Category Archives: State constitution

HI imposes triggering condition in anticipatory warrants under state constitution

“We are faced with a question of first impression for this court: Does the Hawai’i Constitution require that an anticipatory search warrant identify the triggering condition on the face of the warrant? In light of the privacy protections contained in … Continue reading

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MA: SW required to access def’s text messages under SCA and state const.

The state needed a search warrant to access defendant’s text messages under the SCA and state constitution. Commonwealth v. Fulgiam, 2017 Mass. LEXIS 338 (May 5, 2017). (Massachusetts has already held that CSLI is protected under the state constitution.) “We … Continue reading

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MA: Minor deviations from the DUI roadblock plan don’t require suppression

The minor deviations from the plan for the DUI roadblock here don’t require suppression. Commonwealth v. Baker, 2017 Mass. App. LEXIS 53 (May 4, 2017). A citizen informant’s call that defendant had a knife in his back pocket justified a … Continue reading

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NY Co.: Taking a “recidivist transit violator” outside the turnstiles was a reasonable detention

Plaintiff was a “recidivist transit violator” stopped for moving between cars. Taking him off the train outside the turnstiles was a reasonable detention under the state constitution. Vargas v. City of New York, 2017 NY Slip Op 27116, 2017 N.Y. … Continue reading

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TN finally rejects Aguilar-Spinelli for Gates under state constitution

After rejecting Gates in 1989 and retaining Aguilar-Spinelli as a matter of state constitutional law, Tennessee finally adopts the totality of circumstances test of Gates. State v. Tuttle, 2017 Tenn. LEXIS 190 (April 5, 2017) (see Treatise § 6.36 n.4):

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OH6: Because OH limits minor misdemeanor searches more than the 4A, search of def because of marijuana flakes on shirt was unreasonable

Defendant was a passenger in a vehicle stopped for suspicion the driver had a suspended DL because of a computer check. Defendant was made to get out of the vehicle despite being blind. The officer noted marijuana flakes on his … Continue reading

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PA holds state constitution requires exclusionary rule applies to parole and probation revocation proceedings

PA holds state constitution requires exclusionary rule applies to parole and probation revocation proceedings. The court engages in a lengthy and sensitive analysis. Commonwealth v. Arter, 2016 Pa. LEXIS 2916 (Dec. 28, 2016):

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OR: Adm subpoena was within agency’s power; third party doctrine issue saved for later with better facts

The administrative subpoena issued here by the Oregon Department of Consumer and Business Services was “squarely” within its statutory investigative power of regulating unregistered securities. “Given the factual and legal posture in which this issue arises, we resolve this case … Continue reading

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KS: A statute may grant more rights than the 4A and it should be followed

A statute may grant citizens more protection than the Fourth Amendment or the state constitution, and it must be followed. If state law is silent, then the Fourth Amendment or state constitution govern. City of Dodge City v. Webb, 2016 … Continue reading

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PA: Exemptions in State’s Right to Know Law are coextensive with state search and seizure provision

Exemptions under Pennsylvania’s Right to Know Law are at least coextensive with the state’s right to privacy under the constitutional search and seizure provision. Thus, public school teachers’ home addresses should, on balance, remain private and nondisclosable. Pa. State Educ. … Continue reading

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