY Queens: PC shown for SW blood drawn at hospital after car wreck

Probable cause was shown for the search warrant for defendant’s blood drawn at a hospital after a car wreck. To the extent there is also a Franks challenge, it fails. People v. Moreno, 2024 NY Slip Op 24116, 2024 NYLJ … Continue reading

Posted in Arrest or entry on arrest, Drug or alcohol testing, Nexus, Probable cause, Protective sweep, Waiver | Comments Off on NY Queens: PC shown for SW blood drawn at hospital after car wreck

S.D.N.Y.: Overseas seizure of Russian oligarch’s megayacht not governed by 4A

This megayacht was seized overseas for Russia sanctions. (Eduard Yurievich Khudainatov is the owner, and he’s a Russian oligarch who is a Putin proxy (per Forbes)) The claim that the initial seizure may have violated the Fourth Amendment fails because … Continue reading

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VI: In a pretrial curfew check, third-party custodian can consent to entry and search

Defendant was on pretrial release with a curfew at the home of his third-party custodian. Officers came for a compliance check and knocked at the door. Getting no answer, they went to the back door. They were lawfully on his … Continue reading

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E.D.Pa.: Nexus can be shown by inference

There was probable cause as to defendant’s house, with nexus a strong inference: “Here, the officers, applying their training and experience to the facts before them, reasonably inferred that Mitchell was a drug dealer and was carrying drugs and other … Continue reading

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OH1: Failure to show nexus is a lack of PC; “minimally sufficient nexus” for GFE is different

The affidavit in support of the warrant here failed to show nexus to defendant’s place in the drug offense. And, nexus for probable cause and “minimally sufficient nexus” for the good faith exception are different things. State v. Johnson, 2024-Ohio-1147, … Continue reading

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CA3: Inference of nexus to property in drug cases

Inference of nexus to property drug cases in CA3: “[T]he Third Circuit has established a test for district courts to assess the reasonableness of such an inference—the so-called Burton standard. The ‘application of this inference is based on evidence supporting … Continue reading

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IN: Cell phone linked to murder by TM sent before; PC for search

Defendant’s cell phone was linked to the murder by a witness saying that the meet was set up by text messages and more. Banks v. State, 2024 Ind. App. LEXIS 66 (Mar. 15, 2024):

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CA9: Two controlled buys by others afterward going to def’s house was nexus

Nexus to defendant’s house was shown by two controlled buys with others who traveled back to his house afterward. United States v. Espinoza, 2024 U.S. App. LEXIS 5147 (9th Cir. Mar. 4, 2024). “The warrant for appellant’s medical records was … Continue reading

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CA7: Rodriguez time argument waived by failure to specifically plead it below

“At the outset, we note that Johnson did not challenge the length or validity of the dog sniff in the district court. The record therefore does not contain information crucial to the Rodriguez inquiry, such as whether Deputy Haber acted … Continue reading

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FL2: Suppression under Franks reversed; not material to PC

Defendant established that there were false statements in the affidavit for warrant that ran the full spectrum from negligence to likely intentionality. But probable cause remained, even excluding what was challenged. “While the temptation to advance the prophylactic purpose of … Continue reading

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KS: Search of def’s purse when she was passed out likely from ODing was reasonable

The emergency aid exception justified the search of defendant’s purse. She was passed out on a convenience store bathroom floor with drug paraphernalia around her. It was reasonable to look in her purse to see what drug it might have … Continue reading

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